Zoekresultaat: 32 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Optimale schaal en bereikbaarheid: Een spreidingsmodel voor ziekenhuiszorg in vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden optimal scale, accessibility, planning, hospitals, Flanders
Auteurs Jos Blank en Bart van Hulst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social welfare has often been presented in the hospital research area in terms of travel costs and or distances. Most hospital cost studies only focus on the private costs generated by hospitals caring for patients. However, patient inputs in terms of patient travel cost and time cost are often neglected. In this article we combine both these factors, and optimize the social cost being the sum of the operating cost of hospitals and the costs of accessibility. This article presents a pure economic model for optimizing the social costs, the optimum gives us insight in the lowest hierarchical administrative level on which the provision of hospital care can be planned.

    The model is applied to the Flemish hospital sector for three types of products: revalidation, basic hospital care and radiotherapy. In this study, we point out that as the population (and patient base) increases, existing hospitals would have to expand moving further along the average cost curve into the region where decreasing returns to scale would prevail and by definition, higher cost. Building another hospital could both relieve the pressure on existing hospitals as well as decrease aggregate patient travel costs, i.e., social costs. By dividing the district into regions, we are able to establish the optimal number (and size) of hospitals. We found that the Flemish region should not be divided too much even though travel costs are minimized since the hospitals would be too large and too costly.


Jos Blank
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.

Bart van Hulst
Dr J.L.T. Blank en drs B.L. van Hulst zijn werkzaam bij IPSE Studies aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Schaalvraagstukken in bestuurskundig onderzoek

Een vergelijking van monocentrisch, multilevel en adaptief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scales, monocentric governance, multilevel governance, adaptive governance
Auteurs Art Dewulf en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is an important topic in the fields of public administration, political sciences, and environmental sciences. How scales are defined, studied, and dealt with varies substantially within and across these fields. This article aims to reduce the existing conceptual confusion regarding scales by disentangling three representative approaches that address both governance and scaling: monocentric governance, multilevel governance, and adaptive governance. It does so by analyzing the differences in underlying views on governing, assumptions about scales, dominant problem definitions regarding scales, and preferred responses for dealing with multiple scales. Finally, this article identifies research opportunities within and across these approaches.


Art Dewulf
Dr A.R.P.J. Dewulf is universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Boekbespreking

De rechtsstaat: Terug op de bestuurskundige agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden rule of law, constitutionalism, administrative law
Auteurs Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There seems to be a contradiction between what is happening in public administration discipline and public administration practice. Whereas public administration discipline and law largely separated during the past decades public administration practice and law have converged. Recently three books have been published which emphasize the importance of the rule of law as an explanatory variable for public administration's design and behavior. In this review essay these books are discussed from a public administration theory perspective. The point of departure of the authors substantially differs. Beckett (‘Public Management and the Rule of Law’, 2010) focuses on the rule of law, Cooper (‘Public Law & Public Administration’, 2007) and Rosenbloom, O'Leary & Chanin (‘Public Administration and Law’, 2010) aim at constitutionalizing public administration. The rule of law and the constitution prove to be shaky grounds for a public administration theory. In general constitutional competence may be important for public managers and professionals, but what it means for everyday practices is not easy to establish. The authors therefore extensively describe American public law, emphasizing the constitutional constraints and general administrative law. With these books the authors provide excellent building blocks for a comparative approach of the rule of law from a public administration perspective. The aim of such an approach would be to discover patterns between legal and constitutional designs on the one hand and everyday administrative practices on the other hand.


Stavros Zouridis
Prof. mr. dr S. Zouridis is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Pijlers voor schaalsensitief bestuur1

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, scale sensitive governance, logics of scale
Auteurs Trui Steen en Catrien Termeer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The theme of scale is simply too big to grasp in one special issue of this journal. However, having discussed some topical issues of scale, we denounce the illusion of an ideal scale and welcome a new perspective. We introduce the concept of scale sensitive governance and use insights from the different articles in this special issue to discuss the concept. Scale sensitive governance relates to 1) being sensitive towards different logics of scale, 2) leaving behind scale as a dogmatic concept, and (3) linking scale to broader developments in society.


Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir. Catrien Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in governance netwerken

Een empirische studie naar het belang van vertrouwen voor het boeken van resultaten in governance netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden governance networks, trust, policy outcomes, environmental policy
Auteurs Jurian Edelenbos, Erik-Hans Klijn en Bram Steijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governance networks are characterized by complex interaction and decision making, and much uncertainty. Surprisingly, there is very little research on the impact of trust in achieving results in governance networks. This article asks two questions: (a) Does trust influence the outcomes of environmental projects? and (b) Does active network management improve the level of trust in networks? The study is based on a web-based survey of respondents involved in environmental projects. The results indicate that trust does matter for perceived outcomes and that network management strategies enhance the level of trust.


Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Erik-Hans Klijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Bram Steijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Conclusies en onderzoeksagenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, risks, chances, dilemmas, research agenda
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this concluding article of the special issue on web 2.0 we critically discuss several of the effects of this trend. Is it always a good idea to let citizens participate in policy making through social media? Will Open Data only lead to positive effects? And will the co-creation possibilities of web 2.0 really dramatically alter the ways in which bureaucracies function, as its advocates believe? We also draw up an agenda for future research on the governmental effects of web 2.0.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Open data en dynamische verantwoording

Reflecties op een opkomende trend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Open Data, dynamic accountability, armchair auditors
Auteurs Iris Vanhommerig en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The co-production possibilities brought on by web 2.0 has meant that media are no longer a one-way stream, with citizens as passive consumers of information. This has also had an impact on the way public organizations account for their actions. In this article we describe Open Data and various other emerging forms of dynamic accountability which in recent years have cropped up alongside the more traditional horizontal and vertical accountability mechanisms. Dynamic accountability uses the technical possibilities of web 2.0 to put an end to accountability as a one-way stream: citizens now have the possibility to react and actively hold their government to account. We reflect on this emerging trend by exploring which questions this raises for Dutch governmental organizations.


Iris Vanhommerig
I. Vanhommerig MSc is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, wetenschappelijk vertaler en web-developer.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senior onderzoeker bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Master Urban Management van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Overheid 2.0: Aanspreekbaar en aansprekend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden public participation, public private partnership, policy entrepreneurs, enabling leadership, digital revolution, new public management
Auteurs Davied van Berlo en Sibout Nooteboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The digital revolution enables civil servants to create innovation with others, across organizational boundaries and with larger groups. Traditional bureaucracies are challenged to put additional conditions and incentives in place to make this possible. The program ‘civil servant 2.0’, aimed at enabling and awareness raising among civil servants, itself also makes use of modern possibilities. One example is Pleio, a digital meeting place for civil servants and other officials and persons who want to share knowledge in a thematic, transboundary way. A dilemma civil servants face is that the hierarchy and the political leadership have to be open to opportunities and input generated from outside. The level of hierarchical support can be discovered when the opportunity emerges. This takes entrepreneurial civil servants: taking initiative with the aim of discovering emerging opportunities in the outside world before it is known how these will be evaluated by the hierarchy. Other enabling conditions are that this activity needs to be possible without taking-up too much of their time, a culture of transparency, the possibility to link with the world through modern ICT (despite possible risks), a safe hierarchical environment, and novel ways of accounting for their output.


Davied van Berlo
Drs D. van Berlo is initiatiefnemer van het netwerk Ambtenaar 2.0 en het platform Pleio (Plein Overheid).

Sibout Nooteboom
Dr S.G. Nooteboom werkt bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en aan de Eramus Universiteit. Deze bijdrage is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, responsive government, government-citizen interaction
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New means of communication, especially social media, dramatically alter the relationship between citizens and government. The internet is a platform for political discourse now in which citizens not only interact with governments but often play a leading role. This demands of government to learn how to act in a more responsive fashion. In this issue, we focus on the practical effects of web 2.0 for various governmental organizations and draw up a research agenda.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en program maleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Het onaangename en het nuttige: Over nieuwsmedia en bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden news media, government, mediatisation, monitory democracy, journalism
Auteurs Sandra Jacobs en Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Relations between government and news media are often complex and contradictory. In order to shed light on their interactions, this review essay discusses four recent books on the tensions between government and the media. Discussed are Schudson's Why Democracies Need an Unlovable Press, Prenger et al's Gevaarlijk spel, Cook's Governing with the News and Keane's Life and Death of Democracy. Three general issues are discussed: the ways in which journalists and policy actors behave towards each other; the implications for the daily practices of journalists and policy actors and, on a more abstract level, the implications for the democratic system. It is argued that critical and inconvenient news media fulfil a crucial role in a vital democracy, as essential checks for those in power. The news media facilitate the interaction between the fragmented parts of a monitory democracy and thus enhance a well-functioning government. In order to cope with media pressure, government pr-officials try to pacify journalists, but at the same time, government and public organizations should be wary of the incorporation of media rules in their own processes as this may lead to a mediatisation of politics.


Sandra Jacobs
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.

Thomas Schillemans
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.
Artikel

Toepassing van innovatieve energietechnieken in woningrenovatieprojecten

Een vergelijkend onderzoek naar klimaatmitigatiebeleid in de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden climate policy, sustainable energy, housing association, urban renewal, policy implementation
Auteurs Thomas Hoppe en Kris Lulofs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recently climate change has been the focus of increased attention by scholars in the field of public administration. In this article the practice of implementing particular climate mitigation policies at the local level is highlighted. More specifically, attention is paid to the appliance of renewable and other non conventional energy systems in refurbishment projects in Dutch residential areas. A comparative case study analysis of eleven cases was conducted to answer the question which factors influence the adoption of innovative energy systems. The results show that the use of subsidies and supportive communicative policy instruments are of great importance. Other factors also stimulate adoption: the presence of environmentally motivated advocates in housing associations and in particular network characteristics. Strikingly, climate policy output by local authorities and the presence of urban renewal activities in the project area exercise a negative influence. Because of these insights, the article contributes to the Dutch debate on governance aspects of climate policy issues.


Thomas Hoppe
Dr T. Hoppe en dr K.R.D. Lulofs zijn verbonden aan het Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development van de faculteit Management en Bestuur aan de Universiteit Twente, respectievelijk als universitair docent en senior onderzoeker.

Kris Lulofs
Thomas Hoppe ontving voor het onderzoek dat aan dit artikel ten grondslag ligt de Van Poelje prijs van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde.
Artikel

Botsende publieke waarden bij publiek-private samenwerking

Dimensies en dilemma's van juridisch-bestuurskundige legitimiteit, in het bijzonder bij openbaar gezag

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public-private partnerships, legitimacy
Auteurs Michiel Heldeweg en Maurits Sanders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public Private Partnerships (PPP), especially those geared to exercise public legal powers (‘Authoritative PPP’), are suggestive of tensions between private party involvement and public legitimacy. Hence, public legitimacy is analyzed primarily on the basis of work done by David Beetham, and complemented with Public Law legitimacy considerations concerning the exercise of legal powers and law on public organizations. The findings project that there is room to convincingly frame legitimate PPP involving public authority, but that the scope is restricted both in terms of legal constraints and of political sensitivity.As a result of this, truly wicked policy projects, which in theory stand to gain most by PPP, in practice seem to be considered less suited for Authoritative PPP (and probably more for Network PPP).


Michiel Heldeweg
Prof. mr. dr M.A. Heldeweg is hoogleraar Public Governance Law aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

Maurits Sanders
Drs M.Ph.Th. Sanders is hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij Saxion en promovendus aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Good governance en ontwikkelingsbeleid: Spijkerhard of boterzacht?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, development aid
Auteurs Geske Dijkstra en Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Good governance takes a central role in development policy. A considerable amount of development aid is used to support anti-corruption initiatives, democratisation, or the improvement of public administration. The number of governance indicators has grown tremendously, and these indicators appear to play an ever more important role in aid allocation. These indicators, however, are not value-free and reflect a certain view of good governance, one that is furthermore changing continuously. In this article, we first use the ever-expanding literature to explore how donors define ‘good governance’, and how it is measured. We subsequently analyse whether good governance really matters for development. Finally, we look at international experiences with good governance promotion, and the value tensions inherent to this process.


Geske Dijkstra
Dr A.G. Dijkstra en dr S. Van de Walle zijn respectievelijk universitair hoofddocent Economie en Bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Steven Van de Walle
Dr A.G. Dijkstra en dr S. Van de Walle zijn respectievelijk universitair hoofddocent Economie en Bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Goed bestuur: Kiezen of delen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public values, public management
Auteurs Leo Huberts en Eelco van Hout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Good governance is a contested concept in public administration theory and practice. This concluding article builds on the presented contributions as well as on additional research. First, we summarize the diversity, leading to a sketch of two basic approaches towards good governance (organizational and value oriented). Additionally questions concerning the normativity, the pluralism of values and the object of good governance (process or policy) are addressed. Second, attention is paid to strategies to cope with values in governance, acknowledging the tensions between those values. Basic strategies aim at ‘choosing’ between values, ‘accommodating’ (in time, project, context) and ‘connecting’ values (through institutions or hybridization).


Leo Huberts
Prof. dr L.W.J.C. Huberts is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Eelco van Hout
Dr E.J.Th. van Hout is verbonden aan BMC Advies en Management en het Centrum voor het Bestuur van de Maatschappelijke Onderneming (CBMO) van de Universiteit van Tilburg (TiasNimbas Business School). Beide auteurs nemen deel aan het colloquium Goed Bestuur/Good Governance van het Netherlands Institute of Government, van waaruit dit themanummer gestalte kreeg.
Artikel

Politieke ambtenaren?

Formele en feitelijke rolverschillen tussen Nederlandse politiek assistenten en vlaamse kabinetsmedewerkers

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Political administrative relations, Flanders, The Netherlands, central government
Auteurs Diederik Vancoppenolle, Mirko Noordegraaf en Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A surprising difference between the Netherlands and Flanders is that a Flemish minister may appoint more than 20 advisors, while Dutch ministers can appoint only one or two ‘political assistants’. However, this difference was hardly studied before, although it is a relevant and actual theme. This article analyzes the differences in role and position of Flemish ministerial advisors and Dutch political assistants. We show that there exist large differences between both types of advisors and we discuss the reasons for and consequences of this difference. The institutional context in which both actors work determines a lot their role. Differences in political culture and administrative organization in particular seem to be important explanatory factors.


Diederik Vancoppenolle
Dr Diederik Vancoppenolle is doctor-assistent aan het departement Handelswetenschappen & Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent (België).

Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar Publiek Management aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Martijn van der Steen
Dr M. van der Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).
Artikel

Goed bestuur als management van spanningen tussen verschillende publieke waarden

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public values, principles of proper administration, principles of good administration, principles of good governance
Auteurs Gjalt de Graaf, Veerle van Doeveren, Anne-Marie Reynaers e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this literature review we present and discuss the key concepts of this symposium issue: (good) governance, (public) values, and the management of tensions between public values. The article concludes with an overview of strategies on how to deal with public values as a prelude to the remainder of the symposium, and discusses the implications of the distinguished strategies for public administration practice.


Gjalt de Graaf
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.

Veerle van Doeveren
Drs V. van Doeveren is als promovenda verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Anne-Marie Reynaers
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.

Zeger van der Wal
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.
Artikel

Botsende waarden in de corporatiesector

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, Public Value Management, hybridity, social housing associations
Auteurs Philip Karré en Cor van Montfort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we present the results of research on how five hybrid social housing associations tried to create public value. We link Moore's Public Value Management framework to theories on good governance and discuss the tensions that arise when hybrid organizations create public values and how they are dealt with. Based on this, we describe several recommendations for Dutch social housing associations.


Philip Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senior onderzoeker en leermanager aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) en docent/programmamanager aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Cor van Montfort
Prof. dr C.J. van Montfort is sectormanager publiek-private sector bij de Algemene Rekenkamer (ARK), bijzonder hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en verbonden aan het Centrum voor het Bestuur van de Maatschappelijke Onderneming (CBMO).
Boekbespreking

Dissertaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Boekbespreking

Vier keer verandermanagement in publieke organisaties: Een essay

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Management of change, public organizations
Auteurs Joris van der Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The literature on the management of organizational change is mostly based on private sector research. Research on the management of change in public sector organizations is relatively scarce. Because of the specific characteristics of public sector organizations, insights in the management of change may not be translated from one sector to the other. In this essay, four recent books about organizational change in public sector organizations are reviewed. Based on these books and other literature, an overview of the contemporary insights in the management of change of public sector organizations is presented.The essay concludes with an agenda for future research.


Joris van der Voet
Drs. J. van der Voet MSc is promovendus bij de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
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