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Beleid en Maatschappij

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Aflevering 2, 2006 Alle samenvattingen uitklappen
Artikel

De Koning en de spreektelegraaf

Een begrippenkader voor de bestudering van de invloed van overheidsincentives op innovatieve ondernemingen

Auteurs Helen Stout en Martin de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, technological transitions in infrastructure bound sectors are matters for the private sector. History teaches us that as soon as technological transitions proved successful, government sooner or later got involved with the distribution. Most of this involvement, both in history and now, has taken the form of public regulation with the help of various formal legal instruments.

    This article aims to answer three questions, namely (1) what ideational and materials drives can be distinguished in the government's involvement in these technological transitions, (2) through what legal instruments are these objectives expressed and how , and (3) what are the incentives of these formal legal instruments on innovative private entrepreneurs for their further technological pursuits. How were their behavioural options affected by the use of statutory acts, concessions, permits and/or licences? Incentives to private innovators are qualified as positive, neutral or negative. The research method chosen has been inspired by insights from legal sociology, public choice theory and strategic actor behaviour in qualitative simulation-games, but follows distinct methodological steps. Throughout the article a case study on the transition from telegraphy to telephony in The Netherlands will be used to illustrate the discussion.


Helen Stout
Prof. mr. dr. Helen Stout is hoogleraar Recht en Infrastructuren aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, h.d.stout@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 54 16

Martin de Jong
Dr. Martin de Jong is universitair hoofddocent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, w.m.dejong@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 80 52
Artikel

Hoe effectief sturen provincies op de realisering van windenergie?

Een evaluatie van de Bestuursovereenkomst Landelijke Ontwikkeling Windenergie

Auteurs Marieke van Duyn, Hens Runhaar, Susanne Agterbosch e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, an ambitious policy goal of 1,000 MW of wind power capacity by the year 2000 had already been formulated in 1985 and remained the official basis for wind energy policy until 2000. The pace of realisation of wind turbines however did not keep up with this policy objective. An important reason is that it proves difficult to provide enough locations for wind turbines in spatial plans. Over the last 15 years two covenants have been concluded between the Dutch central government and provinces in order to overcome this problem: the 1991-Governmental Agreement on Planning Problems Wind Energy (BPW), and the 2001-Governmental Agreement on the National Development Wind Energy (BLOW). In the BLOW provinces have agreed to work towards the realisation of wind turbines with a total capacity of 1,500 MW in 2010. For this purpose provinces need the co-operation of municipalities, wind power project developers and local communities. Municipalities have a crucial role because of their discretion of detailed allocation of land use in local spatial plans. They are no partners to the covenant however. Provinces can use several governance strategies for mobilising co-operation: from top-down governance in which provinces specify locations to bottom-up approaches in which the initiatives are left to municipalities and project developers. This paper compares both covenants and assesses the effectiveness of different governance strategies employed by three distinct provinces.


Marieke van Duyn
Marieke van Duyn is beleidsmedewerkster bij de Zuid-Hollandse Milieudefensie.

Hens Runhaar
Hens Runhaar is universitair docent Adres: Copernicus Instituut voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling en Innovatie, Universiteit Utrecht Postbus 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, h.runhaar@geo.uu.nl

Susanne Agterbosch
Susanne Agterbosch is promovendus.

Marco Tieleman
Marco Tieleman is sr. adviseur bij CEA.
Artikel

Grip op de post-Euclidische stad?

Oefeningen in de regio Amsterdam

Auteurs Willem Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cities are in stage of transformation under the combined effect of enlargement of scale and the enlargement of scope of urban activities. The enlargement of scale is visible in the regionalization of urban development. Housing markets, labor markets and mobility patterns crystallize at regional level. However, the scaling up of urban life is not just an extension of the city as is experienced over more than a century. The simultaneous enlargement of scope makes the transformation more complex and dependant on external connections, both in the private and the public sector. The essay explores concepts that try to explain the nature of this new complexity. What is the meaning of 'urban space' and 'urban place' under the conditions of globalization? And what are the consequences for the guidance of collective action in the context of multi actor and multi level governance? The nature of urban change is illustrated in the case of the Randstad Holland, in particular the region of Amsterdam.


Willem Salet
Willem Salet is hoogleraar planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen. Recente publicatie: W. Salet en Stan Majoor, 2005, Amsterdam Zuidas European Space, Rotterdam: 010 Uitgevers. Adres: AMIDSt, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, e-mail: W.G.M.Salet@uva.nl
Artikel

Over oude erfenissen en nieuwe ergernissen

Een evaluatie van het rapport 'Een belaste relatie. 25 Jaar Ontwikkelingssamenwerking Nederland – Suriname'

Auteurs Yvonne Kleistra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In February 2004, a highly debated research report with the title 'A Burdened Relation. 25 Years Development Aid between the Netherlands and Surinam' was sent to parliament. The study was conducted by a Netherlands scientist and a Surinam senior official (Kruijt and Maks, 2004). Their central aim was to execute a 'quick scan lessons learned evaluation' in order to arrive at a research agenda for a more detailed and profound study of the bilateral development aid relations of the two countries. In spite of this, the Netherlands minister for Development Aid decided in June 2005 to terminate the research project. Main argument she put forward to underpin the decision was that further research would add just about nothing to what already was known, or could be thought relevant for policymaking. The author of this article questions the validity of the argument of the minister. She scrutinizes the threefold research task, the research process and the results of the joint exercise. This demonstrates that the review holds a future scientific research agenda that is both innovative and provocative. Furthermore, she points out that the political ups and downs that accompanied the publication contain some additional practical insights.


Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is werkzaam als inspecteur Vrede en Veiligheid bij de Inspectiedienst Ontwikkelingssamenwerking en Beleid (IOB) van het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken. Adres: Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken/IOB, Postbus 20061, 2500 EB Den Haag, tel. (070) 348 63 38, e-mail: yvonne.kleistra@minbuza.nl
Artikel

Veroorzaakt crisis verandering?

Auteurs Duco Bannink
Auteursinformatie

Duco Bannink
Duco Bannink is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Universiteit van Twente. Adres: Universiteit Twente, Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, tel. (053)-489 32 22, e-mail: d.b.d.bannink@utwente.nl
Discussie

Hoe lokaal zijn lokale verkiezingen?

Auteurs Wouter van der Brug en Philip van Praag
Auteursinformatie

Wouter van der Brug
Wouter van der Brug is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de UvA Adres: UvA, Instituut voor Migratie en Etnische Studies, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam

Philip van Praag
Philip van Praag is als universitair hoofddocent werkzaam bij de UvA