Zoekresultaat: 31 artikelen

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Jaar 2013 x

Mr. drs. Jan Schrijver
Jan Schrijver is verkenner van governance, tot voor kort bij de directie Burgerschap en Informatiebeleid van het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, nu nog als gastdocent bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, e-mail: jfschrijver@gmail.com.
Artikel

Klein maar fijn?

De effecten van kleinschaligheid op het karakter van politiek en democratie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden State Size, Dutch Caribbean Islands, Democracy, Good Governance, Personalistic Politics
Auteurs Dr. Wouter Veenendaal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whereas the six Dutch islands in the Caribbean all have a (very) limited population size, analyses of political problems on the islands rarely seem to take the variable of state size into account. The available academic literature demonstrates that the population size of states has a strong influence on the quality of democratic governance, although scholars disagree on the question whether smallness is an asset or an obstacle to democratic development. After a discussion of this theoretical literature, the present article proceeds with a presentation of field research in three small island states (St. Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, and Palau) in which the political consequences of a limited population size are analyzed. This analysis reveals that a number of size-related effects can be observed in all three examined island states, among which a tendency to personalistic competition, strong polarization between parties and politicians, particularistic relationships between voters and their representatives, and a dominant position of the political executive vis-à-vis other institutions. A subsequent analysis of the contemporary political situation on the Dutch Caribbean islands shows that the observed problems also play a role on these islands, which indicates that smallness is perhaps of greater significance than is now often supposed.


Dr. Wouter Veenendaal
Wouter Veenendaal is docent bij het Instituut Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. In de afgelopen drie jaar is hij als promovendus werkzaam geweest bij hetzelfde instituut. Zijn promotieonderzoek heeft betrekking op de invloed van bevolkingsgrootte op de ontwikkeling en consolidatie van democratie, met daarin een specifieke focus op politiek en democratie in microstaten. E-mail: veenendaalwp@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Dr. Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen
Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen is onderzoeker en docent aan de Universiteit Utrecht, e-mail: s.g.grimmelikhuijsen@uu.nl.
Artikel

Burgertevredenheid met lokaal gemeentebeleid: meten is weten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden citizen satisfaction, municipal policy, Benefit-of-the-Doubt method, Weighting, Multidimensionality
Auteurs Prof. dr. Nicky Rogge, Prof. dr. Simon De Jaeger en Gilles Naets MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Local officials, policy makers and scholars are increasingly interested in using citizen satisfaction surveys as an instrument to evaluate and analyze the performances and services of municipalities. The key reason for this popularity is the increasing awareness that citizen satisfaction ratings can give a good identification of the effectiveness of the municipal policy. However, a consistent approach to measure citizen satisfaction of the municipal policy in a multidimensional manner has yet to emerge. The construction of such a multi-criteria satisfaction score on municipal policy is indeed an intricate matter with several conceptual and methodological difficulties to overcome. One important difficulty is the question how to aggregate multiple aspects of municipal policy into an overall satisfaction measure. The current paper advocates the ‘Benefit-of-the-Doubt’ (BoD) methodology to weigh and summarize citizen satisfaction ratings on multiple dimensions and tasks of municipal policy into an overall citizen satisfaction score. The label ‘benefit-of-the-doubt’ highlights the main conceptual starting point of the method: in the absence of detailed knowledge on the correct weights for the different dimensions and tasks of the municipality, the BoD-model looks for each evaluated municipality for the most favourable set of weights. As municipalities are usually rather sensitive about being compared and evaluated against each other, this quality is clearly an important advantage of the BoD-model. We present both a static and dynamic version of the model.


Prof. dr. Nicky Rogge
Nicky Rogge is docent en onderzoeker aan de faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen in Brussel van de associatie Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, e-mail: Nicky.Rogge@Hubrussel.be.

Prof. dr. Simon De Jaeger
Simon De Jaeger is docent en onderzoeker aan de faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen in Brussel van de associatie Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, e-mail: Simon.Dejaeger@Hubrussel.be.

Gilles Naets MA
Gilles Naets behaalde zijn master in de Handelswetenschappen aan de Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel.

    In dit artikel wordt het evaluatieonderzoek van overheidsbeleid kritisch onder de loep genomen. De auteur bespreekt vier alternatieven: responsieve en multipele evaluatie, argumentatieve evaluatie, netwerkgericht evalueren en lerend evalueren. De bevindingen kunnen positief inwerken op het ‘leren van evalueren’ in organisaties.


Prof. dr. A.F.A. Korsten
Prof. dr. A. (Arno) F.A. Korsten is honorair hoogleraar Bestuurskunde van de lagere overheden aan de Universiteit Maastricht en emeritus hoogleraar Bedrijfs- en bestuurswetenschappen, in het bijzonder bestuurskunde aan de Open Universiteit.
Artikel

Hoe beoordelen topambtenaren veranderingen?

De bijzondere positie van de Nederlandse topambtenaar

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden senior officials, reforms, public sector, international comparison
Auteurs Steven Van de Walle, Stephan Dorsman en Tamara Homan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows how top officials in ten European countries evaluate changes in the public sector based on a number of dimensions, such as quality, cost-efficiency, ethics, effectiveness and the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer. Senior public officials in the Netherlands are compared to their counterparts from 9 other European countries. The study is based on the large-scale academic COCOPS Top Executive Survey, and answers from 3,173 top public sector officials were used.
    Results show that senior public officials in the Netherlands are very positive about changes in cost-efficiency and service quality in the public sector. Yet they are concerned about the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer and public trust in government. At the same time, senior public officials in the Netherlands appear to be among the most positive all nationalities about recent changes in how the public sector operates. Only with regard to changes in the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer are senior Dutch public officials considerably less optimistic.


Steven Van de Walle
Prof. dr. S. Van de Walle is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Stephan Dorsman
S.J. Dorsman MSc. is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Tamara Homan
T. Homan is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    This article analyzes the inquiry into the financial problems at a large educational conglomerate, Amarantis, in the Netherlands. The article is solely based on the text of the report. From a learning point of view, assuming that inquiries should contribute to learning from the past to improve the present and future, there are three weaknesses in the approach followed by the commission. The first is that the commission looks at the principles for governing the organization to explain its fall. However, the principles adopted match very well with professional organizations and are used successfully in other professional organizations. The question why these principles were unsuccessful in the case of Amarantis has not been addressed in the report. Second, the report strongly focuses on the role of the top management of the organization and ignores the middle management, a critical layer in managing professional organisations. And third, by looking back the commission creates a bias of hindsight, ignoring the question of how the managers could have identified upcoming problems at that time.


Hans de Bruijn
Prof. mr. J.A. de Bruijn is hoogleraar aan de Faculteit Techniek, Beleid en Management aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Waarom burgers coproducent willen zijn

Een theoretisch model om de motivaties van coproducerende burgers te verklaren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden Co-production, citizens, motivation
Auteurs Carola van Eijk en Trui Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In co-production processes, citizens and professionals both contribute to the provision of public services and try to enhance the quality of the services they produce. Although government offers several opportunities for co-production, not all citizens decide to actually take part. Current insights in citizens’ individual motivations offered by the co-production literature are limited. In this article, we integrate insights from different streams of literature to build a theoretical model that explains citizens’ motivations to co-produce. We test the model using empirical data of Dutch neighborhood watches.


Carola van Eijk
C.J.A. van Eijk MSc. (research) werkt als promovenda bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden.

Trui Steen
Dr. T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden en bij KU Leuven Instituut voor de Overheid.
Artikel

Eén gezin, één plan, één regisseur: de gemeente aan zet

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden frontline-approach, coordination of care, governance of networks, multiproblem households, decentralization in the Dutch social domain
Auteurs Mirjan Oude Vrielink, Helga Koper en Lydia Sterrenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the coming years, a major decentralization operation in the social sector will make the Dutch municipalities fully responsible for support, assistance and home care. The starting point for decentralization is the ‘one family, one plan, one coordinator’-approach. Under municipal reign, professionals will have to coordinate their actions in order to provide more customized services and to enhance citizens’ involvement. In this contribution we discuss two pilots, of the municipalities of Enschede and Leeuwarden, which have experimented with the new approach. We describe the background, institutional structure and results and conclude that there is evidence that the new approach has worked. We end with a reflection on the present challenges that municipalities are confronted with, when applying the approach under the current conditions of new responsibilities and severe budget cuts.


Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink is senior onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente.

Helga Koper
H. Koper is senior projectleider bij Platform31.

Lydia Sterrenberg
Dr. ir. L. Sterrenberg is senior projectleider bij Platform31.
Artikel

Co-regulering: niet doen! Of toch?

Een essay over de beoordeling van co-regulering vanuit twee interpretaties van governance

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden co-regulation, inspection, governance, assessment
Auteurs Haiko van der Voort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public regulators and inspectorates are increasingly involved in self-regulatory initiatives. This contribution is about co-regulation, which are co-ordination efforts among public regulators and self-regulating institutions. In co-regulation arrangements typical regulation and oversight activities, such as standard setting, information gathering and sanctioning become subjects of co-ordination between public and private actors. Co-regulation arrangements are typically network efforts. At the same time ‘regulation’ has a hierarchical connotation. This paradox shows in interpretations of ‘governance’ and ‘the move from government to governance’, the latter being a popular phrase qualifying a change of the government’s role in society. Main question in this paper is what the changing role of government in society means for the assessment of co-regulation. Based on literature two implicit, but opposing interpretations of ‘governance’ and the change are described. This implicitness may cause unsound assessments of co-regulation, either too tough or too lenient. In this contribution the normative implications of both interpretations are made explicit for co-regulation. The argument is illustrated by the case of co-regulation in the Dutch coach travel industry.


Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is docent bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft. In juni is hij gepromoveerd op het onderwerp van dit artikel.
Artikel

Nederlands klimaatmitigatiebeleid top-down of bottom-up?

Onderzoek naar de gemeentelijke sturingsrol binnen het klimaatmitigatiebeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden multilevel governance, local climate mitigation policy, governance arrangements, environmental policy, process management, project management
Auteurs Harm Harmsen en Machiel Lamers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Our research question is: how do Dutch municipalities practice their local steering role within climate mitigation policy? Policy documents of twelve municipalities have been analysed and corresponding policymakers have been interviewed. Our research illustrates that the Dutch government is struggling with the changing relations with society and the growing dependency on it for reaching policy targets. According to literature, the governmental steering role of process management is expected to be more effective in situations of high dependency. However, the policy strategies of municipalities meet characteristics of project management. Meanwhile, the project targets are not controllably formulated and rely solely on actions of other local parties. The ministry has assigned municipalities to use this project management style, to implement the projects in a top-down manner, and to find partners after the implementation phase. Municipal policymakers indicate that they are facing problems afterwards, because the ‘partners’ have interests that do not correspond with the projects as formulated by the municipalities. It is more effective to negotiate with the other parties. This is necessary in order to formulate collective policy targets that meet the interests of all of the participating parties in accordance with the theory of network governance and process management.


Harm Harmsen
Ir. T.H. Harmsen is promovendus en docent bij de leerstoelgroep Milieubeleid van Wageningen UR.

Machiel Lamers
Dr. M.A.J. Lamers is universitair docent bij de leerstoelgroep Milieubeleid van Wageningen UR.
Artikel

Geografische logica voor overheidsorganisatie

Daily urban systems als bestuurlijk perspectief

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden welfare theory, geographical theory, daily urban systems, territorial structure, spatial scale of local and regional government
Auteurs Pieter Tordoir
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The debate on the territorial structure and scale of local and regional government is hardly supported by geographical theory and evidence. In this article, a geographical logic for collective action and the spatial structure of government is unfolded, based on the foundations of Welfare Theory. This logic accounts for the tension between inherently bordered area governance and borderless social and economic networks. Spatial scaling of area government thus involves complex trade-offs. The case is made for area government at the scale of daily urban systems, functional-spatial complexes that are typical for our advanced network society. The article concludes with a discussion of consequences for the spatial organisation of local and regional government.


Pieter Tordoir
Prof. dr. P.P. Tordoir is hoogleraar Economische Geografie en Planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Research Fellow aan de Amsterdam School of Real Estate en directeur-eigenaar van adviespraktijk Ruimtelijk-Economisch Atelier Tordoir.
Discussie

Participatiebevordering: werken aan draagvlak voor de sociale zekerheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Older workers, female labour force participation, ageing workforce, cross-national comparison, harmonized policy indicators
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers, Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra, Dr. Tineke Fokkema e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The key question of this study is whether policies adopted elsewhere in Europe might be useful in helping to increase the labour force participation of women and of older workers in the Netherlands, and thus improve the financial basis for social security arrangements. We examined the effectiveness of national policy measures over and above that of the individual-level determinants that are traditionally examined in economic and sociological studies. The data on labour force participation are from the European Social Survey, and information on public policy arrangements comes from the MULTILINKS database. Regarding the labour force participation of women, findings show the importance of distinguishing financial measures and care services. Women generally work fewer hours per week in countries with generous financial support for families (tax benefits, child support), and more hours in countries with generous parental leaves. Regarding the participation of older workers, findings show the importance of distinguishing the minimum pension level (negative association with the likelihood of having a job) and pension as a proportion of earned wage (no association with having a job). A novelty of the present study is its ability to demonstrate the impact of national arrangements at the level of individual participation behaviour.


Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers
Joop J. Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeidseconomie aan de faculteit Recht, Economie, Bestuur en Organisatie van de Universiteit Utrecht, j.j.schippers@uu.nl.

Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra
Pearl A. Dykstra is hoogleraar Empirische Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, dykstra@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Tineke Fokkema
Tineke Fokkema is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, fokkema@nidi.nl.

Maria Münderlein MSc
Maria Münderlein is promovenda capaciteitsgroep Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, munderlein@fsw.eur.nl.
Artikel

Borging van het publiek belang in samenwerkingsverbanden

De rol van intermediairs bij de verlaging van de implementatiekosten van overheidsbeleid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden public interest,, transaction costs, public private partnership, government information, intermediation
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frank Den Butter en Sjoerd Ten Wolde MSc S.A.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A public interest implies that government intervention is needed in order to enhance societal welfare. After the character of the public interest has been determined from the theoretical perspective of public economics, the government has the responsibility to safeguard the public interest at lowest societal costs. This article discusses the supportive role of intermediaries (or ‘middlemen’), using prescriptions from transaction management. A discussion of three case studies shows how in public private partnerships the knowledge of such intermediaries can be used in order to safeguard the public interest in an efficient manner.


Prof. dr. Frank Den Butter
Frank den Butter is hoogleraar Algemene Economie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, f.a.g.den.butter@vu.nl.

Sjoerd Ten Wolde MSc S.A.
Sjoerd ten Wolde is onderzoeker aan het Research Institute for Trade and Transaction Management, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, sjoerdtenwolde@gmail.com.
Artikel

De normaalste zaak van de wereld?

Grensoverschrijdende attitudes van Nederlandse politiefunctionarissen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden policing, attitudes, European Union, cross-border
Auteurs Jeroen Candel en Sebastiaan Princen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Because of the blurring of the European internal borders, combating crime is demanding closer cross-border collaboration between police forces. For that reason, the Dutch police have expressed the objective that dealing with cases with an international component should be an integral part of the job for every police officer. This study focuses on the attitudes of Dutch police officers regarding cross-border policing, and seeks to determine which factors have the greatest effect on those attitudes. This attitude approach contrasts with more traditional, top-down approaches, by shifting the focus to micro dynamics on the individual level. The methods chosen for addressing this research objective consist of semi-structured interviews and observations. The results show that the current attitude of Dutch police officers is mainly determined by the extent to which they have had to deal with international issues in their daily work. Although strong organization-wide attitudes towards cross-border policing are not likely to arise, much could still be gained by facilitating cross-border experiences and making more coherent efforts at socialization.


Jeroen Candel
J. Candel MA is als promovendus verbonden aan de leerstoelgroep Bestuurskunde van Wageningen University.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. S. Princen is universitair hoofddocent op het gebied van internationaal en Europees bestuur op het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Initiatie: de ontbrekende schakel in beleidsevaluatieonderzoek?

Drie hefbomen voor beter gebruik van beleidsevaluaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Auteurs Peter Oomsels en Valérie Pattyn
Auteursinformatie

Peter Oomsels
P. Oomsels is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid en het Steunpunt Bestuurlijke Organisatie Vlaanderen (KU Leuven). Hij is master in het Overheidsmanagement en -beleid en in de Beleidseconomie en bachelor in de Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen (KU Leuven).

Valérie Pattyn
V. Pattyn is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid (KU Leuven). Zij is licentiaat in de politieke wetenschappen (KU Leuven, University of Exeter) en kandidaat in de pedagogische wetenschappen (KU Leuven).

    Values like quality of life, efficiency of services, solidarity in finances and privacy of clients are being compromised continuously in daily practices, inspired by opinions and ideology of (groups of) individuals. Yet, systems like healthcare are dominated by technocratic procedures to enforce transparency and efficiency. This functional rationality pushes away the more fundamental debates on values. This doesn’t mean they are not being compromised, but it’s done in a hidden way. It’s the nurse taking decisions on the amount of time available for a patient. Although restricted by procedures nurses compromise differently. The same counts for healthcare executives in their boardrooms. Restricted by system requirements they take decisions differently, inspired by their convictions. It is all ‘hidden ideology’ in institutions, interactions and intuitions. Even the political arena is imprisoned by the self made technocratic way of debating and deciding on important societal issues. Political debates should be about the values behind procedures instead of technocratic in its essence. Critical checks and balances have to be reinstalled (or reanimated) in political decision making in order to do this and meet patients’ or citizens’ needs, instead of maintaining a procedural attitude that drives politics and ideology away from society.


Kim Putters
Prof. dr. K. Putters is hoogleraar Management van Instellingen in de Gezondheidszorg (Professor of Health Management) bij het Instituut Beleid Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, tot 15 juni 2013 lid van de PvdA-fractie in de Eerste Kamer en eerste ondervoorzitter van de Eerste Kamer. Per 15 juni 2013 is hij directeur van het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

    Samenvatting:
    Het artikel beschrijft een onderzoek dat de auteur heeft verricht naar de relatie tussen ongeschreven regels en de mate van openheid in de beleidsontwikkeling.
    Daarbij is openheid geoperationaliseerd in 'wie je betrekt' en 'hoe je partijen betrekt'.
    Belangrijke ongeschreven regels die werden gevonden, zijn:

    • Besef, we dienen hier de Minister (en de lijn)!

    • Wees zichtbaar naar de lijn toe.

    • Haal je tijdsplanning!

    • Je netwerk is cruciaal!


    Het effect op wie betrokken wordt bij de beleidsontwikkeling, vanuit deze ongeschreven regels is dat er een grens ligt bij de zogenaamde Usual Suspects en experts die geen Usual Suspects zijn. Deze worden geconsulteerd of spelen in voorkomende gevallen een meer volwaardige rol.
    Volgens de auteur van dit artikel is de conclusie gerechtvaardigd te stellen dat ongeschreven regels openheid belemmeren.
    Daarmee kan volgens de auteur ook worden geconcludeerd dat ongeschreven regels bestuurlijke vernieuwing remmen.


Max Herold
Max Herold is senior adviseur bij de Rijksoverheid.

Jurre van den Berg MSc
Jurre van den Berg is socioloog en was tot 1 januari 2013 verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Jurre.van.den.Berg@gmail.com.

Prof. dr. Willem Trommel
Willem Trommel is hoogleraar beleids- en bestuurswetenschap aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.a.trommel@vu.nl.
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