Zoekresultaat: 3 artikelen

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Artikel

Verandermanagement en beleid: waarom vertonen professionals weerstand tegen nieuw beleid?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden public policy,, change management, policy implementation, public management, resistance to change
Auteurs Lars Tummers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professionals often have problems with governmental policies they have to implement. This can lead to diminished legitimacy and lower policy performance. The goal of this article is to identify the main reasons why professionals resist implementing new policies. An interdisciplinary approach is taken. From public administration literature, I use the policy alienation model, which consists of five dimensions: strategic, tactical and operational powerlessness, societal meaninglessness and client meaninglessness. These are possible reasons why professionals resist public policies (‘resistance to change’, a concept drawn from change management literature). I test these assumptions using a survey among 1,317 healthcare professionals. The results show that when professionals experience that a policy is meaningless for society or for their own clients, they show strong resistance. A lack of perceived influence is much less important in explaining resistance, although this is partly dependent on the particular profession someone belong to. The policy alienation model can help policy makers and managers to develop policies which are accepted by professionals. The article ends with practical recommendations for policy makers, managers and professionals.


Lars Tummers
Dr. L.G. Tummers is verbonden aan de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en het Center for the Study of Law & Society van de University of California, Berkeley.
Artikel

Het probleem van laaggeschooldheid in België: een historisch-geografische analyse

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden human capital, unskilled, school dropout, geographical segregation
Auteurs Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht en Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents an analysis of the geographical clustering at the bottom end of the human capital distribution within Belgium and its major political regions (namely, the Flemish and the Walloon Region). At the national level, there is both a clear decrease of the shares of unskilled and unqualified adults and of their regionally unequal distribution. However, this overall decrease goes along with growing divergences between Flanders and Wallonia. In Flanders the number of early school leavers has become small. In Wallonia economic problems – measured in terms of unemployment rates – go hand in hand with a comparatively high number of school dropouts. Our empirical findings suggest that the success of particular areas and regions in a knowledge-intensive economy depends not only on the presence of highly skilled and highly qualified human capital, but also suffers from the presence of relatively large shares of the less-skilled. We discuss some implications for political decision-making.


Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht
Drs. Frederik Van Der Gucht is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Gent (België). E-mail: frederik.vandergucht@ugent.be.

Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten
Prof. dr. Raf Vanderstraeten is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Gent (België) en als fellow aan het Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies (Finland). www.cst.ugent.be. E-mail: raf.vanderstraeten@ugent.be.
Artikel

De grote verbouwing

Een bestuurskundig perspectief op veranderingen in stelsels van publieke voorzieningen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden public management reform, New Public Management, New Public Governance
Auteurs Philip Marcel Karré en Cees Paardekooper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands is engaged in reforming several of its public service provision sectors by limiting their hybrid (mixed public/private) character. This special issue deals with these reforms. We have a closer look at the systems of transport, education and housing, and also discuss reforms of the Dutch nation state. Each article poses three basic questions: why has the sector evolved as it has? Why is change seen as necessary? And how does this process take place? By doing so, we draw general lessons on how the Netherlands deals with system change and public management reform.


Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is programmaleider van de professional master Urban Management aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar de governance van hybride organisaties (www.hybrideorganisaties.nl).

Cees Paardekooper
Drs. C. Paardekooper is adviseur bij WagenaarHoes.
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