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Participatiebevordering: werken aan draagvlak voor de sociale zekerheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Older workers, female labour force participation, ageing workforce, cross-national comparison, harmonized policy indicators
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers, Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra, Dr. Tineke Fokkema e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The key question of this study is whether policies adopted elsewhere in Europe might be useful in helping to increase the labour force participation of women and of older workers in the Netherlands, and thus improve the financial basis for social security arrangements. We examined the effectiveness of national policy measures over and above that of the individual-level determinants that are traditionally examined in economic and sociological studies. The data on labour force participation are from the European Social Survey, and information on public policy arrangements comes from the MULTILINKS database. Regarding the labour force participation of women, findings show the importance of distinguishing financial measures and care services. Women generally work fewer hours per week in countries with generous financial support for families (tax benefits, child support), and more hours in countries with generous parental leaves. Regarding the participation of older workers, findings show the importance of distinguishing the minimum pension level (negative association with the likelihood of having a job) and pension as a proportion of earned wage (no association with having a job). A novelty of the present study is its ability to demonstrate the impact of national arrangements at the level of individual participation behaviour.


Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers
Joop J. Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeidseconomie aan de faculteit Recht, Economie, Bestuur en Organisatie van de Universiteit Utrecht, j.j.schippers@uu.nl.

Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra
Pearl A. Dykstra is hoogleraar Empirische Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, dykstra@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Tineke Fokkema
Tineke Fokkema is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, fokkema@nidi.nl.

Maria Münderlein MSc
Maria Münderlein is promovenda capaciteitsgroep Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, munderlein@fsw.eur.nl.

    This article identifies institutions and arrangements concerning the reconciliation of working life and family life for various European countries. These institutions and arrangements concern time (flexible working hours and leave arrangements), money (tax systems) and facilities (childcare facilities). A fairer distribution of all work and care tasks requires proper facilities at national level in respect of childcare, parental leave, so-called leave savings schemes, the right to work part-time, etc. Such facilities are of particular importance while taking the first steps towards a fairer distribution: they will enable men to take on more tasks at home, while making it easier for women to work outside the home. The article concludes that with regard to reconciliation facilities, the differences between the several welfare states within the European Union are fading away. This is interesting, because as a result the EU countries are increasingly finding common ground in terms of solutions for reconciliation and more specifically the role of men.


Ivy Koopmans
Ivy Koopmans is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrecht School of Economics van de Universiteit Utrecht. Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht, I.Koopmans@econ.uu.nl

Joop Schippers
Joop Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeids- en Emancipatie-economie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en tevens is hij als programmahoogleraar verbonden aan de Organisatie voor Strategisch Arbeidsmarktonderzoek (OSA). Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht
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