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Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij x Jaar 2021 x
Artikel

Gemeentelijke bestuurskracht in de energietransitie

Het operationaliseren en kwantificeren van een ongrijpbaar begrip

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden governing capacity, local energy policy, sustainability, climate governance
Auteurs Rick de Vries MSc, Dr. Kees Vringer en Dr. ir. Hans Visser
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Municipalities play an important role in the Dutch energy transition. Therefore, they are expected to deal both sufficiently and timely with their tasks. The question is whether they have the capacity to do so (governing capacity). This study aims to assess whether improving governing capacity can be used to improve the policy performance. We operationalized governing capacity and built a model to assess the relation between several conditions for governing capacity and policy performance for three domains of the energy transition: built environment, mobility and renewables. We found no direct relationship between perceived governing capacity and energy transition policy output. However, we found relationships between conditions for governing capacity, and the policy output. About 25 percent of the total variance in policy performance could be attributed to population size. This percentage levels up to 55 to 60 percent if the motivation of the local administration, cooperation between municipalities and other governmental organisations and the participation of citizens and businesses are also taken into account. This contradicts the idea that enlarging municipalities is the most important way to achieve a higher policy performance.


Rick de Vries MSc
Rick de Vries MSc is onderzoeksmedewerker bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.

Dr. Kees Vringer
Dr. Kees Vringer is senior onderzoeker bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.

Dr. ir. Hans Visser
Dr. ir. Hans Visser is senior onderzoeker statistische analyses bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.
Artikel

De invloed van contractuele en relationele aspecten op stakeholdermanagement

Een casusstudie van de A9 en A16 DBFM-infrastructuurprojecten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden infrastructure projects, public-private partnerships, contractual governance, relational governance, stakeholder management
Auteurs Sander Philips MSc, Ir. Bert de Groot en Dr. Stefan Verweij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past decade, large infrastructure projects in the Netherlands have often been implemented through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), specifically using Design-Build-Finance-Maintain (DBFM) contracts. While the decision to implement projects through PPPs is based on expected advantages for internal parties – the public and private partners in the PPP –, there is a call for more focus on the advantages and disadvantages of PPPs for external stakeholders. External stakeholder management in DBFM projects is based on a contractual division of risks and responsibilities between the partners. However, it is clear from the literature that the contract does not guarantee successful stakeholder management. Relational aspects are important. Little research has been done, however, into the interplay of contractual and relational aspects in achieving successful stakeholder management. This article addresses this research need. A comparative case study was conducted into the PPP projects A9 Gaasperdammerweg and A16 Rotterdam. The study first shows that sanctions, when combined with a relational approach, have a positive effect on the relationships with stakeholders. Second, external stakeholder management cannot be simply outsourced to the private partner and continuous involvement of the public partner is important for success.


Sander Philips MSc
Sander Philips MSc volgde op het moment van schrijven de double degree master Environmental and Infrastructure Planning (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen) en Water and Coastal Management (Universität Oldenburg). Inmiddels is hij afgestudeerd.

Ir. Bert de Groot
Ir. Bert de Groot is senior adviseur projectbeheersing bij Rijkswaterstaat, ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat, en external PhD bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, basiseenheid Planologie.

Dr. Stefan Verweij
Dr. Stefan Verweij is universitair docent infrastructuurplanning, governance en methodologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, basiseenheid Planologie.
Artikel

Ontwikkeling en institutionalisering van een anti-establishmentpartij

De casus Leefbaar Rotterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2021
Trefwoorden party institutionalization, political parties, local government, Governance, anti-establishment party
Auteurs Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB en dr. Julien van Ostaaijen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is much research available about the development and government participation of new political parties (e.g. Pedersen, 1982; Deschouwer, 2008). Scholars show that survival for new political parties is often difficult, as they in general had little time for party building (Bollyer & Bytzek, 2017). Moreover, the expectation for specific types of new parties, mainly anti-establishment parties, is that they pay a high(er) electoral price when participating in government (Van Spanje, 2011). The Dutch case of the local political party of ‘Leefbaar Rotterdam’ (Livable Rotterdam, LR) is a noteworthy exception to this rule. It won the Rotterdam local election in 2002 with almost 35 percent of the votes, only months after its establishment. Until this day, LR remains an electorally large and relevant political party, participating in Rotterdam government twice (2002-2006 and 2014-2018). The article shows that in comparison to some national new political parties, LR succeeded in building a solid party organization and that from a party institutionalization perspective, it can be considered an institutionalized party. Regarding theory, it provides some additions to party building literature, such as the importance of personal relations and the balance between organizational unity and member autonomy.


Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB
Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB is werkzaam als beleidsadviseur bij het ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport.

dr. Julien van Ostaaijen
Dr. Julien van Ostaaijen is werkzaam als universitair docent bestuurskunde aan Tilburg University en lector recht en veiligheid bij Avans Hogeschool.
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