Zoekresultaat: 136 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Optimale schaal en bereikbaarheid: Een spreidingsmodel voor ziekenhuiszorg in vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden optimal scale, accessibility, planning, hospitals, Flanders
Auteurs Jos Blank en Bart van Hulst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social welfare has often been presented in the hospital research area in terms of travel costs and or distances. Most hospital cost studies only focus on the private costs generated by hospitals caring for patients. However, patient inputs in terms of patient travel cost and time cost are often neglected. In this article we combine both these factors, and optimize the social cost being the sum of the operating cost of hospitals and the costs of accessibility. This article presents a pure economic model for optimizing the social costs, the optimum gives us insight in the lowest hierarchical administrative level on which the provision of hospital care can be planned.

    The model is applied to the Flemish hospital sector for three types of products: revalidation, basic hospital care and radiotherapy. In this study, we point out that as the population (and patient base) increases, existing hospitals would have to expand moving further along the average cost curve into the region where decreasing returns to scale would prevail and by definition, higher cost. Building another hospital could both relieve the pressure on existing hospitals as well as decrease aggregate patient travel costs, i.e., social costs. By dividing the district into regions, we are able to establish the optimal number (and size) of hospitals. We found that the Flemish region should not be divided too much even though travel costs are minimized since the hospitals would be too large and too costly.


Jos Blank
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.

Bart van Hulst
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Schaalvraagstukken in bestuurskundig onderzoek

Een vergelijking van monocentrisch, multilevel en adaptief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scales, monocentric governance, multilevel governance, adaptive governance
Auteurs Art Dewulf en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is an important topic in the fields of public administration, political sciences, and environmental sciences. How scales are defined, studied, and dealt with varies substantially within and across these fields. This article aims to reduce the existing conceptual confusion regarding scales by disentangling three representative approaches that address both governance and scaling: monocentric governance, multilevel governance, and adaptive governance. It does so by analyzing the differences in underlying views on governing, assumptions about scales, dominant problem definitions regarding scales, and preferred responses for dealing with multiple scales. Finally, this article identifies research opportunities within and across these approaches.


Art Dewulf
Dr A.R.P.J. Dewulf is universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Artikel

Inleiding themanummer schaalsensitief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden ideal scale, government, scale sensitive governance
Auteurs Catrien Termeer en Trui Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is one of the classic themes in the study of Public Administration. Despite much research and debate, a lot of questions remain open. This special issue introduces scale sensitive governance as an alternative concept. It relates to taking into account the context, departing from dogma's or illusions about the ideal scale, and looking for new ways to deal with issues of scale.


Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Boekbespreking

De rechtsstaat: Terug op de bestuurskundige agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden rule of law, constitutionalism, administrative law
Auteurs Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There seems to be a contradiction between what is happening in public administration discipline and public administration practice. Whereas public administration discipline and law largely separated during the past decades public administration practice and law have converged. Recently three books have been published which emphasize the importance of the rule of law as an explanatory variable for public administration's design and behavior. In this review essay these books are discussed from a public administration theory perspective. The point of departure of the authors substantially differs. Beckett (‘Public Management and the Rule of Law’, 2010) focuses on the rule of law, Cooper (‘Public Law & Public Administration’, 2007) and Rosenbloom, O'Leary & Chanin (‘Public Administration and Law’, 2010) aim at constitutionalizing public administration. The rule of law and the constitution prove to be shaky grounds for a public administration theory. In general constitutional competence may be important for public managers and professionals, but what it means for everyday practices is not easy to establish. The authors therefore extensively describe American public law, emphasizing the constitutional constraints and general administrative law. With these books the authors provide excellent building blocks for a comparative approach of the rule of law from a public administration perspective. The aim of such an approach would be to discover patterns between legal and constitutional designs on the one hand and everyday administrative practices on the other hand.


Stavros Zouridis
Prof. mr. dr S. Zouridis is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Schaaldenken is ‘schraal’ denken

In netwerkbestuur is de schaal van het bestuur minder relevant

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, local government, performance, democratic legitimacy
Auteurs Linze Schaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands there is an ongoing discussion on the preferred or even necessary scale of government. Basic assumption in this decades-long discussion is that the mere seize of government affects the functioning and quality of government. This article questions that specific assumption, by applying two criteria; government performance and democratic legitimacy. It is concluded that the supposed relationship between seize and quality hardly exists, theoretically nor empirically. Recent government proposals for further up-scaling are being critically assessed. Main conclusion is that thinking in terms of scale and seize is no longer feasible in a modern network society.


Linze Schaap
Dr L. Schaap is Universitair Hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij DEMOS - Centrum voor Burgerschap en Beter Bestuur, Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Schalen in België

De kleine staatshervorming

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, regions, territorial governance, state reform, intergovernmental collaboration
Auteurs Filip De Rynck, Joris Voets en Ellen Wayenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While the international community tries to picture what the future of Belgium as a country will be, the different regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) deal with issues of territorial governance like amalgamations, the future of provinces, city-regions and intergovernmental collaboration. The article maps these issues, but also which facts, interests and arguments are brought to the table, and to what extent policy agendas in the three regions are similar or not. In Wallonia and Flanders, the existence of the provincial tier is questioned and intermunicipal collaboration should become more important. Amalgamation of municipalities is discussed openly in Flanders - with little success so far, while such a debate is absent in Wallonia. The authors zoom in on the debate in Flanders, showing how rich the landscape of intergovernmental and public-private collaboration is, which variations exist, how each policy sector creates and protects its ‘own’ regional turf, how political debate on ‘cleaning up the mess of regional organisations’ requires nuancing, and how the Belgian political culture shapes that sectoral regional landscape. The authors build on two regional mappings, combining descriptive information with input from the interactive processes with different stakeholders on issues of efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability.


Filip De Rynck
Prof. dr F. De Rynck is professor Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.

Joris Voets
Dr J. Voets is senior onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Ellen Wayenberg
Prof. dr E. Wayenberg is docent Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.
Artikel

Pijlers voor schaalsensitief bestuur1

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, scale sensitive governance, logics of scale
Auteurs Trui Steen en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The theme of scale is simply too big to grasp in one special issue of this journal. However, having discussed some topical issues of scale, we denounce the illusion of an ideal scale and welcome a new perspective. We introduce the concept of scale sensitive governance and use insights from the different articles in this special issue to discuss the concept. Scale sensitive governance relates to 1) being sensitive towards different logics of scale, 2) leaving behind scale as a dogmatic concept, and (3) linking scale to broader developments in society.


Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir. Catrien Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Boekbespreking

Dissertaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Artikel

Besturen tussen globale en nationale schaal

De casus van de ronde tafel over duurzame palmolie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden governing, sustainability, scale, global partnerships, RSPO
Auteurs Otto Hospes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is no world government for sustainability, whereas many of todays' sustainability issues are of a global scale. This paradox explains the rise of global, often private, partnerships to develop principles and criteria for sustainability. The central theme of this article is the relationship between global partnerships and national governments in governing sustainability. Are these global partnerships an excuse for governments not to take the lead in organizing sustainable palm oil, or do they activate governments to take up their public responsibilities? Is there synergy, coordination or rather competition between these different agents and scales of governance? The case is about the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and its relationship with the government of Indonesia, the largest producer and exporter of palm oil in the world. This relationship is dynamic and characterized by ‘boomerang-effects’: the Indonesian government left the initiative to international NGOs and multinational companies to develop principles and criteria for sustainable palm oil at the RSPO, but is then invited by the RSPO to participate in the national implementation of global principles and criteria. Triggered by the RSPO, the government of Indonesia develops an own, national standard for sustainable palm oil, gradually distancing itself from the RSPO and its global standard.


Otto Hospes
Dr ir O. Hospes is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen Universiteit.
Artikel

EU-besluitvorming en internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Een principaal-agentperspectief op het intern functioneren van de Europese Unie tijdens multilaterale milieuonderhandelingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden control, cooperation, European Union, international environmental negotiations, principal-agent
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses how the European Union functions internally when it participates in international environmental negotiations. It examines the relations between, on the one hand, the European member states and, on the other hand, the EU negotiator who represents the member states around the international negotiation table. Applying a principal-agent model, this article demonstrates, first, that the member states are able to control their negotiator and the way the latter negotiates internationally through the so-called ad locum control mechanisms, being the on the spot EU coordination meetings and the ability of the member states to attend the international negotiations. Second, this article argues that these institutional structures not only have a control function, but also a cooperation function. Finally, the analysis shows that the EU decision-making processes with regard to international environmental negotiations are not only characterized by the principals controlling their agent, but also by the agent keeping its principals under control.


Tom Delreux
Dr T. Delreux is verbonden aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en heeft in 2008 de Van Poeljeprijs gewonnen voor het onderzoek dat aan dit artikel ten grondslag ligt.
Praktijk

‘Hoogste tijd voor industriepolitiek’

Interview met Michel Rademaker, adjunct-directeur HCSS

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Willemijn Dicke en Ellen van Bueren

Willemijn Dicke

Ellen van Bueren
Symposium

Besturen zonder regering?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Marc Hooghe, Koen Schoors en Derk-Jan Eppink
Auteursinformatie

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar Politieke Wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven en Visiting Professor aan de Universiteiten van Lille-II en Mannheim. Hij publiceert vooral over politieke participatie en politiek vertrouwen.

Koen Schoors
Koen Schoors is hoogleraar Economie aan de Universiteit Gent en directeur van het Centre for Russian International Socio-Political and Economic Studies (Cerise).

Derk-Jan Eppink
Derk-Jan Eppink is lid van het Europees Parlement namens de Lijst Dedecker en van de fractie van de Europese Conservatieven en Hervormers (ECR) en auteur van De toren van Babel staat in Brussel: pleidooi voor een verenigd Europa van de Staten (Lannoo, 2010).
Research Note

Vetospelers en kieshervorming in België

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Marc Hooghe en Kris Deschouwer
Auteursinformatie

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar Politieke Wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven en Visiting Professor aan de Universiteiten van Lille-II en Mannheim. Hij publiceert vooral over politieke participatie en politiek vertrouwen.

Kris Deschouwer
Kris Deschouwer is onderzoeksprofessor in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij werkt over politieke partijen, verkiezingen, federalisme en regionalisme en politieke besluitvorming in verdeelde samenlevingen.

Rens Vliegenthart
Rens Vliegenthart is universitair hoofddocent Politieke Communicatie bij de Amsterdam School of Communication Research aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij publiceert over de interactie tussen politici en journalisten en over media-effecten.

Stefaan Walgrave
Stefaan Walgrave is professor Politieke Wetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij doet onderzoek naar media en politiek, agenda-setting, protest en publieke opinie.
Essay

Heeft het klimaat nood aan consensus?

Pleidooi voor een politiek van het denkbare

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden UN climate policy, constructivism, politics of the imaginable, politics of science, post-politics, matter of concern
Auteurs Gert Goeminne
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this essay, I argue that the alleged failure of the Copenhagen climate summit in December 2009, rather than labelling it as the collapse of climate politics, should be embraced as an essential political fact. Admittedly, Copenhagen was a failure, albeit of a populist consensual policy practice that invokes an apocalyptic doomsday scenario to make everybody toe the neo-liberal line. In my view, consensus-driven UN policy is running into its own limits as was clearly illustrated at the climate summit in Cancun (December 2010) where the blame was pinned on Bolivia for its fierce resistance against a weak agreement. The time has come to revive the climate and, by extension, the environment as a matter of genuine political concern, open to struggle and contestation, in this way constituting an essential component of social change.


Gert Goeminne
Gert Goeminne is als postdoctoraal onderzoeker van het FWO-Vlaanderen verbonden aan het Centrum Leo Apostel (VUB) en het Centrum voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling (UGent). In zijn onderzoek focust hij op de relatie tussen wetenschap en democratie.
Article

Vertegenwoordigende claims en de substantiële vertegenwoordiging van vrouwen in de Kamer

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden political representation, representative claims, substantive representation of women, legislative behaviour
Auteurs Silvia Erzeel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Studies of women’s representation have often explored the link between women’s descriptive and women’s substantive representation in parliament, analyzing whether female representatives bring a unique – and often feminist – contribution to the representation of women’s interests. Doing so, however, these studies have failed to consider “how women’s substantive representation actually occurs” (Celis & Childs, 2008; Childs & Krook, 2009). Recent studies therefore propose to apply a claim-based framework, leaving open how, why and by whom women’s substantive representation occurs (Celis et al., 2008). In this article, we put this new claim-based approach to the empirical test. More in particular, we consider its added value by studying the variety of claims made about women in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (1995-2007). We conclude that a claim-based framework indeed brings additional actors and perspectives to the fore, but that there are limits as to which claims are formulated and by whom.


Silvia Erzeel
Silvia Erzeel is doctoraatsstudente Politieke Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Haar onderzoek handelt over de descriptieve en substantiële vertegenwoordiging van vrouwen in parlementaire settings.
Article

Negen argumenten voor en tegen het verlagen van de kiesgerechtigde leeftijd

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden voting age, political debate, enfranchisement
Auteurs Henk van der Kolk en Kees Aarts
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Using literature, documents and parliamentary debates in Britain, Germany, The Netherlands, Austria, and Switzerland, nine arguments for and against lowering the voting age to sixteen are distinguished and critically assessed. The assessment is based on criteria such as logical consistency and empirical validity. It is argued that most arguments can hardly be defended with these criteria. However, this does not mean that the case for lowering the voting age is weak. This would only be the case if a voting age of eighteen is considered as valuable in its own right.


Henk van der Kolk
Henk van der Kolk is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente. Hij geeft onderwijs in Methoden en Technieken en Politicologie. Hij publiceerde (samen met anderen) in onder meer PS, Electoral Studies en Local Government Studies. Hij is verder onder meer medeverantwoordelijk voor het Nationaal Kiezersonderzoek.

Kees Aarts
Kees Aarts is hoogleraar Politicologie aan de Universiteit Twente en wetenschappelijk directeur van het Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies (IGS). Zijn onderzoek richt zich op democratie, verkiezingen en kiesgedrag.

Hans Keman
Hans Keman is hoogleraar Vergelijkende Politicologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Hij heeft gepubliceerd op het gebied van partijen en partijsystemen, de vorming en het fungeren van partijregeringen, de verzorgingsstaat en economische ontwikkeling en op het terrein van de vergelijkende methode.
Article

Samen naar de kiezer

De vorming van pre-electorale allianties tussen CD&V en N-VA en tussen SP.a en Groen! bij de gemeenteraadsverkiezingen van 2006

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden political parties, pre-electoral alliances, party strategies, local politics
Auteurs Tom Verthé en Kris Deschouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Political parties normally compete in elections individually. Yet, sometimes they join forces and form pre-electoral alliances. This rather unusual strategy contains both costs and benefits. In this article we try to identify those costs and benefits by opening up the black box of internal party decision making in considering pre-electoral alliance formation. We start by assuming that parties of different electoral sizes could have different motives to face the voter as one electoral list. Through in-depth interviews at the local level in Flanders, we have studied pre-electoral alliance formation for the municipal elections in 2006. We find that the arguments of large parties mainly focus on becoming the leading formation and thus claiming the initiative in coalition formation. Small parties have more varied motives for forming or failing to form a pre-electoral alliance.


Tom Verthé
Tom Verthé is aspirant van het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen en doctoraatsstudent in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij werkt over politieke partijen en verkiezingen en in het bijzonder over preelectorale alliantievorming.

Kris Deschouwer
Kris Deschouwer is onderzoeksprofessor in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij werkt over politieke partijen, verkiezingen, federalisme en regionalisme en politieke besluitvorming in verdeelde samenlevingen.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in governance netwerken

Een empirische studie naar het belang van vertrouwen voor het boeken van resultaten in governance netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden governance networks, trust, policy outcomes, environmental policy
Auteurs Jurian Edelenbos, Erik-Hans Klijn en Bram Steijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governance networks are characterized by complex interaction and decision making, and much uncertainty. Surprisingly, there is very little research on the impact of trust in achieving results in governance networks. This article asks two questions: (a) Does trust influence the outcomes of environmental projects? and (b) Does active network management improve the level of trust in networks? The study is based on a web-based survey of respondents involved in environmental projects. The results indicate that trust does matter for perceived outcomes and that network management strategies enhance the level of trust.


Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Erik-Hans Klijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Bram Steijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
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