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Artikel

Campagneactiviteiten en -financiering van lokale partijen in Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden electoral campaigns, campaign financing, independent local lists, party subsidies, local elections
Auteurs Justin Bergwerff MSc en Dr. Hans Vollaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Electoral campaigning and its financing at the local level have been hardly studied in spite of the growing political significance of municipalities in the Netherlands. Local parties have been barely studied either, even though they gained more than 30 percent of the seats in the local elections of 2014. They have done so without any public subsidy, whereas subsidized national parties can and do support their local branches. This article examines which campaign activities local parties used to attract voters, how these activities were funded, and whether local parties perceived subsidies necessary and desirable. A survey among local parties held just after the local elections of 2014, indicates that their campaigns are by and large a traditional, low-cost affair. They are often not labor-intensive nor technology-intensive, despite the electoral effectiveness of micro-targeting and canvassing. Contributions from local councilors constitute the main source of finance. The survey also shows that transparency of campaign financing can count on widespread support among local parties. They also prefer a level playing field between local parties and local branches of national parties by providing both public subsidies or none, which is an important contribution to the discussion on the current legislative proposals on party financing at the local level.


Justin Bergwerff MSc
Justin Bergwerff MSc is financieel beleidsmedewerker aan het ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap.

Dr. Hans Vollaard
Dr. Hans Vollaard is universitair docent Nederlandse en Europese politiek, Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Professor Dr. Tom van der Meer
Professor Dr. Tom van der Meer is Professor of Political Science and Co-Director of the Dutch Parliamentary Election Survey at the University of Amsterdam

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column ‘De Blinde Vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Dr. Peter Rodenburg
Dr. Peter Rodenburg is universitair docent economie.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


René Cuperus
René Cuperus is medewerker bij de Wiardi Beckman Stichting, research fellow bij het Duitsland Instituut van de UvA en politiek columnist voor de Volkskrant.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is redactiesecretaris van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Patrick van Schie
Patrick van Schie is directeur van de TeldersStichting en columnist voor www.Trouw.nl

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Mr. Joost Sneller
Joost Sneller is werkzaam bij het wetenschappelijk bureau van D66
Artikel

Copingstrategieën bij onderwijsbestuur: over hoe onderwijsbestuurders complexe vraagstukken of dilemma’s waarderen en hanteren

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden School boards, School board governance, Coping strategies, Proactive coping, Secondary education
Auteurs Hoogleraar Edith Hooge en Alumnus Nancy Plasmans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is about how education administrators value complex issues or dilemmas they are confronted with in their governance practices, and which strategies they adopt to cope with them. Professional governance of school organisations was introduced gradually over the past fifteen years, and at the same time governance in education has gained in complexity and raises considerable risks, requiring more time, knowledge and expertise of education administrators. We draw on the theoretical perspective of coping to investigate the potential of education administrators to deal with the complexity, impediments and social and regulatory pressure in their daily practice. Our study consists of a comparative case study of six education administrators in secondary education. Their agency has been researched qualitatively with the help of the hierarchical model of coping strategies of Skinner and colleagues. The results show that the issues and dilemmas education administrators find most complex are about educational innovation and numbers of students enrolled. Education administrators value these issues or dilemmas hardly as threatening, and they adopt various proactive coping strategies to deal with them, such as information seeking or bargaining.


Hoogleraar Edith Hooge
Edith Hooge is hoogleraar onderwijsbestuur bij TIAS, Universiteit van Tilburg.

Alumnus Nancy Plasmans
Nancy Plasmans is alumnus van de TIAS Executive Master Management in Education en teamleider bij Heerbeeck International College, scholengroep voor voortgezet onderwijs Best-Oirschot.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Caelesta Braun is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij en associate professor van het Institute of Public Administration van de Universiteit Leiden.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Rosalie Smit
Rosalie Smit is directeur van Bureau de Helling a.i.

    This editorial offers an introduction to the current issue.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Prof. dr. Monique Kremer
Prof. dr. Monique Kremer is werkzaam bij de WRR en als bijzonder hoogleraar Actief Burgerschap bij de afdeling Sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    Dijstelbloem’s view on science and truth seems to support post-truth politics. The relativistic view on science is logically inconsistent and mostly irrelevant to practical science and its contribution to society. Post truth politics should be challenged by better science and better education.


Prof. dr. Han L.J. van der Maas
Prof. dr. Han van der Maas is hoogleraar Psychologische Methodenleer aan de faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Ineke Fritschij BSc

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Prof. dr. Jan Willem Duyvendak
Prof. dr. Jan Willem Duyvendak is hoogleraar algemene sociologie.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr.Tamara Metze is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij
Artikel

Deliberatieve democratie: ervaringen met diversiteit in burgertop Amsterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Democracy, Summit, Dialogue, Diversity, Homogeneity
Auteurs Dr. Peer Smets en Marloes Vlind MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper will show how citizens’ summits in the Netherlands cope with diversity of participants and the impact of this on those initiatives. This provides insight in why diversity is hard to reach and what can be done to improve it. Presently, dissatisfaction about the Dutch democratic system is widespread. Solutions are being sought to strengthen Dutch participatory democracy. For this objective, citizens’ summits develop different kind of initiatives. However, citizens participating in these summits are a homogeneous group, namely mainly white, middle aged and highly educated. Mechanisms of exclusion, selection of candidates, homogeneous composition of the organization, and a dominating intellectual/rational way of debating are playing a role here. Citizens with different backgrounds need to be included in these initiatives to obtain a better representation of society’s voices. This notion has been strengthened by theory, which shows that diversity enables more creativity and innovation.


Dr. Peer Smets
Dr. Peer Smets is universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit.

Marloes Vlind MSc
Marloes Vlind MSc is docent en onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Dr. Marleen van der Haar
Dr. Marleen van der Haar werkt als adviseur-onderzoeker bij het PON, een onderzoeksinstituut voor maatschappelijke vraagstukken in Tilburg. Daarnaast is zij als onderzoeker geaffilieerd aan de afdeling Politicologie/Institute for Management Research van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, waar zij tussen 2011 en 2016 als postdoc-onderzoeker en docent werkte. Haar onderzoeksexpertise ligt vooral op het gebied van integratiebeleid, sociaal werk en in- en uitsluitingsvraagstukken.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Dr. Duco Bannink
Dr. Duco Bannink is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen
Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    In recent decades, the Dutch labour market has become more flexible. Flexible labour contracts enable firms to adjust employment to a changing market environment and to competitive pressures. Almost without exception, academic studies on the drivers behind the use of flexible labour contracts at the company level, are motivated by competitive pressures. However, companies may be susceptible to institutional pressures as well. Based on a survey among more than 650 managers in the Netherlands, we conclude that firms are vulnerable to institutional (mimetic) forces. This finding has several implications for policy-making and labour flexibility research.


Fabian Dekker
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