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Artikel

Door het glazen plafond

Naar effectieve maatregelen voor meer vrouwen in de top

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden gender equality, glass ceiling, diversity management, Interventions, organisational behavior
Auteurs Drs. Ans Merens, Drs. Wilma Henderikse en Dr. Babette Pouwels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although in many Western European countries women have entered the workforce in large numbers this has not resulted in an equal representation in senior positions. Little is known about how organizational policies could be changed and what initiatives have proven to be effective in raising the number of women in the top of organizations. This article examines the effectiveness of measures taken by organizations to increase the number of women in senior management positions. We have reviewed literature regarding the effects of various types of measures on realizing more women in senior positions. The outcomes of this literature review have been used as a framework for an empirical analysis of the effectiveness of measures taken by companies. Data from the Charter Talent to the Top show that adopting a broad range of measures at the strategic level leads to a higher share of women in senior management positions. HR instruments and communication strategies also affect the proportion of women at the top. More specifically, facilitating flexible work options, external communication about the organization’s diversity goals, and increasing women’s visibility within the organization all have positive effects on the share of women in the top.


Drs. Ans Merens
Drs. Ans Merens is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

Drs. Wilma Henderikse
Drs. Wilma Henderikse is directeur en partner bij VanDoorneHuiskes en partners.

Dr. Babette Pouwels
Dr. Babette Pouwels is senior onderzoeker bij VanDoorneHuiskes en partners.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Mr. dr. Munish Ramlal
Munish Ramlal is rechtssocioloog. Hij promoveerde op het onderwerp openbaarheid en lobby aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam met de dissertatie Naar een glazen wetgevingshuis?
Discussie

Sociale zekerheid in 2025

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden future social security, labour participation, economic growth, cutbacks Rutte 2
Auteurs Flip de Kam
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The reform of the Dutch welfare state is an ongoing process, that jumpstarted in the early 1980s. We chart demographic trends and prospects for economic growth up to year 2025. Our search for options to strenghten the economic base of the welfare state leads on to a discussion of tax-benefit measures to increase labour participation and to incentivise part-timeworkers to accept fulltime jobs. We conclude that, all in all, by 2025 the number of workers in de Dutch economy will not differ significantly from the current size of the labour force, whereas the scope to improve labour productivity seems to be limited. Given these limits to the prospects for future economic growth – even with the standard pension age at 67 years, planned to be in force as from 2021 –, our economy will have to support at least half a million more pensioners and an as yet unknown additional number of elderly unemployed and disabled. It follows, that further reforms of the social security system of the Netherlands can be expected, as public sector outlays claim currently already half of national output.


Flip de Kam
Flip de Kam is honorair hoogleraar Economie van de Publieke Sector, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, c.a.de.kam@rug.nl.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Drs. Fred Meerhof
Fred Meerhof is adviseur en ondernemer. Fredmeerhof@syrima.nl.
Artikel

'Anorexia consulta'?

Afslanking adviesinfrastructuur Rijksdienst, deel 2

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2007
Auteurs Rob Hoppe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands has a well-developed, internationally unique system of expert advice founded in law. In addition to being instrumental for problem solving, advisory bodies are assigned tasks in mid- and long-term strategy formulation, putting new issues on the agenda, and organizing countervailing powers and checks and balances in national policy formulation. A decade ago, the number of advisory bodies was drastically reduced. Present cabinet policy pursues a second round of slimming advisory infrastructure. Through political centralization of demand for advice, and a further reduction in the number and diversity of advisory bodies, serviceable and instrumental expert advice for policy is prioritized. In times of new wicked problems for governance, there is a serious threat of erosion of expert policy advice as countervailing power. Does the present cabinet suffer from 'anorexia consulta'?


Rob Hoppe
Rob Hoppe is politicoloog en als hoogleraar Beleid en Kennis verbonden aan de Faculteit voor Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente. Hij is co-auteur van de leerboeken Beleid en Politiek en Beleidsnota's die (door)werken. Samen met Matthijs Hisschemöller, Bill Dunn en Jerry Ravetz publiceerde en redigeerde hij Knowledge, Power, and Participation in Environmental Policy Analysis, Policy Studies Review Annual. Vol. 12 (2001).Ook was hij lid en voorzitter van de redactieraad van Beleidswetenschap. In zijn onderzoek richt hij zich vooral op de relatie tussen (wetenschappelijke en niet-wetenschappelijke) kennis en beleid. De afgelopen jaren coördineerde hij, samen met Willem Halffman, een interuniversitair en interdisciplinair door NWO gesponsord onderzoekproject, 'Rethinking Political Judgment and Science-Based Expertise'. Correspondentieadres: Universiteit Twente Faculteit Management en Bestuur Vakgroep Science, Technology, Health and Policy Studies (STeHPS) Prof. dr. R. Hoppe Postbus 217 7500 AE Enschede r.hoppe@utwente.nl
Artikel

Besturen in commissie

Verklaring van een fenomeen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Martin Schulz, Mark van Twist en Henk Geveke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governing the Netherlands seems to have become a form of governing by commission. Between 1995 and 2005 Dutch central government installed at least 364 commissions that we were able to identify. Cuts in this phenomenon are often called for by its opponents since commissions are often believed to be a strategic instrument for policymaker to cut democratic corners or slow down policy making processes. Dutch Parliament by motion has even asked government to keep from forming (so many) commissions. Still trends have not changed and new commissions are being formed almost every other week. Apparently there are compelling reasons for forming commissions. In this article we discuss how societal and public context lead to the installation of commissions. Furthermore we argue that installation of a commission can be clearly understood from the motives officials have with its formation. Hiring expertise (60%), independence of members (30%) and creating legitimacy (20%) are important factors regarding these motivations. Timing of commissions within election cycles is strategic: installation shortly after the new administration is effective, as is reporting back before the next elections. As long as politics remains politics calling for less commissions has mostly symbolic value.


Martin Schulz
Martin Schulz werkt aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg aan een proefschrift over commissies en is senior adviseur bij Berenschot Procesmanagement. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. J.M. Schulz Universiteit van Tilburg Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur Postbus 90153 5000 LE Tilburg 013-4662128 j.m.schulz@uvt.nl

Mark van Twist
Mark van Twist is bijzonder hoogleraar Publiek-private samenwerking aan de Faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, decaan van de NSOB en directeur bij Berenschot Procesmanagement. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. M.J.W. van Twist Nederlandse School voor het Openbaar Bestuur Lange Voorhout 17 2514 EB Den Haag 070-3024910 twist@nsob.nl

Henk Geveke
Henk Geveke is directeur Nationale Veiligheid bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. H.G. Geveke Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties Postbus 20011 2500 EA Den Haag 070 426 8365 henk.geveke@minbzk.nl
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