Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Jaar 2012 x
Article

Het democratisch mandaat van Nederlandse politieke partijen: crisis of continuïteit?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden party mandate, political representation, political parties, Dutch national elections, parliamentary behaviour
Auteurs Tom Louwerse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the extent to which Dutch political parties fulfil their electoral mandates. The central question is how collective mandate fulfilment has developed over the last sixty years. Increasing electoral volatility, changes in party organizations and the rise of populist parties could have resulted in a decrease of party mandate fulfilment. Contrary to previous studies, this article studies the mandate in terms of congruence between the electoral and parliamentary party competition. This allows for the study of opposition parties’ mandate fulfilment. Election manifestos and parliamentary debates are studied for six elections and the subsequent parliaments (between 1950-2006). The structure of the party competition is rather congruent before and after elections for all of the cases, except 1972-1977. There is no evidence for a decline of the degree to which parties collectively fulfil their electoral mandates.


Tom Louwerse
Tom Louwerse is als postdoctoraal onderzoeker en docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn onderzoek richt zich voornamelijk op politieke representatie, politieke partijen en het parlement.
Article

Ontzuiling van kiesgedrag. Een proces van generationele vervanging gedreven door cognitieve mobilisatie?

Een age-period-cohort-analyse van stemmen voor CDA en PvdA in Nederland, 1971-2010

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden generational replacement, age-period-cohort-analysis, composition effects, cognitive mobilization, the Netherlands, cleavage voting
Auteurs Ruth Dassonneville
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Electoral behavior has changed considerably over the last few decades. The Netherlands are exemplary of how the cleavage structure has waned and how this has led to a weakening of the bonds between parties and voters and to higher levels of electoral volatility. Christian democratic and social democratic parties are most affected by these changes, because of their strong roots in the cleavage structure. The alterations in electoral behavior are generally assumed to be evolving gradually through a process of generational replacement. Composition effects on the one hand and a weakening of the impact of socio-structural factors, partly caused by cognitive mobilization on the other hand are considered to be the mechanisms behind this generational change. This paper tests these assumptions with regard to the Netherlands on the basis of the Dutch Parliamentary Election Surveys, 1971-2010. The findings indicate that while some variation between different birth cohorts is visible, most of the differences in voting for both of these parties, however, are situated at the level of election years. Furthermore, with regard to what drives change over time, the analyses indicate that while composition effects and changes in the effects of socio-structural variables are of some importance, cognitive mobilization is not causing the change observed.


Ruth Dassonneville
Ruth Dassonneville is als aspirant van het FWO verbonden aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de KULeuven. Ze bereidt een proefschrift voor over electorale volatiliteit in West-Europa.
Artikel

De wedergeboorte van de fact-free politics

Pim Fortuyn en de nieuwe tegencultuur (2002-2012)

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden politieke cultuur, Pim Fortuyn, fact-free politics, personalisering, anti-establishment ressentiment
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dick Houtman, Dr. Peter Achterberg en Roy Kemmers Msc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper we analyze Fortuyn’s political inheritance in the Netherlands. Going beyond the mere electoral popularity of his neo-rightist successors, we analyze the changing political culture since Fortuyn entered the political stage. More specifically we show that his ideological beliefs – Fortuyn voiced an unprecedented combination of liberal views towards homosexuals and gender equality with critical views pertaining to immigration, and he was critical of political and administrative elites – caught on in current Dutch politics. Moreover, his highly personal communicative style, placing him outside the inner circle of Dutch politics underscoring his adversity to these political elites, also caught on in mainstream political campaigning. This new personal style, however, did not mean a demise of ideology. On the contrary, Fortuyn actively tried to appeal to the electorate with ideals and ideology – hence marking the rebirth of the so-called ‘fact-free politics’ after the de-ideologized purple governments in the Netherlands. Since Fortuyn, mainly parties on the right side of the political spectrum have followed this path of re-ideologization. The paper ends with a comparison of the counterculture originating in the 1960s and post-Fortuyn right-wing politics, which surprisingly shows great continuity. We therefore argue that we are currently witnessing a veritable counterculture 2.0.


Prof. dr. Dick Houtman
Dick Houtman is hoogleraar cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. D. Houtman, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam. www.dickhoutman.nl. houtman@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Peter Achterberg
Peter Achterberg is universitair hoofddocent cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P. Achterberg, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam www.peterachterberg.com. achterberg@fsw.eur.nl.

Roy Kemmers Msc.
Roy Kemmers is promovendus cultuursociologie aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS), Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: R. Kemmers, Msc., Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam. kemmers@fsw.eur.nl.
Artikel

Kieskeurige kiezers

Een panelstudie naar de veranderlijkheid van partijvoorkeuren

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden electoral volatility, party preference, voters, party system, consistency
Auteurs Dr. Tom van der Meer, E.J. Erika van Elsas MA MSc, Rozemarijn Lubbe BA e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch electorate is the most volatile of Western Europe. At its height in 2002 more than 30 percent of the seats in the Dutch Lower House changed to another party. But what does the increased electoral volatility mean? Are volatile voters whimsical, behaving randomly like drift-sand? Or are volatile voters emancipated, no longer committed to a single political party but still loyal to their own preferences?We answer these questions by analysing the 1VOP panel data set, which covers 55.847 adult respondents who participated in at least 2 of the 58 waves between November 2006 and June 2010.First, we assess the presence, frequency, and direction of changes in voters’ party preferences. More than half of the respondents (52 percent) changed party preference at least once. However, they mostly stick to one of two ideologically coherent party blocks.Second, we explain why some voters are more likely to change party preference than others. Especially middle groups are volatile: people with modal income and average levels of education, and people who position themselves in the political center. However, the lower educated are more likely to switch between dissimilar parties. These findings support the view that increased volatility reflects voter emancipation.


Dr. Tom van der Meer
Dr. T.W.G. van der Meer is universitair docent verbonden aan de vakgroep Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. T.W.G. van der Meer, vakgroep Politicologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam. t.w.g.vandermeer@uva.nl.

E.J. Erika van Elsas MA MSc
E.J. van Elsas, MA MSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan de vakgroep Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: E.J. van Elsas, vakgroep Politicologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam.

Rozemarijn Lubbe BA
R.E. Lubbe, BA is als junior docent verbonden aan het departement Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: R. Lubbe, departement Politieke Wetenschap, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden.

Prof. dr. Wouter van der Brug
Prof. dr. W. van der Brug is hoogleraar Algemene Politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: W. van der Brug, vakgroep Politicologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam.
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