Zoekresultaat: 8 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, responsive government, government-citizen interaction
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New means of communication, especially social media, dramatically alter the relationship between citizens and government. The internet is a platform for political discourse now in which citizens not only interact with governments but often play a leading role. This demands of government to learn how to act in a more responsive fashion. In this issue, we focus on the practical effects of web 2.0 for various governmental organizations and draw up a research agenda.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en program maleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Ambtenaren en sociale media

Kansen, risico's en dilemma's

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden social media, relationship politics-administration, primacy of politics
Auteurs Dennis de Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Not only companies and citizens, but also governmental agencies are exploring the possibilities of new technologies to communicate with citizens. This article analyzes the challenges, risks and dilemmas of social media for Dutch civil servants. The theoretical framework that is used consists of a classical and a modern approach to public administration. In the classical ‘Weberian’ model, politicians are responsible for policy-making (and communication about it) and civil servants have to implement policies (‘the primacy of politics’). This principal approach implies a limited role of civil servants in social media. However, the modern approach to civil servants highlights their expertise and distinctive responsibilities. The pragmatical approach leaves more space for active participation of civil servants on the internet. Nevertheless, a fundamental reflection about the primacy of politics, the role of governmental communication and culture in the social media landscape remains necessary.


Dennis de Kool
Dr D. de Kool is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Center for Public Innovation van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Verantwoordelijke vrijheid: responsabilisering van burgers op voorwaarden van de staat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden governance, responsibilisation, political discourse, politics, public administration
Auteurs Rik Peeters en Gerard Drosterij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Behind many notions of ‘governance’, there lies the image of a ‘modest’ or ‘retreating’ state. The assumption is that local and national authorities can only perform effectively if in cooperation with other public and private actors. Generally, it is said, governments increasingly lack the legitimacy for top-down interventions and hence the need of including participative citizen involvement in policy making and implementation. In recent years this democratic image has been disputed in scientific debates because of its lack of attention for new forms of interventionism by the state in societal processes, e.g. crime, youth care, immigration and integration. In this article, we aim to contribute to this other understanding of modern governance by analysing Dutch political discourse between 2001 and 2010 on (implicit) notions of the role and responsibility of the state. We show how the idea of ‘responsibilisation’ of citizens is turned into an argument for more instead of less state involvement in societal processes and citizens’ lives. By emphasizing ‘shared responsibilities’ between government and society, a tricky picture of parity is sketched of this relation. Dutch government presents itself as ‘an ally’ of citizens in fighting pressing social problems, but in the meantime an ideal of ‘responsible behaviour’ is constructed, namely, citizen behaviour in concordance with government’s policy ambitions. Within this political discourse, the socio-liberal idea of ‘responsibility’ turns into ‘responsibilisation on government’s terms’ and ‘irresponsible’ behaviour becomes a legitimate focal point for deep state interventions through techniques of governance.


Rik Peeters
Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Correspondentiegegevens: drs. R. Peeters, Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Lange Voorhout 17, 2514 EB Den Haag, peeters@nsob.nl.

Gerard Drosterij
Gerard Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Artikel

Allochtoon als metafoor en categorie

Over de handelingsimplicaties van beleidstaal

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden category making, administrative practices, migrants, integration policy, race/ethnicity
Auteurs Marleen van der Haar en Dvora Yanow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper offers a critical empirical analysis of the policy terms ‘allochtoon’ and ‘autochtoon’, which have been used in Dutch public policy and administrative practices in recent years, as well as in general public discourse, to distinguish between people with a migrant background and those with a so-called native background on the basis of birthplace. Taking an interpretive policy analysis perspective, we present metaphor and category analyses to show the determining role that ‘place of origin’ has in the policy terms. The analysis includes a historical contextualization of the categories within Dutch policy discourse. The metaphor analysis focuses on the etymology of the terms, and the category analysis examines the taxonomy used by Statistics Netherlands since 1999. The role of ‘place’, and in particular country or land of birth, in these etymologies and taxonomies link to elements from ancient racial thinking, showing that ‘birthplace’ is a surrogate for race in this policy discourse. The analysis leads us to argue that the terms are inherently exclusive and that the exclusive work that the essentialist categories do is in marked contrast to the policy goal of integration.


Marleen van der Haar
Marleen van der Haar is postdoc onderzoeker en docent aan het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M. van der Haar, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, afdeling Politicologie, Thomas van Aquinostraat 5.1.32, 6500 HK Nijmegen, m.vanderhaar@fm.ru.nl.

Dvora Yanow
Dvora Yanow is visiting professor aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Sluipend kwaliteitsverlies in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg

Professionals over de gevolgen van marktwerking

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden mental health care, marketization, Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG’s), policy implementation, professionalism
Auteurs Nienke van Sambeek, Evelien Tonkens en Christian Bröer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to facilitate the creation of a regulated market, Diagnostic Treatment Combinations (DBC’s in Dutch) have been introduced in Dutch mental health care in 2008. DBC’s are developed to distinguish and price the ‘products’ of health care, in order to make comparison and competition between health care providers possible. In this qualitative study we analyzed mental health care professionals experiences with the DBC-system. We focused on two questions: (1) what does the DBC-system and the related introduction of marketization of mental health care mean for professionals? and (2) how do professionals cope with the DBC-system in their daily practices? We found that the logics of the market and bureaucracy, both incorporated in the DBC-system, often conflicted with the values and ethics of mental health care professionals. Mental health professionals experience deterioration of professionalism and quality of care. They were coping with conflicting values by non-compliance with rules and pragmatic use of the DBC-system. It is argued that the efforts of professionals to protect the quality of their work might actually lead to invisibility of the problems they encounter, which reinforces the policy they criticize.


Nienke van Sambeek
Nienke van Sambeek is psycholoog bij de Psychologische Praktijk Putten.

Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en toezichthouder GGZ centraal. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens, Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, St. Actief burgerschap, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, E.H.Tonkens@uva.nl.

Christian Bröer
Christian Bröer is universitair docent sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Casus

’t Schap als ’n Schip van Staat in de Markt?

De Publiekrechtelijke Bedrijfsorganisatie (PBO) vergeleken met de Territoriale (gemeenten)

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frans van Waarden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Prof. dr. Frans van Waarden
Frans van Waarden is hoogleraar organisatie en beleid aan de Universiteit Utrecht en fellow van het University College Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. B.F. van Waarden, Universiteit Utrecht, University College, Postbus 80145, 3508 TC Utrecht, F.vanwaarden@uu.nl.
Article

Een kosmopolitische wereldorde als realistische utopie?

Recente Angelsaksische politieke filosofie in het licht van de natiestaat

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden political philosophy, global justice, cosmopolitanism, sovereignty, transnational democracy
Auteurs Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although hotly debated, the idea of global justice is a relatively new topic within Anglo-Saxon and Continental political philosophy and theory. This paper discusses when and why Anglo-Saxon political theorists became interested in this field of research. The emergence of cosmopolitan norms of justice after the Second World War is one of these reasons. Subsequently, the paper explains some of the basic concepts that are being used within the field and explains why a political philosophical analysis of the ethical significance of boundaries has an added value for political scientists. The paper concludes by elaborating three different themes within the broad debate on global justice: humanitarian aid, global distributive justice, and democratic representation.


Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt (1971) is als universitair hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn voornaamste onderzoeksinteresses zijn: democratie, mensenrechten, kosmopolitisme en mondiale rechtvaardigheid. Hij is de co-redacteur van Global Democracy and Exclusion (Blackwell 2010) en Nationalism and Global Justice (Routledge 2010).
Article

Because it is Normative, Stupid!

Over de rol van politieke theorie binnen de politicologie

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden normative political theory, political science, methodology, Rawls
Auteurs Roland Pierik
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents a state-of-the-art description of political theory and analyses the role of political theory within the discipline of political science. It starts by describing two dominant approaches within the sub-discipline: conceptual political theory and normative political theory. Secondly, it situates political theory as separated from political science in general and from actual political debates. Thirdly, it analyses the role of methodology in normative political theory.
    I argue that the most important contribution of political theory to political science in general is its emphasis on the fact that politics is first and foremost a normative endeavor and that any political-scientific analysis should always be aware of this normative character.


Roland Pierik
Roland Pierik (1966) is universitair hoofddocent rechtstheorie en politieke theorie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij publiceert vooral over hedendaagse analytische politieke filosofie en rechtstheorie. In zijn onderzoek gebruikt hij de hedendaagse normatieve politieke theorie en rechtstheorie om concrete maatschappelijke problemen te analyseren, met name problemen van de multiculturele samenleving en van globale rechtvaardigheid.
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