Zoekresultaat: 14 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde x Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Kenniscocreatie rond vernieuwing gebiedsontwikkeling is zinnig

NWO-programma Urban Regions in the Delta hanteerde navolgenswaardige aanpak

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden knowledge co-creation, area development, transdisciplinarity, boundary work
Auteurs Drs. Ymkje de Boer en Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The research programme Urban Regions in the Delta (URD) wielded an approach worthy of emulation. Create ‘vital’ project consortia, crosslink the research project with on-going planning and policy making processes, give senior scientists a major role and engage expert process managers. These are four key success factors for knowledge co-creation in the field of area development, according to the programme (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research; URD, 2010-2014 http://urd.verdus.nl). Within URD scientists and practitioners were cooperating from the very beginning. The scientific insight and innovations generated are considered not very visible in traditional scientific publications, but the knowledge that was developed provides considerable added value to society.


Drs. Ymkje de Boer
Drs. Y. de Boer is zelfstandig adviseur in kenniscommunicatie en -overdracht, veelal werkzaam voor NWO-programma’s en het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden. Zij was als communicatieadviseur verbonden aan Urban Regions in the Delta. In 2013 was ze medeauteur van het boek ‘Kenniscocreatie’, naar productieve samenwerking tussen wetenschappers en beleidsmakers.

Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
Ir. J. Klinkenberg (Platform31) is als netwerkmanager sinds 2010 werkzaam voor het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden, en daarbinnen ook netwerkmanager van Urban Regions in the Delta. Hij richt zich op het opzetten en uitvoeren van praktijkgerichte onderzoeksprogramma’s en -projecten in het ruimtelijk domein, gebaseerd op ervaringen in diverse FES-programma’s.
Artikel

Leerproces voor planologisch wetenschappelijk onderzoek en de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden practice-oriented research, practice-academic divide, learning cycle, cost benefiet analysis, transit-oriented development
Auteurs Dr. Els Beukers en Dr. Wendy Tan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Planning research is increasingly focused on bridging the gap between practice and academia. However, this requires much effort and is not as commonplace as it seems. To ensure success, innovative research approaches, practitioners and academics are required. The experiential learning cycle of Kolb and Fry (1974) offers a research framework for the authors to reflect on their practice-oriented research on Cost Benefit Analysis processes (CBA) and Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) respectively. Both research projects are compared using the learning cycle. The cycle was completed in the CBA project but only partially resolved in the TOD project. Reflecting on their experiences with applying the learning cycle, the authors conclude on the possibilities and limitations of this application and offer insight into how the interaction between theory and practice can occur.


Dr. Els Beukers
Dr. E. Beukers is als adviseur Impact Analyse en Dialoogmanagement werkzaam bij Balance.

Dr. Wendy Tan
Dr. ir. W.G.Z. Tan is als universitair docent infrastructuur en verkeer- en vervoersplanning werkzaam bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen.
Artikel

De rollen van de praktijkonderzoeker: getuige-deskundige, sociaal ingenieur en verhalenverteller

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden social policy, knowledge utilisation, expert witness, social engineer, storyteller
Auteurs Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows the relevance of Burawoy’s analytical categories on the division of scientific labour to analyse the interactions between science and practice. It argues that social scientists need to combine the roles of expert witness, social engineer and storyteller in order to develop a productive relationship with policy makers. It also emphasises the relevance of a permanent dialogue between social scientists and policy makers. However, the analysis disagrees with Burawoy’s view that knowledge is based on a consensus between scientists and their publics (consensual knowledge). Burawoy underestimates the risk of a politicisation of science inherent to a close relationship with various ‘publics’. The arguments presented in this article are based on the reception of a research project on labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe. This was a hybrid research project in which different actors participated: the Erasmus University, nine Dutch municipalities, the national government and a Dutch knowledge center on urban issues.


Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
Prof. dr. G.B.M. Engbersen is hoogleraar Algemene Sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
Artikel

Access_open Quo vadis, Nederlandse Bestuurskunde?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public administration
Auteurs Dr. Caelesta Braun, Dr. Menno Fenger, Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forty years ago, Dutch Public Administration started as an independent academic discipline. The founding fathers considered empirical application and multidisciplinarity the most important characteristics of public administration. This article assesses the current state of the discipline in the Netherlands. The assessment is the result of a series of five debates throughout the country, focussing on different elements of the Public Administration discipline: education, academic research, consultancy and policy advice. In brief, the article argues that the discipline has reached maturity in these forty years. It has become an accepted academic discipline, on the verge of a mono-discipline. The Netherlands is considered as one of the leading countries in public administration research. However, these successes also create a gap between public administration as a successful academic discipline and its roots as a multi-disciplinary, applied science. Renewing the balance between these two will be the main challenge for the decades to come.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Dr. C. Braun is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO).

Dr. Menno Fenger
Dr. H.J.M. Fenger is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO) en co-decaan bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).

Dr. Judith van der Veer
Dr. J. van der Veer, postdoc bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Tanja Verheij
Drs. A.J.M. Verheij is managing director bij Berenschot.
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Grenzen verleggen in een dialoog over watermonitoring: beperkingen en kansen voor een transitie naar een bio-based economie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Boundary work, Monitoring water quality, Sustainability Transitions, Bio based economy, Dialogue
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze en Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A transition to a bio based economy requires social and technological innovations. Transition management theory holds that these innovations take place in niches that can bring about structural change in society, politics and the economy in a stepwise manner. However, these innovations are always subjected to systemic barriers, such as regulations and institutional structures, that need to be overcome. This was also the case in a consortium of government, industry and eco-toxicologists that collaboratively developed innovative water monitoring tools. In this contribution the authors investigate how systemic barriers can be made productive in a science-society dialogue by creating reflexivity and learning. They conducted a frame analysis of interviews and policy documents to unravel systemic barriers to innovation – in the form of discursive boundary work: the routinized demarcations of practices. Second, they experimented with a science-society dialogue to reflect on these routinized demarcations and develop alternatives to overcome these boundaries. The research demonstrates that reflective conversations occurred and that participants developed a boundary concept of ‘living water’ that enhanced their innovative collaboration and technology.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
Dr. T.J. Schuitmaker is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
Dr. M.R.R. Ossewaarde is universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de universiteit Twente
Artikel

Externe advisering binnen de Nederlandse overheid

Naar een empirisch en theoretisch onderbouwde onderzoeksagenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden external policy advisors, policy advisory systems, survey research
Auteurs Dr. Caspar van den Berg, MSc MA Arjen Schmidt en Carola van Eijk MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we discuss the influence of external policy advisors on the policy process. In the Dutch context, little is known about the role, function and influence of external policy advisors (like consultants) who are hired on a temporary basis by the government. Based on a survey (N = 378) this study provides a profile of external policy advisors and the nature of their advice work. An interesting result is that external advisors generally conduct process-related policy work, but may also provide policy substance. Furthermore, the article develops an empirically and theoretically informed research agenda as a starting point for additional research.


Dr. Caspar van den Berg
Dr. C.F. van den Berg is als UHD verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden.

MSc MA Arjen Schmidt
A.J. Schmidt, MSc MA is als promovendus verbonden aan de afdeling Organisatiewetenschappen,Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Carola van Eijk MSc
C.J.A. van Eijk, MSc is als promovenda verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Bestuurskunde voorbij het maakbaarheidsdenken?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden social engineering, greedy governance, modest public governance, practical rationality
Auteurs Robert van Putten MSc MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public Administration has been confronted with an emerging body of literature on the subject of social engineering and the limitedness of governing society. At the same time, governance is considered to be more greedy. The aim of this article is to consider the implications of the boundaries of social engineering for Public Administration. This article reflects on these implications as follows. Firstly, this article gives an analysis of the relation between governance, policy and feasibility. Secondly, different definitions of feasibility are developed and related to Public Administration. These elements lead to the conclusion that Public Administration is part of the culture of perfecting. Thirdly, after rejecting fatalism, a new perspective for Public Administration can be found in thinking based on practical rationality.


Robert van Putten MSc MA
R.J. van Putten MSc MA is filosoof en bestuurskundige. Hij is werkzaam als promovendus en docent aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Breedbandcoöperaties op het platteland

Leerscholen voor Next Generation Plattelandsontwikkeling

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden community broadband, rural development, cooperatives, neo-endogenous development, Netherlands
Auteurs Koen Salemink MSc en Prof. dr. Dirk Strijker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a database with 75 rural community broadband initiatives in the Netherlands and a longitudinal analysis of a specific initiative in the municipality of Oldambt, the authors discuss how citizens campaign for improved internet connections in a cooperative setting. The authors present an 8-step model which shows that at each step citizens, governments and private telecom companies affect the completion of the step. Both telecom companies and governments, however, stick to their old way of working. The market parties try to slow down the process and prevent their market areas from being affected by the initiatives, while governments are unclear about (potential) policies. Community broadband initiatives learn ‘on the job’ and they need perseverance as well as social, intellectual and financial capital in order to be successful. The realization of rural broadband requires efforts from citizens and the involvement of facilitating and supportive governments.


Koen Salemink MSc
K. Salemink MSc is werkzaam als promovendus en projectonderzoeker bij de Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Prof. dr. Dirk Strijker
Prof. dr. D. Strijker is hoogleraar plattelandsontwikkeling bij de Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Van stedelijk onderzoek naar praktijken voor probleembewerking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden governance of wicked problems, local administration, research, translation, problem structuring
Auteurs Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his much praised book on mayors, Benjamin Barber argues it’s up to cities to address the world’s most acute problems. These include wicked problems such as climate change, terrorism, poverty and trafficking of drugs, weapons and humans. Cities are not only excellent problem solvers, they are also given a prominent role in innovation and economics, democracy and citizenship, and more recently domestic care. Complicated, wicked and thus knowledge intensive problems are stacking up at the local level. But where to get the appropriate knowledge to tackle these issues?


Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman doet (actie-)onderzoek in en naar nieuwe stedelijke kennispraktijken en schrijft hierover een dissertatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Van Slingelandt-lezing: wie stuurt er (in) de stad?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden local administration, city management, New York
Auteurs Drs. Henk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Henk de Jong, former chief clerk of the municipality of Amsterdam, spent some years as a management consultant in New York. Back home, he describes what the Netherlands can learn from the American way of managing big cities. Klaartje Peters, professor of Maastricht University, reflects on the lessons he draws.


Drs. Henk de Jong
Drs. H. de Jong was gemeentesecretaris van Amsterdam, heeft lang als adviseur in de Verenigde Staten gewerkt en is nu bestuurder van het ROC Leiden.
Artikel

Zijn eco-steden ook slim? En zijn slimme steden ook eco?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden eco-city, knowledge city, smart city, Terminologische verschillen en overeenkomsten
Auteurs Dr. Martin de Jong, Dr. Simon Joss, Daan Schraven MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the last couple of decades, metropolitan areas around the world have been engaged in a multitude of initiatives aimed at upgrading urban infrastructure and services, in an effort to create better environmental, social and economic conditions and to enhance cities’ attractiveness and competitiveness. Reflecting these developments, many new categories of ‘cities’ have entered the policy discourse: ‘sustainable cities’; ‘green cities’; ‘digital cities’; ‘intelligent cities’; ‘smart cities’; ‘information cities’; ‘knowledge cities’; ‘resilient cities’; ‘eco-cities’; ‘low carbon cities’; ‘liveable cities’; and even combinations, such as ‘low carbon eco-cities’ and ‘ubiquitous eco-cities’. Each of these terms apparently seeks to capture and conceptualize key aspects of ongoing urban sustainability efforts. Closer examination, however, reveals that the terms are often used interchangeably by policy makers, planners and developers alike. In this article we examine the reflection of the wider policy debate in academic discourse. By subjecting the twelve most frequently encountered categories mentioned above to bibliometric analysis, we aim to identify the distinct conceptual perspectives harbored by each of them.


Dr. Martin de Jong
Dr. W.M. de Jong is universitair hoofddocent beleidskunde aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft en als toegevoegd hoogleraar verbonden aan Fudan University, Shanghai.

Dr. Simon Joss
Dr. S. Joss is directeur van de International Eco-Cities Initiative en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de University of Westminster in Londen.

Daan Schraven MSc
D. Schraven, MSc is onderzoeker bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Changjie Zhan
C. Zhan is promovendus bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Prof. dr. Margot Weijnen
Prof. dr. M.P.C. Weijnen is hoogleraar proces- en energienetwerken aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.
Artikel

De stad als lab voor sociale verandering

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden living lab, local administration, citizen participation, governance of wicked problems
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré, Iris Vanhommerig MSc. en Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The city is hot: solutions to the world’s everyday problems are increasingly sought at the local level. Local administrations are handed more responsibilities through decentralizations and much is expected of the pragmatic skills of mayors. A great deal of hope is directed at the self-organizing abilities of cities, which can be seen as laboratories for social change and improvement. In this themed issue we will critically review these high expectations of cities and the local level. Can cities live up to these expectations, and at what point does ‘hope’ become ‘hype’? This introductory article mainly focuses on the concept of living labs, which are presented as an accessible, innovative and pragmatic way to address social issues in neighbourhoods.


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de master Urban Management verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Iris Vanhommerig MSc.
I. Vanhommerig MSc. is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, docent, vertaler en programmeur. Voor meer informatie zie www.bestuurskundig.nl.

Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is professor of Urban Development Management bij de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
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