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Artikel

De Algemene wet gelijke behandeling als mijlpaal in de geschiedenis van de Nederlandse homo-emancipatie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden equal treatment legislation, gay and lesbian history, homosexual teachers, religious schools, sexual orientation discrimination
Auteurs Drs. Joke Swiebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The General Equal Treatment Law – adopted in 1994 – is a landmark in the history of homosexual emancipation in the Netherlands. It took two decades before the first proposals for a legal ban of discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation would be transformed into law. Background of this controversy is the clash between the equalityprinciple and the freedom of education. The compromise reached – the so-called single fact-construction – however sent a double message: being gay was not a justified reason for unequal treatment, but some forms of behaviour were incorporated as a legal exception. It took another twenty years before this flaw in the law would be changed.
    This article analyses the political debates behind these legal developments. What was the problem that the various drafts for this new legislation were supposed to solve? Which definitions of discrimination on the basis of homosexuality were used and how did they change over time? The adoption of the law and its ‘reparation’ twenty years later are mainly a question of symbolic politics. They reflect the development of the growing acceptance of homosexuality in Dutch society and have stimulated its further growth. Their actual legal effects seem far less important.


Drs. Joke Swiebel
Drs. Joke Swiebel studeerde politicologie. Zij werkte negen jaar aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en 22 jaar als beleidsambtenaar voor de Rijksoverheid. Daarna (1999-2004) was zij lid van het Europees Parlement voor de PvdA. Een uitgebreidere versie van dit artikel is te vinden op https://jokeswiebel.nl/
Artikel

Access_open Voorbij de controverse: het Nederlandse neoliberalisme als onderwerp van onderzoek

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Neoliberalism, The Netherlands, Intellectual history, Political history, Essentially contested concepts
Auteurs Dr. Merijn Oudenampsen en Dr. Bram Mellink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The word neoliberalism has often been the object of fierce controversy in the Dutch public debate. Prominent intellectuals have equated neoliberalism with extremism and fundamentalism, with some going as far as calling it a ‘totalitarian faith’. The opposite camp in the debate has argued that neoliberalism is largely a self-invented bogeyman of the left, a swearword used by critics to engage in an intellectual witch-hunt. Of course, neoliberalism is not the only social science term suffering from a polemical status. Common concepts such as populism, socialism, nationalism or conservatism have given rise to similar lasting disagreements and comparable accusations of their derogatory use. What does appear to be exceptional about neoliberalism in the Dutch debate, is that very few conceptual and historical studies have been published on the subject. While the word neoliberalism is commonly employed in Dutch mainstream social science, many scholars seem to use the term without much further qualification. This paper explores the controversy and looks for ways to proceed beyond it. Drawing on a recent wave of international scholarship, it outlines an ideational approach to neoliberalism. After tracing the origins of the term neoliberalism, it closes with a preliminary example of an ideational analysis of Dutch neoliberalism.


Dr. Merijn Oudenampsen
Dr. Merijn Oudenampsen is Postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, Programmagroep: Geographies of Globalizations.

Dr. Bram Mellink
Dr. Bram Mellink is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Capaciteitsgroep Geschiedenis.
Artikel

Gelijkheid of economische groei?

Interpretatieve frames in het emancipatiebeleid tussen 1992 en 2007

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden frame, narrative, numerical metaphor, emancipation policy, economization
Auteurs Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld en Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A post-positivistic view on policy analysis is increasingly accepted within mainstream policy analysis. Post-positivistic policy analysis is a term for a broad range of analytical approaches in the field of policy analysis, which seeks to move beyond an ‘objectivist’ conception of reality. Scholars working within this field primarily object to the positivistic claim that policy problems can be approached in a technocratic, pure empiricist way. According to them, policy problems are constructed within policy narratives and frames. However, the exact relation between frames, narratives, problems, the use of data, values and ideas are connected remains unclear. This contribution follows Brandwein (2006) who proposes to separate baseline categories of thought, such as values and assumptions from their interpretative products such as narratives and problems. Together, these elements form the interpretative frame in which certain aspects of a policy problem is highlighted while other features are ignored. The authors extend Brandwein’s model as they add an extra element to the interpretative product, that is the use of numbers in policy texts. On this model they render an important shift within Dutch emancipation policy – from a concern for equal distribution of care task and paid labor to an exclusive focus on the growth of women labor participation – more intelligible.


Mr. drs. Anja Eleveld
Anja Eleveld is promovenda binnen het project Hervorming sociale zekerheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: mr. drs. A. Eleveld, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, afdeling sociaal recht, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, a.eleveld@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Dr. Ir. Maroesjka Versantvoort
Maroesjka Versantvoort is gastonderzoeker aan de Universiteit Leiden en senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. ir. M.C. Versantvoort, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Afdeling Economie, Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden, M.Versantvoort@scp.nl.
Artikel

Als systemen botsen: omgaan met co-existentieproblemen in de landbouw

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden agriculture, co-existence, sustainable development, policy controversy, issue publics
Auteurs dr Anne Loeber, emeritus prof.dr.ir Leo (J.L.A.) Jansen en dr.ir Carin W. Rougoor
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Agricultural production systems may influence each other in a negative way, with conflicts as a consequence. In general, such conflicts are resolved technically in an ad hoc manner, at farm or greenhouse level. There is no structural attention to so-called co-existence problems. This article makes a plea for acknowledging such problems as policy issues and for grouping these together under the label of co-existence conflicts, broadening this phrase beyond its traditional meaning related to conventional, organic and GM crop production. Co-existence conflicts are concrete, local expressions of the tensions between conflicting values incorporated in the current agricultural system. It is argued that because they are manifestations of conflicting value systems, they offer useful stepping-stones to practically organise and channel discussions on sustainable development in agriculture.


dr Anne Loeber
Anne Loeber is lid van het Platform Landbouw, Innovatie & Samenleving (LIS) en werkzaam als universitair docent bij de Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Politicologie. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. A. Loeber, O.Z. Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam.

emeritus prof.dr.ir Leo (J.L.A.) Jansen
Leo (J.L.A.) Jansen is voormalig lid van het Platform Landbouw, Innovatie & Samenleving (LIS) en is consultant duurzame ontwikkeling. Correspondentiegegevens: Emeritus prof. dr. ir. J.L.A. Jansen, Kerkeland 16, 6883 HA Velp.

dr.ir Carin W. Rougoor
Carin W. Rougoor is secretaris van het Platform Landbouw, Innovatie & Samenleving (LIS) en is werkzaam als senior adviseur bij CLM Onderzoek en Advies BV. Correspondentiegegevens: CLM, t.a.v. Dr. ir. C.W. Rougoor. Postbus 62, 4100 AB Culemborg, crougoor@clm.nl.

Olaf van Vliet
Olaf van Vliet is promovendus bij de afdeling Economie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Olaf van Vliet Universiteit Leiden Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Afdeling Economie Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden o.p.van.vliet@law.leidenuniv.nl
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