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Beleid en Maatschappij


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Aflevering 1, 2011 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
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Trefwoorden editorial
Auteurs Ewald Engelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie


Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Schildpadgedrag in multi-etnische wijken?

De effecten van etnische diversiteit in stad en buurt op dimensies van sociale cohesie

Trefwoorden ethnic diversity, social cohesion, neighbourhoods, ethnic minorities
Auteurs Mérove Gijsberts, Tom van der Meer en Jaco Dagevos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Putnam (2007) claims that in ethnically diverse neighbourhoods, residents of all ethnic groups tend to ‘hunker down’. Solidarity and trust are lower, mutual help and cooperation rarer, friends fewer. Various studies in the United States found a clear correlation between diversity and cohesion, and also for many different dimensions of social cohesion. Whether this finding also holds in other (European) settings is the subject of hot and unresolved debate. Specifically, this article addresses the question whether living in an ethnically diverse setting has negative consequences for social cohesion in the Netherlands as well. To further the debate, this article pulls apart various contexts and various dimensions of social cohesion. This article examines the relationship between ethnic diversity (in socio-graphically defined neighbourhoods) and four dimensions of social cohesion (trust, informal help, voluntary work and neighbourhood contacts) for the 50 largest cities in the Netherlands. We conclude that the Putnam hypothesis holds only to a limited extent in the Dutch context. The only aspect on which ethnic diversity has a negative effect is the degree of contact in the neighbourhood.


Mérove Gijsberts
Mérove Gijsberts is verbonden aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP). Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M. Gijsberts, Postbus 16164, 2500 BD Den Haag, m.gijsberts@scp.nl.

Tom van der Meer
Tom van der Meer is verbonden aan het Institute for Immigration and Ethnic Studies (IMES) van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Jaco Dagevos
Jaco Dagevos is verbonden aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP).
Artikel

Privaat beheerde woondomeinen: beloftevol of beangstigend fenomeen?

Trefwoorden housing enclave, gated community, Netherlands, local government
Auteurs Jasper Eshuis, Erik-Hans Klijn en Mark van Twist
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Netherlands have seen an upsurge of housing enclaves. The enclaves are often built as courtyards, castles, estates or apartment complexes. The growing number of people living in housing enclaves indicates a demand for this kind of living areas. However, the motivations behind the increasing popularity of housing enclaves are unclear. Is this a reflection of a long standing tradition of people staying in their own social group, seeking for belonging and sociability? Or does it fit in a global trend of searching for security in gated communities? This paper presents empirical research in the Netherlands that addresses peoples’ motives for living in housing enclaves, as well as the role of the local government in relation to housing enclaves. The research shows that residents of housing enclaves seek a pleasant living environment in the first place, while security is a less important motive. The study gives reason for planners and developers outside the US not to assume that fear of crime and a wish for security are the main reasons for moving to housing enclaves. Further, the study shows that housing enclaves are not completely privatized areas. Local government still has an important role to play.


Jasper Eshuis
Jasper Eshuis is senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. ir. J. Eshuis, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vakgroep Bestuurskunde, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, eshuis@fsw.eur.nl.

Erik-Hans Klijn
Erik-Hans Klijn is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Mark van Twist
Mark van Twist is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Sluipend kwaliteitsverlies in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg

Professionals over de gevolgen van marktwerking

Trefwoorden mental health care, marketization, Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG’s), policy implementation, professionalism
Auteurs Nienke van Sambeek, Evelien Tonkens en Christian Bröer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to facilitate the creation of a regulated market, Diagnostic Treatment Combinations (DBC’s in Dutch) have been introduced in Dutch mental health care in 2008. DBC’s are developed to distinguish and price the ‘products’ of health care, in order to make comparison and competition between health care providers possible. In this qualitative study we analyzed mental health care professionals experiences with the DBC-system. We focused on two questions: (1) what does the DBC-system and the related introduction of marketization of mental health care mean for professionals? and (2) how do professionals cope with the DBC-system in their daily practices? We found that the logics of the market and bureaucracy, both incorporated in the DBC-system, often conflicted with the values and ethics of mental health care professionals. Mental health professionals experience deterioration of professionalism and quality of care. They were coping with conflicting values by non-compliance with rules and pragmatic use of the DBC-system. It is argued that the efforts of professionals to protect the quality of their work might actually lead to invisibility of the problems they encounter, which reinforces the policy they criticize.


Nienke van Sambeek
Nienke van Sambeek is psycholoog bij de Psychologische Praktijk Putten.

Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en toezichthouder GGZ centraal. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens, Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, St. Actief burgerschap, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, E.H.Tonkens@uva.nl.

Christian Bröer
Christian Bröer is universitair docent sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Discussie

Bestuurlijke herindeling en identiteit

Trefwoorden discussion, administrative rearrangement processes
Auteurs Kutsal Yesilkagit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Introduction to the debate on administrative rearrangement processes.


Kutsal Yesilkagit
Kutsal Yesilkagit is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Discussie

Regionale identiteit: de vergeten dimensie bij bestuurlijke herindeling

Trefwoorden discussion, administrative rearrangement processes
Auteurs Evert Meijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regional or local identities are an important factor to take into account in administrative rearrangement processes.


Evert Meijers
Evert Meijers is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Onderzoeksinstituut OTB van de TU Delft. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. E.J. Meijers, TU Delft, Onderzoeksinstituut OTB, Jaffalaan 9, gebouw 30, 2628 BX Delft, E.J.Meijers@tudelft.nl.
Discussie

Vergeet niet hoe activistisch bestuur met identiteit omgaat bij bestuurlijke herindeling

Trefwoorden discussion, administrative rearrangement processes
Auteurs Imrat Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regional or local identities are an important factor to take into account in administrative rearrangement processes, as Evert Meijers rightly argues. But if one does so, it’s very important to analyse how public authorities deal with such identities and identifications. In The Netherlands many instances can be found were at least one public authority becomes activistic and tries to mobilize the public against rearrangement plans. This very often happens throughout processes of municipal amalgamation. Activistic public authorities can bring historically formed and often still cultivated local identities into play as being threatened by the plans. By doing so, citizens can identify with the ‘we’ of the local community against ‘them’ of another community. Another antithesis can develop in how the plans are being framed: ‘we’ who will suffer because of ‘their’ bad plans. Finally, the political performance of proponents may be critiqued, thus evoking identifications with ‘we’ who are treated undemocratically against ‘them’ who are unreliable. This appeal to identities and identifications by activistic public authorities provides powerful impediments for successful administrative rearrangement. Prevention of such activism thus seems to be a very important requirement.


Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is als postdoc onderzoeker verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is tevens redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. I. Verhoeven, Universiteit van Amsterdam, faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.
Casus

Diplomademocratie

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education
Auteurs Ewald Engelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy: Concerning the Tension Between Meritocracy and Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. In this section five authors reply to this position from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. This section is the result of a debate that took place 17 January 2011 organised by B en M and USBO – University Utrecht.


Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Casus

De afkeer van volk en elite

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, social and political philosophy
Auteurs Gijs van Oenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Van Oenen replies to this position from a perspective of social and political philosophy.


Gijs van Oenen
Gijs van Oenen is universitair hoofddocent sociale en politieke filosofie aan de faculteit der Wijsbegeerte van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Corrrespondentiegegevens: dr. G. van Oenen, faculteit Wijsbegeerte EUR, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, vanoenen@fwb.eur.nl.
Casus

Een democratie kan niet zonder onderwijs

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, educational theory
Auteurs Sjoerd Karsten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Karsten replies to this position from a perspective of educational theory.


Sjoerd Karsten
Sjoerd Karsten is bijzonder hoogleraar beleid en organisatie van beroepsonderwijs en volwasseneneducatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en gasthoogleraar onderwijsvernieuwing en -samenwerking aan de Universiteit van Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. S. Karsten, S.Karsten@uva.nl.
Casus

De complexe relatie tussen diplomademocratie en populisme

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, political science
Auteurs Sarah L. de Lange
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. De Lange replies to this position from a perspective of political science.


Sarah L. de Lange
Sarah de Lange is UD politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Sarah L. de Lange, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Department of Political Science, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam, s.l.delange@uva.nl.
Casus

Geen bewijs voor toename ‘opleidingskloof’

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, political science
Auteurs Armen Hakhverdian, Wouter van der Brug en Catherine de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Hakverdian et al. reply to this position from a perspective of political science.


Armen Hakhverdian
Armen Hakhverdian is postdoc in de politieke wetenschappen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: A. Hakhverdian, a.hakhverdian@uva.nl.

Wouter van der Brug
Wouter van der Brug is hoogleraar algemene politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Catherine de Vries
Catherine de Vries is UHD politiek gedrag en onderzoeksmethoden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Casus

De noodzaak van een democratisch debat over verdienste in een meritocratie

Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, active citizenship
Auteurs Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Tonkens replies to this position from a perspective of active citizenship.


Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens, Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, St. Actief burgerschap, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, E.H.Tonkens@uva.nl.
Casus

Repliek

Trefwoorden Diploma Democracy, levels of education, reply
Auteurs Mark Bovens en Anchrit Wille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. In this section five authors critically replied to this position from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. In this contribution Bovens en Wille answer their critics.


Mark Bovens
Mark Bovens is als hoogleraar bestuurskunde verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. M.A.P. Bovens, Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Recht, Economie Bestuur en Organisatie, departement USBO, Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, m.bovens@uu.nl.

Anchrit Wille
Anchrit Wille is als senior docent/onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. A.C. Wille, Institute of Public Administration, Universiteit Leiden, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, wille@fsw.LeidenUniv.nl.
Boekbespreking

Riemens schaduwtheorie

Trefwoorden review, Rob Riemen, fascism
Auteurs Albert Jan Kruiter
Auteursinformatie

Albert Jan Kruiter
Albert Jan Kruiter is zelfstandig onderzoeker en schrijver van Mild despotisme. Hedendaagse democratie en verzorgingsstaat door de ogen van Alexis de Tocqueville, Amsterdam: Van Gennep 2010. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. A.J. Kruiter, ajkruiter@gmail.com.
Column

De go-to-guys-functie van Nederland

Trefwoorden column, go-to-guys
Auteurs Ko Colijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a column a journal editor or an author expresses his or her opinion on a particular subject.


Ko Colijn
Ko Colijn is waarnemend hoofd Clingendael Security and Conflict Programme, bijzondere leerstoelhouder internationale betrekkingen aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redacteur bij Vrij Nederland. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. K. Colijn, colijn@fsw.eur.nl.

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