Zoekresultaat: 3 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Res Publica x Jaar 1974 x

    Until 1971 the Belgian Socialist Party (BSP) was the only political, party that closely and systematically involved its members in the designation of socialist candidates for parliamentary elections. This was achieved through a system of pre-elections within the party («polling»).The trend away from «polling», already perceptible in 1971, has asserted itself in 1974. Hardly 56 % of the elected members of Parliament owe their seat to their place on the candidate-list at the «poll».More than 40 % of them were designated by a party-congress. This change is noticeably true in Flanders.Nevertheless the choice between a «poll» and a congress as a decisionmaking technique is not relevant as to the renewal of parliamentary groups. This renewal is mainly due to the introduction of an age-limit (65) and of a gain in seats. Research also showed a growing lack of interest of party members in the composition of candidate-lists: participation has again slightly declined.

Jan Ceuleers

    Politicization of administration is generally held to be an innovative process: the administration seems to strip off its neutral phenotype. This false notion stems from a model of analysis that ignores the administration'senvironmental interrelations and the administrative function.A functional systems model is proposed which is capable of avoiding normative implications. This model helps to understand politicization of administration as an adaptive process of the capitalist state which is thus reacting to trends of economization and "socialization" of politics. The adaptation is held to be partially successful only. Political and administrativeproblem-solving tends to come out more and more critical. The only solution to this - extended participation - cannot be conceded for system's reasons.

Volker Ronge

    The aim of this paper is to study the structure of interest groups and their role in the EEC decision making process. The paper consists of two parts ; the first deals with the historical pattern of emergence of these groups, white the second part concentrates on the their contemporary participation in the EEC decision making process.In the first part six empirical topics are developed: 1. the creation of interest groups at the Community on regional level; 2. the chronological study of these groups and their activities; 3. their geographical distribution across the Community's member states; 4. the functional areas covered and interests represented by these groups at the EEC level; 5. the role of national interest groups and their representation in the interest groups operating at the Community level; 6. the distribution of leadership posts in regional interest groups by nationality. As for the second part, it is in turn divided into two sections. The first discusses the participation of interest groups in the EEC decision making process; whereas, the second section deals with the recent trends in the EEC decision making process.

Dusan Sidjanski

Ural Ayberk
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