Zoekresultaat: 14 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde x Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Leerproces voor planologisch wetenschappelijk onderzoek en de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden practice-oriented research, practice-academic divide, learning cycle, cost benefiet analysis, transit-oriented development
Auteurs Dr. Els Beukers en Dr. Wendy Tan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Planning research is increasingly focused on bridging the gap between practice and academia. However, this requires much effort and is not as commonplace as it seems. To ensure success, innovative research approaches, practitioners and academics are required. The experiential learning cycle of Kolb and Fry (1974) offers a research framework for the authors to reflect on their practice-oriented research on Cost Benefit Analysis processes (CBA) and Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) respectively. Both research projects are compared using the learning cycle. The cycle was completed in the CBA project but only partially resolved in the TOD project. Reflecting on their experiences with applying the learning cycle, the authors conclude on the possibilities and limitations of this application and offer insight into how the interaction between theory and practice can occur.


Dr. Els Beukers
Dr. E. Beukers is als adviseur Impact Analyse en Dialoogmanagement werkzaam bij Balance.

Dr. Wendy Tan
Dr. ir. W.G.Z. Tan is als universitair docent infrastructuur en verkeer- en vervoersplanning werkzaam bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen.
Artikel

De rollen van de praktijkonderzoeker: getuige-deskundige, sociaal ingenieur en verhalenverteller

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden social policy, knowledge utilisation, expert witness, social engineer, storyteller
Auteurs Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows the relevance of Burawoy’s analytical categories on the division of scientific labour to analyse the interactions between science and practice. It argues that social scientists need to combine the roles of expert witness, social engineer and storyteller in order to develop a productive relationship with policy makers. It also emphasises the relevance of a permanent dialogue between social scientists and policy makers. However, the analysis disagrees with Burawoy’s view that knowledge is based on a consensus between scientists and their publics (consensual knowledge). Burawoy underestimates the risk of a politicisation of science inherent to a close relationship with various ‘publics’. The arguments presented in this article are based on the reception of a research project on labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe. This was a hybrid research project in which different actors participated: the Erasmus University, nine Dutch municipalities, the national government and a Dutch knowledge center on urban issues.


Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
Prof. dr. G.B.M. Engbersen is hoogleraar Algemene Sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Grenzen verleggen in een dialoog over watermonitoring: beperkingen en kansen voor een transitie naar een bio-based economie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Boundary work, Monitoring water quality, Sustainability Transitions, Bio based economy, Dialogue
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze en Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A transition to a bio based economy requires social and technological innovations. Transition management theory holds that these innovations take place in niches that can bring about structural change in society, politics and the economy in a stepwise manner. However, these innovations are always subjected to systemic barriers, such as regulations and institutional structures, that need to be overcome. This was also the case in a consortium of government, industry and eco-toxicologists that collaboratively developed innovative water monitoring tools. In this contribution the authors investigate how systemic barriers can be made productive in a science-society dialogue by creating reflexivity and learning. They conducted a frame analysis of interviews and policy documents to unravel systemic barriers to innovation – in the form of discursive boundary work: the routinized demarcations of practices. Second, they experimented with a science-society dialogue to reflect on these routinized demarcations and develop alternatives to overcome these boundaries. The research demonstrates that reflective conversations occurred and that participants developed a boundary concept of ‘living water’ that enhanced their innovative collaboration and technology.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
Dr. T.J. Schuitmaker is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Bereikt coproductie kwetsbare burgers?

Een analyse van belemmeringen voor kwetsbare burgers in drie fasen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden co-production, public services, vulnerable citizens, trust
Auteurs Joost Fledderus MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Co-production is regarded as a way to actively involve vulnerable citizens with public service delivery. However, there are several critical aspects that may lead to the unexpected exclusion of this group by public organizations, which have been insufficiently addressed hitherto. On the basis of a dissertation research, these critical aspects are analyzed for three phases of co-production. In the first phase, self-selection and organizational selection may lead to the exclusion of vulnerable citizens. In the second phase, a lack of commitment of the user and organizational support increase the chance of early discontinuation of co-production by vulnerable citizens. Finally, in the evaluation phase, it is likely that disadvantaged citizens attribute potential success of co-production to themselves and do not reward the public service provider for this. This has the possible consequence that there is no recognition for the added value of co-production, which may lead to less co-production that involves vulnerable citizens in the future.


Joost Fledderus MSc
J. Fledderus MSc studeerde sociologie in Nijmegen en bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Zijn PhD-onderzoek aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen richtte zich op de relatie tussen coproductie van publieke dienstverlening en vertrouwen in publieke dienstverlening, vertrouwen in de overheid en vertrouwen in de samenleving. Het empirische deel van zijn onderzoek is voornamelijk gebaseerd op ervaringen van deelnemers van werkcorporaties, een activeringsprogramma voor bijstandsgerechtigden in Nijmegen. Op dit moment is hij werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur bij Necker van Naem.
Artikel

Over de werking en waardering van kennispraktijken

Of hoe een vraagstuk het onderzoek krijgt dat het verdient

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, Integration & Implementation Sciences, practice approach, knowledge intermediary, knowledge transfer
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr John Grin, Prof. dr John Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When scientific values like objectivity, validity and reliability are inadequate for designing research that enables society’s capacity for dealing with unstructured problems, which values or criteria should we use for designing adequate knowledge practices? Based on the articles in this special issue we answer this question by analysing the methods researchers have used for selecting stakeholders, knowledges, synthesis, context and outcome in new knowledge practices. Although a common language for comparison and documentation is lacking, the analysis provides recommendations for better designing interaction between scientific and other practices. The most important message however is that we need a designated platform for exchanging and evaluating experiences and discussing methods and the outcomes they yield.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Grin
Prof. dr J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Access_open Hoe bestuurskundig is de bestuurskunde?

Nederlandse bestuurskundigen vergeleken met hun Europese vakgenoten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden public administration, discipline, survey, Practice orientation
Auteurs Stefanie Gadellaa, Dion Curry en Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As long as the existence of public administration, there is discussion whether public administration should focus on practice or mainly be a purely scientific field. Opinions of public administration scholars are divided on the matter. Moreover, the question is whether public administration is a discipline in itself or part of other disciplines such as political science, law or the management sciences. This article shows how public administration scholars see the discipline and the developments therein, based on a survey among scholars. Dutch public administration scholars are compared with their European colleagues. There are major differences between the Netherlands and the rest of Europe with regard to the status of the discipline. Firstly, as a separate discipline, public administration in the Netherlands is more important in comparison with other European countries. In the rest of Europe, in particular political sciences play an important role. Secondly, regarding the tension within the discipline, the public administration in the Netherlands is developing less towards practitioners than public administration in other European countries.


Stefanie Gadellaa
S.M. Gadellaa is verbonden aan de Afdeling Bestuurskunde, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dion Curry
Dion Curry is verbonden aan het Department of Political and Cultural Studies, Swansea University.

Steven Van de Walle
Steven Van de Walle is verbonden aan de Afdeling Bestuurskunde, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Pas op! Over beheerst risico’s beheersen in het governancetijdperk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden risk management, governance, inspection, organization, hybridization
Auteurs Dr. Mark de Bruijne, Dr. Bauke Steenhuisen en Dr. Haiko van der Voort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Risks taken by some organizations may have considerable impact on society. In this contribution the assessment and management of risk are perceived to take place in a multi-actor setting. Within an organization operators, risk managers, and top managers interact about risk assessments and risk mitigation strategies. Public regulators and inspectorates increasingly focus on risk management systems instead of the operational activities or organizational outputs. Are organizations systematically assessing their risks? This contribution identifies two contrasting perspectives on risk assessment and risk mitigation in literature: risk management and risk governance. An empirical study in three sectors reveals evidence of both perspectives in practice. Companies adopt hybrid approaches, which are essential for the quality of risk assessment and mitigation. Indeed, adopting just one perspective seems dangerous. We conclude that public regulators and inspectorates might provide incentives to focus on just one perspective and suggest two heuristics for public inspectorates that respect hybrid approaches of risk assessment and mitigation.


Dr. Mark de Bruijne
Dr. M.L.C. de Bruijne is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

Dr. Bauke Steenhuisen
Dr. M.L.C. de Bruijne is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.
Artikel

Snijden in eigen vlees

De waarden van topambtenaren en het implementeren van bezuinigingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden cutback management, top civil servants, public values, public management
Auteurs Eduard Schmidt MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governments throughout the whole world feel the need to cut spending due to the current financial crisis. The Netherlands are no exception in this matter. Top civil servants are up to the task to implement these cutbacks within their own organizations. However, not much is known about what influences their choice for certain implementation strategies. One factor of interest are the values of top civil servants, which are supposed to be influenced by their work experience. This is a relevant factor, since the introduction of New Public Management made it more common for managers from the private sector to reach the higher echelons of government. Top civil servants with different backgrounds and from different Dutch ministries were interviewed for this study. It seems that using across-the-board cuts are present within Dutch ministries, sometimes combined with targeted cuts. Surprisingly, no differences in values and implementation strategies were found between managers with and without experience in the private sector, contrary to expectation. The implementation strategies used seem mainly influenced by values such as soberness and thrift, values which are not present in current public values literature.


Eduard Schmidt MSc
J.E.T. Schmidt, MSc is promovendus op het NWO-project Explaining cutback management strategies in public sector organisations: change leadership in times of crisis bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Campus Den Haag, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Bestuurskunde voorbij het maakbaarheidsdenken?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden social engineering, greedy governance, modest public governance, practical rationality
Auteurs Robert van Putten MSc MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public Administration has been confronted with an emerging body of literature on the subject of social engineering and the limitedness of governing society. At the same time, governance is considered to be more greedy. The aim of this article is to consider the implications of the boundaries of social engineering for Public Administration. This article reflects on these implications as follows. Firstly, this article gives an analysis of the relation between governance, policy and feasibility. Secondly, different definitions of feasibility are developed and related to Public Administration. These elements lead to the conclusion that Public Administration is part of the culture of perfecting. Thirdly, after rejecting fatalism, a new perspective for Public Administration can be found in thinking based on practical rationality.


Robert van Putten MSc MA
R.J. van Putten MSc MA is filosoof en bestuurskundige. Hij is werkzaam als promovendus en docent aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Breedbandcoöperaties op het platteland

Leerscholen voor Next Generation Plattelandsontwikkeling

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden community broadband, rural development, cooperatives, neo-endogenous development, Netherlands
Auteurs Koen Salemink MSc en Prof. dr. Dirk Strijker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a database with 75 rural community broadband initiatives in the Netherlands and a longitudinal analysis of a specific initiative in the municipality of Oldambt, the authors discuss how citizens campaign for improved internet connections in a cooperative setting. The authors present an 8-step model which shows that at each step citizens, governments and private telecom companies affect the completion of the step. Both telecom companies and governments, however, stick to their old way of working. The market parties try to slow down the process and prevent their market areas from being affected by the initiatives, while governments are unclear about (potential) policies. Community broadband initiatives learn ‘on the job’ and they need perseverance as well as social, intellectual and financial capital in order to be successful. The realization of rural broadband requires efforts from citizens and the involvement of facilitating and supportive governments.


Koen Salemink MSc
K. Salemink MSc is werkzaam als promovendus en projectonderzoeker bij de Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Prof. dr. Dirk Strijker
Prof. dr. D. Strijker is hoogleraar plattelandsontwikkeling bij de Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Van stedelijk onderzoek naar praktijken voor probleembewerking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden governance of wicked problems, local administration, research, translation, problem structuring
Auteurs Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his much praised book on mayors, Benjamin Barber argues it’s up to cities to address the world’s most acute problems. These include wicked problems such as climate change, terrorism, poverty and trafficking of drugs, weapons and humans. Cities are not only excellent problem solvers, they are also given a prominent role in innovation and economics, democracy and citizenship, and more recently domestic care. Complicated, wicked and thus knowledge intensive problems are stacking up at the local level. But where to get the appropriate knowledge to tackle these issues?


Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman doet (actie-)onderzoek in en naar nieuwe stedelijke kennispraktijken en schrijft hierover een dissertatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Zijn eco-steden ook slim? En zijn slimme steden ook eco?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden eco-city, knowledge city, smart city, Terminologische verschillen en overeenkomsten
Auteurs Dr. Martin de Jong, Dr. Simon Joss, Daan Schraven MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the last couple of decades, metropolitan areas around the world have been engaged in a multitude of initiatives aimed at upgrading urban infrastructure and services, in an effort to create better environmental, social and economic conditions and to enhance cities’ attractiveness and competitiveness. Reflecting these developments, many new categories of ‘cities’ have entered the policy discourse: ‘sustainable cities’; ‘green cities’; ‘digital cities’; ‘intelligent cities’; ‘smart cities’; ‘information cities’; ‘knowledge cities’; ‘resilient cities’; ‘eco-cities’; ‘low carbon cities’; ‘liveable cities’; and even combinations, such as ‘low carbon eco-cities’ and ‘ubiquitous eco-cities’. Each of these terms apparently seeks to capture and conceptualize key aspects of ongoing urban sustainability efforts. Closer examination, however, reveals that the terms are often used interchangeably by policy makers, planners and developers alike. In this article we examine the reflection of the wider policy debate in academic discourse. By subjecting the twelve most frequently encountered categories mentioned above to bibliometric analysis, we aim to identify the distinct conceptual perspectives harbored by each of them.


Dr. Martin de Jong
Dr. W.M. de Jong is universitair hoofddocent beleidskunde aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft en als toegevoegd hoogleraar verbonden aan Fudan University, Shanghai.

Dr. Simon Joss
Dr. S. Joss is directeur van de International Eco-Cities Initiative en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de University of Westminster in Londen.

Daan Schraven MSc
D. Schraven, MSc is onderzoeker bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Changjie Zhan
C. Zhan is promovendus bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Prof. dr. Margot Weijnen
Prof. dr. M.P.C. Weijnen is hoogleraar proces- en energienetwerken aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.
Artikel

Gedrag als succesformule voor beleid

Leidt inzicht in menselijk gedrag tot beter beleid?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden behavioral sciences, public policymaking, policy effectiveness
Auteurs Dr. Meyken Houppermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The economic crisis is forcing Dutch government to deliberate decisions that lead to effective public policy.
    There seems to be a trend for the involvement of behavioral insights in the policymaking process, in order to achieve more effective public policy. The Government Strategy Board organized several conferences on this topic and the Scientific Council for Government policy researches this subject.
    To what extent can behavioral insights be considered a success formula for policy? This article offers a critical consideration from the findings of the thesis ’Two sides of the coin’, that deals with the relationship between the policymaking process and the effectiveness of public policy and makes it clear that behavioral insights are an important condition for successful policy. However, success demands an update of the current dominant scientific perspective on public policy as well as a realistic judgement of the high requirements on policy makers to involve behavioral insights in the policymaking process.


Dr. Meyken Houppermans
Dr. M.K. Houppermans is bestuurskundig socioloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur, gepromoveerd op het proefschrift ’Twee kanten van de medaille. Een onderzoek naar de kwaliteit van de beleidsvoorbereiding’.
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