Zoekresultaat: 12 artikelen

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Jaar 2008 x
Artikel

Van technocratie naar ‘good governance’

De Europese Commissie in beweging

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Anchrit Wille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past years the European Commission has undergone it most significant changes since its inception. Internal reforms and a long series of treaty revisions have transformed the relationship of commissioners and that of their top officials. This paper describes how the emergence of new rules and recruiting patterns and a change in role interpretations have contributed to a growing demarcation between the political and administrative spheres in the European Commission.


Anchrit Wille
Dr. Anchrit Wille is verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. A.C. Wille Universiteit Leiden Departement Bestuurskunde Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden wille@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

De verplaatsing van de 'Vierde Macht'

Inleiding op het themanummer

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Paul 't Hart, Sebastiaan Princen en Kutsal Yesilkagit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A large number of Dutch policy areas is governed by institutionalized European policy networks and European laws and rules. Various forms of multi-level governance have emerged that were seemingly unforeseen at the time when the field of European integration studies was preoccupied by the fierce debates between intergouvernmentalists and supernationalists. Nevertheless, the field has hitherto given little attention to how europeanisation has affected national civil service systems. This article kicks off this special issue with an overview of the recent literature on the effects of Europeanisation on national civil service systems.


Paul 't Hart
Prof. dr. Paul 't Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Australian National University en de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. 't Hart publiceerde onlangs met R. Rhodes, P. 't Hart en M. Noordegraaf (red.), Up Close and Personal. Studying Government Elites, Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan 2007. Correspondentiegegevens: Political Science Program Research School of Social Sciences Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200 Australia hart@coombs.anu.edu.au

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Princen publiceerde onlangs 'Agenda-setting in the European Union: A Theoretical Exploration and Agenda for Research', Journal of European Public Policy 2007, 14: 21-38.

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Yesilkagit publiceerde onlangs (met J. Blom-Hansen) 'Supranational Governance or National Bussiness-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in The Netherlands and Denmark', Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524.
Artikel

Etatisme in de polder?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Berend Snijders en Femke van Esch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decision-making in the Netherlands is generally characterised as (neo) corporatist. Whether stakeholders enjoy a similar level of access to, and influence on the formulation of the national position, which the Dutch government advocates in Brussels, remains however unclear. This article aims at providing a first tentative answer to this question by studying the formulation of the Dutch position on EU resolution 882/2004 concerning the official controls on compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare.

    In-depth analysis of this case reveals that the development process of the Dutch stance on 882/2004 was largely devoid of stakeholder-input. As such, this process may be characterised as essentially etatist rather than corporatist. Moreover, it was established – as expected – that specialised lobby groups – those that could offer additional information and expertise to the dossier team responsible for 882/2004 – were able to exert more influence than general advocacy groups. Finally, the hypothesis that openness leads to more stakeholder-influence was not confirmed in this case. To the contrary, only during private bilateral discussion did a selection of business organizations manage to convince the dossier team of the benefits of limited border controls.


Berend Snijders
Berend Snijders is promovendus aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. Berend Snijders Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht B.J.B.Snijders@uu.nl

Femke van Esch
Femke van Esch is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    Over the last decades, the number of European Union member states has significantly increased, resulting into a reduction of the relative formal power of the Dutch government. Improving Dutch influence in Brussels is therefore an important topic on the agenda of public administration scholars and advisory boards. Using experts at the various stages of the EU policymaking process is one option to increase the influence in the EU. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this strategy concerning one of the most complex and most controversial public policy issues in the history of the European Union: the revision of the EU's chemical policy (REACH). The article demonstrates that the 'expert strategy' has been successful in this case. However, the effectiveness of this strategy comes under pressure if the trend towards core departments will continue.


Markus Haverland
Markus Haverland is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. Markus Haverland Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam haverland@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

De politieke aandachtscyclus voor openbaar bestuur en democratie

Een inhoudsanalyse van troonredes van 1945 tot 2007

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Gerard Breeman, Arco Timmermans, David Lowery e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyzes the attention to democratic performance and the functioning of public administration by governments in the Netherlands. The views of national governments on these matters have not been mapped systematically. Through a content analysis of all annual Dutch Queen's speeches between 1945 and 2007, which is part of our broader research on the national politics of attention, we analyze the pattern of attention for democracy and public administration. The theoretical perspective used is the model of policy generations. Our findings show that governmental attention for the functioning of public administration emerged in the 1960s and since then went up and down. The time intervals in which agenda changes occurred often were longer than the duration of individual governments, although some governments contributed strongly to a change in attention and tone. Attention not only showed rise and decline, also the emphasis on efficiency, long term planning, and democratization shifted considerably from one period to the next. This empirical pattern matches for the most part the theory of policy generations, which predicts a fixed sequence in policy emphasis. In addition to general cultural driving forces central to this theoretical model, we conclude that political and institutional conditions contribute to a better understanding of the pattern of political attention.


Gerard Breeman
Gerard Breeman is als docent Bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Wageningen Universiteit.

Arco Timmermans
Arco Timmermans is docent aan de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. Arco Timmermans Universiteit Leiden Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Departement Bestuurskunde Wassenaarseweg 52 Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden atimmermans@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

David Lowery
David Lowery is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Caelesta Poppelaars
Caelesta Poppelaars is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.

Sandra Resodihardjo
Sandra Resodihardjo is docent aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Julien Topal
Julien Topal (MA) is als PhD-onderzoeker verbonden aan het departement van Sociale en Politieke wetenschappen van het European University Institute te Florence.

Yvonne Kleistra
Dr Yvonne Kleistra is historicus en politicoloog en werkt als zelfstandig onderzoeker op het gebied van beleid en bestuur.
Artikel

Na ‘doorwerking’ naar ‘grenzenwerk’

Een nieuwe agenda voor onderzoek naar de verhouding tussen beleid en wetenschap

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Rob Hoppe
Auteursinformatie

Rob Hoppe
Prof. dr R. Hoppe is hoogleraar Beleid en Kennis bij de vakgroep Science, Technology, Health and Policy Studies (STeHPS) van de Faculteit voor Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente. De afgelopen jaren coördineerde hij een door NWO gesponsord, op meerdere universiteiten uitgevoerd, multidisciplinair onderzoeksproject, ‘Rethinking Political Judgment and Science-Based Expertise’.
Article

De Europese Unie in internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Wat verklaart de onderhandelingsautonomie van de EU-onderhandelaar?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden European Union, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, Negotiation Autonomy, Principal-Agent, Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Starting from principal-agent theory, this article analyses the conditions under which an EU negotiator enjoys a particular degree of negotiation autonomy vis-à-vis the member states he represents during multilateral environmental negotiations. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of eight EU decision-making processes with regard to international negotiations leading to a multilateral environmental agreement indicates that the compellingness of the international negotiations explains the occurrence of negotiation autonomy. However, the international compellingness does not provide explanatory power to understand the particular degree of negotiation autonomy. To understand when an EU negotiator enjoys a high degree of negotiation autonomy, variables such as preference distances, information asymmetries and institutional density need to be taken into account.


Tom Delreux
De auteur is aspirant van het FWO-Vlaanderen, Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid, K.U.Leuven.
Article

De Europese Unie: een strategische militaire actor?

Tsjaad als testcase

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden EU, ESDP, Strategic Culture, Military Strategy, EUFOR Tchad/RCA
Auteurs Sven Biscop en Alexander Mattelaer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The EU is increasingly developing a grand strategy for framing its external policies in a coherent way. The European Security and Defence Policy offers the EU access to military instruments, enabling it to conduct civilian and military operations. This article investigates to what extent the EU can be qualified as a strategic actor, i.e. having a clear vision of how to act in the security domain and the will to do so. Furthermore, we evaluate whether past practices are leading to the framing of a EU strategic culture. As a test case we offer an in-depth analysis of the planning of EUFOR Tchad/RCA – the most recent and largest autonomous military operation the EU has conducted so far. This shows the progress the EU has made in developing its external posture, but also makes clear there exists a conceptual gap in terms of military strategy, where operational planning remains plagued by ad-hoccery.


Sven Biscop
Dr. Sven Biscop is senior research fellow in Egmont – Koninklijk Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen in Brussel en gastprofessor voor Europese veiligheid aan het Europacollege in Brugge.

Alexander Mattelaer
Alexander Mattelaer is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Institute for European Studies van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Article

Europa en de wereld: de eeuwige machtsvraag

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden European Union, EU External Policies, Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), Principal-Agent, Normative Power Europe
Auteurs Jan Orbie en Sophie Vanhoonacker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This introductory article situates the three contributions to this special issue on ‘Europe and the world’ within the broader academic discussion on the European Union’s (EU) international role. It expands on the two central questions that run as a red line through this issue: what is the role and power of EU level players in the external policymaking process; what kind of power is Europe in the world? The fi rst part focuses on the explanatory power of rational choice theories and more particularly the principal-agent model when trying to understand the power struggle between the European and national level. The second part addresses the question whether the EU constitutes a sui generis type of international actor, as suggested by the Normative Power Europe hypothesis. With the articles in this special issue as a starting point, it points to the promises and pitfalls of the particular approaches for researching Europe’s international role and makes suggestions for future research.


Jan Orbie
Jan Orbie is docent aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies van de Universiteit Gent.

Sophie Vanhoonacker
Sophie Vanhoonacker is bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Administrative Governance’ aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

    The doctrine of benevolent empire posits that unilateral security governance has become a necessary and legitimate form of global governance. After first assessing if imperial governance can even be considered an instance of global governance, its claim of legitimacy is scrutinised. It is argued, with reference to the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes, that its strategy of legitimation is eventually doomed to fail because benevolent empire appears to downplay both the importance of education in forging legitimacy and the context-specific nature of legitimacy.


Jacobus Delwaide
Jacobus Delwaide is als politicoloog verbonden aan de KUB/HUB.

Jorg Kustermans
Jorg Kustermans is verbonden aan de vakgroep Europese en Internationale Politiek van de Universiteit Antwerpen.
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