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Artikel

De normaalste zaak van de wereld?

Grensoverschrijdende attitudes van Nederlandse politiefunctionarissen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden policing, attitudes, European Union, cross-border
Auteurs Jeroen Candel en Sebastiaan Princen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Because of the blurring of the European internal borders, combating crime is demanding closer cross-border collaboration between police forces. For that reason, the Dutch police have expressed the objective that dealing with cases with an international component should be an integral part of the job for every police officer. This study focuses on the attitudes of Dutch police officers regarding cross-border policing, and seeks to determine which factors have the greatest effect on those attitudes. This attitude approach contrasts with more traditional, top-down approaches, by shifting the focus to micro dynamics on the individual level. The methods chosen for addressing this research objective consist of semi-structured interviews and observations. The results show that the current attitude of Dutch police officers is mainly determined by the extent to which they have had to deal with international issues in their daily work. Although strong organization-wide attitudes towards cross-border policing are not likely to arise, much could still be gained by facilitating cross-border experiences and making more coherent efforts at socialization.


Jeroen Candel
J. Candel MA is als promovendus verbonden aan de leerstoelgroep Bestuurskunde van Wageningen University.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. S. Princen is universitair hoofddocent op het gebied van internationaal en Europees bestuur op het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De grote samenleving

Over vitaliteit en nieuwe verhoudingen tussen overheid en burgers

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden civil society, social enterprise, citizen participation, collaborative governance
Auteurs Martijn van der Steen, Hans de Bruijn en Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Amidst the turbulence of recent crises, governments’ capacity to govern and to deliver public value is under serious pressure. Public institutions are working hard to come up with new and improved schemes for dealing with complex and wicked policy issues that have emerged or just wont go away. But government alone cannot solve most of these issues. Governments already attempted to make ‘better, smarter policy’ in the hopes of raising performance. They also invested heavily in ‘participation’ of citizens, by inviting them to ‘co-create’ policy or ‘join-up’ with government agencies. However, this image of collaboration is one-sided. Besides the efforts initiated by governments themselves, there is a wide array of emerging activities. In these practices, it is not the government that takes action, but society takes ‘public matters’ into its own hands. Just as in many other countries, in The Netherlands groups of citizens have started to organize certain services, tasks or activities that used to be provided by the central or decentralized governmental institutions by themselves (and in most cases, for themselves). This article conceptualizes these emerging practices and analyses how they affect the world of policy making and what they may mean for public administration research.


Martijn van der Steen
Dr. M. van de Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) in Den Haag.

Hans de Bruijn
Prof. mr. J.A. de Bruijn is hoogleraar aan de Faculteit Techniek, Beleid en Management aan de TU Delft.

Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De energieke stad

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Maarten Hajer en Hiddo Huitzing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sustainability, the question of how our system of prosperity could be maintained, is one of the main issues of the coming decades. To combine economic growth and a pleasant environment, society needs to scale back its resource use and the ensuing pressures on the environment, by a factor of five. The challenge is to do more with less; something for which there is no instant solution. The city is the place where this change will begin, not by ‘big’ government with ‘big’ plans, but by the energetic society. Citizens and the business community are motivated by their wish for a clean economy and a pleasant living environment. The rise of the information society has increased their ability to exchange knowledge and ideas, releasing creativity and creating new solutions. If city governments are to tap into the strength of society, they must embrace the initiatives and join citizens and business in the empowered deliberative search for sustainable solutions. The goal of a clean economy is within reach, but it demands comprehensive physical and cultural change, in which local initiatives may lead the cultural change towards a broad vision of a strong, sustainable society. A large role for government remains, but high quality, low carbon cities may be the winners of the future.


Maarten Hajer
Prof. dr M.A. Hajer en drs J.H.A. Huitzing zijn verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.

Hiddo Huitzing
Prof. dr M.A. Hajer en drs J.H.A. Huitzing zijn verbonden aan het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.
Artikel

Schalen in België

De kleine staatshervorming

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden scale, regions, territorial governance, state reform, intergovernmental collaboration
Auteurs Filip De Rynck, Joris Voets en Ellen Wayenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While the international community tries to picture what the future of Belgium as a country will be, the different regions (Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels) deal with issues of territorial governance like amalgamations, the future of provinces, city-regions and intergovernmental collaboration. The article maps these issues, but also which facts, interests and arguments are brought to the table, and to what extent policy agendas in the three regions are similar or not. In Wallonia and Flanders, the existence of the provincial tier is questioned and intermunicipal collaboration should become more important. Amalgamation of municipalities is discussed openly in Flanders - with little success so far, while such a debate is absent in Wallonia. The authors zoom in on the debate in Flanders, showing how rich the landscape of intergovernmental and public-private collaboration is, which variations exist, how each policy sector creates and protects its ‘own’ regional turf, how political debate on ‘cleaning up the mess of regional organisations’ requires nuancing, and how the Belgian political culture shapes that sectoral regional landscape. The authors build on two regional mappings, combining descriptive information with input from the interactive processes with different stakeholders on issues of efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability.


Filip De Rynck
Prof. dr F. De Rynck is professor Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.

Joris Voets
Dr J. Voets is senior onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Ellen Wayenberg
Prof. dr E. Wayenberg is docent Bestuurskunde aan het Departement Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde aan de Hogeschool Gent.
Artikel

De bestuurlijke gevolgen van web 2.0

Conclusies en onderzoeksagenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden web 2.0, risks, chances, dilemmas, research agenda
Auteurs Vincent Homburg en Philip Marcel Karré
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this concluding article of the special issue on web 2.0 we critically discuss several of the effects of this trend. Is it always a good idea to let citizens participate in policy making through social media? Will Open Data only lead to positive effects? And will the co-creation possibilities of web 2.0 really dramatically alter the ways in which bureaucracies function, as its advocates believe? We also draw up an agenda for future research on the governmental effects of web 2.0.


Vincent Homburg
Dr V.M.F. Homburg is universitair hoofddocent bij de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Philip Marcel Karré
Dr P.M. Karré is senioronderzoeker aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur en programmaleider bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Het falende veld van ondersteuning bij ongelijke behandeling

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden equal treatment, work, social protection, retaliation, interorganizational field
Auteurs Marieke van Genugten en Jörgen Svensson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There are many different ways in which employees may choose to address unequal treatment at work. They may do so themselves, in an informal or formal manner on the work floor. They may also, at some stage in the dispute, decide to involve specialized advisers such as legal advisers, anti-discrimination officers, health and safety executives and labour unions. It is generally assumed that consulting such specialized advisers will help the employee to address unequal treatment more successfully. In this paper, the effectiveness of the interorganizational field of specialized advisers is analyzed on the basis of an elaborate study among different types of respondents. The main finding is that fear of retaliation plays a crucial role in seeking and receiving specialized advice and that the existing interorganizational field broadly fails to cope with this fear. To resolve this issue, the field needs an improved governance structure with better co-ordination between different types of advisers.


Marieke van Genugten
Marieke van Genugten is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M.L. van Genugten, Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Thomas van Aquinostraat 5, 6525 GD Nijmegen, Postbus 9108, 6500 HK Nijmegen, m.vangenugten@fm.ru.nl.

Jörgen Svensson
Jörgen Svensson is universitair docent sociologie aan het Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies, Universiteit Twente.

    Demand-steering policies in healthcare are understandable but problematic answers to the desire for democratization that dates from the seventies of the former century. Prominent critics such as Achterhuis and Illich were very critical of the undemocratic character of health care. Yet their romantic idea of society excused them from the need to articulate democratic alternatives. The empty space that they left was filled by the concept of demand-steering. Demand-steering, however, rather than strengthening democratic practices, merely undermines them, by preferring exit above voice, by putting up new bureaucratic barriers between clients and professionals and by undermining the quality of the relationship between clients and professionals.

    Doing more justice to the democratic impulse is possible and desirable. A new step towards this aim is being taken by a fourth logic of steering, (next to the familiar logics of the market, bureaucracy and professionalism) that centers on improving the dialogue between clients and professionals. The one variant, democratic professionalism, starts from the position of the professional and aims at intensifying democratic control, while the other variant, collaboration, starts from the client and aims at providing him with more influence and responsibility for the health care process. This fourth logic however can only provide a new impulse to democratization when the vague notion of the dialogue is elaborated more thoroughly.


Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap bij de afdeling sociologie en antropologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam en opleidingsdirecteur/docent van de masteropleiding social policy and social work in urban areas van de Uva. Correspondentieadres: UvA – afdeling sociologie en antropologie, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e-mail: e.h.tonkens@uva.nl

    The recent decline in professionalism has frequently been explained as a result of the rise of New Public Management (NPM). As will be shown in this article, however, NPM does not automatically result in a decline in professionalism; its effects differ in various professional contexts. In a case study of the work of social insurance doctors and labor specialists the authors demonstrate that NPM structures the technical aspects of professional tasks, that are the verifiable elements of the professional's judgment. NPM proofs to have strong influence on the techniques for quality insurance (performance of production, time and lawfulness). On the longer term this influence can undermine professional self-regulation. NPM has little impact on the indeterminate task aspects, the professional judgment itself, even though this part has become more 'technical' in years. The case study shows however that this is not due to NPM but to the impact of bureaucratization of the professional task. Furthermore it becomes clear that this impact is stronger in the case of the labor specialist than with respect to the social insurance doctor.


Duco Bannink
Duco Bannink is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentieadres: Duco Bannink, Universiteit Twente, Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, 053-4893222, d.b.d.bannink@utwente.nl

Berber Lettinga
Berber Lettinga is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente.

Liesbet Heyse
Liesbet Heyse is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente.

    At the start of the century, the organisational fields belonging to the public employment service and social security, which previously were strictly institutionally separated with their rules and norms, have been brought under one umbrella or network structure in the Netherlands. We discuss how within this structure adaptive and reflexive forms of governance enhance information feedback and simultaneous learning processes both at the top and in the execution level of social security. Based upon document study, interviews and a case study of a sectoral experiment on integral service provision, we illustrate which learning elements occurred in bridging the planning and control cycle of New Public Management at the top with the horizontal mutual adjustment between organisations at decentral level.


Marc van der Meer
Marc van der Meer is directeur van het Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs (ECBO). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. van der Meer Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs Pettelaarspark 1 5216 PC Den Bosch marc.vandermeer@ecbo.nl

Bert Roes
Bert Roes is senior adviseur bij het College voor Arbeidszaken van de Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten (VNG).

    Recently in The Netherlands, as in other countries, many have called for administrative and democratic reform. The perspectives implicated in the arguments for change differ, however. Some argue for a strengthening of mechanisms of control and accountability. Others opt for more – and more direct – citizen participation in governance. In effect, these perspectives often contradict. In this article we will look into J.S. Mill's effort to combine such different perspectives. It is shown that in his considerations on good government a third principle is active: administrative competence or quality. Mill, thus, makes us aware of a deficiency in many contemporary evaluations of administrative and democratic renewal.


Berry Tholen
Dr. Berry Tholen is als bestuurskundige verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn onderwijs omvat de cursussen 'Binnenlands Bestuur' en 'Bestuurlijke Ethiek'. In zijn onderzoek concentreert hij zich op vragen van rechtvaardigheid en legitimiteit in bestuur en beleid. Hij publiceerde recentelijk onder meer in International Review of Administrative Sciences en in European Journal of Migration and Law. Adres: Afd. Bestuurskunde, Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Postbus 9108, 6500 HK Nijmegen, email: b.tholen@fm.ru.nl
Artikel

Van bijschaving tot beschaving

Civilisatiestrategieën en het belang van ‘evidence based’ interventies

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Marnix Croes en Frans L. Leeuw
Auteursinformatie

Marnix Croes
Dr Marnix Croes is werkzaam bij het WODC van het Ministerie van Justitie en is als parttime onderzoeker gedetacheerd bij de Raad voor de rechtspraak.

Frans L. Leeuw
Prof. dr Frans L. Leeuw is directeur van het WODC van het Ministerie van Justitie en is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Tussen eenheid en eendracht

Regionale bestuurskracht door netwerkvorming

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2007
Auteurs Geert Teisman
Auteursinformatie

Geert Teisman
Prof. dr ing Geert R. Teisman is als hoogleraar Bestuurskunde verbonden aan het departement Bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (EUR).
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