Zoekresultaat: 8 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Schalen in België

De kleine staatshervorming

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, regions, territorial governance, state reform, intergovernmental collaboration
Auteurs Filip De Rynck, Joris Voets en Ellen Wayenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While the international community tries to picture what the future of Belgium as a country will be, the different regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) deal with issues of territorial governance like amalgamations, the future of provinces, city-regions and intergovernmental collaboration. The article maps these issues, but also which facts, interests and arguments are brought to the table, and to what extent policy agendas in the three regions are similar or not. In Wallonia and Flanders, the existence of the provincial tier is questioned and intermunicipal collaboration should become more important. Amalgamation of municipalities is discussed openly in Flanders - with little success so far, while such a debate is absent in Wallonia. The authors zoom in on the debate in Flanders, showing how rich the landscape of intergovernmental and public-private collaboration is, which variations exist, how each policy sector creates and protects its ‘own’ regional turf, how political debate on ‘cleaning up the mess of regional organisations’ requires nuancing, and how the Belgian political culture shapes that sectoral regional landscape. The authors build on two regional mappings, combining descriptive information with input from the interactive processes with different stakeholders on issues of efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability.


Filip De Rynck
Prof. dr F. De Rynck is professor Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.

Joris Voets
Dr J. Voets is senior onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Ellen Wayenberg
Prof. dr E. Wayenberg is docent Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.
Artikel

Overheid 2.0: Aanspreekbaar en aansprekend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden public participation, public private partnership, policy entrepreneurs, enabling leadership, digital revolution, new public management
Auteurs Davied van Berlo en Sibout Nooteboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The digital revolution enables civil servants to create innovation with others, across organizational boundaries and with larger groups. Traditional bureaucracies are challenged to put additional conditions and incentives in place to make this possible. The program ‘civil servant 2.0’, aimed at enabling and awareness raising among civil servants, itself also makes use of modern possibilities. One example is Pleio, a digital meeting place for civil servants and other officials and persons who want to share knowledge in a thematic, transboundary way. A dilemma civil servants face is that the hierarchy and the political leadership have to be open to opportunities and input generated from outside. The level of hierarchical support can be discovered when the opportunity emerges. This takes entrepreneurial civil servants: taking initiative with the aim of discovering emerging opportunities in the outside world before it is known how these will be evaluated by the hierarchy. Other enabling conditions are that this activity needs to be possible without taking-up too much of their time, a culture of transparency, the possibility to link with the world through modern ICT (despite possible risks), a safe hierarchical environment, and novel ways of accounting for their output.


Davied van Berlo
Drs D. van Berlo is initiatiefnemer van het netwerk Ambtenaar 2.0 en het platform Pleio (Plein Overheid).

Sibout Nooteboom
Dr S.G. Nooteboom werkt bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en aan de Eramus Universiteit. Deze bijdrage is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Deugdelijk bestuur in curaçao

Maatschappelijke barrires voor goed bestuur in het nieuwe land curaçao

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden good governance, Netherlands Antilles, Curaçao, political culture
Auteurs Oberon Nauta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Before 2010, the Netherlands Antilles were an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This structure was often cited as a barrier to effective governance and led to calls for the ablishment of the Netherlands Antilles. This article examines whether this step has led to good governance in the case of the new country of Curaçao. The author comes to the conclusion that political culture has a bigger effect on good governance than institutional arrangements.


Oberon Nauta
Dr O. Nauta is senior onderzoeker en aanvoerder van het team Veiligheid & Justitie bij de DSP groep.
Boekbespreking

Het onaangename en het nuttige: Over nieuwsmedia en bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden news media, government, mediatisation, monitory democracy, journalism
Auteurs Sandra Jacobs en Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Relations between government and news media are often complex and contradictory. In order to shed light on their interactions, this review essay discusses four recent books on the tensions between government and the media. Discussed are Schudson's Why Democracies Need an Unlovable Press, Prenger et al's Gevaarlijk spel, Cook's Governing with the News and Keane's Life and Death of Democracy. Three general issues are discussed: the ways in which journalists and policy actors behave towards each other; the implications for the daily practices of journalists and policy actors and, on a more abstract level, the implications for the democratic system. It is argued that critical and inconvenient news media fulfil a crucial role in a vital democracy, as essential checks for those in power. The news media facilitate the interaction between the fragmented parts of a monitory democracy and thus enhance a well-functioning government. In order to cope with media pressure, government pr-officials try to pacify journalists, but at the same time, government and public organizations should be wary of the incorporation of media rules in their own processes as this may lead to a mediatisation of politics.


Sandra Jacobs
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.

Thomas Schillemans
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.
Artikel

Politieke ambtenaren?

Formele en feitelijke rolverschillen tussen Nederlandse politiek assistenten en vlaamse kabinetsmedewerkers

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Political administrative relations, Flanders, The Netherlands, central government
Auteurs Diederik Vancoppenolle, Mirko Noordegraaf en Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A surprising difference between the Netherlands and Flanders is that a Flemish minister may appoint more than 20 advisors, while Dutch ministers can appoint only one or two ‘political assistants’. However, this difference was hardly studied before, although it is a relevant and actual theme. This article analyzes the differences in role and position of Flemish ministerial advisors and Dutch political assistants. We show that there exist large differences between both types of advisors and we discuss the reasons for and consequences of this difference. The institutional context in which both actors work determines a lot their role. Differences in political culture and administrative organization in particular seem to be important explanatory factors.


Diederik Vancoppenolle
Dr Diederik Vancoppenolle is doctor-assistent aan het departement Handelswetenschappen & Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent (België).

Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar Publiek Management aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Martijn van der Steen
Dr M. van der Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).
Artikel

Allochtoon als metafoor en categorie

Over de handelingsimplicaties van beleidstaal

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden category making, administrative practices, migrants, integration policy, race/ethnicity
Auteurs Marleen van der Haar en Dvora Yanow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper offers a critical empirical analysis of the policy terms ‘allochtoon’ and ‘autochtoon’, which have been used in Dutch public policy and administrative practices in recent years, as well as in general public discourse, to distinguish between people with a migrant background and those with a so-called native background on the basis of birthplace. Taking an interpretive policy analysis perspective, we present metaphor and category analyses to show the determining role that ‘place of origin’ has in the policy terms. The analysis includes a historical contextualization of the categories within Dutch policy discourse. The metaphor analysis focuses on the etymology of the terms, and the category analysis examines the taxonomy used by Statistics Netherlands since 1999. The role of ‘place’, and in particular country or land of birth, in these etymologies and taxonomies link to elements from ancient racial thinking, showing that ‘birthplace’ is a surrogate for race in this policy discourse. The analysis leads us to argue that the terms are inherently exclusive and that the exclusive work that the essentialist categories do is in marked contrast to the policy goal of integration.


Marleen van der Haar
Marleen van der Haar is postdoc onderzoeker en docent aan het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M. van der Haar, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, afdeling Politicologie, Thomas van Aquinostraat 5.1.32, 6500 HK Nijmegen, m.vanderhaar@fm.ru.nl.

Dvora Yanow
Dvora Yanow is visiting professor aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Jonathan J.B. Mijs M.Sc.
Jonathan Mijs is promovendus aan Harvard University. Correspondentiegegevens: JJB Mijs M.Sc., Harvard University, Department of Sociology, 611 William James Hall, 33 Kirland Street, 02138 Cambridge, MA, Verenigde Staten, mijs@fas.harvard.edu.
Artikel

Bewonersinitiatieven: partnerschap tussen burgers en overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden citizen’s initiatives, activation policy, representativeness, partnership relation, competences
Auteurs Dr. Imrat Verhoeven en Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Dutch welfare state has invested substantial sums of money in activation of citizen’s initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods. As a policy concept citizen’s initiatives refers to enhancements by citizens to the quality of life in their neighbourhood. Is this activation policy productive or counterproductive for citizen participation? This question is answered by analyzing the representativeness of the activated citizens, the nature of their initiatives, the type of relations they develop with institutions, and whether they develop more competences due to their initiative(s). Our findings indicate that the activated citizens are more often female, below 50, lower educated, and 40 percent is migrant, which makes them more representative than the participation elite (male, 50+, white, and higher educated). They form a new vanguard that activates many participants through initiatives that focus on connecting people and on social problems such as anonymity, isolation and nuisance. Many contacts with professionals contribute for them to a partnership relation geared toward cooperation instead of consumerism or dissatisfaction. Also these citizens develop democratic, bureaucratic and social competences as well as social reflexivity and empathy for other citizens and institutions. We conclude that activation of citizen’s initiatives has positive effects on citizen participation.


Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.

Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is hoogleraar actief burgerschap aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E. Tonkens, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e.h.tonkens@uva.nl.
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