Zoekresultaat: 15 artikelen

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Artikel

What the frack?

Politiserende deliberatie in de besluitvorming over schaliegas

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden wicked problems, shale gas, hydraulic fracturing, deliberation
Auteurs Tamara Metze
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Within the past two years, hydraulic fracturing for shale gas became a highly contested technology in the Netherlands. Possible negative environmental impacts are at strained terms with possible economic, energy and geo-political benefits. In addition, there are many scientific uncertainties about, for example water contamination, methane emissions, the amounts of gas to extract and the risk of earth quakes. Societal conflict and scientific uncertainties make fracking for shale gas a wicked problem for decision makers. This article demonstrates that the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs has implemented several instruments for deliberation, such as a consultation round with stakeholders and a sound board for an independent research. These failed to lead to the desired support for fracking. In this contribution, I demonstrate that these instruments led to reason giving but not to structuring of the problem. They were used by governmental actors and protest groups as a political platform that was fuel for the political conflict.


Tamara Metze
Dr. T. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Politiek, participatie en experts in de besluitvorming over super wicked problems

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden wicked problems, scientific knowledge, social engineering, deliberative democracy
Auteurs Tamara Metze en Esther Turnhout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue focusses on deliberative elements in deciding over wicked problems. We present four case studies in which some form of deliberation was organized: the placement of mobile phone masts, hydraulic fracturing for shale gas, the failed HPV vaccination campaign and climate dialogues organized to enhance deliberative knowledge production over climate change. The case studies demonstrate how each of the deliberative processes has become politicized and that deliberative governance runs the risk of turning into a technocratic policy approach.


Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Esther Turnhout
Dr. E. Turnhout is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Wageningen.
Artikel

Verandermanagement en beleid: waarom vertonen professionals weerstand tegen nieuw beleid?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden public policy,, change management, policy implementation, public management, resistance to change
Auteurs Lars Tummers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professionals often have problems with governmental policies they have to implement. This can lead to diminished legitimacy and lower policy performance. The goal of this article is to identify the main reasons why professionals resist implementing new policies. An interdisciplinary approach is taken. From public administration literature, I use the policy alienation model, which consists of five dimensions: strategic, tactical and operational powerlessness, societal meaninglessness and client meaninglessness. These are possible reasons why professionals resist public policies (‘resistance to change’, a concept drawn from change management literature). I test these assumptions using a survey among 1,317 healthcare professionals. The results show that when professionals experience that a policy is meaningless for society or for their own clients, they show strong resistance. A lack of perceived influence is much less important in explaining resistance, although this is partly dependent on the particular profession someone belong to. The policy alienation model can help policy makers and managers to develop policies which are accepted by professionals. The article ends with practical recommendations for policy makers, managers and professionals.


Lars Tummers
Dr. L.G. Tummers is verbonden aan de opleiding bestuurskunde van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en het Center for the Study of Law & Society van de University of California, Berkeley.
Artikel

De stille ideologie in het techniekdebat

Hoe de informatierevolutie in de politieke luwte ons mens-zijn verandert

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden information revolution, NBIC-convergence, biopolitics, belief in technological progress, silent ideology
Auteurs Rinie van Est
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The information revolution, and in particular the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive technology, creates a new societal arena: biopolitics. This so-called NBIC-convergence strengthens the promise that live, including our bodies (e.g. genes), brains (e.g. attention) and social environment (e.g. social contacts and consumer behaviour), can be brought into the domain of technological manipulability. NBIC-convergence, therefore, raises many social and ethical issues. The dominant naïve belief in progress through technology often stands in the way of a timely and adequate governance of these issues. The current situation in which the information revolution is mainly developing on the political sidelines, can lead to thorny societal and political problems in the mid and long-term.


Rinie van Est
Dr. ir. R. van Est is onderzoekcoördinator en trendcatcher bij de afdeling Technology Assessment van het Rathenau Instituut. Hij is natuurkundige en politicoloog en houdt zich bezig met de politiek van opkomende technologieën zoals nanotechnologie, robotica, synthetische biologie en persuasieve technologie.
Artikel

Het eindeloze verhaal van de bestuurskunde: complexiteit, vernieuwing en de Big Society

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Big Society, public administration, complexity, innovation, administrative history
Auteurs Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Big Society’ has been one of those inspirational concepts that have recently swept through the public administration literature. With their appeal for a ‘Big Society’, the British Tories contrasted their policy program with Labours’ traditional ‘Big Government’ program. Upon closer inspection, however, it is revealed that the underlying analysis is not new at all, but reflects a specific analysis that can be traced back to Wilson’s famous essay on the study of public administration in 1887. Stripped from its details, the never-ending story claims that public administration now struggles with overwhelming complexity, which makes traditional bureaucratic methods obsolete and calls for innovative, new approaches. The fact that this story has remained fairly constant for over 125 years is cause for some concern. The article traces the historical genesis of this never-ending story and lands on a plea for more sophisticated attention for administrative history, more critical scrutiny of new ideas and more serious study of the nature and effects of complexity.


Thomas Schillemans
Dr. Thomas Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De kracht van de stad

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden local government, urban affairs, urban governance, innovation, institutional change
Auteurs Jos Koffijberg en Henk Wesseling
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Currently, Dutch cities are facing persistent societal problems as well as changing circumstances, due to the financial crisis and changing national policies. This special issue seeks to take analysis beyond a sense of mere crisis and investigates contemporary urban initiatives in order to discern what innovative modes of governance they offer.


Jos Koffijberg
Dr J.J. Koffijberg is hoofd onderzoek bij Nicis Institute, Den Haag.

Henk Wesseling
Drs H.W.M. Wesseling is verbonden aan Berenschot en leidt daar het Expertisecentrum Arrangementbouw.
Artikel

Overheid 2.0: Aanspreekbaar en aansprekend

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden public participation, public private partnership, policy entrepreneurs, enabling leadership, digital revolution, new public management
Auteurs Davied van Berlo en Sibout Nooteboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The digital revolution enables civil servants to create innovation with others, across organizational boundaries and with larger groups. Traditional bureaucracies are challenged to put additional conditions and incentives in place to make this possible. The program ‘civil servant 2.0’, aimed at enabling and awareness raising among civil servants, itself also makes use of modern possibilities. One example is Pleio, a digital meeting place for civil servants and other officials and persons who want to share knowledge in a thematic, transboundary way. A dilemma civil servants face is that the hierarchy and the political leadership have to be open to opportunities and input generated from outside. The level of hierarchical support can be discovered when the opportunity emerges. This takes entrepreneurial civil servants: taking initiative with the aim of discovering emerging opportunities in the outside world before it is known how these will be evaluated by the hierarchy. Other enabling conditions are that this activity needs to be possible without taking-up too much of their time, a culture of transparency, the possibility to link with the world through modern ICT (despite possible risks), a safe hierarchical environment, and novel ways of accounting for their output.


Davied van Berlo
Drs D. van Berlo is initiatiefnemer van het netwerk Ambtenaar 2.0 en het platform Pleio (Plein Overheid).

Sibout Nooteboom
Dr S.G. Nooteboom werkt bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en aan de Eramus Universiteit. Deze bijdrage is geschreven op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Ambtenaren en sociale media

Kansen, risico's en dilemma's

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden social media, relationship politics-administration, primacy of politics
Auteurs Dennis de Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Not only companies and citizens, but also governmental agencies are exploring the possibilities of new technologies to communicate with citizens. This article analyzes the challenges, risks and dilemmas of social media for Dutch civil servants. The theoretical framework that is used consists of a classical and a modern approach to public administration. In the classical ‘Weberian’ model, politicians are responsible for policy-making (and communication about it) and civil servants have to implement policies (‘the primacy of politics’). This principal approach implies a limited role of civil servants in social media. However, the modern approach to civil servants highlights their expertise and distinctive responsibilities. The pragmatical approach leaves more space for active participation of civil servants on the internet. Nevertheless, a fundamental reflection about the primacy of politics, the role of governmental communication and culture in the social media landscape remains necessary.


Dennis de Kool
Dr D. de Kool is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Center for Public Innovation van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De democratische waarde van burgerparticipatie: Interactief bestuur en deliberatieve fora1

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Citizen participation, democracy, democratic innovations, participatory governance, deliberative forums
Auteurs Ank Michels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whilst embedding democratic innovations that increase and deepen citizen participation in decision making now is a common policy of governments in many countries, and theorists in democratic theory also tend to emphasize how good citizen participation is to democracy, the empirical evaluation of democratic innovations is still a rather unexplored area of research.

    This article evaluates two types of democratic innovations, participatory governance and deliberative forums in the Netherlands and a large number of other Western countries. The findings show, for both types of innovation, that citizen participation contributes to the quality of democracy in several ways. The analysis also makes it clear that different designs produce different democratic effects, which also reflects tensions between democratic values; participatory governance projects are better at giving citizens influence, whereas deliberative forums appear to be better at promoting the exchange of arguments. Also, whereas cases of participatory governance are more open than deliberative forums, representation is higher for the deliberative type of cases. As a consequence politicians and policy makers can have a major impact on democracy; by choosing for a specific design of citizen participation they may encourage certain aspects of democracy more than others.


Ank Michels
Dr A.M.B. Michels is universitair docent bij het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De kracht van lobbyen in netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2010
Auteurs Lenneke Joosen en Sebastiaan Princen
Auteursinformatie

Lenneke Joosen
L. Joosen MA is werkzaam bij de Provincie Zuid-Holland.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr S. Princen is Universitair Hoofddocent bij het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO).
Artikel

Goed bestuur in de stad: Wat staat op het spel?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2010
Auteurs Frank Hendriks en Gerard Drosterij
Auteursinformatie

Frank Hendriks
Prof. dr F. Hendriks is hoogleraar vergelijkende bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Gerard Drosterij
Dr G. Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.

Ringo Ossewaarde
Dr M.R.R. Ossewaarde is als universitair hoofddocent sociologie verbonden aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Recovery.gov

Een experiment in dynamische verantwoording

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Sanderijn Cels, Mark van Twist, Jorrit de Jong e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Sanderijn Cels
Drs S. Cels is senior research fellow bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB), research-associate bij het MIT-Harvard Public Disputes Program en senior consultant bij het Consensus Building Institute.

Mark van Twist
Prof. dr M.J.W. van Twist is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en decaan van de NSOB.

Jorrit de Jong
Drs J. de Jong is resident research fellow bij het Ash Institute for Democratic Governance and Innovation van de Harvard Kennedy School, senior lecturer bij de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en oprichter van de Kafka Brigade.

Philip Marcel Karré
Mag.phil. P.M. Karré is senior-onderzoeker bij de NSOB.

Dennis de Kool
Dr Dennis de Kool is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Center for Public Innovation van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (EUR).
Artikel

Monitoring in beeld

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2007
Auteurs Dennis de Kool
Auteursinformatie

Dennis de Kool
Drs D. de Kool is als postdoc verbonden aan het Center for Public Innovation, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (EUR). De auteur is bezig met de afronding van een proefschrift over de doorwerking van monitors in interbestuurlijke relaties.
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