Zoekresultaat: 2 artikelen

Jaar 2004 x

    In managing new cleavages between conflicting values (such as materialism and post-materialism), we cannot simply fall back on a classical approach to cleavage management. The segments surrounding the new cleavage are clearly more fluid than those surrounding the religious or socio-economic cleavages from consociationalism and neo-corporatism, such as is rightly emphasised in the network approach. In the conflict between the materialist and post-materialist value pattern, representation logic is not a given certainty. Not only the facts, but also the negotiating players and the decision-making arenas are the subject of negotiation and strategic action. This is reflected in the new forms of consultation politics. Similarly, consensus formation cannot make do with the (party) political integration of the segments because, given the conditions of post-materialism, this integration can only be partial. It seems important in the new cleavage management to devote attention to the existence of several arenas in which political interests are weighed up. For the players involved in a particular policy issue, this means the lure of strategic forum shopping and thus complication of the conflict-resolving ability of each of the forums.

Johan Weggeman
Johan Weggeman is verbonden aan de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij studeerde politicologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en promoveerde als bestuurskundige aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. De titel van zijn proefschrift luidt Controversiƫle Besluitvorming (Lemma 2003). Adres: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, opleiding bestuurskunde, postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, tel: 010 4082635, e-mail: weggeman@fsw.eur.nl

Alternatieve consumptie als vorm van politieke participatie?

Een onderzoek naar de politieke motivatie voor het lidmaatschap van Voedselteams in Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2004
Auteurs Marleen Baetens en Marc Hooghe

    Despite the fact that various authors have expressed concern about a general decline of civic engagement in Western societies, other indicators portray a transition from traditional and formal participation formats to more informal participation forms. This replacement thesis, however, entails the question whether these new forms can still be regarded as a form of political participation. The Alternative Food Circles in Belgium can be considered as a typical grass-roots example of 'political consumerism', which is portrayed as a contemporary alternative for institutionalised politics. In a member survey, 163 members of the Circles were questioned about their motives to participate. They clearly paid little attention to influencing the political system, but notions of solidarity and social change were clearl y present. This form of political consumerism therefore cannot be considered a full form of political participation (using an institutionalist definition of 'politics'), but it clearly is a form of 'life style politics' (Giddens).

Marleen Baetens

Marc Hooghe
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