Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Jaar 2005 x

    This article examines the impact of the EU on the content of policy. It analyses two cases in which the EU affected Dutch policies in different ways: in the case of packaging waste policy the EU exerted direct influence through EU legislation, whereas in the case of railway policy, the EU only had an indirect impact through policy models. Nevertheless, the impact of the EU was greater in the railway policy case than in the packaging waste case. This suggests that domestic political processes are more important in explaining the impact of the EU on policy content, than the degree of legal adaptation pressure. In addition, the article shows that the EU has affected the policy networks in the area of packaging waste policy, even though Dutch corporatist structures have shown remarkable resilience and have even been strengthened by the implementation requirements of EU legislation in this field.


Markus Haverland
Dr. Markus Haverland is docent/onderzoeker bij het departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mhaverland@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

    This article poses the question whether the Dutch system of organized interest representation faces a transformation from neo-corporatist mediation to lobbyism similar to Scandinavian countries. Its main claim is that this has so far not been the case, because two essential features of neo-corporatist interest mediation have remained prominent in the Netherlands. First, policies regarding labour conditions continue to be determined within a network of employers' organisations, trade unions, and the government that is essentially closed to outsiders. Second, the system continues to be hierarchical in nature: the government, often below the surface, demonstrates a considerable capacity to steer the participants in its preferred direction. Such a closed network still allows for lobbying the parliament by both network members and outsiders. Lobbying may thus be complementary to closed neo-corporatist networks rather than a substitute. The article offers a research agenda exploring the latter suggestion.


Agnes Akkerman
Agnes Akkerman is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Management Wetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Recente publicaties van haar hand zijn 'Identifying Latent Conflict in Collective Bargaining', Rationality and Society 15(1): 15-43; 'A theory of soft policy implementation in multilevel systems with an application to Dutch social partnership', Acta Politica 39(1): 31-58. Adres: Thomas van Aquinostraat 5, Postbus 9108, 6500 HK Nijmegen,

    Community workers traditionally have a tendency to be very critical towards their own profession. Especially in the 1970s and 1980s, many community workers were afraid that structural conditions would prevent them from fulfilling an emancipatory role or, worse, that they would become part of a system of social control. In the discussion about the profession, the work of philosophers played an important role. In this paper we examine interpretations of two philosophers who were particularly influential among community workers: Foucault and Habermas. We cast doubts about the way in which these philosophers were used to discredit community work and develop an alternative interpretation that does justice to the profession as well as the work of these philosophers.


Jan Willem Duyvendak
Jan Willem Duyvendak (1959), hoogleraar algemene sociologie aan de UvA, is socioloog en filosoof. Duyvendak was tot 2003 directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut in Utrecht. Tot juli 2002 was hij tevens bijzonder hoogleraar 'Samenlevingsopbouw' aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam. Zijn publicaties bestrijken een breed terrein van historische en sociaal-culturele studies. In 1992 promoveerde hij aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam op een proefschrift over nieuwe sociale bewegingen in Frankrijk. Zijn oraties handelden over sociale cohesie en multiculturaliteit (1996) en over de houdbaarheid van veronderstellingen rond individualisering en groepsgedrag (2004). Duyvendak publiceerde o.a. The Power of Politics. New Social Movements in France, Westview Press, Boulder (Co.), 1995; De planning van ontplooiing. Wetenschap, politiek en de maakbare samenleving, Den Haag, SDU, 1999; In het hart van de verzorgingsstaat, het Ministerie van Maatschappelijk Werk en zijn opvolgers (CRM, WVC, VWS), 1952-2002, 2002 (redactie met I. de Haan) en Kiezen voor de kudde. Lichte gemeenschappen en de nieuwe meerderheid, Van Gennep, Amsterdam, 2004 (red. met M. Hurenkamp). Adres: Amsterdamse School voor Sociaal-wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, e-mail: w.g.j.duyvendak@uva.nl

Justus Uitermark
Justus Uitermark (1978), studeerde sociale geografie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Momenteel is hij als promovendus verbonden aan de Amsterdamse School voor Sociaal-Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek. Uitermark heeft ruime ervaring met onderzoek naar achterstandsproblematiek, migrantenorganisaties, stedelijke vernieuwing en stedelijk bestuur. Hij publiceert in Nederlandstalige tijdschriften als Agora, Migrantenstudies, Rooilijn, Ruimte & Planning en het Tijdschrift voor de Sociale Sector. Internationaal publiceerde hij onder andere in Antipode, Belgeo, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, International Journal of Drug Policy, Journal of Drug Issues, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, Political Geography, Progress in Human Geography, Space & Polity en Urban Studies. Andere relevante publicaties op dit gebied zijn: De Sociale Controle van Achterstandswijken (Utrecht, KNAG, 2003) en De weg naar sociale insluiting. Over segregatie, spreiding en sociaal kapitaal (RMO-essay met Jan Willem Duyvendak). Adres: Amsterdamse School voor Sociaal-wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, e-mail: j.l.uitermark@uva.nl
Article

Populisme en de ambivalentie van het egalitarisme

Hoe rijmen sociaal zwakkeren een rechtse partijvoorkeur met hun sociaal-economische attitudes?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2005
Auteurs Anton Derks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The decline of traditional class voting is at the centre of the Class Politics debate. From the framework of traditional class analysis a labourer’s right wing vote appears ‘unnatural’. A right wing vote is thought to damage the interests of the economically precarious groups. This paper attempts to understand the phenomenon of so-called unnatural voting behaviour starting from the populism concept. From a theoretical literature study we analyse the relationship between populism and attitudes regarding the economic left-right cleavage. We argue that right-wing populism appeals to a cry for equality, yet at the same time mobilises this sentiment against the institutions of the welfare state. In that way populist right parties succeed in attuning their economic discourse to the socio-economic attitudes of broad layers of the population, including economically precarious categories. The empirical relevance of this hypothesis is tested on the case of Flanders.


Anton Derks
Postdoctoraal Onderzoeker FWO-Vlaanderen aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Article

De staat in drie generaties van global governance

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2005
Auteurs Dries Lesage, Jan Orbie, Tine Vandervelden e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we argue that there are indications for the emergence of a third phase in the idea of global governance. After the phase of extensive state intervention and etatism (1945-1980) and the phase of deregulation and marketization (1980-now), this third phase aims at restoring typically governmental functions (e.g. social cohesion, financial stability, public health). Indications are international measures against the drawbacks of globalization (e.g. financial instability), the eroding legitimacy of the market-oriented WTO regime, the formulation of new security concepts establishing links between national interest and transnational problems and the enhanced interest in global policy coordination (e.g. UN Millennium Development Goals). Yet today, unlike in 1945-1980, globalization and complex interdependence are accepted as facts, and we also witness attempts to realize ‘governmental’ functions at the global level. But the direction which global governance will follow the years ahead, remains to a large extent a matter of political choice.


Dries Lesage
Post-doctoraal onderzoeker FWO-Vlaanderen aan de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen Universiteit Gent.

Jan Orbie
Aspirant FWO-Vlaanderen aan de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen Universiteit Gent.

Tine Vandervelden
Assistent aan de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen Universiteit Gent.

Sara Van Belle
Assistent aan de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen Universiteit Gent.
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