Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

Jaar 2004 x

    Cities and regions have long captured the imagination of sociologists, economists, and urbanists. From Alfred Marshall to Robert Park and Jane Jacobs, cities have been seen as cauldrons of diversity and difference and as fonts for creativity and innovation. Yet until recently, social scientists concerned with regional growth and development have focused mainly on the role of firms in cities, and particularly on how these firms make location decisions and to what extent they concentrate together in agglomerations or clusters. This short article summarizes recent advances in our thinking about cities and communities, and does so particularly in light of themes advanced in my recently published book, The Rise of the Creative Class, which focuses on diversity and creativity as basic drivers of innovation and regional and national growth. This line of work further suggests the need for some conceptual refocusing and broadening to account for the location decisions of people as opposed to those of firms as sources of regional and national economic growth. In doing so, this article hopes to spur wider commentary and debate on the critical functions of cities and regions in 21st century creative capitalism.

Richard Florida
Copyright 2004, Richard Florida. Dit artikel wordt gepubliceerd in overeenstemming met Susan Schulman, A Literary Agency, New York. Adres: H. John Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, 4800 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburg, PA 15213, Verenigde Staten, e-mail: florida@cmu.edu

    In managing new cleavages between conflicting values (such as materialism and post-materialism), we cannot simply fall back on a classical approach to cleavage management. The segments surrounding the new cleavage are clearly more fluid than those surrounding the religious or socio-economic cleavages from consociationalism and neo-corporatism, such as is rightly emphasised in the network approach. In the conflict between the materialist and post-materialist value pattern, representation logic is not a given certainty. Not only the facts, but also the negotiating players and the decision-making arenas are the subject of negotiation and strategic action. This is reflected in the new forms of consultation politics. Similarly, consensus formation cannot make do with the (party) political integration of the segments because, given the conditions of post-materialism, this integration can only be partial. It seems important in the new cleavage management to devote attention to the existence of several arenas in which political interests are weighed up. For the players involved in a particular policy issue, this means the lure of strategic forum shopping and thus complication of the conflict-resolving ability of each of the forums.

Johan Weggeman
Johan Weggeman is verbonden aan de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij studeerde politicologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en promoveerde als bestuurskundige aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. De titel van zijn proefschrift luidt Controversiële Besluitvorming (Lemma 2003). Adres: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, opleiding bestuurskunde, postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, tel: 010 4082635, e-mail: weggeman@fsw.eur.nl

Talja Blokland
Talja Blokland is universitair docent sociologie aan de afdeling Sociologie en Culturele Antropologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam en buitengewoon hoogleraar Samenlevingsopbouw aan de afdeling Sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Adres Talja Blokland: ASSR, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, e-mail: t.v.blokland@uva.nl

Ruth Soenen
Ruth Soenen is Onderzoeker Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen aan het departement Sociale en Culturele Antropologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, België. Adres Ruth Soenen: Departement Sociale en Culturele antropologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, België, e-mail: ruth.soenen@ant.kuleuven.ac.be

    Although 'integration with retention of "own" culture' has ceased to be the dominant policy principle in Dutch minority policies for quite some time now, there are still remarkably many ethnically specific policy arrangements in the Netherlands. To explain this contradiction this paper introduces an administrative mechanism: the logic of making policy categories conflicts with the logic of policy implementation. The use of 'avoidant categories' – a particular type of policy category discussed in this paper – creates an administrative opportunity structure that unintendedly promotes ethnic fragmentation instead of integration in policy implementation. We illustrate the working of this mechanism in a comparative perspective; the Netherlands is not unique in this respect and experience in other countries is instructive.

Frank de Zwart
Dr. Frank de Zwart is politiek antropoloog/bestuurskundige en verbonden aan het departement Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Caelesta Poppelaars
Drs. Caelesta Poppelaars is bestuurskundige. Zij was tot 1 februari 2004 werkzaam als stafmedewerker bij de Tijdelijke Commissie Onderzoek Integratiebeleid van de Tweede Kamer. Vanaf 1 februari 2004 is zij als aio verbonden aan het departement Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.

    This paper addresses the question whether potentially conflicting health policy goals can explain the presence of multiple competing health policy programs. For more than fifteen years, successive government coalitions have proposed to replace the dominating policy program of supply and price regulation by the policy program of regulated competition. Due to its institutional and technical complexity, however, so far most efforts have been focused on the realization of the appropriate preconditions for regulated competition and the actual implementation is still in its infancy. The remarkable perseverance of the market-oriented policy program can be explained by the fact that it offers, at least in theory, a single comprehensive solution for satisfying both efficiency and equity goals. Even if the program succeeds in fostering efficiency while maintaining equity, several reasons are pointed out why the market-oriented program is unlikely to fully replace supply and price regulation. First, the market-oriented program does not seem suitable for all health sectors or even for all geographical markets within a specific sector. Second, the market-oriented program is unlikely to meet political objectives about the desired level of public health spending.

Erik Schut
Erik Schut is als bijzonder hoogleraar Gezondheids-beleid en Economie van de Gezondheidszorg verbonden aan het instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg (iBMG) van het Erasmus Universitair Medisch Centrum Rotterdam. Daar geeft hij onderwijs en verricht hij onderzoek op het terrein van de organisatie, financiëring en economie van de gezondheidszorg. Hij is auteur van een groot aantal nationale en internationale publicaties over gezondheidseconomie en gezondheidszorgbeleid. Voorts was hij lid van diverse adviescommissies op het terrein van de ziektekostenverzekeringen, de ziekenhuissector en de financiering van de huisartsenzorg. Adres: Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, 010-4088544, Schut@bmg.eur.nl
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