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    The contraction of the labour force evokes both promising and gloomy prospects. Promising, because unemployment is expected to be a thing of the past, gloomy, because a shortage of labour could endanger our future prosperity. This article shows that both prospects are wrongfully based on a static perspective of the labour market, which neglects the underlying dynamics. Since the demand and the supply of labour adjust to one another, the future labour market will not be completely different from the present one. Moreover, the ageing of the labour force has nearly reached its apogee and the age composition of the labour force will not change much in the next 25 years. Thus, the problems of a contracting labour market will be remarkably similar to the problems of the expanding labour market of the past decades.


Paul de Beer
Paul de Beer is Henri Polak-hoogleraar voor arbeidsverhoudingen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Tevens is hij verbonden aan De Burcht (Centrum voor Arbeidsverhoudingen) en het Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS). Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. P.T. de Beer Universiteit van Amsterdam Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS) Plantage Muidergracht 12 1018 TV Amsterdam p.t.debeer@uva.nl
Artikel

De ruimtelijke gevolgen van demografische krimp

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Frank van Dam, Femke Verwest en Carola de Groot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the near future a growing number of Dutch regions and municipalities will experience a decline in population and household numbers. However, compared with other countries, the impending population shrinkage in the Netherlands will be modest, if not insignificant. The spatial consequences of this demographic decline will be limited. Other factors, such as economic growth, behavioural change and spatial planning policy, will have a more important influence on spatial development. The fixation on population numbers in both the public debate about demographic decline and in policy-making is therefore misplaced and futile. Insofar as demographic trends already have an influence on spatial developments, it is primarily through changes in household numbers and population composition, for example in relation to housing needs. This does not mean that demographic decline will not raise issues pertinent to spatial development policy. In municipalities and regions, falling household numbers may push up housing vacancy rates and exacerbate segregation, leading to a reduction in the quality of the living environment. These negative consequences will be concentrated in specific districts, neighbourhoods and villages. Demographic decline is not only a threat; it also presents opportunities. In regions currently suffering from serious housing shortages, a shrinking number of households will relieve pressure on the housing market. In addition, contraction of local and regional populations will open up opportunities for reducing densities and 'greening' these neighbourhoods. When anticipating or responding to demographic decline, local and regional governments mainly adopt a strategy of improving the quality of the housing stock and stimulating employment. In both cases, there is a danger of competition between local authorities (or regions and provinces), which may lead to uneconomic spatial investments and irreversible spatial developments.


Frank van Dam
Frank van Dam is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. F. van Dam Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving Oranjebuitensingel 6 / Postbus 30314 2511 VE Den Haag / 2500 GH Den Haag 070-3288798 frank.vandam@pbl.nl

Femke Verwest
Femke Verwest is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL).

Carola de Groot
Carola de Groot is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving (PBL).

Harry van Dalen
Harry van Dalen is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI) te Den Haag en het CentER van de Universiteit van Tilburg. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. H.P. van Dalen Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut Postbus 11650 2502 AR Den Haag dalen@nidi.nl

    How strong is the influence of ageing and the population decline on the amount and quality of the demand for housing? On basis of a broad sample including English households dating from 2001, it is shown that human capital, as measured by education, is a substantive factor in the demand for housing. On the other hand, factors such as chronic illness, which decrease human capital, have a negative effect on the housing consumption. Assuming that every generation is better educated and healthier than the previous generations, this will lead to a growing total need for housing in an ageing society, even when the amount of households will not further increase.


Piet Eichholtz
Piet Eichholtz is Fortis hoogleraar vastgoed en financiering aan de Universiteit Maastricht. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. P.M.A. Eichholtz Universiteit Maastricht Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Bedrijfskunde Department of Finance Postbus 616 6200 MD Maastricht p.eichholtz@finance.unimaas.nl

Thies Lindenthal
Thies Lindenthal is promotieonderzoeker aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Van leeg naar vol, en weer terug?

De bevolking van Nederland tussen 1800 en 2000

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Theo Engelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Between 1800 and 2000 Dutch population increased from two million souls to sixteen million inhabitants. By the end of the 20th century, however, this spectacular growth slowed down to such a degree that some observers predicted a decline of population in the near future. This paper focuses mainly on the period before the great turn. We will present differences in population growth in time and between regions from 1800 on, but we also deal with the consequences of two centuries of population growth: urbanization and changes in age distribution, in sex ratio, in the composition of occupational population, and in the changing numerical relationships between denominations. In our conclusion we use the historical perspective to assess whether or not the Dutch population will decrease and if so, what consequences can be expected.


Theo Engelen
Theo Engelen is hoogleraar historische demografie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. Th.L.M. Engelen Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Opleiding Geschiedenis Postbus 9103 6500 HD Nijmegen

    Public expensens on elderly care are paid through the exceptional Medical Expenses Act (Algemene Wet Bijzondere Ziektekosten, AWBZ in Dutch) or the Social Support Act (Wet Maatschappelijke ondersteuning, WMO in Dutch). These expenses have risen 2.8% yearly in the past decennium. This is mainly due to rising cost prices. In the same period the growth in the volume of care was much lower. Especially the volume of home care increased, while the volume of nursing-home care decreased. This is caused by the improving health of the Dutch population. Moreover Dutch elderly can live independently longer, which means that the participation component in the volume nursing-home care decreases. This trend in decreasing participation will continue the coming years, but due to the fast ageing of the Dutch population the care volume will increase somewhat faster than in the past. According to our calculations this leads to an increase of expenses of 3.6% yearly. The population decline will put severe pressure on the number of employees. This will possibly induce a reduction in the available supply of care and an increase in wages in the care sector. As a result the consequences of the population shrinkage on public expenses are unknown.


Evelien Eggink
Evelien Eggink is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. E. Eggink Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) Onderzoeksgroep Quartaire Sector Postbus 16164 2500 BD Den Haag e.eggink@scp.nl

Evert Pommer
Evert Pommer is werkzaam als hoofd onderzoeksgroep bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP).

Isolde Woittiez
Isolde Woittiez is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP).
Artikel

In voor- en tegenspoed?

Over krimp en de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Romke van der Veen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is concerned with the consequences of economic and demographic decline for the welfare state. The issue of decline itself is not investigated. Decline is taken for granted and the consequences of decline are examined. In this article the sociological 'logic' of social policy is investigated and subsequently applied to the issue of decline. The policy-mechanisms that are discussed are: selective versus universal social policy; the extent and character of redistribution; and individual versus collective responsibility. The question that is raised in the final section is what demographic decline in particular might imply for a universal welfare state: more selectivity in social policy? less redistribution between young and old? more individual responsibility? By making use of the policy-mechanisms discussed before, the consequences of these strategies are discussed.


Romke van der Veen
Romke van der Veen is hoogleraar Sociologie van arbeid en organisatie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. R.J. van der Veen Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam vanderveen@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

Inleiding: De wonderbaarlijke terugkeer van Thomas Malthus

Over bevolkingspolitiek in een krimpende wereld

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Harry van Dalen en Ewald Engelen
Auteursinformatie

Harry van Dalen
Harry van Dalen is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI) te Den Haag en het CentER van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is universitair hoofddocent aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. E.R. Engelen Universiteit van Amsterdam Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130 1018 VZ Amsterdam e.r.engelen@uva.nl
Artikel

Ambtenaren in transnationale overheidsnetwerken

De politieke aansturing van Haagse ambtenaren in Europese beleidsprocessen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Kutsal Yesilkagit, Karin Geuijen, Sebastiaan Princen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The EU is one example of how national states try to manage transnational problems. Countless national civil servants meet in EU working groups and committees with representatives of (non-governmental) organisations to exchange information, harmonise policies and regulations, and decide on implementation. To what extent and in which way do Dutch civil servants participate in these networks? How are their activities steered by politicians? One of the main conclusions of this study is that public policymaking within highly Europeanised departments is highly embedded within these transnational government networks, whereas policymaking within weakly Europeanised departments is to a substantial degree shielded from these government networks for reasons of, among others, the protection of national sovereignty of the Member State in their field.


Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO), van de Universiteit Utrecht. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op democratische controle en bureaucratische autonomie. Recentelijk publiceerde hij met J. Blom Hansen 'Supranational Governance or National Business-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in the Netherlands and Denmark'. Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524. Correspondentiegegevens: K. Yesilkagit Utrechtse School voor Bestuur- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht a.k.yesilkagit@uu.nl

Karin Geuijen
Dr. Karin Geuijen is verbonden aan de USBO en aan de afdeling Cultuur, Organisatie & Management van de VU. Haar onderzoek gaat over verschillende vormen van transnationale netwerken, uiteenlopend van asielzoekers tot ambtenaren. In 2007 publiceerde ze met P. 't Hart en K. Yesilkagit 'Dutch Eurocrats at Work: Getting Things Done In Europe', In: R.A.W. Rhodes, Paul 't Hart en Mirko Noordegraaf (red.), 2007, Observing Government Elites. Houndsmills Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de USBO. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich op processen van agendavorming in de EU. Hij publiceerde 'Advocacy Coalitions and the Internationalization of Public Health Policies', Journal of Public Policy 2007, 27: 13-34.

Ellen Mastenbroek
Dr. Ellen Mastenbroek is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit in Nijmegen. Haar onderzoeksbelangstelling concentreert zich op de omzetting van EU- regelgeving in Nederland. Zij promoveerde in 2007 op een proefschrift getiteld The Politics of Compliance: Explaining the Transposition of EC Directives in the Netherlands. Wageningen: Ponsen & Looijen.
Artikel

Van technocratie naar ‘good governance’

De Europese Commissie in beweging

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Anchrit Wille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past years the European Commission has undergone it most significant changes since its inception. Internal reforms and a long series of treaty revisions have transformed the relationship of commissioners and that of their top officials. This paper describes how the emergence of new rules and recruiting patterns and a change in role interpretations have contributed to a growing demarcation between the political and administrative spheres in the European Commission.


Anchrit Wille
Dr. Anchrit Wille is verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. A.C. Wille Universiteit Leiden Departement Bestuurskunde Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden wille@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Haagse pionnen op het Brusselse schaakbord?

Over de aansturing en beleidsnetwerken van Nederlandse gedetacheerden bij de Europese Commissie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg en Semin Suvarierol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the question of bureaucratic autonomy of Europeanised civil servants is addressed. As a test bed we examine the political and administrative steering and control of Dutch national civil servants who are seconded to the European Commission (SNEs). The empirical analysis benefits from survey data (N = 90) and interview data (N = 28), acquired from both present and former Dutch SNEs. Based on this material we argue that despite the formal impossibility of steering and control from the member state, in practice SNEs do fulfill a bridging function between the two levels of governance. This may happen by means of frontloading (either consciously, after instructions from the national administration; or unconsciously, as a result of their national-cultural perspective) and signaling (transmitting strategic information and positions from one level of governance to the other). Although the SNEs' contacts within the Commission are generally preserved after the expiration of the secondment, the intensity of the contacts with other types of actors within the policy network mostly decrease rapidly.


Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn internationaal-vergelijkende promotie-onderzoek gaat over de implicaties van EU-lidmaatschap voor de ambtenarenapparaten en politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen in de lidstaten. Recente publicaties van zijn hand gaan over multi-level governance, Europeanisering en bureaucratie. Correspondentiegegevens: Departement Bestuurskunde Universiteit Leiden Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden cberg@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Semin Suvarierol
Semin Suvarierol werkte ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel als junior universitair docent aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap. In december 2007 is zij gepromoveerd op een proefschrift over het effect van nationaliteit op het netwerkgedrag van Europese Commissie ambtenaren. Haar recente en toekomstige publicaties richten zich op de functionering van de Europese Commissie en het gedrag van zijn permanente en tijdelijke ambtenaren. Momenteel werkt zij als adviseur bij Andersson Elffers Felix.
Artikel

De verplaatsing van de 'Vierde Macht'

Inleiding op het themanummer

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Paul 't Hart, Sebastiaan Princen en Kutsal Yesilkagit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A large number of Dutch policy areas is governed by institutionalized European policy networks and European laws and rules. Various forms of multi-level governance have emerged that were seemingly unforeseen at the time when the field of European integration studies was preoccupied by the fierce debates between intergouvernmentalists and supernationalists. Nevertheless, the field has hitherto given little attention to how europeanisation has affected national civil service systems. This article kicks off this special issue with an overview of the recent literature on the effects of Europeanisation on national civil service systems.


Paul 't Hart
Prof. dr. Paul 't Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Australian National University en de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. 't Hart publiceerde onlangs met R. Rhodes, P. 't Hart en M. Noordegraaf (red.), Up Close and Personal. Studying Government Elites, Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan 2007. Correspondentiegegevens: Political Science Program Research School of Social Sciences Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200 Australia hart@coombs.anu.edu.au

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Princen publiceerde onlangs 'Agenda-setting in the European Union: A Theoretical Exploration and Agenda for Research', Journal of European Public Policy 2007, 14: 21-38.

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Yesilkagit publiceerde onlangs (met J. Blom-Hansen) 'Supranational Governance or National Bussiness-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in The Netherlands and Denmark', Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524.
Artikel

Culturen besturen

Het (onzinnige) verlangen naar het 'maken' van tradities in lokaal bestuur

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Mirko Noordegraaf en Jeroen Vermeulen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In local government, traditions and styles of working are under pressure. Local administrators try to find new methods to address urban matters in a business-like manner, to direct networks and to activate stakeholders. In that way, they strive for better performance, and for 'new' politics. In order to succeed, not only new methods are introduced, but cultures are changed as well and new traditions of governance are established. Existing styles of working and regular procedures are seen as outdated and considered to be barriers that have to be eliminated. This 'violence of renewal', as we call it, is based on several assumptions. First, new methods are seen as crucial for modernizing local governance. Second, the effects of new methods depend on the manner in which modernization takes place. Third, effective introductions of new methods do not happen straightforwardly; cultural change is required. In this article we will argue that these assumptions have to be put into perspective and, especially, that the idea of 'making' of cultures in order to effectively implement new methods is illusory. We show, based on research in four municipalities, that interventions in local governance as such are culturally biased, and that local traditions, styles and customs influence how modernization takes place.


Mirko Noordegraaf
Mirko Noordegraaf is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. M. Noordegraaf Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht m.noordegraaf@uu.nl

Jeroen Vermeulen
Jeroen Vermeulen is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. J. Vermeulen Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht j.vermeulen@uu.nl
Artikel

Migranten en de erfenis van de verzuiling in Nederland

Een analyse van de invloed van de verzuiling op het Nederlandse migrantenbeleid (circa 1970-heden)

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Marcel Hoogenboom en Peter Scholten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is often claimed, that there is a clear relationship between the Dutch experience with the 'pillarization' of national minorities in the nineteenth and twentieth century, and the 'integration' of ethnic minorities in Dutch society by government policies since the 1970s. This claim has never been substantiated though. In this article, the relationship is examined systematically on the basis of an analytical distinction between the 'organizational principles' and the 'rules of the game' of pillarization. It is concluded that traces of the organizational principles and the rules of the game of pillarization can, indeed, clearly be found in the minority policies of the 1970s and 1980s, but that since the early 1990s a process of 'de-pillarization' of government policies has set in. The article shows that in the early twenty-first century the experience with pillarization can hardly be traced in the minority policies.


Marcel Hoogenboom
Marcel Hoogenboom is universitair docent aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. Hoogenboom Universiteit Utrecht Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen Algemene Sociale Wetenschappen Heidelberglaan 2, de Uithof 3584 CS Utrecht m.j.m.hoogenboom@uu.nl

Peter Scholten
Peter Scholten is universitair docent aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P. Scholten Universiteit Twente Faculteit Management en Bestuur Vakgroep Maatschappelijke Risico's en Veiligheid Postbus 217 7500 AE Enschede p.w.a.scholten@utwente.nl
Artikel

De overheid en duurzaam beleggen

Een vergelijkende analyse tussen Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Tim Benijts en Marleen Brans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the differences and similarities in public policy of the Dutch and Belgian government in the policy field of socially responsible investing (SRI). In particular the authors discuss both the content and the consequences of the Dutch arrangement 'Groen beleggen' and the Belgian 'Kringloopfonds'. Our empirical evidence states that, although both public policies are very similar (a tax incentive for investors investing financial means in socially responsible funds), they had a different influence on the socially responsible investment market. The Dutch arrangement 'Groen beleggen' lead to more assets under management, more green private funds, more financed projects and a bigger influence on the market of socially responsible investment products. This is mainly caused by the nature of the funding: the choice for private funds in the Netherlands, instead of a public fund like in Belgium.


Tim Benijts
Tim Benijts is als doctor-assistent verbonden aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen van de Lessius Hogeschool Antwerpen en als geaffilieerd onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid van de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Correspondentiegegevens: T. Benijts Lessius Hogeschool Antwerpen Departement Handelswetenschappen Korte Nieuwstraat 33 2000 Antwerpen tim.benijts@lessius.eu

Marleen Brans
Marleen Brans is als hoofddocent verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid van de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Correspondentiegegevens: M. Brans Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen Instituut voor de Overheid Parkstraat 45 3000 Leuven marleen.brans@soc.kuleuven.be
Artikel

Etatisme in de polder?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Berend Snijders en Femke van Esch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decision-making in the Netherlands is generally characterised as (neo) corporatist. Whether stakeholders enjoy a similar level of access to, and influence on the formulation of the national position, which the Dutch government advocates in Brussels, remains however unclear. This article aims at providing a first tentative answer to this question by studying the formulation of the Dutch position on EU resolution 882/2004 concerning the official controls on compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare.

    In-depth analysis of this case reveals that the development process of the Dutch stance on 882/2004 was largely devoid of stakeholder-input. As such, this process may be characterised as essentially etatist rather than corporatist. Moreover, it was established – as expected – that specialised lobby groups – those that could offer additional information and expertise to the dossier team responsible for 882/2004 – were able to exert more influence than general advocacy groups. Finally, the hypothesis that openness leads to more stakeholder-influence was not confirmed in this case. To the contrary, only during private bilateral discussion did a selection of business organizations manage to convince the dossier team of the benefits of limited border controls.


Berend Snijders
Berend Snijders is promovendus aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. Berend Snijders Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht B.J.B.Snijders@uu.nl

Femke van Esch
Femke van Esch is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De beleidswetenschap van J.A.A. van Doorn (1925-2008)

Een grootse maar ongemakkelijke erfenis

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Jos de Beus
Auteursinformatie

Jos de Beus
Jos de Beus is hoogleraar politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. J.W. de Beus Universiteit van Amsterdam Afdeling Politicologie OZ Achterburgwal 237 1012 DL Amsterdam j.w.debeus@uva.nl

    Over the last decades, the number of European Union member states has significantly increased, resulting into a reduction of the relative formal power of the Dutch government. Improving Dutch influence in Brussels is therefore an important topic on the agenda of public administration scholars and advisory boards. Using experts at the various stages of the EU policymaking process is one option to increase the influence in the EU. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this strategy concerning one of the most complex and most controversial public policy issues in the history of the European Union: the revision of the EU's chemical policy (REACH). The article demonstrates that the 'expert strategy' has been successful in this case. However, the effectiveness of this strategy comes under pressure if the trend towards core departments will continue.


Markus Haverland
Markus Haverland is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. Markus Haverland Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam haverland@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

Besturen in commissie

Verklaring van een fenomeen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Martin Schulz, Mark van Twist en Henk Geveke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governing the Netherlands seems to have become a form of governing by commission. Between 1995 and 2005 Dutch central government installed at least 364 commissions that we were able to identify. Cuts in this phenomenon are often called for by its opponents since commissions are often believed to be a strategic instrument for policymaker to cut democratic corners or slow down policy making processes. Dutch Parliament by motion has even asked government to keep from forming (so many) commissions. Still trends have not changed and new commissions are being formed almost every other week. Apparently there are compelling reasons for forming commissions. In this article we discuss how societal and public context lead to the installation of commissions. Furthermore we argue that installation of a commission can be clearly understood from the motives officials have with its formation. Hiring expertise (60%), independence of members (30%) and creating legitimacy (20%) are important factors regarding these motivations. Timing of commissions within election cycles is strategic: installation shortly after the new administration is effective, as is reporting back before the next elections. As long as politics remains politics calling for less commissions has mostly symbolic value.


Martin Schulz
Martin Schulz werkt aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg aan een proefschrift over commissies en is senior adviseur bij Berenschot Procesmanagement. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. J.M. Schulz Universiteit van Tilburg Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur Postbus 90153 5000 LE Tilburg 013-4662128 j.m.schulz@uvt.nl

Mark van Twist
Mark van Twist is bijzonder hoogleraar Publiek-private samenwerking aan de Faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, decaan van de NSOB en directeur bij Berenschot Procesmanagement. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. M.J.W. van Twist Nederlandse School voor het Openbaar Bestuur Lange Voorhout 17 2514 EB Den Haag 070-3024910 twist@nsob.nl

Henk Geveke
Henk Geveke is directeur Nationale Veiligheid bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. H.G. Geveke Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties Postbus 20011 2500 EA Den Haag 070 426 8365 henk.geveke@minbzk.nl
Artikel

Discoursen en waterveiligheid

Waarom leiden publiekscampagnes niet tot waterbewustzijn en waterbewust gedrag?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Trudes Heems en Baukje Kothuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Uncertainties about climate change are a major incentive for the Dutch government to communicate frequently about risks related to water safety. In September 2008, the 'New Delta Committee' even presented several coping strategies to safeguard the low-lying Delta of The Netherlands far into the next century. The government assumes that increased high water risk awareness and behaviour in society, based on a risk-based approach, is an important factor for sustainable future living with water and thus made this into the spearhead of policy. However, the main part of Dutch society still lives in a flush of victory. The Delta Works symbolize the victory over the water; The Netherlands is safe. The government doesn't succeed satisfactorily to realize high water risk awareness and behaviour in its society, notwithstanding years of campaigning. Cultural sociologists Heems and Kothuis demonstrate by means of a discourse analysis of public campaigns that government communication on high water safety is not only entangled but also creates confusion. Reason of the entanglement in communication is a breakthrough of the taboo on publicly speaking of a flood disaster as a realistic scenario. The confusion obstructs the Dutch government to bridge the gap in perception between itself and society and to achieve its policy objectives.


Trudes Heems
Trudes Heems is werkzaam als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij WATERWORKS Scientific Research Insititute in Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: WATERWORKS Scientific Research Institute Buitenruspad 11hs 1097 MX Amsterdam waterworks@planet.nl

Baukje Kothuis
Baukje Kothuis is werkzaam als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij WATERWORKS Scientific Research Insititute in Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: WATERWORKS Scientific Research Institute Buitenruspad 11hs 1097 MX Amsterdam waterworks@planet.nl
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