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Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde x Jaar 2012 x
Artikel

Politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen in de 2.0-wereld

Nieuwe uitdagingen en overzeese lessen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Paul 't Hart en Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper reviews developments in political-administrative relations in Dutch central government from 2002-2012. It highlights the strengths/weaknesses of Dutch structures and processes in managing the interface between ministers and the public service. It signals a number of key trends in the political context of executive government that are going to put pressure on the status quo, and examines the much more centralised and politically orchestrated Australian system for pointers towards possible ways in which these contextual changes are going to be.


Paul 't Hart
Prof. dr P. 't Hart is hoogleraar aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) aan de Universiteit Utrecht en co-decaan aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) in Den Haag.

Martijn van der Steen
Dr M.A. van der Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de NSOB.

    Urban government is expected to contribute to the solution of major urban problems. At the same time, urban government is riddled with problems itself, often denoted in terms of governing and democratic deficits. In this article, options for governance reform in the urban realm are being explored along five lines, following up on recent research in the Netherlands and abroad. Both more aggregative arrangements (electronic ‘straw polls’, knowledge polls, prediction markets, ‘dot gov’ competitions for ‘best solutions’) and more collaborative arrangements (electronic co-creation, wiki governance, vital coalitions, urban regimes) are being assessed. The conclusions is that there are good arguments for, at least, more experimentation along these lines - not only from a functionalistic, but also from a democratic and social-psychological point of view.


Frank Hendriks
Prof. dr F. Hendriks is hoogleraar Vergelijkende Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

De wet werken naar vermogen: De stedelijke uitdaging voor creatieve destructie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden job provision, disabled workers, welfare state, creative destruction, local government
Auteurs Marco Wilke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch government is preparing a major new law on social security. Among other things, this law fundamentally addresses the current system of job provision for disabled workers. The article describes the proposed system change from the Schumpeterian perspective of creative destruction. The national government effectively tears up the current system but fails to offer a workable and effective alternative. The creative part of the process is left to the municipalities. The municipalities have to develop strategies for integrating disabled workers in the labour market, acknowledging the fact that demand for these workers is very low. The author presents two of those strategies that might effectively integrate disabled workers in the economy and society.


Marco Wilke
Dr M. Wilke is algemeen directeur van Drechtwerk, de sociale werkvoorziening in het Drechtstedengebied. Daarnaast is hij associé van BMC.
Artikel

Het falen van deliberatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Sonja van der Arend en Jelle Behagel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deliberative democracy is a topic of fierce debate in political philosophy, democratic theory and other disciplines. Over the last two decades, the notion of deliberation - or dialogue - as a key democratic asset has also pervaded practices and empirical studies of public policy and governance. Although avid advocates and critics of deliberative governing and policy making may be found, the majority of scholars and professionals in this field take on a pragmatic, agnostic stance, and a public debate between them remains largely absent. Thus, deliberation is hardly contested or questioned, while in practice, it regularly leads to failure and disappointment. The article introduces and transcribes a dialogue on the failing of deliberation that was performed at a symposium on ‘Contested democracy’ by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (Jan. 2011, The Hague). An optimist and a cynic deliberate the role of deliberation, accompanied by a chorus of administration scientists.


Sonja van der Arend
Dr ir S.H. van der Arend is verbonden aan de TU Delft.

Jelle Behagel
Drs J. Behagel is promovendus aan Wageningen University.
Artikel

De energieke stad

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Maarten Hajer en Hiddo Huitzing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sustainability, the question of how our system of prosperity could be maintained, is one of the main issues of the coming decades. To combine economic growth and a pleasant environment, society needs to scale back its resource use and the ensuing pressures on the environment, by a factor of five. The challenge is to do more with less; something for which there is no instant solution. The city is the place where this change will begin, not by ‘big’ government with ‘big’ plans, but by the energetic society. Citizens and the business community are motivated by their wish for a clean economy and a pleasant living environment. The rise of the information society has increased their ability to exchange knowledge and ideas, releasing creativity and creating new solutions. If city governments are to tap into the strength of society, they must embrace the initiatives and join citizens and business in the empowered deliberative search for sustainable solutions. The goal of a clean economy is within reach, but it demands comprehensive physical and cultural change, in which local initiatives may lead the cultural change towards a broad vision of a strong, sustainable society. A large role for government remains, but high quality, low carbon cities may be the winners of the future.


Maarten Hajer
Prof. dr M.A. Hajer en drs J.H.A. Huitzing zijn verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.

Hiddo Huitzing
Prof. dr M.A. Hajer en drs J.H.A. Huitzing zijn verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.
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