Zoekresultaat: 20 artikelen

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Jaar 2009 x

    Since 1994, the concept of citizenship is a central concept in Dutch Integration policy for immigrants and their descendants. Gradually, the concept has become a moral category of good and active citizenship, associated with all kinds of obligations. Since the turn of the century it is even used to urge on – especially – Muslims to assimilate to mainstream culture and fundamental norms and values. This contrasts sharply with the Dutch multicultural policy of the 1980s. How is it possible for political and policy discourse to change in such a radical way within a few decades? And what role played the concept of citizenship in these changes? This article seeks to answer these questions by investigating how the concept of citizenship has been interpreted and applied differently over time in Dutch discourse on integration policy, focussing on issues of unity versus ethno-cultural diversity. With this purpose, first, the concept of citizenship is defined and differentiated in four dimensions and various perspectives. Next, Dutch political and policy discourse of the last 25 years is examined in broad lines. Subsequently, the Dutch discourse is analysed in more detail in debates of the last decades on dual nationality and on civic integration policy.


Alfons Fermin
Alfons Fermin is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Rotterdams Instituut voor Sociaal-wetenschappelijk BeleidsOnderzoek (RISBO) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. A. Fermin Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam RISBO Postbus 1738, kamer T11-08 3000 DR Rotterdam fermin@fsw.eur.nl

    According to many observers, multicultural integration policies have strongly eroded in the Netherlands since the early 1990s and particularly following the rise of Pim Fortuyn in 2002. In this view, the Netherlands now follow harsh, assimilationist policies that threaten the foundations of democracy. Policy studies on the local level have however found strong continuities. This article investigates changes and continuities in Dutch integration policies on the national level. The cross-national policy data compiled in the Migration Policy Index show that the Netherlands are in 2007 still among the European countries that offer immigrants and their descendants the largest degree of legal equality. Comparative data on accommodation policies regarding immigrant cultures and religions show that Dutch policies are still culturally pluralist compared to most other European countries, e.g., by recognizing immigrants' ethnic and religious identities and practices, subsidizing and incorporating their associations, and providing preferential access to public sector jobs. Quantitative comparative policy data are supplemented by qualitative examples of pluralist policies in the media, the police force, and nature conservation and recreation. The article concludes that in spite of rhetoric to the contrary, there is strong path dependence in Dutch integration policies, also on the national level.


Ruud Koopmans
Ruud Koopmans is directeur van de afdeling 'Migration, Integration, Transnationalization' aan het Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB). Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. R. Koopmans Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB) Reichpietschufer 50 10785 Berlijn Duitsland koopmans@wzb.eu

    This article traces the redefinition of citizenship that Dutch governments have tried to accomplish through legislation and various policy initiatives. The classical liberal notion of citizenship is said to provide insufficient social cohesion. More emphasis on integration into the typically Dutch culture is offered as a remedy. Newcomers are only accepted as full citizens after they have been introduced and trained in the essential elements of this culture. Criticisms of this policy are presented. Lately the government itself seems to have second thoughts on the definition of citizenship.


Herman van Gunsteren
Herman van Gunsteren is emeritus hoogleraar politieke theorieën en rechtsfilosofie aan de Universiteit Leiden. Tevens is hij rapporteur Nieuwspoort 2009. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. H. van Gunsteren Murillostraat 5 1077 ND Amsterdam vangunsv@xs4all.nl
Artikel

Aspecten van burgerschap

Een historische analyse van de transformaties van het burgerschapsconcept in Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Friso van Houdt en Willem Schinkel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The historical transformations of Dutch citizenship are assessed in this article in light of two aspects. One concerns the dimensions and layers of citizenship; the other pertains to the relative stress laid on either formal or moral citizenship. We illustrate how citizenship was broadened from civic to political, social and cultural rights. Then we discuss the recent moralization of citizenship in the context of Dutch debates on immigrant integration. We illustrate how the relative stress on moral citizenship therein pertains to a virtual disenfranchisement of non-native Dutch citizens.


Friso van Houdt
Friso van Houdt is als promovendus verbonden aan de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Willem Schinkel
Willem Schinkel is universitair hoofddocent theoretische sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. W. Schinkel Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Capaciteitsgroep Sociologie Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam schinkel@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

Polarisen of polderen?

Inleiding op het themanummer over migranten en burgerschap

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Gabriël van den Brink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After a summary of several contributions in this volume, we focus on certain problems and omissions in the debate about citizenship and the position of migrants in Dutch society. First, nearly all the contributions are related to the level of theoretical concepts or policy proposals, neglecting the level of social behaviour and important changes of social reality. Second, all authors acknowledge the fact that the moral dimensions of citizenship have become more important, yet nobody seems to be interested in a scientific explanation of this remarkable fact. In response to these omissions we try to understand why the Netherlands has changed from an open society into a community struck by xenophobia. One explanation might be that the intensity of social interaction has increased considerably. Another explanation is related to the fact the level of education has grown, creating a higher expectations of 'normal' behaviour. Together these tendencies undermine the ('typical Dutch') tradition of tolerance or deviant behaviour generally and for 'strange' behaviour of migrants specifically.


Gabriël van den Brink
Gabriël van den Brink is hoogleraar maatschappelijke bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en lector gemeenschappelijke veiligheidskunde aan de Politieacademie te Apeldoorn. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. G.J.M. van den Brink Universiteit van Tilburg Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur Postbus 90153 5000 LE Tilburg brink@uvt.nl

    In public debate on immigrants' political ties with their country of origin, two assumptions prevail. The first assumption is that many immigrants engage in transnational political activities. The second is that forms of transnational citizenship are an impediment for the development of local citizenship. However, so far little research has been done on the importance of, and the relationship between, local and transnational citizenship. In this article, we focus on local and transnational forms of active citizenship, here understood as the total of political practices and processes of identification. Our study, conducted among middle-class immigrants in Rotterdam, indicates that the importance of active transnational citizenship should not be overstated. Among these middle-class immigrants, political practices are primarily focused on the local level; political practices directed to the home country appear to be quite rare. If we look at processes of identification, we see that a majority of the middle-class immigrants have a strong urban identity. Many of them combine this local identification with feelings of belonging with people in their home country. These local and transnational identifications seem to reinforce, rather than impede, each other.


Marianne van Bochove
Marianne van Bochove is als promovendus verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: M.E. van Bochove, MSc Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Capaciteitsgroep Sociologie Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbochove@fsw.eur.nl

Katja Rusinovic
Katja Rusinovic werkt aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam als postdoc onderzoeker.

Godfried Engbersen
Godfried Engbersen is als als hoogleraar algemene sociologie verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    Municipalities expect that outsourcing, autonomization and privatization will reduce costs or even create revenues. Such decisions also have costs. An analysis of 38 reports by local audit offices shows that municipalities are not aware or unable to calculate these costs. Based on thirteen cases of autonomization and privatization in a large Dutch municipality, this article shows for example that personnel costs can be very high. Municipalities should therefore make better informed decisions, based on managerial considerations, rather than political reasons.


Sandra van Thiel
Sandra van Thiel is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. S. van Thiel Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling bestuurskunde Postbus 1738 (kamer M8-42) 3000 DR Rotterdam vanthiel@fsw.eur.nl

Robin Snijders
Robin Snijders is bestuurskundige en civiel technicus en werkzaam bij MNO Vervat als project engineer.
Artikel

'We can do better than that!'

Over de toekomst van het stelsel van sociale zekerheid in het licht van immigratie en integratie van niet-westerse immigranten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2009
Auteurs Erik de Gier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article sketches four more or less excluding future scenarios with regard to immigration and social security. Its objective is to find an answer to the question how the Dutch welfare state and more in particular the system of social security can contribute positively to both labour market participation and social integration of non-western immigrants. The four scenarios, constructed on the basis of two dichotomies open versus closed country borders and privatised versus collective social security, can be perceived as ideal types. Although none of the four scenarios will contribute unequivocally to solving the problem of labour market participation and social integration of immigration, it turns out that two scenarios will be more realistic, given in particular the long-term development of the social security system towards further privatisation. These are the scenarios that combine privatised social security with open or closed borders. The first scenario will be more beneficial from an economic viewpoint. By contrast, the second scenario will be more attractive for those people who primarily want to restrict immigration.


Erik de Gier
Erik de Gier is hoogleraar comparatief arbeidsmarktbeleid bij de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en zelfstandig beleidsonderzoeker en adviseur. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. H.G. de Gier Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen Postbus 9108 6500 HK Nijmegen e.degier@fm.ru.nl

    This article examines conflicts in public space in terms of the underlying 'symbolic order'. Using the case of the wild fires on New Year's eve in the city of The Hague it explores the role of the local government in managing the latest manifestation of this 'tradition' of fires in the neighbourhoods. The analysis illuminates a framing in terms of 'old' and 'new' fires in which the earlier fires were well understood as relating to a neighbourhood culture and the new fires, attributed to young migrant youths, are not. It is pointed out that there is a wide variety of attributions that now inform the response of local government. As an alternative it is suggested to invest in understanding the symbolics of fire setting and appreciate the fact that the 'parochial' sphere that was characteristic for neighbourhoods some decades ago, can no longer be assumed. It is suggested that the fact that different actors hold distinct frames is crucial for understanding the conflict.


Maarten Hajer
Maarten Hajer is hoogleraar bestuur en beleid aan de afdeling Politicologie van de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, Universiteit van Amsterdam; en directeur van het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. M.A. Hajer Universiteit van Amsterdam Afdeling Politicologie Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237 1012 DL Amsterdam m.a.hajer@uva.nl

Maarten Poorter
Maarten Poorter is werkzaam als docent, onderzoeker en trainer aan de afdeling Politicologie en het Amsterdams Centrum voor Conflictstudies.

Arnold Reijndorp
Arnold Reijndorp is bijzonder hoogleraar sociaal-economische en ruimtelijke ontwikkelingen van nieuwe stedelijke gebieden aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Mara Schoots
Mara Schoots is werkzaam als docent aan de afdeling Politicologie en algehele coördinator van het Amsterdams Centrum voor Conflictstudies.
Artikel

Hoeders van de hygiënische stad

Beveiligers, toezichthouders en handhavers in de openbare ruimte

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs Ronald van Steden en Maddy Roelofs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over recent years, we have seen a steady increase in the number of security officers and city supervisors in Dutch urban areas. However, despite the mounting presence and visibility of these auxiliary patrols, little is known about how citizens perceive and value them. A questionnaire held among a sample of 761 residents of Amsterdam shows that citizens have mixed opinions. Many people are accepting or neutral about the occurrence of security officers and city supervisors in urban space, but at the same time lack a clear idea of their quality and professionalism. This somewhat ignorant and laconic attitude raises the question whether people underestimate the potential consequences of omnipresent quasi-police. It is argued that more repressive approaches may generate substantial conflicts with the general public. Furthermore, safety and security may become 'consumer goods' in the sense that people are quite happy to leave their responsibilities to paid policing professionals – a position which promotes the rise of a 'culture of control'.


Ronald van Steden
Ronald van Steden is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. R. van Steden Vrije Universiteit Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen De Boelelaan 1081 1081 HV Amsterdam r.van.steden@fsw.vu.nl

Maddy Roelofs
Maddy Roelofs was werkzaam bij de Dienst Onderzoek en Statistiek van de gemeente Amsterdam.

    To live in a safe neighbourhood is to live in a neighbourhood where one knows what to expect and can navigate the public space. This article argues that issues of public safety in urban disadvantaged neighbourhoods are often understood as depending on crime and social control; but it may well be that whether or not people feel safe depends just as much on the degree of public familiarity of the context in which they live – and consequently on their abilities to know who to trust and distrust – as it depends on the usual suspects of crime rates, social cohesion, broken windows and collective efficacy. Using empirical data from four neighbourhoods in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, the article shows that data may substantiate this claim, formulates some policy recommendations and proposes an agenda for further research.


Talja Blokland
Talja Blokland is hoogleraar stad- en regionale sociologie aan de Humboldt Universität in Berlijn, en tevens verbonden aan het Onderzoeksinstituut OTB van de TU Delft. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. T. Blokland Humboldt Universität Institut für Sozialwissenschaften Unter den Linden 6 10099 Berlin talja.blokland@sowi.hu-berlin.de
Article

Hoe populistisch zijn Geert Wilders en Rita Verdonk?

Verschillen en overeenkomsten in optreden en discours van twee politici

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden populism, Netherlands, discourse, Geert Wilders, Rita Verdonk
Auteurs Koen Vossen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the rise of new parties such as the Lijst Pim Fortuyn, the Partij voor de Vrijheid, lead by Geert Wilders and the movement Trots op Nederland, lead by Rita Verdonk, have attracted much attention. In an attempt to interpret and explain the (temporary) advance of these parties, both commentators and political scientists have often used the notion of populism. In most commentaries however, it remains unclear what the term exactly means and whether it has any explanatory value. The aim of this article is to investigate whether Rita Verdonk and Geert Wilders and their movements may actually be labelled as populist. By discerning the presence of the features of an ideal-typical populism in discourse and performance of both politicians their ‘degree of populism’ is measured. The differences in degree of populism also helps to explain why Geert Wilders and his party proved (thus far) more successful and durable.


Koen Vossen
Koen Vossen (1971) is universitair docent Nederlandse politiek Instituut Politieke Wetenschap, Universiteit Leiden. In 2003 is hij gepromoveerd op een proefschrift getiteld Vrij vissen in het Vondelpark. Kleine politieke partijen in Nederland 1918-1940 (Wereldbibliotheek 2003). Zijn belangstelling gaat vooral uit naar protestpartijen en populisme in de Nederlandse politiek in heden en verleden.

Miguel Dr Goede
Dr Miguel Goede is verbonden aan de Universiteit van de Nederlandse Antillen en Hij is tevens voorzitter van de Vereniging Bestuurskunde van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba.
Article

Dunken en driepunters. Intergemeentelijke samenwerking en bestuurskracht in Nederland

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden administrative power, municipalities, cooperation
Auteurs Peter Castenmiller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article addresses the impact of intermunicipal cooperation on the administrative power of municipalities. It focuses on a specific form of intermunicipal cooperation in the Netherlands, which is called ‘WGRplus’. This concerns the intermunicipal cooperation in the major urban regions in the Netherlands. In this article administrative power is not used as a fixed and quantifiable concept, yet as a process that might contribute to the performance of individual municipalities. It is argued that intermunicipal cooperation strengthens the possibilities of municipalities to address social challenges. The cooperation is considered to be successful and rewarding. It also stimulates the cooperation with relevant social organisations. Yet this form of intermunicipal cooperation has a weak democratic and political profile. Next year the Dutch government will conduct a thorough evaluation of this specific form of intermunicipal cooperation. This is still necessary because the evidence that the administrative power of the municipalities benefits from this specific form of intermunicipal cooperation is not absolutely convincing.


Peter Castenmiller
Peter Castenmiller (1961) is werkzaam bij Zenc, adviesbureau voor innovaties in het openbaar domein, en tevens als Lector ‘Bestuurskracht en innovatie’ bij BAZN, de bestuursacademie. Hij is politicoloog en hij is gepromoveerd op een studie naar de betrokkenheid van burgers bij het lokale bestuur. Tot 2005 was hij werkzaam bij SGBO, Onderzoeks- en Adviesbureau van de Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten, waar hij zich met vele facetten van lokaal bestuur en beleid heeft beziggehouden. Samen met Herwig Reynaert (Universiteit Gent) organiseert hij al verschillende jaren tijdens het gezamenlijk congres van de Nederlandse en Vlaamse politicologenverenigingen een workshop ‘lokale democratie’.
Introduction

Samenwerking voor een grotere bestuurskracht

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden administrative power, municipalities, cooperation
Auteurs Filip De Rynck en Boudewijn Steur
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue of Res Publica about administrative power of municipalities in the Netherlands and Flanders, Belgium, focuses in particular on the meaning of cooperation for the strengthening of administrative power. Until recently discussions on administrative power concentrated mostly on the possibility of the merger of municipalities. The three contributions to this issue demonstrate that different kinds of cooperation are a fair alternative for the strengthening of administrative power of municipalities.


Filip De Rynck
Filip De Rynck (1956) werkte voor een reeks publieke en non-profitorganisaties, werd doctor in de sociale wetenschappen (KULeuven, 1995) en is nu hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent. Hij is gespecialiseerd in en publiceert over lokaal bestuur, binnenlandse bestuursorganisatie en beleidsnetwerken. Hij was voorzitter van de Commissie Bestuurlijke Organisatie, de Hoge Raad voor Binnenlands Bestuur en de visitatiecommissie voor de Vlaamse Steden. Hij voerde vele opdrachten uit voor lokale besturen, de Vlaamse, federale en Europese overheid.

Boudewijn Steur
Boudewijn Steur (1976) studeerde Geschiedenis aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Tegenwoordig is hij als strategisch adviseur bij het Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties werkzaam. Tevens is hij als Visiting research fellow aan de Nederlandse School voor het Openbaar Bestuur verbonden. Naast zijn werkzaamheden is hij secretaris van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde.
Article

Het Verdrag van Lissabon in het nieuws

Een crossnationale analyse van nieuwsframes in de kwaliteitspers

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden Framing, Treaty of Lisbon, newspapers, EU news, media analysis
Auteurs Anna Van Cauwenberge, Dave Gelders en Willem Joris
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates the cross-national prevalence of five news frames in quality papers’ coverage of the Treaty of Lisbon (EU Constitution). Three frames were identified in earlier studies: economic consequences, conflict, and human interest. Two additional frames were identified and composed: power and nationalization. During the seven-month period leading up to the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon (December 2007), we analyzed 341 articles from four quality papers: Le Monde (France), De Volkskrant (The Netherlands), De Standaard (Dutch speaking community of Belgium), and Le Soir (French speaking community of Belgium). Our results show that although significant differences between newspapers were found in the amount of framing, overall they reflected a similar pattern in the adoption of the news frames. The economic consequences frame, followed by the power frame, appeared most prominently in all of the newspapers’ coverage. However, the conflict and nationalization frames recurred in a significantly lesser degree. These findings indicate that the meaning behind the Treaty of Lisbon as a symbol of supra-national unity could have led to a shift from a domesticated, conflict oriented coverage as found in previous studies to a more unified portrayal of the EU within and between the quality papers under study.


Anna Van Cauwenberge
Anna Van Cauwenberge (°1985) is als doctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan het Centrum voor Mediacultuur & Communicatietechnologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en de sectie Communicatiewetenschap van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Haar onderzoeksinteresses omvatten nieuwsbeleving en -verwerking bij jongeren en jongvolwassenen, nationaal en Europees audiovisueel mediabeleid, en de beeldvorming van en berichtgeving over de Europese Unie.

Dave Gelders
Dave Gelders (°1978) is docent politieke marketing en overheidscommunicatie aan de School voor Massacommunicatieresearch aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Zijn onderzoeksinteresses omvatten beeldvorming van prestaties van de overheid, de rol van communicatie in beleidsprocessen en de rol van media in de marketing van politici en politieke partijen.

Willem Joris
Willem Joris (°1986) is Master in de Communicatiewetenschappen en volgt momenteel de Master Overheidsmanagement en -beleid. Zijn onderzoeksinteresses omvatten overheidscommunicatie, framing van de Europese Unie en toplonen.
Article

Onafhankelijke referendumcommissies: kenmerkend voor de Nederlandse consensusdemocratie

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden referendum, independent referendum body, consensus democracy, local politics
Auteurs Philip van Praag
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the nineties of the last century, there has been a modest rise of local referendums in the Netherlands. This article describes the important role played by independent local referendum committees, one of the most remarkable characteristics of the recent Dutch referendum experience. Their task is among others to advice about the wording of the question, to supervise the organisation of the referendum and the campaign and to handle complaints. The need to use an independent body to support the referendum process is missing in countries as Switzerland and the United States. The lack of referendum experience and the lack of confidence in Dutch local authorities forced them to introduce independent local referendum bodies. The role of these institutions fits in the traditions of the Dutch consensus democracy to engage experts to depoliticise delicate political problems.


Philip van Praag
Philip van Praag (°1949) is universitair hoofddocent politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij houdt zich voornamelijk bezig met politieke partijen, verkiezingscampagnes, politieke communicatie en referenda.
Book Review

Eppur si muove: De ontwikkeling van de welvaartsstaat

België en Nederland in vergelijkend perspectief

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Wim Van Lancker
Auteursinformatie

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker (°1982) is als Research Fellow verbonden aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoeksdomeinen situeren zich vooral rond welvaartsstaat en herverdeling, genderbeleid, sociaal Europa en arbeid-gezin combinatie.
Article

Volksraadplegingen: kan België wat leren van Nederland?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden referendum, local referenda, local politics
Auteurs Jo Buelens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Belgium did not organise a referendum on the European Constitution, like the Netherlands, even though there were some initiatives to make it legally possible. In the Netherlands there is also more experience with referenda at the local level. For decades there has been a debate about how to make it legal at the national level, but after many attempts, there is still no law that makes referenda possible at that level. The aim of this article is to compare Belgium and the Netherlands in order to identify similarities and differences. Some explanation can be found in the past, which clarifies why Belgium is reluctant to referenda and why at the local level this tool is not as often used as in the Netherlands. The main conclusion is that in spite of the referendum on the European Constitution in the Netherlands and the more frequent use of local referenda in that country, the political classes in Belgium and the Netherlands are comparable in their reluctant attitude towards this consultation of their citizens. Both countries continue to evaluate referenda as not in accordance with the system of representative democracy.


Jo Buelens
Jo Buelens (°1954) is verbonden aan de vakgroep politieke wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Zijn belangstelling gaat met name uit naar politieke partijen, verkiezingen en lokale politiek. Hij doceert tevens aan de Erasmus Hogeschool Brussel.
Introduction

Het referendum in de consensusdemocratie

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden referendum, consensus democracy
Auteurs Martin Rosema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue about the practice of local referendums in the Netherlands and Flanders, Belgium, focuses in particular on the relationship between referendums and the consensus model of democracy. On the one hand, referendums are widely conceived of as a typical majoritarian device. On the other hand, the legal possibility of referendums forces political elites to reach broad agreement, in order to prevent a popular vote in which decisions would be recalled. The three contributions to this issue demonstrate that consensus democracy influences the debate about referendums in the legislative, as well as how the practicalities are organised, in more varied ways. Studies of independent referendum bodies in the Netherlands and question wording in referendums in Flanders show that the nature of consensus democracy enables both countries to find solutions to potential problems, but also brings new problems. Guidelines for how these may be prevented in future referendums are provided.


Martin Rosema
Martin Rosema (°1970) is als universitair docent verbonden aan de vakgroep politicologie en onderzoeksmethoden van de Universiteit Twente. Hij doet onder meer onderzoek naar stemgedrag bij verkiezingen, politieke psychologie en lokale referenda.
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