Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen

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Jaar 2012 x
Article

De selectie van verkiesbare kandidaten

Een analyse van de Belgische Kamerverkiezingen 1999-2010

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden candidate selection, representation, Belgium
Auteurs Gert-Jan Put en Bart Maddens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a closed or semi-open PR-system, the designation of the MPs is primarily determined by their position on the list. In this paper, we attempt to find out on the basis of which criteria a party selects the candidates who are most likely to be elected, due to their high and/or visible position on the list. We do so by comparing these realistic candidates with the candidates on unrealistic positions on the list. A multi-level logistic regression analysis of the Flemish candidates in four subsequent federal elections in Belgium shows that the selectorates have a marked preference for incumbents and for mayors. Aldermen also stand a better chance of being elected, but only if they are from a larger communality. Women are strongly underrepresented amongst the realistic candidates, but this is only due to the fact that there are relatively few women mayors and incumbents.


Gert-Jan Put
Gert-Jan Put is als aspirant van het FWO verbonden aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de KULeuven. Hij bereidt een proefschrift voor over de geografische strategie van partijen bij verkiezingen.

Bart Maddens
Bart Maddens is hoogleraar aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de KULeuven. Hij doet onderzoek over partij- en campagnefinanciering en politieke partijen in multilevelsystemen.
Article

Vertegenwoordiging van oude en nieuwe breuklijnen in de Lage Landen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden group representation, members of parliament, Low Countries, class, gender, ethnicity
Auteurs Karen Celis en Bram Wauters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates whether group-based politics is still relevant in Belgian and Dutch politics. Based on the PARTIREP MP Survey it more precisely studies the extent to which Belgian and Dutch parliamentarians in comparison to other European countries attach importance to the representation of ‘old’ cleavage groups (class and religious groups) or new groups (age groups, women and ethnic minorities), and which strategies are considered most appropriate. Group representation of old and new groups is found to be of great importance in both countries. Class is not dead and age groups are also highly represented. In contrast, religious groups and ethnic minorities receive far less attention in the Low Countries. Notwithstanding these similarities, there is also cross-country variation regarding the level of importance (greater in the Netherlands), the represented groups and the strategies for representation.


Karen Celis
Karen Celis is als onderzoeksprofessor verbonden aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Zij verricht onderzoek naar de politieke representatie van groepen (vrouwen, etnische minderheden, LBGT, leeftijdsgroepen en sociale klassen).

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is docent aan de Faculteit Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent en gastdocent aan de Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoek gaat over politieke vertegenwoordiging, electorale systemen en politieke partijen.
Artikel

De wedergeboorte van de fact-free politics

Pim Fortuyn en de nieuwe tegencultuur (2002-2012)

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden politieke cultuur, Pim Fortuyn, fact-free politics, personalisering, anti-establishment ressentiment
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dick Houtman, Dr. Peter Achterberg en Roy Kemmers Msc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper we analyze Fortuyn’s political inheritance in the Netherlands. Going beyond the mere electoral popularity of his neo-rightist successors, we analyze the changing political culture since Fortuyn entered the political stage. More specifically we show that his ideological beliefs – Fortuyn voiced an unprecedented combination of liberal views towards homosexuals and gender equality with critical views pertaining to immigration, and he was critical of political and administrative elites – caught on in current Dutch politics. Moreover, his highly personal communicative style, placing him outside the inner circle of Dutch politics underscoring his adversity to these political elites, also caught on in mainstream political campaigning. This new personal style, however, did not mean a demise of ideology. On the contrary, Fortuyn actively tried to appeal to the electorate with ideals and ideology – hence marking the rebirth of the so-called ‘fact-free politics’ after the de-ideologized purple governments in the Netherlands. Since Fortuyn, mainly parties on the right side of the political spectrum have followed this path of re-ideologization. The paper ends with a comparison of the counterculture originating in the 1960s and post-Fortuyn right-wing politics, which surprisingly shows great continuity. We therefore argue that we are currently witnessing a veritable counterculture 2.0.


Prof. dr. Dick Houtman
Dick Houtman is hoogleraar cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. D. Houtman, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam. www.dickhoutman.nl. houtman@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Peter Achterberg
Peter Achterberg is universitair hoofddocent cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P. Achterberg, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam www.peterachterberg.com. achterberg@fsw.eur.nl.

Roy Kemmers Msc.
Roy Kemmers is promovendus cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: R. Kemmers, Msc., Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam. kemmers@fsw.eur.nl.
Article

Is gender bias een mythe?

Op zoek naar verklaringen voor de beperkte aanwezigheid van vrouwelijke politici in het Vlaamse televisienieuws

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden gender, mediated politics, news coverage, journalism, television news, Flanders
Auteurs Debby Vos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study analyses the news coverage of female politicians in Flanders (Belgium). We investigate whether the deficiency of media attention for female politicians is due to structural factors or whether the news media themselves create a gender bias. For this purpose, we examine eleven possible explanations for the gender bias. On one hand the characteristics of the politicians, such as their function, can influence their news exposure and on the other hand the features of the news media, such as the broadcasting station, can be of importance. Overall, our evidence suggests that mainly the function determines the news exposure of female politicians and not their gender. Nevertheless, female politicians still get less speaking time, even when controlling for all other variables. We can conclude that a real gender bias exists in the Flemish television news: journalists and editors give significantly less attention to female politicians compared to their male colleagues.


Debby Vos
Debby Vos is als doctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep Media, Middenveld en Politiek (M2P) binnen de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zij doet onderzoek naar de media-aandacht die politici krijgen en de determinanten daarvan.
Article

Waar en wanneer spreken mannen en vrouwen over politiek?

De sekseverschillen in politieke discussie in hun sociale en politieke context

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden deliberative democracy, political talk, gender differences, Belgium
Auteurs Didier Caluwaerts
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deliberative democrats claim that political deliberation among citizens increases the legitimacy of and support for democratic decision-making. The question is, however, whether deliberative democracy can realize its added value in the real world of politics where political discussion is characterized by persisting inequalities. This paper tries to contextualize the gender gap in political talk by taking into account the social (i.e., discussion networks) and political context (i.e., campaign effects) in which political debate takes place. Based on previous research we argue that women prefer to discuss politics in relatively like-minded, cohesive networks, while men prefer more confrontational networks. Moreover, we expect the gender gap to depend on the electoral context, in that the gender gap disappears in later campaign phases. These two arguments were tested and confirmed using data gathered in the Partirep Regional Election Survey in 2009.


Didier Caluwaerts
Didier Caluwaerts is postdoctoraal onderzoeker in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de VUB. Zijn onderzoek gaat over deliberatieve democratie in diep verdeelde samenlevingen.

Petra Debusscher
Petra Debusscher is postdoctoraal onderzoeker van het Bijzonder Onderzoeksfonds. Zij is verbonden aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies van de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent. Haar onderzoek richt zich op gendergelijkheid in het beleid van de Europese Unie.
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