Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

De investeringsstaat en het verdelingsvraagstuk: waarom is de armoede niet gedaald?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden welfare state, poverty, inequality, new social risks, labour market, income protection
Auteurs Bea Cantillon en Wim Van Lancker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past decades, employment and incomes were on the rise, social spending remained high while passive welfare states were progressively transformed into so-called ‘investment states’. Despite these favourable conditions, however, contemporary welfare states did not succeed in reducing poverty and inequality. What lies beneath the disquieting poverty standstill and how did welfare states miss this ‘window of opportunity’? In this article, we aim to shed more light on this question. We identify three structural trends behind the poverty standstill: rising employment has benefited workless households only partially; income protection for the working-age population out of work has become less adequate; social policies and, more generally, social redistribution have become less pro-poor. In other words, the reorientation of social expenditures to the employed occurred at the expense of those at risk in the labour market. The success of future poverty-reducing strategies will depend on the way policies aimed at labour market inclusion will be implemented and the emphasis on redistributive policies.


Bea Cantillon
Bea Cantillon is directeur van het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. B. Cantillon, Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck, Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen, Sint-Jacobstraat 2 - B-2000 Antwerpen, bea.cantillon@ua.ac.be.

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: Wim Van Lancker, Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck, Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen, Sint-Jacobstraat 2 - B-2000 Antwerpen, wim.vanlancker@ua.ac.be.
Artikel

Allochtoon als metafoor en categorie

Over de handelingsimplicaties van beleidstaal

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden category making, administrative practices, migrants, integration policy, race/ethnicity
Auteurs Marleen van der Haar en Dvora Yanow
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper offers a critical empirical analysis of the policy terms ‘allochtoon’ and ‘autochtoon’, which have been used in Dutch public policy and administrative practices in recent years, as well as in general public discourse, to distinguish between people with a migrant background and those with a so-called native background on the basis of birthplace. Taking an interpretive policy analysis perspective, we present metaphor and category analyses to show the determining role that ‘place of origin’ has in the policy terms. The analysis includes a historical contextualization of the categories within Dutch policy discourse. The metaphor analysis focuses on the etymology of the terms, and the category analysis examines the taxonomy used by Statistics Netherlands since 1999. The role of ‘place’, and in particular country or land of birth, in these etymologies and taxonomies link to elements from ancient racial thinking, showing that ‘birthplace’ is a surrogate for race in this policy discourse. The analysis leads us to argue that the terms are inherently exclusive and that the exclusive work that the essentialist categories do is in marked contrast to the policy goal of integration.


Marleen van der Haar
Marleen van der Haar is postdoc onderzoeker en docent aan het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M. van der Haar, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, afdeling Politicologie, Thomas van Aquinostraat 5.1.32, 6500 HK Nijmegen, m.vanderhaar@fm.ru.nl.

Dvora Yanow
Dvora Yanow is visiting professor aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Casus

Een democratie kan niet zonder onderwijs

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, educational theory
Auteurs Sjoerd Karsten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Karsten replies to this position from a perspective of educational theory.


Sjoerd Karsten
Sjoerd Karsten is bijzonder hoogleraar beleid en organisatie van beroepsonderwijs en volwasseneneducatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en gasthoogleraar onderwijsvernieuwing en -samenwerking aan de Universiteit van Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. S. Karsten, S.Karsten@uva.nl.
Artikel

Gelijkheid of economische groei?

Interpretatieve frames in het emancipatiebeleid tussen 1992 en 2007

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden frame, narrative, numerical metaphor, emancipation policy, economization
Auteurs Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld en Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A post-positivistic view on policy analysis is increasingly accepted within mainstream policy analysis. Post-positivistic policy analysis is a term for a broad range of analytical approaches in the field of policy analysis, which seeks to move beyond an ‘objectivist’ conception of reality. Scholars working within this field primarily object to the positivistic claim that policy problems can be approached in a technocratic, pure empiricist way. According to them, policy problems are constructed within policy narratives and frames. However, the exact relation between frames, narratives, problems, the use of data, values and ideas are connected remains unclear. This contribution follows Brandwein (2006) who proposes to separate baseline categories of thought, such as values and assumptions from their interpretative products such as narratives and problems. Together, these elements form the interpretative frame in which certain aspects of a policy problem is highlighted while other features are ignored. The authors extend Brandwein’s model as they add an extra element to the interpretative product, that is the use of numbers in policy texts. On this model they render an important shift within Dutch emancipation policy – from a concern for equal distribution of care task and paid labor to an exclusive focus on the growth of women labor participation – more intelligible.


Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld
Anja Eleveld is promovenda binnen het project Hervorming sociale zekerheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: mr. drs. A. Eleveld, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling sociaal recht, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, a.eleveld@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
Maroesjka Versantvoort is gastonderzoeker aan de Universiteit Leiden en senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. ir. M.C. Versantvoort, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Afdeling Economie, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, M.Versantvoort@scp.nl.
Artikel

Bewonersinitiatieven: partnerschap tussen burgers en overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden citizen’s initiatives, activation policy, representativeness, partnership relation, competences
Auteurs Dr. Imrat Verhoeven en Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Dutch welfare state has invested substantial sums of money in activation of citizen’s initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods. As a policy concept citizen’s initiatives refers to enhancements by citizens to the quality of life in their neighbourhood. Is this activation policy productive or counterproductive for citizen participation? This question is answered by analyzing the representativeness of the activated citizens, the nature of their initiatives, the type of relations they develop with institutions, and whether they develop more competences due to their initiative(s). Our findings indicate that the activated citizens are more often female, below 50, lower educated, and 40 percent is migrant, which makes them more representative than the participation elite (male, 50+, white, and higher educated). They form a new vanguard that activates many participants through initiatives that focus on connecting people and on social problems such as anonymity, isolation and nuisance. Many contacts with professionals contribute for them to a partnership relation geared toward cooperation instead of consumerism or dissatisfaction. Also these citizens develop democratic, bureaucratic and social competences as well as social reflexivity and empathy for other citizens and institutions. We conclude that activation of citizen’s initiatives has positive effects on citizen participation.


Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.

Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is hoogleraar actief burgerschap aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E. Tonkens, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e.h.tonkens@uva.nl.
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