Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, responsive government, government-citizen interaction
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New means of communication, especially social media, dramatically alter the relationship between citizens and government. The internet is a platform for political discourse now in which citizens not only interact with governments but often play a leading role. This demands of government to learn how to act in a more responsive fashion. In this issue, we focus on the practical effects of web 2.0 for various governmental organizations and draw up a research agenda.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en program maleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Discussie

Vergeet niet hoe activistisch bestuur met identiteit omgaat bij bestuurlijke herindeling

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden discussion, administrative rearrangement processes
Auteurs Imrat Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regional or local identities are an important factor to take into account in administrative rearrangement processes, as Evert Meijers rightly argues. But if one does so, it’s very important to analyse how public authorities deal with such identities and identifications. In The Netherlands many instances can be found were at least one public authority becomes activistic and tries to mobilize the public against rearrangement plans. This very often happens throughout processes of municipal amalgamation. Activistic public authorities can bring historically formed and often still cultivated local identities into play as being threatened by the plans. By doing so, citizens can identify with the ‘we’ of the local community against ‘them’ of another community. Another antithesis can develop in how the plans are being framed: ‘we’ who will suffer because of ‘their’ bad plans. Finally, the political performance of proponents may be critiqued, thus evoking identifications with ‘we’ who are treated undemocratically against ‘them’ who are unreliable. This appeal to identities and identifications by activistic public authorities provides powerful impediments for successful administrative rearrangement. Prevention of such activism thus seems to be a very important requirement.


Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is als postdoc onderzoeker verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is tevens redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. I. Verhoeven, Universiteit van Amsterdam, faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.
Artikel

Sluipend kwaliteitsverlies in de geestelijke gezondheidszorg

Professionals over de gevolgen van marktwerking

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden mental health care, marketization, Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG’s), policy implementation, professionalism
Auteurs Nienke van Sambeek, Evelien Tonkens en Christian Bröer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to facilitate the creation of a regulated market, Diagnostic Treatment Combinations (DBC’s in Dutch) have been introduced in Dutch mental health care in 2008. DBC’s are developed to distinguish and price the ‘products’ of health care, in order to make comparison and competition between health care providers possible. In this qualitative study we analyzed mental health care professionals experiences with the DBC-system. We focused on two questions: (1) what does the DBC-system and the related introduction of marketization of mental health care mean for professionals? and (2) how do professionals cope with the DBC-system in their daily practices? We found that the logics of the market and bureaucracy, both incorporated in the DBC-system, often conflicted with the values and ethics of mental health care professionals. Mental health professionals experience deterioration of professionalism and quality of care. They were coping with conflicting values by non-compliance with rules and pragmatic use of the DBC-system. It is argued that the efforts of professionals to protect the quality of their work might actually lead to invisibility of the problems they encounter, which reinforces the policy they criticize.


Nienke van Sambeek
Nienke van Sambeek is psycholoog bij de Psychologische Praktijk Putten.

Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en toezichthouder GGZ centraal. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens, Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, St. Actief burgerschap, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, E.H.Tonkens@uva.nl.

Christian Bröer
Christian Bröer is universitair docent sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Casus

De complexe relatie tussen diplomademocratie en populisme

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, political science
Auteurs Sarah L. de Lange
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. De Lange replies to this position from a perspective of political science.


Sarah L. de Lange
Sarah de Lange is UD politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Sarah L. de Lange, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Department of Political Science, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam, s.l.delange@uva.nl.
Artikel

Bewonersinitiatieven: partnerschap tussen burgers en overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden citizen’s initiatives, activation policy, representativeness, partnership relation, competences
Auteurs Dr. Imrat Verhoeven en Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Dutch welfare state has invested substantial sums of money in activation of citizen’s initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods. As a policy concept citizen’s initiatives refers to enhancements by citizens to the quality of life in their neighbourhood. Is this activation policy productive or counterproductive for citizen participation? This question is answered by analyzing the representativeness of the activated citizens, the nature of their initiatives, the type of relations they develop with institutions, and whether they develop more competences due to their initiative(s). Our findings indicate that the activated citizens are more often female, below 50, lower educated, and 40 percent is migrant, which makes them more representative than the participation elite (male, 50+, white, and higher educated). They form a new vanguard that activates many participants through initiatives that focus on connecting people and on social problems such as anonymity, isolation and nuisance. Many contacts with professionals contribute for them to a partnership relation geared toward cooperation instead of consumerism or dissatisfaction. Also these citizens develop democratic, bureaucratic and social competences as well as social reflexivity and empathy for other citizens and institutions. We conclude that activation of citizen’s initiatives has positive effects on citizen participation.


Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.

Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is hoogleraar actief burgerschap aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E. Tonkens, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e.h.tonkens@uva.nl.
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