Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Jaar 2004 x

Karin Geuijen
Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht

Sebastiaan Princen
Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht

    In managing new cleavages between conflicting values (such as materialism and post-materialism), we cannot simply fall back on a classical approach to cleavage management. The segments surrounding the new cleavage are clearly more fluid than those surrounding the religious or socio-economic cleavages from consociationalism and neo-corporatism, such as is rightly emphasised in the network approach. In the conflict between the materialist and post-materialist value pattern, representation logic is not a given certainty. Not only the facts, but also the negotiating players and the decision-making arenas are the subject of negotiation and strategic action. This is reflected in the new forms of consultation politics. Similarly, consensus formation cannot make do with the (party) political integration of the segments because, given the conditions of post-materialism, this integration can only be partial. It seems important in the new cleavage management to devote attention to the existence of several arenas in which political interests are weighed up. For the players involved in a particular policy issue, this means the lure of strategic forum shopping and thus complication of the conflict-resolving ability of each of the forums.


Johan Weggeman
Johan Weggeman is verbonden aan de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij studeerde politicologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en promoveerde als bestuurskundige aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. De titel van zijn proefschrift luidt Controversiƫle Besluitvorming (Lemma 2003). Adres: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, opleiding bestuurskunde, postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, tel: 010 4082635, e-mail: weggeman@fsw.eur.nl

    Blokland and Soenen use ethnographic research of tramcars in Antwerp to discuss how incidental contacts in public transport relate to safety and trust in the public space. They argue that anonymity, although often blamed, is not the culprit. Blaming certain categorically labeled groups as 'problematic' is not a fruitful approach either. Through an analysis of social realms (public, private and parochial, as in Lofland) that customers create in interaction with each other, the authors show that public transport incorporates potentials both for 'thin community' and for conflict and anxiety. Whether people experience one or the other depends on the social trust. The key to understand how such trust can grow and decrease cannot be found in crime statistics, individual attitudes or categories of 'problematic groups', but in the constructions of the social realms through which people opt out of the public realm or, in groups, appropriate the public space at the expense of others. Describing the various services of 'Lijnspotters', drivers and controllers, the authors discuss what types of social control in public transport is most likely to enhance social trust.


Talja Blokland
Talja Blokland is buitengewoon hoogleraar 'wetenschappelijke grondslagen van het opbouwwerk' aan de Erasmus Universiteit en universitair docent aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    This article discusses the changes in the safety policy in the Netherlands over about the last fifteen years. These changes are analysed as reactions to the problems that the police and other criminal justice agencies face and which result from the shift from a modern to a late modern society. Five main changes are distinguished: in the organisational and managerial arrangements of the police; in the relation between the state (police) and other (both public and private) agencies; the rise of extra-judicial instruments and the growing attention for the position of victims; the increasing use of technological instruments for surveillance and crime prevention; and a harsher and more punitive policy. These changes create new fundamental questions for a future safety policy.


Jan Terpstra
Dr.ir. J.B. Terpstra is werkzaam bij het Instituut voor Maatschappelijke Veiligheidsvraagstukken (ipit) van de Universiteit Twente. Hij verricht de laatste jaren vooral onderzoek rond politie, justitie en veiligheidszorg. Terpstra publiceerde eerder ook over onder meer maatschappelijke achterstand, sociale zekerheid en beleidsuitvoering. Recente publicaties hebben onder andere betrekking op samenwerking in de lokale veiligheidszorg, Justitie in de Buurt en sturing van politie en politiewerk. Adres: Instituut voor Maatschappelijke Veiligheidsvraagstukken (ipit), Universiteit Twente, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, e-mail: j.b.terpstra@utwente.nl
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