Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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    In this essay, the author is looking for pioneering local administrators in the Netherlands who dared to push existing boundaries. However, the story starts in Great Britain where progressive liberals under the label ‘municipal socialism’ proceeded to provide public utilities through municipal governments rather than private enterprises. Their example was adopted by the so-called ‘radicals’ in Amsterdam led by Wim Treub. ‘Aldermen socialism’ with Floor Wibaut in Amsterdam as its most important representative, took it a step further. Their aim for a welfare municipality anticipated the later welfare state. After the Second World War we also saw some strong local administrators who in their own way strived for changes in their municipalities. After 1970 the phenomenon of ‘urban renewal’ led to a new flourishing of ‘aldermen socialism’ in the Netherlands with Jan Schaefer (in Amsterdam) as its most appealing figurehead. Since 2000, we have been in a new era of dualism, citizen participation and devolution that has produced new 'boundary pushers', which generated interest abroad (see the book on mayors by Benjamin Barber). At the end of the article, the author takes a look into the future. Current global problems also confront municipalities and they require local administrators with a good mix of political leadership, new civic leadership, inspiring commissioning and good stewardship. This essay is written for the ‘Across boundaries’ annual conference of the VNG (the Association of Netherlands Municipalities founded in 1912) held in Maastricht (in the far south of the Netherlands) in 2018.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    The (changing) relations between citizens and administration are in the middle of attention and therefore the Dutch cabinet indicated in a white paper on ‘do-democracy’ (that is a literal translation of the Dutch word “Doe-democratie”) its willingness to contribute actively to the transition to more ‘do-democracy’ (a form of co-decision making of citizens by handling societal issues themselves). In a number of examples the cabinet showed which possibilities it sees to support civilian forces, but also mentioned several dilemmas, risks and objections it brings about. The white paper received praising as well as critical reactions. Especially from the critical reactions we can learn in which respects further action or reflection is necessary. To stimulate thinking and especially doing this article treats four criticisms not enough dealt with in the white paper itself: 1) ‘do-democracy’ is just a cover-up for expenditure cuts; 2) ‘do-democracy’ does a moral appeal on (affective) citizenship; 3) ‘do-democracy’ is reserved for the wealthy and the high-educated: a ‘do-aristocracy’; 4) it not a real form of democracy, because no control is handed over. To help our government every criticism is accompanied by a reply. In a short conclusion the author (himself secretary of the white paper) calls the government to make a start with the actual implementation of the ideas of the white paper.


Vincent van Stipdonk
Drs. V.P. van Stipdonk is redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen. Hij was als zelfstandig Raadgever & Redacteur penvoerder van de kabinetsnota ‘De doe-democratie’.
Discussie

Sociale zekerheid in 2025

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden future social security, labour participation, economic growth, cutbacks Rutte 2
Auteurs Flip de Kam
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The reform of the Dutch welfare state is an ongoing process, that jumpstarted in the early 1980s. We chart demographic trends and prospects for economic growth up to year 2025. Our search for options to strenghten the economic base of the welfare state leads on to a discussion of tax-benefit measures to increase labour participation and to incentivise part-timeworkers to accept fulltime jobs. We conclude that, all in all, by 2025 the number of workers in de Dutch economy will not differ significantly from the current size of the labour force, whereas the scope to improve labour productivity seems to be limited. Given these limits to the prospects for future economic growth – even with the standard pension age at 67 years, planned to be in force as from 2021 –, our economy will have to support at least half a million more pensioners and an as yet unknown additional number of elderly unemployed and disabled. It follows, that further reforms of the social security system of the Netherlands can be expected, as public sector outlays claim currently already half of national output.


Flip de Kam
Flip de Kam is honorair hoogleraar Economie van de Publieke Sector, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, c.a.de.kam@rug.nl.
Discussie

Participatiebevordering: werken aan draagvlak voor de sociale zekerheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Older workers, female labour force participation, ageing workforce, cross-national comparison, harmonized policy indicators
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers, Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra, Dr. Tineke Fokkema e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The key question of this study is whether policies adopted elsewhere in Europe might be useful in helping to increase the labour force participation of women and of older workers in the Netherlands, and thus improve the financial basis for social security arrangements. We examined the effectiveness of national policy measures over and above that of the individual-level determinants that are traditionally examined in economic and sociological studies. The data on labour force participation are from the European Social Survey, and information on public policy arrangements comes from the MULTILINKS database. Regarding the labour force participation of women, findings show the importance of distinguishing financial measures and care services. Women generally work fewer hours per week in countries with generous financial support for families (tax benefits, child support), and more hours in countries with generous parental leaves. Regarding the participation of older workers, findings show the importance of distinguishing the minimum pension level (negative association with the likelihood of having a job) and pension as a proportion of earned wage (no association with having a job). A novelty of the present study is its ability to demonstrate the impact of national arrangements at the level of individual participation behaviour.


Prof. dr. Joop J. Schippers
Joop J. Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeidseconomie aan de faculteit Recht, Economie, Bestuur en Organisatie van de Universiteit Utrecht, j.j.schippers@uu.nl.

Prof. dr. Pearl A. Dykstra
Pearl A. Dykstra is hoogleraar Empirische Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, dykstra@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Tineke Fokkema
Tineke Fokkema is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, fokkema@nidi.nl.

Maria Münderlein MSc
Maria Münderlein is promovenda capaciteitsgroep Sociologie aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, munderlein@fsw.eur.nl.

Bart Tromp
Prof. dr. B.A.G.M. Tromp is bijzonder hoogleraar in de theorie en geschiedenis van de internationale betrekkingen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Senior Research Fellow aan het Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen 'Clingendael', politiek columnist van Het Parool en De Gelderlander en commentator internationale politiek van Elsevier.
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