Zoekresultaat: 3 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

Proactieve verkeersveiligheid in veranderende bestuurlijke verhoudingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden policy analysis, road safety
Auteurs Dr. Peter van der Knaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands enjoys a long-standing reputation in the field of road safety. Following the ‘Sustainable Road Safety’ program of the 1990s, the infrastructural layout considerably reduces the risk of accidents while at the same time many measures are in place to improve road user behavior. In recent years, however, there have been several developments that may affect the success of the approach. In addition to an ageing population, urbanization, and the rise of new technologies, there is a combination of decentralization, policy integration, and budgetary restraints.
    This contribution presents the philosophy behind the sustainable road safety program and describes its key elements. It discusses policy and societal developments, and the continuing need to improve road safety, especially at a decentralized level. The article argues in favor of a continued systematic approach towards safer road traffic, also in periods of decentralization and limited budgets. It presents a concrete perspective of the role of policy analysis and policy evaluation to develop a proactive approach to road safety under the new conditions. In this, evidence-based interventions, an active use of safety performance indicators, and a focus on success are key elements.


Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Dr. P. van der Knaap is directeur-bestuurder van de Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV).

    More often it has been supposed that pride has important positive effects on the functioning of civil servants (performance) and the provision of services to citizens. To stimulate civil servants to be proud of their profession and regain their professional pride it is necessary to know what causes civil servants to be proud of their work. Little quantitative research has been done into the determinants of professional pride in the public sector and the research that has been carried out is characterized by a diversity of definitions and operationalizations of pride. This research analyses to what extent civil servants are proud and which factors determine the amount of professional pride. The data have been gathered in 2010 by the Dutch Department of Home Affairs in the Personnel and Mobility Monitor. The monitor shows that three out of ten Dutch civil servants are not proud of their own profession. This is not caused by personal characteristics like gender, age and education that cannot be influenced, but intrinsic characteristics of the relation between civil servant and work that have the largest effect on the amount of professional pride amongst civil servants. Those civil servants that feel attached to the organization, are satisfied with the organization, are satisfied with their work and are motivated, are much prouder than those civil servants which lack these characteristics.


Rick Borst
R.T. Borst is als student-assistent verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Dr. Christiaan Lako
Dr. C.J. Lako is als universitair docent verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. Michiel de Vries
Prof. dr. M.S. de Vries is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Zorgen over zendmasten: hoe een maatschappelijk debat verengd wordt tot de definiëring van gezondheidsrisico’s

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden wicked problems, mobile phone, policy controversy
Auteurs Marijke Hermans, Marjolein van Asselt en Wim Passchier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Concerns about mobile phone masts are often put down as unfounded fears of health risks. However, our ethnographic study of mast siting controversies shows that citizens mostly want to be democratically involved in the siting decisions. There is no room for such engagement in the national antenna policy, thus, citizens shift their attention to the possibility of health risks. The national government responds to this with more research and risk communication. However, the centrality of science leads to a shift in the discussion towards the credibility of science. Even a Klankbordgroep (Sounding Board) with all stakeholders fails to change the focus. This article shows that local conflicts are not so much the result of individual concerns, which is the subject of many social sciences studies, but are the outcome of a dynamic interaction between governments, citizens and scientists. Governments should not frame a local issue only in terms of a scientific problem.


Marijke Hermans
M.A. Hermans is promovendus aan de Faculteit Cultuur en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Universiteit Maastricht.

Marjolein van Asselt
Prof. ir. M.B.A. van Asselt is hoogleraar Risk Governance aan de Faculteit Cultuur en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Universiteit Maastricht.

Wim Passchier
Prof. W.F. Passchier is hoogleraar Risk Analysis aan de School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism (NUTRIM) van de Universiteit Maastricht (emeritus).
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