Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Boekbespreking

De rechtsstaat: Terug op de bestuurskundige agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden rule of law, constitutionalism, administrative law
Auteurs Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There seems to be a contradiction between what is happening in public administration discipline and public administration practice. Whereas public administration discipline and law largely separated during the past decades public administration practice and law have converged. Recently three books have been published which emphasize the importance of the rule of law as an explanatory variable for public administration's design and behavior. In this review essay these books are discussed from a public administration theory perspective. The point of departure of the authors substantially differs. Beckett (‘Public Management and the Rule of Law’, 2010) focuses on the rule of law, Cooper (‘Public Law & Public Administration’, 2007) and Rosenbloom, O'Leary & Chanin (‘Public Administration and Law’, 2010) aim at constitutionalizing public administration. The rule of law and the constitution prove to be shaky grounds for a public administration theory. In general constitutional competence may be important for public managers and professionals, but what it means for everyday practices is not easy to establish. The authors therefore extensively describe American public law, emphasizing the constitutional constraints and general administrative law. With these books the authors provide excellent building blocks for a comparative approach of the rule of law from a public administration perspective. The aim of such an approach would be to discover patterns between legal and constitutional designs on the one hand and everyday administrative practices on the other hand.


Stavros Zouridis
Prof. mr. dr S. Zouridis is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

EU-besluitvorming en internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Een principaal-agentperspectief op het intern functioneren van de Europese Unie tijdens multilaterale milieuonderhandelingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden control, cooperation, European Union, international environmental negotiations, principal-agent
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses how the European Union functions internally when it participates in international environmental negotiations. It examines the relations between, on the one hand, the European member states and, on the other hand, the EU negotiator who represents the member states around the international negotiation table. Applying a principal-agent model, this article demonstrates, first, that the member states are able to control their negotiator and the way the latter negotiates internationally through the so-called ad locum control mechanisms, being the on the spot EU coordination meetings and the ability of the member states to attend the international negotiations. Second, this article argues that these institutional structures not only have a control function, but also a cooperation function. Finally, the analysis shows that the EU decision-making processes with regard to international environmental negotiations are not only characterized by the principals controlling their agent, but also by the agent keeping its principals under control.


Tom Delreux
Dr T. Delreux is verbonden aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en heeft in 2008 de Van Poeljeprijs gewonnen voor het onderzoek dat aan dit artikel ten grondslag ligt.
Article

Samen naar de kiezer

De vorming van pre-electorale allianties tussen CD&V en N-VA en tussen SP.a en Groen! bij de gemeenteraadsverkiezingen van 2006

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden political parties, pre-electoral alliances, party strategies, local politics
Auteurs Tom Verthé en Kris Deschouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Political parties normally compete in elections individually. Yet, sometimes they join forces and form pre-electoral alliances. This rather unusual strategy contains both costs and benefits. In this article we try to identify those costs and benefits by opening up the black box of internal party decision making in considering pre-electoral alliance formation. We start by assuming that parties of different electoral sizes could have different motives to face the voter as one electoral list. Through in-depth interviews at the local level in Flanders, we have studied pre-electoral alliance formation for the municipal elections in 2006. We find that the arguments of large parties mainly focus on becoming the leading formation and thus claiming the initiative in coalition formation. Small parties have more varied motives for forming or failing to form a pre-electoral alliance.


Tom Verthé
Tom Verthé is aspirant van het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen en doctoraatsstudent in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij werkt over politieke partijen en verkiezingen en in het bijzonder over preelectorale alliantievorming.

Kris Deschouwer
Kris Deschouwer is onderzoeksprofessor in de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij werkt over politieke partijen, verkiezingen, federalisme en regionalisme en politieke besluitvorming in verdeelde samenlevingen.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in governance netwerken

Een empirische studie naar het belang van vertrouwen voor het boeken van resultaten in governance netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden governance networks, trust, policy outcomes, environmental policy
Auteurs Jurian Edelenbos, Erik-Hans Klijn en Bram Steijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governance networks are characterized by complex interaction and decision making, and much uncertainty. Surprisingly, there is very little research on the impact of trust in achieving results in governance networks. This article asks two questions: (a) Does trust influence the outcomes of environmental projects? and (b) Does active network management improve the level of trust in networks? The study is based on a web-based survey of respondents involved in environmental projects. The results indicate that trust does matter for perceived outcomes and that network management strategies enhance the level of trust.


Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Erik-Hans Klijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Bram Steijn
Prof. dr J. Edelenbos, prof. dr E.-H. Klijn en prof. dr. A.J. Steijn zijn verbonden aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Article

De verrassend effectieve interne coördinatie van het Belgisch Voorzitterschap van 2010

Algemene analyse en toepassing op de casus Milieubeleid

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Belgium, EU environmental policy, rotating Presidency of the Council, Treaty of Lisbon
Auteurs Ferdi De Ville, David Criekemans en Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article analyses the internal coordination between the federal government, the Regions and the Communities in Belgium before and during the 2010 Belgian Presidency of the Council of Ministers. It starts from the observation that the absence of a federal government with full powers, the global financial-economic crisis as well as Belgium’s complex multi-level structure have, counterintuitively, not led to an ineffective internal coordination process. Based on interviews with people who were closely involved in the Belgian Presidency team, the article explains the effectiveness of the internal coordination by arguing that, on the one hand, the detailed and inclusive coordination before the Presidency semester has generated a culture of responsibility and joint ownership among the officials and diplomats and, on the other hand, the Belgian Presidency limited its role to being a facilitator of the European decision-making process in function of the rolling agenda of the Commission and the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty. Empirically illustrating these arguments with insights from the internal coordination in the environmental domain, this article demonstrates that an effective internal coordination, even in a difficult political context, can contribute to a successful Presidency.


Ferdi De Ville
Ferdi De Ville is wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Steunpunt Buitenlands Beleid en aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies van de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op Europees Handelsbeleid en de verhouding ervan tot het interne marktbeleid van de EU in het bijzonder.

David Criekemans
David Criekemans is senior onderzoeker Europese en Mondiale Verhoudingen aan het Steunpunt Buitenlands Beleid en gastprofessor Belgisch en Vergelijkend Buitenlands Beleid aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij doceert tevens aan het International Centre for Geopolitical Studies (ICGS) in Genève (Zwitserland). Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de buitenlandse betrekkingen van regio’s en kleine staten in vergelijkend perspectief, geopolitieke analyse (zowel theoretisch als toegepast) en de geopolitiek van energie (zowel conventioneel als hernieuwbaar). Hij is editor van Regional Sub-State Diplomacy Today (Martinus Nijhoff, 2010).

Tom Delreux
Tom Delreux is docent politieke wetenschappen aan het Institut de sciences politiques Louvain-Europe (ISPOLE) van de Université Catholique de Louvain. Zijn onderzoek richt zich in de eerste plaats op Europees milieubeleid en de EU als internationale actor. Hij is onder andere auteur van het recent verschenen The EU as International Environmental Negotiator (Ashgate, 2011).
Article

Weinig speelruimte, onmiskenbare invloed: het Belgisch EU-Voorzitterschap en de Europese sociale agenda

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden EU Presidency, Belgium, social policy, agenda-shaping, influence
Auteurs Olivier Pintelon en Wim Van Lancker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, Belgian EU Presidencies are characterized by an ambitious social agenda. It is, however, unclear to what extent these ambitions are translated into real policy accomplishments. In this article we aim to disentangle the genuine influence of the Belgian 2010 EU Presidency on the European social policy agenda by applying the agenda-shaping framework developed by Jonas Tallberg. Making use of elite interviews and by studying policy documents, we reach a twofold conclusion. First of all, the Belgian Presidency has left its footprints in some specific social policy topics, especially with regard to social impact assessment and child poverty. However, – in line with theoretical expectations – agenda-setting initiatives were less successful than agenda-structuring techniques. Secondly, our findings also shed preliminary light on the determinants of Presidency influence as identified by Simone Bunse. We find that the Belgian social ambitions were curtailed by political and economic constraints, policy preferences in the Council, the difficult inter-institutional dialogue (especially with the European Commission), and the limited Presidency skills of certain Belgian policy actors.


Olivier Pintelon
Olivier Pintelon is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck (CSB) van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek handelt over het verdelingsvraagstuk in de welvaartstaat, met bijzondere aandacht voor armoede en inkomensongelijkheid.

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck (CSB) van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de sociale verdeling van gezinsbeleid (kinderbijslag, ouderschapsverlof en kinderopvang) in een Europees vergelijkende context en de relatie van gezinsbeleid met armoede, ongelijkheid en vrouwelijke arbeidsmarktparticipatie.
Artikel

De democratische waarde van burgerparticipatie: Interactief bestuur en deliberatieve fora1

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Citizen participation, democracy, democratic innovations, participatory governance, deliberative forums
Auteurs Ank Michels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whilst embedding democratic innovations that increase and deepen citizen participation in decision making now is a common policy of governments in many countries, and theorists in democratic theory also tend to emphasize how good citizen participation is to democracy, the empirical evaluation of democratic innovations is still a rather unexplored area of research.

    This article evaluates two types of democratic innovations, participatory governance and deliberative forums in the Netherlands and a large number of other Western countries. The findings show, for both types of innovation, that citizen participation contributes to the quality of democracy in several ways. The analysis also makes it clear that different designs produce different democratic effects, which also reflects tensions between democratic values; participatory governance projects are better at giving citizens influence, whereas deliberative forums appear to be better at promoting the exchange of arguments. Also, whereas cases of participatory governance are more open than deliberative forums, representation is higher for the deliberative type of cases. As a consequence politicians and policy makers can have a major impact on democracy; by choosing for a specific design of citizen participation they may encourage certain aspects of democracy more than others.


Ank Michels
Dr A.M.B. Michels is universitair docent bij het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Verantwoordelijke vrijheid: responsabilisering van burgers op voorwaarden van de staat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden governance, responsibilisation, political discourse, politics, public administration
Auteurs Rik Peeters en Gerard Drosterij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Behind many notions of ‘governance’, there lies the image of a ‘modest’ or ‘retreating’ state. The assumption is that local and national authorities can only perform effectively if in cooperation with other public and private actors. Generally, it is said, governments increasingly lack the legitimacy for top-down interventions and hence the need of including participative citizen involvement in policy making and implementation. In recent years this democratic image has been disputed in scientific debates because of its lack of attention for new forms of interventionism by the state in societal processes, e.g. crime, youth care, immigration and integration. In this article, we aim to contribute to this other understanding of modern governance by analysing Dutch political discourse between 2001 and 2010 on (implicit) notions of the role and responsibility of the state. We show how the idea of ‘responsibilisation’ of citizens is turned into an argument for more instead of less state involvement in societal processes and citizens’ lives. By emphasizing ‘shared responsibilities’ between government and society, a tricky picture of parity is sketched of this relation. Dutch government presents itself as ‘an ally’ of citizens in fighting pressing social problems, but in the meantime an ideal of ‘responsible behaviour’ is constructed, namely, citizen behaviour in concordance with government’s policy ambitions. Within this political discourse, the socio-liberal idea of ‘responsibility’ turns into ‘responsibilisation on government’s terms’ and ‘irresponsible’ behaviour becomes a legitimate focal point for deep state interventions through techniques of governance.


Rik Peeters
Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Correspondentiegegevens: drs. R. Peeters, Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Lange Voorhout 17, 2514 EB Den Haag, peeters@nsob.nl.

Gerard Drosterij
Gerard Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Artikel

Gelijkheid of economische groei?

Interpretatieve frames in het emancipatiebeleid tussen 1992 en 2007

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden frame, narrative, numerical metaphor, emancipation policy, economization
Auteurs Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld en Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A post-positivistic view on policy analysis is increasingly accepted within mainstream policy analysis. Post-positivistic policy analysis is a term for a broad range of analytical approaches in the field of policy analysis, which seeks to move beyond an ‘objectivist’ conception of reality. Scholars working within this field primarily object to the positivistic claim that policy problems can be approached in a technocratic, pure empiricist way. According to them, policy problems are constructed within policy narratives and frames. However, the exact relation between frames, narratives, problems, the use of data, values and ideas are connected remains unclear. This contribution follows Brandwein (2006) who proposes to separate baseline categories of thought, such as values and assumptions from their interpretative products such as narratives and problems. Together, these elements form the interpretative frame in which certain aspects of a policy problem is highlighted while other features are ignored. The authors extend Brandwein’s model as they add an extra element to the interpretative product, that is the use of numbers in policy texts. On this model they render an important shift within Dutch emancipation policy – from a concern for equal distribution of care task and paid labor to an exclusive focus on the growth of women labor participation – more intelligible.


Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld
Anja Eleveld is promovenda binnen het project Hervorming sociale zekerheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: mr. drs. A. Eleveld, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling sociaal recht, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, a.eleveld@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
Maroesjka Versantvoort is gastonderzoeker aan de Universiteit Leiden en senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. ir. M.C. Versantvoort, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Afdeling Economie, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, M.Versantvoort@scp.nl.
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