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Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij x Jaar 2006 x
Artikel

De vraag als antwoord?

Normatieve risico's van vraagsturing en de implicaties voor de rol van professionals

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2006
Auteurs Hans Bosselaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The growing interest in demand-based delivery is to be comprehended regarding the criticism on the traditional 'apply-based' delivery. Regarding the literature, the main stream notion on demand-based delivery contains the transfer of the tasks and duties from the intermediate professional to the client. Consequently, the (demanding) client is directly able to affect the provisions he is eligible to and to influence the acquirement of the services and goods.

    The main issues are:

    This article focuses on the new role of intermediate professionals. The intermediate professional can maintain a role in realising the demand-supply relationship between the client and the supplying professional; he can get the task to acquire and spread the required market information, but as well can get the responsibility to support the market participants using this information. In the same time, this responsibility can help to avoid the normative risks, especially the risk of inadequacy.

    This new role must probably be regulated and in any case be monitored to prevent from the situation that the intermediate professional will take over the new responsibilities of the client. If this does not happen, the transfer to the demand-based delivery of public services will fail. On the other hand, if their will be no accessible client support by the new intermediate professional, the transfer to the demand-based delivery will tarnish the fundaments of the social system.


Hans Bosselaar
Mr. dr. Hans Bosselaar is zelfstandig gevestigd onderzoeker met bureau Meccano kennis voor beleid. Bosselaar doet voornamelijk onderzoek op het terrein van sociale zekerheid, arbeidsmarkt en disability management in ondernemingen voor opdrachtgevers als het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, UWV, RWI en diverse (overheids)commissies en sociale partners. Bosselaar promoveerde in 2005 op het proefschrift De vraag als antwoord. Vraagsturing en sociaal beleid: voorwaarden en risico's. Correspondentiegegevens: Mr. dr. Hans Bosselaar, Meccano kennis voor beleid, e-mail: meccano@planet.nl
Artikel

De Koning en de spreektelegraaf

Een begrippenkader voor de bestudering van de invloed van overheidsincentives op innovatieve ondernemingen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Helen Stout en Martin de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, technological transitions in infrastructure bound sectors are matters for the private sector. History teaches us that as soon as technological transitions proved successful, government sooner or later got involved with the distribution. Most of this involvement, both in history and now, has taken the form of public regulation with the help of various formal legal instruments.

    This article aims to answer three questions, namely (1) what ideational and materials drives can be distinguished in the government's involvement in these technological transitions, (2) through what legal instruments are these objectives expressed and how , and (3) what are the incentives of these formal legal instruments on innovative private entrepreneurs for their further technological pursuits. How were their behavioural options affected by the use of statutory acts, concessions, permits and/or licences? Incentives to private innovators are qualified as positive, neutral or negative. The research method chosen has been inspired by insights from legal sociology, public choice theory and strategic actor behaviour in qualitative simulation-games, but follows distinct methodological steps. Throughout the article a case study on the transition from telegraphy to telephony in The Netherlands will be used to illustrate the discussion.


Helen Stout
Prof. mr. dr. Helen Stout is hoogleraar Recht en Infrastructuren aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, h.d.stout@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 54 16

Martin de Jong
Dr. Martin de Jong is universitair hoofddocent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, w.m.dejong@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 80 52
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