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Artikel

Over rijdende treinen en vallende dominostenen: het rookverbod in de Nederlandse horeca

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden smoking ban, regulation, support, effectiveness, explanations
Auteurs Dr. Heleen Weyers en Willem Bantema MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the near future, the Dutch government intends to change the rules relating to smoking bans in the hospitality industry again. After a complete ban, coming into force in July 2008, and introducing an exception for small bars in June 2011, the complete ban will return this year. This article describes the law regarding smoking bans in the Netherlands, and reports along researches of the relevant authority and a commercial research institute the effectiveness of the bans. From these findings it becomes clear that the hospitality industry did a good job in complying with the bans. But there is one exception: small bars. Next we explain, based on the ideas of Kagan and Skolnick and Elias the effectiveness of smoking bans.


Dr. Heleen Weyers
Dr. Heleen Weyers is universitair docent bij de Vakgroep Rechtstheorie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. E-mail: h.a.m.weyers@rug.nl.

Willem Bantema MSc
Willem Bantema, MSc is promovendus bij de Vakgroep Rechtstheorie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. E-mail: w.bantema@rug.nl.
Artikel

Veranderend lokaal gezag

De gezagsbronnen van burgemeesters en wethouders verkend

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden authority, political leadership, mayors, aldermen
Auteurs Dr. Niels Karsten MSc MA en Drs. Thijs Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The traditional authority of mayors and aldermen is readily challenged. Formal positions do no longer constitute authority. For that reason, new political repertoires are being sought after and are being developed by local political-executive leaders. This article analyses and compares the sources of authority for mayors and aldermen: how can they develop, maintain, and strengthen their authority? It develops an innovative typology of sources of authority. A distinction is made between institutional, positional, and personal sources of authority. The model is applied to the mayors and aldermen in relation to relevant socio-political developments that affect the two offices. It is found that the authority of mayors rests on institutional sources of authority more so than that of aldermen. For the latter, positional and personal sources of authority are more important. At the same time, personal sources of authority have become very important for mayors as well as aldermen. The results call upon mayors and aldermen’s skills and competences to develop personal authority through persuasion.


Dr. Niels Karsten MSc MA
Niels Karsten is universitair docent aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van Tilburg University, e-mail: n.karsten@uvt.nl.

Drs. Thijs Jansen
Thijs Janssen is onderzoeker aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van Tilburg University, e-mail: thijs.jansen@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Burgers als trustees

Participatie, informele vertegenwoordiging en representativiteit

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2013
Auteurs Dr. Bas van Stokkom, Dr. Marcel Becker en Teun Eikenaar MA MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The involvement of citizens in discussions about policy arrangements has been growing in the past decades. These forums of decision-making often provoke criticism because of a so-called ‘lack of representativeness’. Often a small group of active citizens takes the lead and decides which problems have to be dealt with. Some active residents primarily focus on improving the neighbourhood, regardless of whether their activities have everyone’s consent. This raises many questions related their representativeness. Do these participants form an adequate cross-section of the population? Are they speaking on behalf of others? Maybe passive citizens feel fine with the opinions of active citizens and agree that a small group of citizens is taking the lead. In this paper these active citizens are viewed as ‘trustees’: informal representatives who take responsibility to look after the neighbourhood’s interests, expecting that passive residents would support their efforts. The paper has two central questions: First, which ideas do active participants have about representation and representativeness? Second, in what respects can active citizens be characterized as ‘trustees’? In the theoretical part we contend that the notion ‘trustee’ may function as a theoretical framework to understand present-day citizen participation. In local policy networks many informal representatives express views and interests that are recognizable for many citizens. They are trusted, as long as their activities can be checked. The second part of the paper focuses on three projects of citizen decision-making within local safety policies (The Dutch cities Amsterdam, Deventer and Rotterdam). Within these projects, participants prioritize what kinds of activities and interventions police officers and other frontline workers should carry out. A main finding is that many active citizens function as contact persons who are continuously available for other residents. They do not wish to speak ‘on behalf’ of others but they are bestowed – often reluctantly – with the role of representative, as they demonstratively express neighborhood interests (‘clean, intact and safe’). Their reputation seems to be decisive.


Dr. Bas van Stokkom
Dr. Bas van Stokkom is medewerker bestuurswetenschappen aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, b.a.m.van.stokkom@vu.nl.

Dr. Marcel Becker
Dr. Marcel Becker is universitair docent ethiek aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, M.Becker@ftr.ru.nl.

Teun Eikenaar MA MSc
Teun Eikenaar MA MSc is onderzoeker aan het criminologisch instituut van de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, t.eikenaar@jur.ru.nl.
Artikel

Maatschoenen voor de krimpende bestuurder

De ervaringen van negen bestuurders met bevolkingsdaling

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2011
Auteurs Karin van Boetzelaer
Auteursinformatie

Karin van Boetzelaer
K.G. van Boetzelaer MSc werkt bij het Programma Krachtig Bestuur van het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties
Artikel

De regierol van gemeenten nader bekeken

Een theoretisch empirische analyse van de literatuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Kees Span, Katrien Luijkx, Jos Schols e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Kees Span
Kees Span MSc is werkzaam als promovendus bij het departement Tranzo van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Katrien Luijkx
Dr Katrien Luijkx werkt als senior onderzoeker bij dit departement.

Jos Schols
Prof. dr Jos Schols is ook werkzaam bij het departement Tranzo en daarnaast bij de vakgroep Huisartsgeneeskunde van de Universiteit Maastricht.

René Schalk
Prof. dr René Schalk is verbonden aan het departement Tranzo en aan het departement Personeelwetenschappen van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
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