Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Jaar 2016 x
Artikel

Waarden borgen, praktijken innoveren

Hoe pilots bijdragen aan een andere kijk op waterveiligheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Flood Risk Management, Pilot, Learning evaluation, Path dependency, Policy innovation
Auteurs Prof. dr. Arwin van Buuren en Gerald Jan Ellen Msc.
Samenvatting

    In The Netherlands an innovative water safety policy is under development: multi-layered safety. This innovation is a move from a preventive approach (levees) towards a risk approach. Mitigation of consequences for spatial measures and disaster management too are considered in reducing flood risks. The theory of path dependence teaches us that many technical, financial and institutional factors keep the current policy system in its equilibrium. This complicates policy innovations. This article contains a case study that explains how pilots contribute to a process of policy innovation. It concludes that enshrining results in the ‘home organizations’ and synchronizing pilots with running policy processes is essential. The pilots also show that policy renewal concerns a process of ‘muddling through intelligently’.


Prof. dr. Arwin van Buuren

Gerald Jan Ellen Msc.
Artikel

De responsabilisering van burgers van verzorgingsstaat tot participatiesamenleving

Discoursanalyse van troonredes en regeringsverklaringen sinds de jaren zestig

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Participation society, Withdrawing government, Making-responsible citizens, Dutch speeches from the throne, Dutch government statements
Auteurs Ermy Brok MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Central concern of this article is tracing back how the making-responsible of citizens takes shape within Dutch speeches from the throne, government statements and reports of the Dutch Social and Cultural Research Institute (SCP) ever since the 1960s. The Dutch participation society, a term much discussed ever since mentioned in the 2013 speech of the throne, is often associated with a withdrawing government and a coming to end of the welfare state. At the same time, according to several authors, the notion of a withdrawing government that operates within a network of multiple equal actors has brought along the need for a widening of the government’s repertoire of action. This has been characterized as making-responsible citizens on conditions of the state. It has raised doubts about true government-withdrawal and authors have related it to the dominance of neo-liberal thinking ever since the 1990s. Applying an analysis framework derived from discourse analysis, it is made tangible in this article how within political discourse beginnings of the making-responsible of citizens can be traced to the 1960s, more than thirty years earlier than expected. It is argued that this longer history makes a plea for encouraging the political dimension of citizenship all the more important.


Ermy Brok MA
Ermy Brok MA is beleidsadviseur op het sociale domein bij de gemeente Tilburg en extern promovenda aan de Tilburg Law School/Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Artikel

Gezocht: Burgerparticipatie (voor vaste relatie)

Een vergelijkende gevalsstudie naar 26 lokale netwerken in het sociale domein in de regio Arnhem

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden citizen participation, co-production, local networks, decentralization, collaboration
Auteurs Rigtje Passchier MSc en Dr. Jelmer Schalk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2015, Dutch local governments have become responsible for youth care, social welfare, employment and income assistance programs, as a result of decentralization. Many municipalities have set up service delivery networks and community teams, in which they collaborate with healthcare providers and civic organizations to build integrated care services. It is assumed that these networks will improve outcomes in terms of enhanced people’s self-reliance and healthcare cost control; by operating close to citizens they are in a position to know the client, activate a client’s social network and mobilize specialized professional expertise if necessary. However, a comparative case study of 26 emerging local networks in the Arnhem area indicates that healthcare providers use the networks mainly for presentation purposes in an effort to secure business continuity, that the role of local governments is fuzzy, and that citizen participation only thrives when actively encouraged in a climate of trust.


Rigtje Passchier MSc
R. Passchier MSc is interim manager voor de publieke zaak en promovenda aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Jelmer Schalk
Dr. J. Schalk is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden.

    Since 2001 the Dutch province of Overijssel has its own knowledge centre in the area of urban society next to the national knowledge centres: the ‘KennisInstituut Stedelijke Samenleving’ (KISS). In a previous essay an overview of KISS-meetings dedicated to citizen participation was given. Examples were used from all over the world. This essay zooms in on Deventer, a municipality with almost 100.000 inhabitants in the east of the Netherlands, that can be considered a frontrunner in the area of innovative community and area development. This essay gives an impression of some KISS-meetings on physical community development (to give the inhabitants a say in the physical renewal of their neighbourhoods), social community development (to stimulate inhabitants to improve their own life chances) and economic community development (to give the inhabitants better opportunities on the labour market). This approach was implemented in a deprived neighbourhood (‘Rivierenbuurt’) for the first time and was accompanied by ‘verbal renewal’. The case of area development (‘Havenkwartier’) concerns the subject of temporarily landscapes (‘pauzelandschappen’) that are developed, because the original development plans have incurred a delay. Apart from its willingness to break new ground Deventer shows a lot of attention for issues of sustainability and the positive role of the art sector. In short it is a versatile ‘micropolis’ that uses the available ‘social capital’ and the ‘creative class’ well.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
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