Zoekresultaat: 8 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen en onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in toezichtbeleid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Trust, regulatory policy, accountability, control, supervision regime
Auteurs Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc, Dr. ir. Frédérique Six en Prof. dr. Paul Robben
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regulatory supervision and inspection have become key features of public governance, some authors even talk about the ‘audit society’ or the age of ‘regulatory capitalism’. Despite international research showing the importance of trust in supervisory relations, there is still a fierce debate about the role of trust in Dutch supervisory relations. Several inspectorates have incorporated trust as a central theme in their supervisory policy. This article describes the role of trust within the policy of the Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate (IGZ). This research addresses four themes in dealing with the concept of trust in supervisory relations: from transparency to accountability, from output performance to performance and risk management, from trust or control to trust and control, and, finally, a special regime for reliable inspectees. The empirical analysis in this paper contributes to the knowledge about the role of trust in supervision (policy) and to the debate about the role of trust in regulatory supervision policy.


Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc
Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc is senior adviseur bij de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg.

Dr. ir. Frédérique Six
Dr. ir. Frédérique Six MBA is universitair docent aan de VU Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul Robben
Prof. dr. Paul Robben is adviseur bij de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg en bij iBMG-Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Artikel

Publiek-Private Samenwerking

Een reparatiestrategie voor falende ordeningsvormen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Public-private partnerships, governance arrangements, public values
Auteurs Dr. Maurits Sanders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Government employs Public-Private Partnerships as a remedial strategy directed at compensating for failures that typically occur in pure market arrangements, networks or pure hierarchical government settings. It is then possible to engage in Public-Private Partnerships corresponding with the three basic forms of social organization: market, network and government. The distinction between: (1) market-PPP, (2) network-PPP and (3) public authority-PPP is elaborated.


Dr. Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.Ph.Th. Sanders is als hoofddocent bestuurskunde verbonden aan Saxion. Hij is tevens executive director van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).

    Nowadays municipalities in the Netherlands work together more intensively with other municipalities in the region. Also cooperation with companies, institutions and societal organizations is more often looked for at the regional level. In practice this brings along many problems and difficulties. For several reasons it appears not to be easy to combine the implementation strengths of municipalities and societal partners. This article presents a new approach (based on the theory of ‘new regionalism’) to regional implementation strength. This approach is not only about designing regional administrations, but is mainly about the factors that induce administrations as well as companies and institutions to commit themselves jointly for the region. To increase the regional implementation strength more is needed than the formation of a regional administrative structure in which municipalities do not cooperate in a non-committal manner. To induce municipalities and societal partners to commit themselves jointly to handling new tasks or new challenges it is also necessary to have a clear strategic vision on these issues that binds parties and makes them enthusiastic and that regional cooperation is rooted in a societal breeding ground. It also asks for an administrative structure that does justice to the contribution every municipality and societal partner makes to the realization of the strategy and for a democratic involvement of municipal councils and sector-based interest groups.


Marcel Boogers
Prof. dr. M.J.G.J.A. Boogers is hoogleraar Innovatie en Regionaal Bestuur bij de vakgroep Bestuurskunde van de faculteit Management en Bestuur aan de Universiteit Twente en senior adviseur Openbaar Bestuur bij BMC.
Article

Juridische kwetsbaarheid en onderhandelingen in de Wereldhandelsorganisatie

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden WTO, trade, legal vulnerability, Doha Round, judicialization
Auteurs Arlo Poletti en Dirk De Bièvre
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the current multilateral trade regime, members often negotiate under the shadow of WTO law. In this article, we develop an explanation of how the legal vulnerability of members’ domestic policies affects ongoing multilateral negotiations in the trade regime. First, we show that, contrary to conventional wisdom, increased enforcement does not necessarily make actors shy away from further cooperation. Legal vulnerability can ignite a positive dynamic of cooperation because it can increase the set of feasible agreements of WTO members. In a second stage, we set out how the nature of the issue at stake, i.e. whether it can be easily disaggregated into negotiable units, affects whether this positive dynamics of cooperation takes place. We illustrate the plausibility of the argument by way of four in-depth case studies of how potential (or actual) defendants and potential (or actual) complainants in WTO disputes responded to the incentives brought about by legal vulnerability and negotiated in the Doha round.


Arlo Poletti
Arlo Poletti geeft les aan de LUISS School of Government in Rome en is verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep ACIM van het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij is de auteur van The European Union and Multilateral Trade Governance: The Politics of the Doha Round, London: Routledge.

Dirk De Bièvre
Dirk De Bièvre is professor internationale politiek en internationale politieke economie aan het departement politieke wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen en lid van de onderzoeksgroep ACIM. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich op de Wereldhandelsorganisatie, de Europese handelspolitiek, en de invloed van belangengroepen.
Artikel

Intergemeentelijk samenwerken: het kan ook licht

Een verkenning van lichte vormen van intergemeentelijke samenwerking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden inter-municipal cooperation, light forms of cooperation, modes of cooperation
Auteurs Leon van den Dool en Linze Schaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many tasks will be decentralized to municipalities in the Netherlands in the coming years. To deal with these challenges, central government encourages municipal mergers, while municipalities often prefer a light form of cooperation. Since municipal boarders are converging less and less with the boarders inhabitants experience in their daily lives, municipalities feel free to cooperate in a variety of ways with other partners. This poses new challenges to democratic legitimacy, effectiveness and the role local authorities play. Local governments therefore do not need new regulations or legal forms of co-operations, but rather a repertoire fitting their role. We argue that local governments need to analyse their tasks, choose the form of cooperation that fits best and develop a repertoire for their cooperation. Light forms of cooperation are very important for developing a variety of cooperative forms and roles local governments need to play.


Leon van den Dool
Dr. L.T. van den Dool is senior onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur (Universiteit van Tilburg) en daarnaast senior manager in de adviespraktijk voor binnenlands bestuur bij PwC. Hij richt zich op de lokale overheid en met name op stedelijke ontwikkeling, leerprocessen, goed bestuur, onafhankelijk onderzoek, bestuurskracht en samenwerkingsvraagstukken.

Linze Schaap
Dr. L. Schaap is universitair hoofddocent bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur (Universiteit van Tilburg). Hij richt zich op democratisch besturen op lokaal, intergemeentelijk en regionaal niveau, schaalvraagstukken en bestuurskracht. Veel van zijn onderzoek heeft een internationaal vergelijkend karakter.

    In policy practice sometimes organizational arrangements appear that at first glance manifest itself as cooperative relations between private organizations, but about which on second thoughts the question can be asked if after all there is an active input from the side of the government. This is for instance the case in the construction of biogas infrastructures. In this article the authors discuss if we can talk about PPC after all. In the debate on governance this question is important because in the design of PPC the public interest involved must be sufficiently guaranteed in terms of control and accountability. On the basis of a confrontation between the results of a literature review and an empirical study of the case of a Green Gas pipeline in North-East Friesland (‘Biogasleiding Noordoost Fryslân’) in the Netherlands, the authors conclude that public steering in practice can take a form in disguise. Using ‘intermediate’ civil law legal persons, governmental influence indeed can be and is exercised during the cooperation. Especially law poses specific demands on control and accountability to take care of public interests, like the promotion of the use of renewable energy. Likewise in this kind of projects, especially in comparison with pure private-private cooperation, the public and if possible even the public law regulation must be safeguarded, for instance by transparency of form and content of steering. Of course this has to be done with preservation of the cooperative nature that is typical of PPC.


Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.P.T. Sanders is hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij Saxion Hogescholen, zakelijk directeur van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) en onlangs gepromoveerd aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

Michiel Heldeweg
Prof. mr. dr. M.A. Heldeweg is hoogleraar Public Governance Law aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

    This article presents the effects of an evaluation study of different municipal amalgamations in the past ten years in the Dutch provinces Gelderland, Limburg and Overijssel. It is an evaluation that passes through two tracks; we investigate by written sources and evaluation studies of specific amalgamations its gains, but we also by the method of a survey-feedback have asked the opinions on the amalgamation of a considerable group of people involved in the amalgamation. Would they do it again this way years after the amalgamation and they do have a positive or negative assessment of the amalgamation as a whole afterwards? The answer to this question is surprising: a lot of people involved are quite positive on a municipal amalgamation and would choose for it again in the same circumstances. They also think it is an alternative to be preferred over piling up arrangements of municipal cooperation. There is also a remarkable small difference between the assessment afterwards of a voluntary or a ‘forced’ amalgamation. That difference of assessment can be felt intensively in the process before and during the amalgamation, but afterwards the respondents are also positive about amalgamations that have been imposed ‘top-down’. This result suggests that the proverb of a ‘bottom-up amalgamation’ needs relativisation and the provinces and the central government can play a more active part in the process of amalgamation.


Jony Ferket
Mevr. J. Ferket MA was tot november 2013 leermanager en medewerker onderzoek bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) te Den Haag. Nu is zij projectmedewerker bij Schoolinfo, een initiatief van de PO-raad en de VO-raad.

Martin Schulz
Dr. J.M. Schulz is senioronderzoeker bij de NSOB en de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Mark van Twist
Prof. dr. M.J.W. van Twist is decaan en bestuurder van de NSOB en hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (EUR).

Martijn van der Steen
Dr. M.A. van der Steen is co-decaan van de (NSOB).
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