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Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde x Jaar 2011 x
Artikel

Inleiding themanummer schaalsensitief bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden ideal scale, government, scale sensitive governance
Auteurs Catrien Termeer en Trui Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scale is one of the classic themes in the study of Public Administration. Despite much research and debate, a lot of questions remain open. This special issue introduces scale sensitive governance as an alternative concept. It relates to taking into account the context, departing from dogma's or illusions about the ideal scale, and looking for new ways to deal with issues of scale.


Catrien Termeer
Prof. dr ir C.J.A.M. Termeer is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen University.

Trui Steen
Dr T.P.S. Steen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Boekbespreking

De rechtsstaat: Terug op de bestuurskundige agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden rule of law, constitutionalism, administrative law
Auteurs Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There seems to be a contradiction between what is happening in public administration discipline and public administration practice. Whereas public administration discipline and law largely separated during the past decades public administration practice and law have converged. Recently three books have been published which emphasize the importance of the rule of law as an explanatory variable for public administration's design and behavior. In this review essay these books are discussed from a public administration theory perspective. The point of departure of the authors substantially differs. Beckett (‘Public Management and the Rule of Law’, 2010) focuses on the rule of law, Cooper (‘Public Law & Public Administration’, 2007) and Rosenbloom, O'Leary & Chanin (‘Public Administration and Law’, 2010) aim at constitutionalizing public administration. The rule of law and the constitution prove to be shaky grounds for a public administration theory. In general constitutional competence may be important for public managers and professionals, but what it means for everyday practices is not easy to establish. The authors therefore extensively describe American public law, emphasizing the constitutional constraints and general administrative law. With these books the authors provide excellent building blocks for a comparative approach of the rule of law from a public administration perspective. The aim of such an approach would be to discover patterns between legal and constitutional designs on the one hand and everyday administrative practices on the other hand.


Stavros Zouridis
Prof. mr. dr S. Zouridis is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Schaaldenken is ‘schraal’ denken

In netwerkbestuur is de schaal van het bestuur minder relevant

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, local government, performance, democratic legitimacy
Auteurs Linze Schaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands there is an ongoing discussion on the preferred or even necessary scale of government. Basic assumption in this decades-long discussion is that the mere seize of government affects the functioning and quality of government. This article questions that specific assumption, by applying two criteria; government performance and democratic legitimacy. It is concluded that the supposed relationship between seize and quality hardly exists, theoretically nor empirically. Recent government proposals for further up-scaling are being critically assessed. Main conclusion is that thinking in terms of scale and seize is no longer feasible in a modern network society.


Linze Schaap
Dr L. Schaap is Universitair Hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij DEMOS - Centrum voor Burgerschap en Beter Bestuur, Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Besturen tussen globale en nationale schaal

De casus van de ronde tafel over duurzame palmolie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden governing, sustainability, scale, global partnerships, RSPO
Auteurs Otto Hospes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is no world government for sustainability, whereas many of todays' sustainability issues are of a global scale. This paradox explains the rise of global, often private, partnerships to develop principles and criteria for sustainability. The central theme of this article is the relationship between global partnerships and national governments in governing sustainability. Are these global partnerships an excuse for governments not to take the lead in organizing sustainable palm oil, or do they activate governments to take up their public responsibilities? Is there synergy, coordination or rather competition between these different agents and scales of governance? The case is about the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and its relationship with the government of Indonesia, the largest producer and exporter of palm oil in the world. This relationship is dynamic and characterized by ‘boomerang-effects’: the Indonesian government left the initiative to international NGOs and multinational companies to develop principles and criteria for sustainable palm oil at the RSPO, but is then invited by the RSPO to participate in the national implementation of global principles and criteria. Triggered by the RSPO, the government of Indonesia develops an own, national standard for sustainable palm oil, gradually distancing itself from the RSPO and its global standard.


Otto Hospes
Dr ir O. Hospes is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan Wageningen Universiteit.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Conclusies en onderzoeksagenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, risks, chances, dilemmas, research agenda
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this concluding article of the special issue on web 2.0 we critically discuss several of the effects of this trend. Is it always a good idea to let citizens participate in policy making through social media? Will Open Data only lead to positive effects? And will the co-creation possibilities of web 2.0 really dramatically alter the ways in which bureaucracies function, as its advocates believe? We also draw up an agenda for future research on the governmental effects of web 2.0.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Open data en dynamische verantwoording

Reflecties op een opkomende trend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Open Data, dynamic accountability, armchair auditors
Auteurs Iris Vanhommerig en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The co-production possibilities brought on by web 2.0 has meant that media are no longer a one-way stream, with citizens as passive consumers of information. This has also had an impact on the way public organizations account for their actions. In this article we describe Open Data and various other emerging forms of dynamic accountability which in recent years have cropped up alongside the more traditional horizontal and vertical accountability mechanisms. Dynamic accountability uses the technical possibilities of web 2.0 to put an end to accountability as a one-way stream: citizens now have the possibility to react and actively hold their government to account. We reflect on this emerging trend by exploring which questions this raises for Dutch governmental organizations.


Iris Vanhommerig
I. Vanhommerig MSc is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, wetenschappelijk vertaler en web-developer.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senior onderzoeker bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Master Urban Management van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, responsive government, government-citizen interaction
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New means of communication, especially social media, dramatically alter the relationship between citizens and government. The internet is a platform for political discourse now in which citizens not only interact with governments but often play a leading role. This demands of government to learn how to act in a more responsive fashion. In this issue, we focus on the practical effects of web 2.0 for various governmental organizations and draw up a research agenda.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en program maleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Boekbespreking

Het onaangename en het nuttige: Over nieuwsmedia en bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden news media, government, mediatisation, monitory democracy, journalism
Auteurs Sandra Jacobs en Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Relations between government and news media are often complex and contradictory. In order to shed light on their interactions, this review essay discusses four recent books on the tensions between government and the media. Discussed are Schudson's Why Democracies Need an Unlovable Press, Prenger et al's Gevaarlijk spel, Cook's Governing with the News and Keane's Life and Death of Democracy. Three general issues are discussed: the ways in which journalists and policy actors behave towards each other; the implications for the daily practices of journalists and policy actors and, on a more abstract level, the implications for the democratic system. It is argued that critical and inconvenient news media fulfil a crucial role in a vital democracy, as essential checks for those in power. The news media facilitate the interaction between the fragmented parts of a monitory democracy and thus enhance a well-functioning government. In order to cope with media pressure, government pr-officials try to pacify journalists, but at the same time, government and public organizations should be wary of the incorporation of media rules in their own processes as this may lead to a mediatisation of politics.


Sandra Jacobs
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.

Thomas Schillemans
S.H.J. Jacobs MSc MA en dr T. Schillemans zijn beiden verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, respectievelijk als promovenda en docent/onderzoeker.
Artikel

Botsende publieke waarden bij publiek-private samenwerking

Dimensies en dilemma's van juridisch-bestuurskundige legitimiteit, in het bijzonder bij openbaar gezag

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public-private partnerships, legitimacy
Auteurs Michiel Heldeweg en Maurits Sanders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public Private Partnerships (PPP), especially those geared to exercise public legal powers (‘Authoritative PPP’), are suggestive of tensions between private party involvement and public legitimacy. Hence, public legitimacy is analyzed primarily on the basis of work done by David Beetham, and complemented with Public Law legitimacy considerations concerning the exercise of legal powers and law on public organizations. The findings project that there is room to convincingly frame legitimate PPP involving public authority, but that the scope is restricted both in terms of legal constraints and of political sensitivity.As a result of this, truly wicked policy projects, which in theory stand to gain most by PPP, in practice seem to be considered less suited for Authoritative PPP (and probably more for Network PPP).


Michiel Heldeweg
Prof. mr. dr M.A. Heldeweg is hoogleraar Public Governance Law aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

Maurits Sanders
Drs M.Ph.Th. Sanders is hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij Saxion en promovendus aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Goed bestuur: Kiezen of delen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public values, public management
Auteurs Leo Huberts en Eelco van Hout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Good governance is a contested concept in public administration theory and practice. This concluding article builds on the presented contributions as well as on additional research. First, we summarize the diversity, leading to a sketch of two basic approaches towards good governance (organizational and value oriented). Additionally questions concerning the normativity, the pluralism of values and the object of good governance (process or policy) are addressed. Second, attention is paid to strategies to cope with values in governance, acknowledging the tensions between those values. Basic strategies aim at ‘choosing’ between values, ‘accommodating’ (in time, project, context) and ‘connecting’ values (through institutions or hybridization).


Leo Huberts
Prof. dr L.W.J.C. Huberts is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Eelco van Hout
Dr E.J.Th. van Hout is verbonden aan BMC Advies en Management en het Centrum voor het Bestuur van de Maatschappelijke Onderneming (CBMO) van de Universiteit van Tilburg (TiasNimbas Business School). Beide auteurs nemen deel aan het colloquium Goed Bestuur/Good Governance van het Netherlands Institute of Government, van waaruit dit themanummer gestalte kreeg.
Artikel

Politieke ambtenaren?

Formele en feitelijke rolverschillen tussen Nederlandse politiek assistenten en vlaamse kabinetsmedewerkers

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Political administrative relations, Flanders, The Netherlands, central government
Auteurs Diederik Vancoppenolle, Mirko Noordegraaf en Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A surprising difference between the Netherlands and Flanders is that a Flemish minister may appoint more than 20 advisors, while Dutch ministers can appoint only one or two ‘political assistants’. However, this difference was hardly studied before, although it is a relevant and actual theme. This article analyzes the differences in role and position of Flemish ministerial advisors and Dutch political assistants. We show that there exist large differences between both types of advisors and we discuss the reasons for and consequences of this difference. The institutional context in which both actors work determines a lot their role. Differences in political culture and administrative organization in particular seem to be important explanatory factors.


Diederik Vancoppenolle
Dr Diederik Vancoppenolle is doctor-assistent aan het departement Handelswetenschappen & Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent (België).

Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar Publiek Management aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Martijn van der Steen
Dr M. van der Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).
Artikel

Goed bestuur als management van spanningen tussen verschillende publieke waarden

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, public values, principles of proper administration, principles of good administration, principles of good governance
Auteurs Gjalt de Graaf, Veerle van Doeveren, Anne-Marie Reynaers e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this literature review we present and discuss the key concepts of this symposium issue: (good) governance, (public) values, and the management of tensions between public values. The article concludes with an overview of strategies on how to deal with public values as a prelude to the remainder of the symposium, and discusses the implications of the distinguished strategies for public administration practice.


Gjalt de Graaf
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.

Veerle van Doeveren
Drs V. van Doeveren is als promovenda verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Anne-Marie Reynaers
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.

Zeger van der Wal
Dr G. de Graaf, drs A. Reynaers en dr Z. van der Wal zijn verbonden aan de vakgroep Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, respectievelijk als universitair hoofddocent, promovenda en universitair docent.
Boekbespreking

Vier keer verandermanagement in publieke organisaties: Een essay

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Management of change, public organizations
Auteurs Joris van der Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The literature on the management of organizational change is mostly based on private sector research. Research on the management of change in public sector organizations is relatively scarce. Because of the specific characteristics of public sector organizations, insights in the management of change may not be translated from one sector to the other. In this essay, four recent books about organizational change in public sector organizations are reviewed. Based on these books and other literature, an overview of the contemporary insights in the management of change of public sector organizations is presented.The essay concludes with an agenda for future research.


Joris van der Voet
Drs. J. van der Voet MSc is promovendus bij de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Engagement is populisme voor mensen met een diploma

Coreferaat van Slingelandtlezing Rick van der Ploeg

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2011
Auteurs Michel van Eeten
Auteursinformatie

Michel van Eeten
Prof. dr M.J.G. van Eeten is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de TU Delft.
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