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Beleid en Maatschappij


Over dit tijdschrift  
Aflevering 2, 2018 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
Van de redactie

Access_open Het thuisgevoel van de buurt-BBQ

Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This editorial offers an introduction to the current issue.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

De participatiemythe; een drieluik over dubieuze beleidsassumpties

Trefwoorden politics of participation, policy assumptions,, societal resilience, Neoliberalism
Auteurs Prof. Willem Trommel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article argues that the politics of participation, as it is currently implemented in Dutch society, departs from dubious policy assumptions. The main problems relate to a controversial idea of what societal resilience is about, which in turn is a side-effect of the neoliberal conception of man and society. In particular three policy assumptions seem contested, regarding respectively the self-governance norm, the required levels of trust, and the presence of a ‘loving culture’. While discussing these three topics, the article also introduces three contributions to this special issue, which will focus in more detail on the poverty of the assumptions underlying the participation paradigm.


Prof. Willem Trommel
Prof. Willem Trommel is hoogleraar Beleid en bestuur aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

De redzaamheidsnotie als dekmantel

Trefwoorden (zelf)redzaamheid, Participatiesamenleving, Maatschappelijke onzekerheden, Verzorgingsstaat, Morele strijd
Auteurs Sjouke Elsman MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years few political ambitions enjoyed so much political support as the striving to let the welfare state become more of a ‘participation society’. This ‘participation society’ should be a society with self-reliant citizens; before turning to the state for support, citizens should first of all look at their own capacities, and only in the last case ask the state for help. The premise is promising: collective well-being. However, the fundamental assumptions behind this notion do raise questions. This article argues that the notion for citizens to be self-reliant easily builds on questionable assumptions; these assumptions on the one hand raise hope for collective well-being, but on the other hand easily catalyze citizens’ contemporary uncertainties. It indeed is desirable to restate the relation between state and citizens, but the contemporary focus on citizens’ self-reliance should watch for building on unstable foundations to easily.


Sjouke Elsman MSc
Sjouke Elsman MSc is werkzaam aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen & Politicologie.
Artikel

Loslaten in achterdocht

Over het gebrek aan vertrouwen in burgers

Trefwoorden vertrouwen, loslaten, participatiesamenleving, eigenbelang, bestuurlijk discours
Auteurs Daniël van Kapel MSc
Samenvatting

    Much has been written about the decline of trust in societies: trust in governments and political systems is a popular field of research. Trust of governments in citizens however, is a relatively unknown field. This article presents a research into the trust the Dutch government has in its citizens. By conducting a discourse analysis on policy documents regarding the participation society, the degree of trust was examined. The results show that the government has trust in the capabilities of citizens, but does not trust the intentions of citizens. This results in many control measures, high transaction costs, a fragile base for public cooperation and a disturbed relationship between the government and citizens. In order to gain more trust in citizens the government has to change the way it uses language regarding citizens.


Daniël van Kapel MSc
Artikel

Zonder publieke liefde

Trefwoorden Participatiesamenleving, Publieke liefde, Zelfliefde, Homo economicus, Neoliberalisme
Auteurs ing. Tessa Klarenbeek MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decades of neoliberalism have placed emphasis on individualism, self-responsibility, and self-interest. As a result solidarity, and charity are losing ground and inter-subjective suspicion enters society. With a dominant focus on the economic life, happiness can be found in working and consuming, which has led to a morbid focus on performance. As a consequence self-exploitation, stress, fear of failure and auto-aggression undermines self-love. Competing individuals, with whom man cannot identify himself, see the other as someone who also has to take care of himself; empathy for the stranger is far to seek. Problematic because in the participatory society people need to care for themselves, and others, which calls for public love. Economic actions of man should be perceived as a social activity that presupposes love. A supplier must show empathy towards its customer before a decent product can be created. A prerequisite for empathy and cooperation is equality. However with scarcity as the engine of hyper-capitalism market thinking inequality between people increases. It seems that men should embrace the ‘difference’ of others. The acceptance of ‘the strange’ could start with a heterogeneous student population during education, and a variety of inhabitants in neighbourhoods. Furthermore a more relaxed working climate with the focus on cooperation instead of competition could contribute to the return of empathy and self-love.


ing. Tessa Klarenbeek MSc
ing. Tessa Klarenbeek MSc is beleidsmedewerker preventieve GGZ.
Dossier

Access_open Ten geleide

Auteurs Fabian Dekker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Fabian Dekker
Fabian Dekker is lid van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    In the last few years, platform work and the so-called ‘gig economy’ have been growing across countries. While policy makers are debating the gig economy, there is no single agreed definition of this new type of work and systematic academic reviews are missing. This literature review provides main findings of relevant papers on working in the gig economy. The article shows that the growth of the gig economy fits well into the increasing hybridisation of work, which raises some political questions.


Fabian Dekker
Fabian Dekker is als arbeidssocioloog verbonden aan Regioplan Beleidsonderzoek en lid van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Dossier

Access_open Een eerlijke klusseneconomie

Auteurs Magda Smink, Joost Gerritsen, Arnoud Van Waes e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Magda Smink
Magda Smink is onderzoeker aan het Rathenau Instituut.

Joost Gerritsen
Joost Gerritsen is advocaat bij Legal Beetle.

Arnoud Van Waes
Arnoud van Waes is promovendus aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Melanie Peters
Melanie Peters is directeur van het Rathenau Instituut.

Rinie Van Est
Rinie van Est is themacoördinator Slimme samenleving bij het Rathenau Instituut en onderzoeker aan de TU Eindhoven

Mijke Houwerzijl
Prof. mr. Mijke Houwerzijl is hoogleraar Arbeidsrecht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en bijzonder hoogleraar Europees en rechtsvergelijkend arbeidsrecht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Ferry Koster
Ferry Koster is bijzonder hoogleraar Innovatieve samenwerking bij TIAS en hij is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent bij de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Boekensignalement

Boekensignalement

Auteurs Hans Boutellier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is wetenschappelijk directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en deeltijd hoogleraar Veiligheid en veerkracht aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Jasper Van Dijk
Jasper van Dijk is Tweede Kamerlid en woordvoerder Sociale Zaken Integratie en Migratie voor de SP.

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical.
    Therefore the column ‘De Blinde Vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Dr. Bram Eidhof
Dr. Bram Eidhof is werkzaam bij Schoolstrijd en het Instituut voor Publieke Waarden. Hij promoveerde op burgerschapsonderwijs en bracht daar een boek over uit bij Van Gennep (Het Wilhelmus voorbij).