Zoekresultaat: 32 artikelen

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Jaar 2016 x

    This essay contains a short history of the municipal and other administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This history is divided into seven lives. Each life has its own specific characteristics and approaches. The story starts in 1914 with the dissertation of Gerrit van Poelje and the aldermanship of Floor Wibaut (for the Dutch Labour Party) in Amsterdam. Nevertheless, the authors make a plea to view 1921 as the actual starting point, because it is the year of the introduction to municipal administration written by Van Poelje and the first Dutch academic magazine on municipal administration (‘Gemeentebestuur’). This means that we can prepare for the celebration of 100 years of (municipal) administrative sciences in 2021. A great challenge for all universities, but certainly for the Public Administration programme of the University of Twente, which is now celebrating its 40th anniversary. The challenge is to work on current topics such as the relationship between public administration and technology in smart, sustainable and resilient cities.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Welvaart gemeten, verdeeld en verduurzaamd

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Welfare economics, Asymmetrical information, Situational contracting, Political theory, Behaviourism
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dik Wolfson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper shows how interactive governance can be helpful in dealing with information asymmetries in the design and administration of public policy. It describes the checks and balances of a properly incentivized mechanism design of contextual or situational contracting that reveals information on diversity in demand for public intervention, deals with complexity, creates commitment to the public cause and disciplines uncooperative behavior. The contractual mode, moreover, discloses the actual trade-offs between rivalling criteria of good governance such as individual freedom, efficiency, distributional concerns and sustainability, deepening our insight in who gets – or pays for – what, when, where, how and why, as the key issues of policy analysis. Evidence from early applications is combined with suggestions for rolling out this new mode of relinking public policy, implementation and external control.


Prof. dr. Dik Wolfson
Prof. dr. Dik Wolfson is emeritus hoogleraar economie, en geniet gastvrijheid bij de afdeling Bestuurskunde en sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Discussie

Criminologisch cultuuronderzoek onder de loep

Kanttekeningen en opmerkingen bij het boek Marokkanen in de marge van Hans Werdmölder

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Ethnic youth, Crime, Group dynamics, Street culture, Criminological research
Auteurs Samir Achbab MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Samir Achbab MSc
Samir Achbab MSc werkt als onderzoeksleider bij het lectoraat Management van Cultuurverandering aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Daarnaast is hij bij de HvA ook docent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde/urban management.
Essay

Access_open De relatie tussen burgers en overheden: nu echt aan herijken toe!

Achtergrond en aanleiding

Tijdschrift Beleidsonderzoek Online, december 2016
Auteurs Tjeerd Bandringa en Rob van Engelenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Burgers willen meer en nadrukkelijker zelf invloed hebben op hun eigen en de collectieve leefomgeving. Overheden worstelen met dit, an sich legitieme, vraagstuk, met name hoe dit vorm en inhoud gegeven moet worden binnen de vastgelegde kaders. De huidige procesgang in de relatie tussen burgers en overheden bij leefomgevingsingrijpen is gebaseerd op het aloude vierluik (spoor 1): de overheid informeert de belanghebbende burgers over haar voornemens, burgers kunnen zienswijzen indienen, die al dan niet meegenomen worden, daarna bestaat de mogelijkheid van bezwaar aantekenen (niet bindend), en tot slot kan een beroepsprocedure bij de Raad van State worden doorlopen (wel bindend maar steeds minder effectief). Kortom, een erg defensieve en steeds minder resultaatgerichte benadering. De auteurs van deze bijdrage pleiten nu voor de ontwikkeling van een tweede spoor waarbij constructieve burgerparticipatie via samenspraak en samenwerking optrekt met het bevoegd gezag om vaak sneller en goedkoper tot projectresultaten met draagvlak te komen. Helaas zijn zowel aan de zijde van de burgers als bij veel overheden de noodzakelijke randvoorwaarden nog niet ingevuld om deze coproductie op voorhand succesvol te laten verlopen. De auteurs doen een oproep aan bestuurders en politici om hier invulling aan te geven. Praktijkervaringen wijzen uit dat constructieve burgerparticipatie veel meerwaarde heeft, met name ook voor overheden.


Tjeerd Bandringa
Tjeerd Bandringa heeft als werktuigbouwkundig ingenieur meer dan 30 jaar (inter)nationale projectervaring in de procesindustrie op het gebied van energie en utilities. Hij houdt zich bezig met burgerparticipatie bij infraprojecten.

Rob van Engelenburg
Rob van Engelenburg is afgestudeerd als economisch geograaf en bestuursplanoloog en is ruim 33 jaar werkzaam bij diverse brancheorganisaties en de Vereniging van Kamers van Koophandel, in de belangenbehartiging van het georganiseerd bedrijfsleven richting overheidsinstanties. Hij is als burger betrokken bij nationale, regionale en lokale projecten, veelal op infragebied.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Albert Jan Kruiter
Albert Jan Kruiter is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Kristel Lammers
Kristel Lammers is Programmamanager Invoering Omgevingswet Gemeenten bij de VNG.
Artikel

De opkomst van de nudge unit

Organisatorische inbedding van gedragswetenschappen in beleid – ontwikkelingen en dilemma’s in de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden nudging, nudge units, government departments, organization
Auteurs Drs. Jorren Scherpenisse
Samenvatting

    The world of public administration is changing: in many countries around the globe specialized behavioral insights units are on the rise in governments. Behavioral insights teams (or nudge units) are often modelled on the famous BIT UK, although there are important national variations. These units specialize in the application of behavioral insights to the design and evaluation of public policies. This article reports on an interview with the the leader of the Behavioral Insights Team of the Ministry of Economical Affairs in the Netherlands. Four main items are discussed: (1) What projects should behavioral insights units undertake? (2) What mix of professional expertise is necessary? (3) What processes should be instituted? And (4) How should these units be positioned within existing government departments?


Drs. Jorren Scherpenisse
Artikel

Onnodige bureaucratie, hardnekkig of ongrijpbaar verschijnsel?

Achtergronden van ‘onnodige’ bureaucratie binnen het basispolitiewerk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden red tape, police, policy
Auteurs Jelle Kort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers’ perception of red tape depends only to a minor extent on the actual usefulness of rules and procedures. Red tape complaints rather refer to ‘rule strain’ and inadequate functioning ICT systems. Factors that can explain police officers’ perception of red tape are (a.o.) differing opinions on what police work should be like and their procedural skills. This article suggests that a constructivist approach to analyzing red tape might in general be more adequate than an objectivist approach.


Jelle Kort
Jelle Kort, MSc heeft bestuurskunde gestudeerd aan de Universiteit Twente en is thans als promovendus werkzaam bij de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Access_open De 21ste-eeuwse overheidsmanager

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Public management, 21st century skills, Megatrends, Strategic HRM, Public managers
Auteurs Zeger van der Wal
Samenvatting

    This article examines who ‘21st century public managers’ are and which skills and roles they have to master to function effectively in the 21st century. Based on a large scale analysis of literature and years of interaction with senior practitioners, seven key 21st century demands for public managers are identified, each of which creates dilemmas as well as opportunities. 21st century public managers utilize a combination of traditional and new roles, competencies, and values to turn demands into opportunities. The article concludes with implications for public administration research and education.


Zeger van der Wal

Dr. Els van der Pool
Dr. E. van der Pool is lector Human Communication Development bij de Hogeschool Arnhem en Nijmegen.

Dr. Guido Rijnja
Dr. G. Rijnja is coördinator algemeen communicatiebeleid bij de Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst.

    Energy planning and the realization of a new energetic infrastructure has become an issue for many actors. The local setting has become polycentric. Against this background the authors have tried to answer the question of the possible consequences of a polycentric local decision-making arena for the realization of sustainable energy transition, especially the implementation of smart grids. Polycentrism is characterised by configurations of units that are multi-level, multi-purpose, multi-sectoral and multi-functional. The impact of these configurations can be assessed using four criteria: control, efficiency, political representation and local self-determination. The authors used these criteria to analyse two cases. Both cases show that the consequences of polycentrism are variable and differ on the four criteria. The analysis shows tensions in polycentric configurations between control and efficiency on the one hand and local self-determination and political representation on the other. This outcome was a reason for the authors to argue for a better institutional design for the local polycentric arena with the help of the seven ‘rules-in-use’ of Elinor Ostrom. Her design is universal but requires specific local application. In this way more justice can be done to the local circumstances in order to be able to achieve effective results.


Imke Lammers MSc
I. Lammers MSc is als promovenda verbonden aan het Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM) van de Universiteit Twente.

Dr. Maarten Arentsen
Dr. M.J. Arentsen is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM) van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

De slag om duurzaamheid in de polycentrische regio’s Randstad en Rijn-Roergebied

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2016
Auteurs Simon Goess MSc, Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren en Prof. dr. Martin de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In polycentric urban regions one can find different, mutually related cities without a clear centre. In these regions cities cooperate to attract inhabitants and employment, but at the same time they are each other’s competitors. The Randstad (Netherlands) and the Rhine-Ruhr area (Germany) both can be seen as polycentric regions. The authors explore to what extent these regions possess a common identity and common agenda and to what extent this promotes the sustainability and energy transition of these regions. In both regions identity appears to have grown especially at subregional level, by historically developed spatial-economic profiles of the different cities or suburban regions. In addition the cities in these regions more and more wish to distinguish themselves in the area of sustainability. Every city wants to be the smartest, greenest and healthiest, and to be at the forefront in energy transition and climate mitigation. In the Dutch Randstad this competitive drive especially seems to contribute to the realization of sustainability projects at the local level. And that is exactly why regional cooperation is important: to allocate resources as well as possible and to avoid transfer to others. This can be improved by the development of subregional or regional sustainability visions.


Simon Goess MSc
S. Goess MSc is werkzaam aan de Technische Universiteit Delft. Hij deed in Delft een master op het gebied van Sustainable Energy Technology.

Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is als hoogleraar Urban Development Management verbonden aan de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Prof. dr. Martin de Jong
Prof. dr. W.M. de Jong is werkzaam als Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Research Professor aan de Technische Universiteit Delft en eveneens verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Praktijk

Het goede gesprek

Reactie uit de bestuurlijke praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2016
Auteurs Jeroen Haan
Auteursinformatie

Jeroen Haan
J. Haan MCM CMC is dagelijks bestuurder bij het hoogheemraadschap van Rijnland en kwartiermaker/programmamanager bij de gemeente Haarlemmermeer.
Artikel

Access_open Bouwen aan de ideale bestuurskunde

Reflecties van tien jonge hoogleraren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Public Administration, Policy Sciences, Academia vs. practice
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Samenvatting

    For this article, part of a series on the future of the discipline in the Netherlands, the author has talked to ten newly appointed professors in the field of public administration. We discussed their background, how they see their role and position within university and society and how they view recent developments in our field of study and our discipline. The young professors share their view on how our discipline could and should develop and what their role will be in this process.


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Artikel

Systematisch leren van evalueren

Waarden, effectiviteit, onafhankelijkheid en kwaliteit als pijlers voor de brug tussen wetenschap en politiek

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Policy, Evaluation, Accountability, Learning, Values
Auteurs Prof. Dr. André Knottnerus, Dr. Peter de Goede en Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Samenvatting

    Policy evaluation has two main functions: it should lead to policy oriented learning and facilitate accountability. Rendering account is considered an important democratic duty but is not very popular with politicians and, hence, public officials. Learning is popular, but in practice it is often difficult to organize or, indeed, witness.
    This contribution addresses the question how, in both functions, policy evaluation could be better utilized. As a starting point we the tension between scientific and political rationality and the barriers associated with these different worlds to the development of knowledge.
    As indispensable for sound and productive knowledge management in government the article outlines the importance of societal values, policy effectiveness as a research angle, and the independence of researchers at major evaluations. In addition, relevant research questions, high methodological quality, responsiveness, good timing, and clear and accessible reporting are indispensable. It is argued that these are by no means abstract notions but can be brought into real day-to-day practice.
    The conclusion is that a knowledge agenda for policy evaluation that is based on the search for effective policy interventions and societal values can help to bridge politics and science.


Prof. Dr. André Knottnerus

Dr. Peter de Goede

Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Artikel

Evaluatievermogen bij beleidsdepartementen

Lessen uit praktijken rond planning, uitvoering en gebruik van beleidsevaluaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden evaluation capacity, policy evaluation, evaluation process, evaluation use
Auteurs Dr. Carolien M. Klein Haarhuis en Dr. Andreea Parapuf
Samenvatting

    In this article, we explore how evaluations are managed by Dutch policy departments in terms of six aspects of evaluation capacity: institutions, programming, budgeting, evaluation process and content, and finally, evaluation use. We also sketch how international organisations and a number of larger countries deal with these issues of evaluation capacity. Internationally, a variety of norms, checklists and procedures demonstrate that the commissioning party is considered to play a key role in the realisation of evaluations as well as their use. Here, evaluation and evaluation knowledge are often viewed as part of the policy process rather than as a separate exercise. Our description of evaluation practices in Dutch policy departments reveals that several capacity-enhancing initiatives were developed in the past few years, such as new evaluation institutions or structures and programs to promote the commissioning of effectiveness evaluations. It also suggests, however, that accountability is an important driving force behind evaluation, perhaps more powerful than learning.


Dr. Carolien M. Klein Haarhuis

Dr. Andreea Parapuf
Artikel

Oog voor succes: een pleidooi voor positieve beleidsevaluatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden public policy, evaluation, success, accountability, learning
Auteurs Dr. Peter van der Knaap en Dr. Rudi Turksema
Samenvatting

    One of the classic issues in literature on policy evaluation is that of utilization: how can we make sure the results of evaluative inquiry are used more and better? Traditionally, the answer to this question is often searched in improvement of evaluation quality (accuracy, reliability, independence of the researcher) or evaluation processes (more interaction and responsiveness). Although these are and remain crucial elements for any evaluation, the focus remains on the supply side of evaluation. The psychological insight that people tend to learn more from positive feedback and success is not taken into account.
    In this article, we ask whether and how a more positive form of evaluation may contribute to a more effective cycle of learning and accountability. What if – instead of failure, compliance, and accountability – the main focus of monitoring and evaluative inquiry would be to identify and foster achievements that were successful and effective? How would such a positive approach look like and how can it help the actual utilization and usefulness of evaluation? On the basis of theory and international case studies the article describes how focusing on the positive elements of policy and/or implementation may contribute to the demand for and utilization of evaluations.


Dr. Peter van der Knaap

Dr. Rudi Turksema
Praktijk

Ambtelijk statuut met een pluspakket

Reactie uit de bestuurlijke praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 2 2016
Auteurs Drs. Marcel van Bijnen
Auteursinformatie

Drs. Marcel van Bijnen
Drs. M.J.A. van Bijnen MBA is secretaris en algemeen directeur van Drechtsteden, de samenwerking tussen Alblasserdam, Dordrecht, Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht, Papendrecht, Sliedrecht en Zwijndrecht.
Artikel

Probleemanalyse is het halve werk

Samenwerking en innovatie in de strijd tegen ondermijnende criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 2 2016
Auteurs Maurits Waardenburg BSc, Bas Keijser BSc, Prof. dr. Martijn Groenleer e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Science and practice are largely agreed on the importance of interorganizational cooperation in the approach of tackling complex societal problems. Organization transcending innovation through this type of cooperation however appears to be complicated. Based on an analysis of the literature about partnerships, the authors distinguish three challenges: coping with the tension between old and new accountability structures, building good working relationships and developing capabilities for problem-oriented working. Starting from these insights they designed action research into problem-oriented partnerships in the safety domain (safety chain). Their main question was: what is the most important obstacle for innovation through problem-oriented interorganizational cooperation? Over a period of nine months, they watched eight teams of professionals from different organizations. Their task was to develop and implement innovative approaches to tackle persistent organized crime. Although all three challenges identified in the literature indeed played a prominent role, problem diagnosis and problem definition appeared to be the main obstacle for the teams. In this article the authors describe the action research and explore, on the basis of the results and the literature, how partnerships could cope in practice with the challenge of problem definition and problem analysis. They conclude the article with suggestions for the design of a follow-up round of the action research.


Maurits Waardenburg BSc
M. Waardenburg MPP is research fellow aan het Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation van de Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Bas Keijser BSc
B. Keijser BSc is bezig met de afronding van zijn master Systems Engineering, Policy Analysis and Management aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur & Management van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Prof. dr. Martijn Groenleer
Prof. dr. M.L.P. Groenleer is hoogleraar Regional Law and Governance aan Tilburg University en tevens directeur van het Tilburg Center for Regional Law and Governance (TiREG).

Dr. Jorrit de Jong
Dr. J. de Jong is lecturer in Public Policy and Management aan de Harvard Kennedy School en wetenschappelijk directeur van het Government Program bij het Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation van de Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

    In the safety domain important developments are currently taking place concerning the way in which administrative and tactical operations are dealt with in crises. It is characteristic for the approach that cooperation in chains and networks is increasingly needed to arrive at a suitable approach. In this essay, the authors analyse two subdomains in two concrete cases on how cooperation between several parties takes shape and functions. For that purpose, they differentiate between acute and non-acute crises. In the subdomain ‘acute crises’, they have chosen the case of the Dutch town Moerdijk (the fire at the Chemie-Pack company in 2011). In the subdomain of non-acute crises, they focus on community safety partnerships (‘Veiligheidshuizen’), especially on the community safety partnership in the Dutch province of Friesland (‘Veiligheidshuis Friesland’). In both subdomains the establishment of a good basic cooperation and leadership structure appears to be of prime importance. From there it is necessary to respond in a flexible manner (to be able to execute custom-made work). Within that framework, the capacity may develop to arrange a well-structured and effective cooperation at the operational level (ad hoc in acute crises), to monitor progress properly and to carry out targeted interventions if the developments in the situation ask for these interventions. A good knowledge of each other’s frame of reference is necessary to make this work, so that a maximum level of integration in the approach is achieved.


Dr. Jelle Dijkstra
Dr. J.H. Dijkstra is lector Persoonlijk Leiderschap & Innovatiekracht aan het Instituut voor Economie & Management (ECMA) van de NHL Hogeschool te Leeuwarden.

Dr. Marc Jacobs
Dr. M.A. Jacobs is voormalig districtschef bij de politiekorpsen Utrecht en Leeuwarden, senior docent en onderzoeker Integrale Veiligheid aan de Thorbecke Academie te Leeuwarden.

    This contribution describes civil service professionalism from a functionalist perspective: the most important function of civil service professionalism is creating, developing and maintaining the authority of governments. Contrary to common opinion, moral authority in our day appears to be of prime importance. Citizens appreciate moral authority, but this important source of authority is often underused by political-administrative officials (especially by them). By making better use of moral authority, civil servants – policy officials and executive officials – could play a much bigger role. In order to achieve this, their professionalism must be improved by creating a broad civil service charter from which (to a certain extent) they can derive a right for civil service professionalism. In the context of the present political debate in the Netherlands on the normalization of the legal status of civil servants, there is an opportunity now to make real progress in this matter. It would be a good thing if civil servants would make themselves heard in this debate. Looking after the moral dimension of the work of civil servants and the accountability in this respect is not only a matter for the Dutch cabinet and those preparing the civil service charter, but also for the civil servants in different parts of the Dutch civil service themselves.


Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink
Prof. dr. G.J.M. van den Brink is emeritus hoogleraar Maatschappelijke bestuurskunde aan de Tilburg University (Universiteit van Tilburg). Op 27 november 2015 hield hij zijn afscheidsrede.

Drs. Thijs Jansen
Drs. M. Jansen is universitair docent en senior onderzoeker aan de Tilburg University (Universiteit van Tilburg) bij de School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
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