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Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij x Jaar 2020 x
Artikel

De Algemene wet gelijke behandeling als mijlpaal in de geschiedenis van de Nederlandse homo-emancipatie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden equal treatment legislation, gay and lesbian history, homosexual teachers, religious schools, sexual orientation discrimination
Auteurs Drs. Joke Swiebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The General Equal Treatment Law – adopted in 1994 – is a landmark in the history of homosexual emancipation in the Netherlands. It took two decades before the first proposals for a legal ban of discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation would be transformed into law. Background of this controversy is the clash between the equalityprinciple and the freedom of education. The compromise reached – the so-called single fact-construction – however sent a double message: being gay was not a justified reason for unequal treatment, but some forms of behaviour were incorporated as a legal exception. It took another twenty years before this flaw in the law would be changed.
    This article analyses the political debates behind these legal developments. What was the problem that the various drafts for this new legislation were supposed to solve? Which definitions of discrimination on the basis of homosexuality were used and how did they change over time? The adoption of the law and its ‘reparation’ twenty years later are mainly a question of symbolic politics. They reflect the development of the growing acceptance of homosexuality in Dutch society and have stimulated its further growth. Their actual legal effects seem far less important.


Drs. Joke Swiebel
Drs. Joke Swiebel studeerde politicologie. Zij werkte negen jaar aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en 22 jaar als beleidsambtenaar voor de Rijksoverheid. Daarna (1999-2004) was zij lid van het Europees Parlement voor de PvdA. Een uitgebreidere versie van dit artikel is te vinden op https://jokeswiebel.nl/
Artikel

Het prestatievoordeel van publiek-private samenwerking

Een analyse van transportinfrastructuurprojecten in Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), Cost Performance, Time Performance, Netherlands, Principal-Agent Relationships
Auteurs Dr. Stefan Verweij, Dr. Ingmar van Meerkerk en Prof. dr. ir. Wim Leendertse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Compared to regular contracts, infrastructure development and management through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) is expected to lead to better cost and time performance. However, the evidence for this performance advantage of PPPs is lacking. This article analyzes the performance differences of projects with a Design-Build-Finance-Maintain (DBFM) contract (a type of PPP) and a Design-and-Construct (D&C) contract. Project performance data were collected (N = 65) from the Project Database of Rijkswaterstaat and analyzed using non-parametric tests. Rijkswaterstaat is the executive agency of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management. The results show that DBFM-projects have a significantly higher cost performance than D&C-projects. In particular, DBFM-projects have less additional costs related to technical necessities in the implementation phase. Regarding time performance, DBFM-projects seem to perform better although the difference with D&C-projects is not statistically significant. The article discusses explanations for the performance advantage of PPPs, rooted in principal-agent theory. From this discussion, an agenda is presented for further research into the performance advantage of Public-Private Partnerships.


Dr. Stefan Verweij
Dr. Stefan Verweij is universitair docent infrastructuurplanning, governance en methodologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, basiseenheid Planologie.

Dr. Ingmar van Meerkerk
Dr. Ingmar van Meerkerk is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, afdeling Bestuurskunde.

Prof. dr. ir. Wim Leendertse
Prof. dr. ir. Wim Leendertse is bijzonder hoogleraar management in infrastructuurontwikkeling aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, basiseenheid Planologie. Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat, Rijkswaterstaat, Grote Projecten en Onderhoud.
Artikel

Diversiteit en inclusie in verschillende typen kindercentra

Ervaringen van managers en medewerkers

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Diversity, Inclusion, Privatization, Organizational climate, Childcare centers
Auteurs Drs. Willeke van der Werf, Dr. Pauline Slot, Prof. dr. Patrick Kenis e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Childcare centers are organizations that differ in structural and cultural characteristics. The present comparative case study examined how Dutch childcare centers match different organization types and related the identified organization types to the implementation of diversity and inclusion policy. Diversity and inclusion in organizations concerns climate-dimensions, such as providing equal opportunities, allowing influence on decision-making and stimulating professional development for all staff. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 managers and 24 pedagogical practitioners in 13 childcare centers. Content-analysis of the interviews showed that employees in all centers experience equal opportunities, however the content and form of these opportunities differed according to the type of organization. Employees in childcare centers with a comparatively strong orientation on professional performance reported positive experiences with group-collaboration, team-professionalization and collective decision-making. Employees in childcare centers with a comparatively strong market orientation reported positive experiences with possibilities for individual development and autonomy in their daily work. The experiences of the employees match the differences in organizational climate as reported by the location managers, emphasizing either collaboration in teams or employees’ individual responsibility, depending on the type of organization.


Drs. Willeke van der Werf
Drs. Willeke van der Werf, promovendus, is werkzaam bij het departement Educatie en Pedagogiek van de Universiteit Utrecht. www.uu.nl/medewerkers/WMvanderWerf

Dr. Pauline Slot
Dr. Pauline Slot is universitair docent en onderzoeksprojectleider bij het departement Educatie en Pedagogiek van de Universiteit Utrecht. www.uu.nl/medewerkers/PLSlot

Prof. dr. Patrick Kenis
Prof. dr. Patrick Kenis is hoogleraar public governance aan Tilburg University, Tilburg School of Economics and Management. www.tilburguniversity.edu/nl/medewerkers/p-n-kenis

Prof. dr. Paul Leseman
Prof. dr. Paul Leseman is hoogleraar orthopedagogiek bij het departement Educatie en Pedagogiek van de Universiteit Utrecht. www.uu.nl/staff/PPMLeseman
Artikel

Verschillend organiseren, verschillend functioneren?

De invloed van de organisatie van Jeugd- (en Gezins)teams op het teamfunctioneren

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden Youth Care, Youth Team, Team functioning, Self-management, Organization
Auteurs Laura Nooteboom MSc, Janna Eilander MSc, Dr. Joris van der Voet e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Objective: there are regional differences in the organization of local Youth Teams, that have been given a crucial role in delivering Youth Care since the transition of Youth Care in 2015. The aim of this article is to examine the influence of the organization of Youth Teams on several aspects of their functioning.
    Method: self-managing teams in Holland Rijnland and teams in The Hague that are led by a team manager are compared on several aspects of team functioning. This mixed-methods study is based on an online questionnaire among 237 professionals and interviews with 32 professionals. Quantitative data have been analyzed by conducting a t-test of group means, qualitative data by means of framework-analysis.
    Results: the organization of Youth Teams seems to influence certain aspects of the perceived team functioning. For example, professionals in the self-organizing teams Holland Rijnland experience more self-management and more informational elaboration. However, there are also similarities on several aspects. Professionals from both regions have similar expectations of leaders.
    Discussion: municipalities and Youth Care organizations should be aware of the influence of the organization of Youth Teams on team functioning. Future research must demonstrate which aspects of team functioning contribute to improved care for families.


Laura Nooteboom MSc
Laura Nooteboom is onderzoeker bij de Academische Werkplaats Gezin aan Zet, en promovenda bij Curium-LUMC het Academisch Centrum voor Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie in Oegstgeest.

Janna Eilander MSc
Janna Eilander is onderzoeker bij de Academische Werkplaats Gezin aan Zet, bij Curium-LUMC, Academisch Centrum voor Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie.

Dr. Joris van der Voet
Dr. Joris van der Voet is universitair docent aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, faculteit Governance and Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Ben Kuipers
Dr. Ben Kuipers is universitair hoofddocent aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, faculteit Governance and Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden, en organisatieontwikkelaar en bestuurder bij Verbetervermogen in Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Bram Steijn
Prof. dr. Bram Steijn is hoogleraar humanresourcesmanagement in de publieke sector, afdeling Bestuurskunde en Sociologie aan de Erasmus School of Social and Behavioral Sciences van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Robert Vermeiren
Prof. dr. Robert Vermeiren is directeur patientenzorg en hoofd van de afdeling Onderzoek en Onderwijs bij Curium-LUMC, Academisch Centrum voor Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie.

Dr. Eva Mulder
Dr. Eva Mulder is projectleider bij de Academische Werkplaats Gezin aan Zet en Senior onderzoeker bij Curium-LUMC, Academisch Centrum voor Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie.
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