Zoekresultaat: 103 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Optimale schaal en bereikbaarheid: Een spreidingsmodel voor ziekenhuiszorg in vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden optimal scale, accessibility, planning, hospitals, Flanders
Auteurs Jos Blank en Bart van Hulst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social welfare has often been presented in the hospital research area in terms of travel costs and or distances. Most hospital cost studies only focus on the private costs generated by hospitals caring for patients. However, patient inputs in terms of patient travel cost and time cost are often neglected. In this article we combine both these factors, and optimize the social cost being the sum of the operating cost of hospitals and the costs of accessibility. This article presents a pure economic model for optimizing the social costs, the optimum gives us insight in the lowest hierarchical administrative level on which the provision of hospital care can be planned.

    The model is applied to the Flemish hospital sector for three types of products: revalidation, basic hospital care and radiotherapy. In this study, we point out that as the population (and patient base) increases, existing hospitals would have to expand moving further along the average cost curve into the region where decreasing returns to scale would prevail and by definition, higher cost. Building another hospital could both relieve the pressure on existing hospitals as well as decrease aggregate patient travel costs, i.e., social costs. By dividing the district into regions, we are able to establish the optimal number (and size) of hospitals. We found that the Flemish region should not be divided too much even though travel costs are minimized since the hospitals would be too large and too costly.


Jos Blank
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.

Bart van Hulst
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Schaalvraagstukken in bestuurskundig onderzoek

Een vergelijking van monocentrisch, multilevel en adaptief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scales, monocentric governance, multilevel governance, adaptive governance
Auteurs Art Dewulf en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is an important topic in the fields of public administration, political sciences, and environmental sciences. How scales are defined, studied, and dealt with varies substantially within and across these fields. This article aims to reduce the existing conceptual confusion regarding scales by disentangling three representative approaches that address both governance and scaling: monocentric governance, multilevel governance, and adaptive governance. It does so by analyzing the differences in underlying views on governing, assumptions about scales, dominant problem definitions regarding scales, and preferred responses for dealing with multiple scales. Finally, this article identifies research opportunities within and across these approaches.


Art Dewulf
Dr A.R.P.J. Dewulf is universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Artikel

Inleiding themanummer schaalsensitief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden ideal scale, government, scale sensitive governance
Auteurs Catrien Termeer en Trui Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is one of the classic themes in the study of Public Administration. Despite much research and debate, a lot of questions remain open. This special issue introduces scale sensitive governance as an alternative concept. It relates to taking into account the context, departing from dogma's or illusions about the ideal scale, and looking for new ways to deal with issues of scale.


Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Boekbespreking

De rechtsstaat: Terug op de bestuurskundige agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden rule of law, constitutionalism, administrative law
Auteurs Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There seems to be a contradiction between what is happening in public administration discipline and public administration practice. Whereas public administration discipline and law largely separated during the past decades public administration practice and law have converged. Recently three books have been published which emphasize the importance of the rule of law as an explanatory variable for public administration's design and behavior. In this review essay these books are discussed from a public administration theory perspective. The point of departure of the authors substantially differs. Beckett (‘Public Management and the Rule of Law’, 2010) focuses on the rule of law, Cooper (‘Public Law & Public Administration’, 2007) and Rosenbloom, O'Leary & Chanin (‘Public Administration and Law’, 2010) aim at constitutionalizing public administration. The rule of law and the constitution prove to be shaky grounds for a public administration theory. In general constitutional competence may be important for public managers and professionals, but what it means for everyday practices is not easy to establish. The authors therefore extensively describe American public law, emphasizing the constitutional constraints and general administrative law. With these books the authors provide excellent building blocks for a comparative approach of the rule of law from a public administration perspective. The aim of such an approach would be to discover patterns between legal and constitutional designs on the one hand and everyday administrative practices on the other hand.


Stavros Zouridis
Prof. mr. dr S. Zouridis is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Schaaldenken is ‘schraal’ denken

In netwerkbestuur is de schaal van het bestuur minder relevant

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, local government, performance, democratic legitimacy
Auteurs Linze Schaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands there is an ongoing discussion on the preferred or even necessary scale of government. Basic assumption in this decades-long discussion is that the mere seize of government affects the functioning and quality of government. This article questions that specific assumption, by applying two criteria; government performance and democratic legitimacy. It is concluded that the supposed relationship between seize and quality hardly exists, theoretically nor empirically. Recent government proposals for further up-scaling are being critically assessed. Main conclusion is that thinking in terms of scale and seize is no longer feasible in a modern network society.


Linze Schaap
Dr L. Schaap is Universitair Hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij DEMOS - Centrum voor Burgerschap en Beter Bestuur, Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Schalen in België

De kleine staatshervorming

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, regions, territorial governance, state reform, intergovernmental collaboration
Auteurs Filip De Rynck, Joris Voets en Ellen Wayenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While the international community tries to picture what the future of Belgium as a country will be, the different regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) deal with issues of territorial governance like amalgamations, the future of provinces, city-regions and intergovernmental collaboration. The article maps these issues, but also which facts, interests and arguments are brought to the table, and to what extent policy agendas in the three regions are similar or not. In Wallonia and Flanders, the existence of the provincial tier is questioned and intermunicipal collaboration should become more important. Amalgamation of municipalities is discussed openly in Flanders - with little success so far, while such a debate is absent in Wallonia. The authors zoom in on the debate in Flanders, showing how rich the landscape of intergovernmental and public-private collaboration is, which variations exist, how each policy sector creates and protects its ‘own’ regional turf, how political debate on ‘cleaning up the mess of regional organisations’ requires nuancing, and how the Belgian political culture shapes that sectoral regional landscape. The authors build on two regional mappings, combining descriptive information with input from the interactive processes with different stakeholders on issues of efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability.


Filip De Rynck
Prof. dr F. De Rynck is professor Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.

Joris Voets
Dr J. Voets is senior onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Ellen Wayenberg
Prof. dr E. Wayenberg is docent Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.
Artikel

Pijlers voor schaalsensitief bestuur1

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, scale sensitive governance, logics of scale
Auteurs Trui Steen en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The theme of scale is simply too big to grasp in one special issue of this journal. However, having discussed some topical issues of scale, we denounce the illusion of an ideal scale and welcome a new perspective. We introduce the concept of scale sensitive governance and use insights from the different articles in this special issue to discuss the concept. Scale sensitive governance relates to 1) being sensitive towards different logics of scale, 2) leaving behind scale as a dogmatic concept, and (3) linking scale to broader developments in society.


Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir. Catrien Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Boekbespreking

Dissertaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Artikel

Besturen tussen globale en nationale schaal

De casus van de ronde tafel over duurzame palmolie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden governing, sustainability, scale, global partnerships, RSPO
Auteurs Otto Hospes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is no world government for sustainability, whereas many of todays' sustainability issues are of a global scale. This paradox explains the rise of global, often private, partnerships to develop principles and criteria for sustainability. The central theme of this article is the relationship between global partnerships and national governments in governing sustainability. Are these global partnerships an excuse for governments not to take the lead in organizing sustainable palm oil, or do they activate governments to take up their public responsibilities? Is there synergy, coordination or rather competition between these different agents and scales of governance? The case is about the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and its relationship with the government of Indonesia, the largest producer and exporter of palm oil in the world. This relationship is dynamic and characterized by ‘boomerang-effects’: the Indonesian government left the initiative to international NGOs and multinational companies to develop principles and criteria for sustainable palm oil at the RSPO, but is then invited by the RSPO to participate in the national implementation of global principles and criteria. Triggered by the RSPO, the government of Indonesia develops an own, national standard for sustainable palm oil, gradually distancing itself from the RSPO and its global standard.


Otto Hospes
Dr ir O. Hospes is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen Universiteit.
Artikel

EU-besluitvorming en internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Een principaal-agentperspectief op het intern functioneren van de Europese Unie tijdens multilaterale milieuonderhandelingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden control, cooperation, European Union, international environmental negotiations, principal-agent
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses how the European Union functions internally when it participates in international environmental negotiations. It examines the relations between, on the one hand, the European member states and, on the other hand, the EU negotiator who represents the member states around the international negotiation table. Applying a principal-agent model, this article demonstrates, first, that the member states are able to control their negotiator and the way the latter negotiates internationally through the so-called ad locum control mechanisms, being the on the spot EU coordination meetings and the ability of the member states to attend the international negotiations. Second, this article argues that these institutional structures not only have a control function, but also a cooperation function. Finally, the analysis shows that the EU decision-making processes with regard to international environmental negotiations are not only characterized by the principals controlling their agent, but also by the agent keeping its principals under control.


Tom Delreux
Dr T. Delreux is verbonden aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en heeft in 2008 de Van Poeljeprijs gewonnen voor het onderzoek dat aan dit artikel ten grondslag ligt.
Praktijk

‘Hoogste tijd voor industriepolitiek’

Interview met Michel Rademaker, adjunct-directeur HCSS

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Willemijn Dicke en Ellen van Bueren

Willemijn Dicke

Ellen van Bueren
Artikel

Vertrouwen in governance netwerken

Een empirische studie naar het belang van vertrouwen voor het boeken van resultaten in governance netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden governance networks, trust, policy outcomes, environmental policy
Auteurs Jurian Edelenbos, Erik-Hans Klijn en Bram Steijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governance networks are characterized by complex interaction and decision making, and much uncertainty. Surprisingly, there is very little research on the impact of trust in achieving results in governance networks. This article asks two questions: (a) Does trust influence the outcomes of environmental projects? and (b) Does active network management improve the level of trust in networks? The study is based on a web-based survey of respondents involved in environmental projects. The results indicate that trust does matter for perceived outcomes and that network management strategies enhance the level of trust.


Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Erik-Hans Klijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Bram Steijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Conclusies en onderzoeksagenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, risks, chances, dilemmas, research agenda
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this concluding article of the special issue on web 2.0 we critically discuss several of the effects of this trend. Is it always a good idea to let citizens participate in policy making through social media? Will Open Data only lead to positive effects? And will the co-creation possibilities of web 2.0 really dramatically alter the ways in which bureaucracies function, as its advocates believe? We also draw up an agenda for future research on the governmental effects of web 2.0.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Dissertaties

Aversion and Accommodation. Political Change and Urban Regime Analysis in Dutch Local Government: Rotterdam 1998-2008

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Artikel

Open data en dynamische verantwoording

Reflecties op een opkomende trend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Open Data, dynamic accountability, armchair auditors
Auteurs Iris Vanhommerig en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The co-production possibilities brought on by web 2.0 has meant that media are no longer a one-way stream, with citizens as passive consumers of information. This has also had an impact on the way public organizations account for their actions. In this article we describe Open Data and various other emerging forms of dynamic accountability which in recent years have cropped up alongside the more traditional horizontal and vertical accountability mechanisms. Dynamic accountability uses the technical possibilities of web 2.0 to put an end to accountability as a one-way stream: citizens now have the possibility to react and actively hold their government to account. We reflect on this emerging trend by exploring which questions this raises for Dutch governmental organizations.


Iris Vanhommerig
I. Vanhommerig MSc is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, wetenschappelijk vertaler en web-developer.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senior onderzoeker bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Master Urban Management van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Overheid 2.0: Aanspreekbaar en aansprekend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden public participation, public private partnership, policy entrepreneurs, enabling leadership, digital revolution, new public management
Auteurs Davied van Berlo en Sibout Nooteboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The digital revolution enables civil servants to create innovation with others, across organizational boundaries and with larger groups. Traditional bureaucracies are challenged to put additional conditions and incentives in place to make this possible. The program ‘civil servant 2.0’, aimed at enabling and awareness raising among civil servants, itself also makes use of modern possibilities. One example is Pleio, a digital meeting place for civil servants and other officials and persons who want to share knowledge in a thematic, transboundary way. A dilemma civil servants face is that the hierarchy and the political leadership have to be open to opportunities and input generated from outside. The level of hierarchical support can be discovered when the opportunity emerges. This takes entrepreneurial civil servants: taking initiative with the aim of discovering emerging opportunities in the outside world before it is known how these will be evaluated by the hierarchy. Other enabling conditions are that this activity needs to be possible without taking-up too much of their time, a culture of transparency, the possibility to link with the world through modern ICT (despite possible risks), a safe hierarchical environment, and novel ways of accounting for their output.


Davied van Berlo
Drs D. van Berlo is initiatiefnemer van het netwerk Ambtenaar 2.0 en het platform Pleio (Plein Overheid).

Sibout Nooteboom
Dr S.G. Nooteboom werkt bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en aan de Eramus Universiteit. Deze bijdrage is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Deugdelijk bestuur in curaçao

Maatschappelijke barrires voor goed bestuur in het nieuwe land curaçao

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden good governance, Netherlands Antilles, Curaçao, political culture
Auteurs Oberon Nauta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Before 2010, the Netherlands Antilles were an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This structure was often cited as a barrier to effective governance and led to calls for the ablishment of the Netherlands Antilles. This article examines whether this step has led to good governance in the case of the new country of Curaçao. The author comes to the conclusion that political culture has a bigger effect on good governance than institutional arrangements.


Oberon Nauta
Dr O. Nauta is senior onderzoeker en aanvoerder van het team Veiligheid & Justitie bij de DSP groep.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, responsive government, government-citizen interaction
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New means of communication, especially social media, dramatically alter the relationship between citizens and government. The internet is a platform for political discourse now in which citizens not only interact with governments but often play a leading role. This demands of government to learn how to act in a more responsive fashion. In this issue, we focus on the practical effects of web 2.0 for various governmental organizations and draw up a research agenda.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en program maleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Ambtenaren en sociale media

Kansen, risico's en dilemma's

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden social media, relationship politics-administration, primacy of politics
Auteurs Dennis de Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Not only companies and citizens, but also governmental agencies are exploring the possibilities of new technologies to communicate with citizens. This article analyzes the challenges, risks and dilemmas of social media for Dutch civil servants. The theoretical framework that is used consists of a classical and a modern approach to public administration. In the classical ‘Weberian’ model, politicians are responsible for policy-making (and communication about it) and civil servants have to implement policies (‘the primacy of politics’). This principal approach implies a limited role of civil servants in social media. However, the modern approach to civil servants highlights their expertise and distinctive responsibilities. The pragmatical approach leaves more space for active participation of civil servants on the internet. Nevertheless, a fundamental reflection about the primacy of politics, the role of governmental communication and culture in the social media landscape remains necessary.


Dennis de Kool
Dr D. de Kool is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Center for Public Innovation van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Politie en twitter

Coproductie en community policing in het informatietijdperk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden community policing, Twitter, co-production, police
Auteurs Albert Meijer, Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen, Danielle Fictorie e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Twitter offers the police a wide range of opportunities for improving communication with citizens. The police can inform large groups of citizens about activities through brief messages and ask citizens for information. In this manner, Twitter can be expected to contribute to police investigations and community policing. In view of these opportunities, it is not surprising that many police departments and individual police officers have started to use Twitter for communicating with citizens. The fact that police Twitter accounts have thousands of followers shows that many citizens are interested in these messages. This article explores current police practices of using Twitter and highlights the expected benefits, possible limitations and perverse effects.


Albert Meijer
Dr A. Meijer, S.G. Grimmelijkhuijsen MSc, LLB, D. Fictorie en Aline Bos MSc zijn verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovendus, student-assistent en onderzoeker/adviseur.

Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen
Dr A. Meijer, S.G. Grimmelijkhuijsen MSc, LLB, D. Fictorie en Aline Bos MSc zijn verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovendus, student-assistent en onderzoeker/adviseur.

Danielle Fictorie
Dr A. Meijer, S.G. Grimmelijkhuijsen MSc, LLB, D. Fictorie en Aline Bos MSc zijn verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovendus, student-assistent en onderzoeker/adviseur.

Aline Bos
Dr A. Meijer, S.G. Grimmelijkhuijsen MSc, LLB, D. Fictorie en Aline Bos MSc zijn verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovendus, student-assistent en onderzoeker/adviseur.
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