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Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij x Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

De Verblijfsregeling Mensenhandel in de praktijk: over oneigenlijk gebruik en niet-gebruik

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden human trafficking, public policy, crime policy, policy misuse, non-take up
Auteurs Dr. Jeanine Klaver en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In line with international and national legislation, the Netherlands offers certain services, including a temporary residence permit, to third country nationals who have fallen prey to human traffickers. Over the years, concerns have been often expressed about the perceived misuse of this regulation by foreigners who aim at legalising their stay. Based on interviews and file analysis the present article seeks to provide insight into to what extent it is possible to measure this misuse and the policy implications of the findings. In addition, the authors take into account non-use of the programme. The article confirms existing worries about misuse, provides indicators for misuse, but also concludes that at the level of individual cases practitioners cannot discern misuse from rightful use. At the same time, there are also groups that fall outside the reach of the programme. The article concludes with some policy recommendations on the basis of the findings.


Dr. Jeanine Klaver
Dr. Jeanine Klaver is manager onderzoek bij Regioplan Beleidsonderzoek.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Discontinuïteit van discours als de motor van veranderingen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Culture change, Values, Discourse, Narrative of change, Flexibility
Auteurs Samir Achbab MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, based on a case study regarding the merger of boroughs within the municipality of Amsterdam, different perspectives are brought together to provide an overall analysis leading to insight into the change in the organizational culture. A particular research methodology is used to shed light on three elements of organizational culture: mindset (values), arena (group) and behavior. Through periodical measurements the effects of interventions and the progress in culture change is followed. It is argued that measurement instruments to explore the shifts in thinking and action are useful but limited. Policy makers and organizational actors from all hierarchical levels are shown to be influenced and disciplined by the actual existing change discourse to various degrees. Every organization nowadays must prove to the market that it is capable of change. Stories about organizational flexibility are embedded in more macro-stories of the changes in economic life. This article provides insight into the complexity of organizational discourse and the philosophical and sociological richness that it embodies. Therefore anthropological concepts are used which make the case more understandable in terms of rules and procedures that construct and legitimate the way we see things and talk about them.


Samir Achbab MSc
Samir Achbab MSc werkt als onderzoeksleider bij het lectoraat Management van Cultuurverandering aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam (HvA). Daarnaast is hij bij de HvA ook docent bij de opleiding Bestuurskunde/Urban Management.
Artikel

Vertrouwen in toezichtbeleid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Trust, regulatory policy, accountability, control, supervision regime
Auteurs Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc, Dr. ir. Frédérique Six en Prof. dr. Paul Robben
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regulatory supervision and inspection have become key features of public governance, some authors even talk about the ‘audit society’ or the age of ‘regulatory capitalism’. Despite international research showing the importance of trust in supervisory relations, there is still a fierce debate about the role of trust in Dutch supervisory relations. Several inspectorates have incorporated trust as a central theme in their supervisory policy. This article describes the role of trust within the policy of the Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate (IGZ). This research addresses four themes in dealing with the concept of trust in supervisory relations: from transparency to accountability, from output performance to performance and risk management, from trust or control to trust and control, and, finally, a special regime for reliable inspectees. The empirical analysis in this paper contributes to the knowledge about the role of trust in supervision (policy) and to the debate about the role of trust in regulatory supervision policy.


Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc
Lydia Paauw-Fikkert MSc is senior adviseur bij de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg.

Dr. ir. Frédérique Six
Dr. ir. Frédérique Six MBA is universitair docent aan de VU Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul Robben
Prof. dr. Paul Robben is adviseur bij de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg en bij iBMG-Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Artikel

Over rijdende treinen en vallende dominostenen: het rookverbod in de Nederlandse horeca

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden smoking ban, regulation, support, effectiveness, explanations
Auteurs Dr. Heleen Weyers en Willem Bantema MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the near future, the Dutch government intends to change the rules relating to smoking bans in the hospitality industry again. After a complete ban, coming into force in July 2008, and introducing an exception for small bars in June 2011, the complete ban will return this year. This article describes the law regarding smoking bans in the Netherlands, and reports along researches of the relevant authority and a commercial research institute the effectiveness of the bans. From these findings it becomes clear that the hospitality industry did a good job in complying with the bans. But there is one exception: small bars. Next we explain, based on the ideas of Kagan and Skolnick and Elias the effectiveness of smoking bans.


Dr. Heleen Weyers
Dr. Heleen Weyers is universitair docent bij de Vakgroep Rechtstheorie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. E-mail: h.a.m.weyers@rug.nl.

Willem Bantema MSc
Willem Bantema, MSc is promovendus bij de Vakgroep Rechtstheorie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. E-mail: w.bantema@rug.nl.
Artikel

Het probleem van laaggeschooldheid in België: een historisch-geografische analyse

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden human capital, unskilled, school dropout, geographical segregation
Auteurs Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht en Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents an analysis of the geographical clustering at the bottom end of the human capital distribution within Belgium and its major political regions (namely, the Flemish and the Walloon Region). At the national level, there is both a clear decrease of the shares of unskilled and unqualified adults and of their regionally unequal distribution. However, this overall decrease goes along with growing divergences between Flanders and Wallonia. In Flanders the number of early school leavers has become small. In Wallonia economic problems – measured in terms of unemployment rates – go hand in hand with a comparatively high number of school dropouts. Our empirical findings suggest that the success of particular areas and regions in a knowledge-intensive economy depends not only on the presence of highly skilled and highly qualified human capital, but also suffers from the presence of relatively large shares of the less-skilled. We discuss some implications for political decision-making.


Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht
Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Gent (België). E-mail: frederik.vandergucht@ugent.be.

Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten
Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Gent (België) en als fellow aan het Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies (Finland). www.cst.ugent.be. E-mail: raf.vanderstraeten@ugent.be.
Artikel

De Collectieve Horeca Ontzegging: uitsluiting uit de publieke ruimte?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden Responsibilization, Collective Pub Ban, Selective exclusion, Security, Public space
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg en Dr. Ronald van Steden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the Night Time Economy and how the Collective Pub Ban is applied in three Dutch cities: Utrecht, Amersfoort and Den Bosch. The Collective Pub Ban is a measure taken in the Netherlands in an effort to make pubs, bars and clubs co-responsible for maintaining security. Depending on the severity of the conduct, an offender can be denied of entry to these venues for five years. During this period, the offender is not allowed to enter the particular pub or any of the other pubs, bars and clubs that participate in this measure. On the basis of 84 interviews, we show how these venues fill out their new responsibilities with respect to the Collective Pub Ban-measure. Also, we answer the question what this new measure means for the quality of the public space.


Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Dr. Ronald van Steden
Dr. Ronald van Steden is universitair docent aan de afdeling Politicologie & Bestuurswetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
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