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Artikel

Access_open Quo vadis, Nederlandse Bestuurskunde?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public administration
Auteurs Dr. Caelesta Braun, Dr. Menno Fenger, Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forty years ago, Dutch Public Administration started as an independent academic discipline. The founding fathers considered empirical application and multidisciplinarity the most important characteristics of public administration. This article assesses the current state of the discipline in the Netherlands. The assessment is the result of a series of five debates throughout the country, focussing on different elements of the Public Administration discipline: education, academic research, consultancy and policy advice. In brief, the article argues that the discipline has reached maturity in these forty years. It has become an accepted academic discipline, on the verge of a mono-discipline. The Netherlands is considered as one of the leading countries in public administration research. However, these successes also create a gap between public administration as a successful academic discipline and its roots as a multi-disciplinary, applied science. Renewing the balance between these two will be the main challenge for the decades to come.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Dr. C. Braun is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO).

Dr. Menno Fenger
Dr. H.J.M. Fenger is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO) en co-decaan bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).

Dr. Judith van der Veer
Dr. J. van der Veer, postdoc bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Tanja Verheij
Drs. A.J.M. Verheij is managing director bij Berenschot.
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Grenzen verleggen in een dialoog over watermonitoring: beperkingen en kansen voor een transitie naar een bio-based economie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Boundary work, Monitoring water quality, Sustainability Transitions, Bio based economy, Dialogue
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze en Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A transition to a bio based economy requires social and technological innovations. Transition management theory holds that these innovations take place in niches that can bring about structural change in society, politics and the economy in a stepwise manner. However, these innovations are always subjected to systemic barriers, such as regulations and institutional structures, that need to be overcome. This was also the case in a consortium of government, industry and eco-toxicologists that collaboratively developed innovative water monitoring tools. In this contribution the authors investigate how systemic barriers can be made productive in a science-society dialogue by creating reflexivity and learning. They conducted a frame analysis of interviews and policy documents to unravel systemic barriers to innovation – in the form of discursive boundary work: the routinized demarcations of practices. Second, they experimented with a science-society dialogue to reflect on these routinized demarcations and develop alternatives to overcome these boundaries. The research demonstrates that reflective conversations occurred and that participants developed a boundary concept of ‘living water’ that enhanced their innovative collaboration and technology.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
Dr. T.J. Schuitmaker is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Over de werking en waardering van kennispraktijken

Of hoe een vraagstuk het onderzoek krijgt dat het verdient

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, Integration & Implementation Sciences, practice approach, knowledge intermediary, knowledge transfer
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr John Grin, Prof. dr John Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When scientific values like objectivity, validity and reliability are inadequate for designing research that enables society’s capacity for dealing with unstructured problems, which values or criteria should we use for designing adequate knowledge practices? Based on the articles in this special issue we answer this question by analysing the methods researchers have used for selecting stakeholders, knowledges, synthesis, context and outcome in new knowledge practices. Although a common language for comparison and documentation is lacking, the analysis provides recommendations for better designing interaction between scientific and other practices. The most important message however is that we need a designated platform for exchanging and evaluating experiences and discussing methods and the outcomes they yield.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Grin
Prof. dr J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Professioneel vermogen

Proactieve ‘coping’ door publieke professionals

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public professionals, Teachers, performance pressures, proactive coping, professional capability
Auteurs Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf, Nina van Loon MSc, Madelon Heerema MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professional services such as educational services, are increasingly managed and optimized in order to improve performances. Performances of students, teachers and school (boards) are measured and evaluated. Increasingly, rules and systems focus on outputs and control. Consequently, the ‘freedom’ of professionals such as teachers is reduced, or is perceived and felt to be reduced. There have been growing debates on the problematic effects of performance pressures. Often, public professionals are seen as ‘defenseless victims’ of systems and pressures – they are ‘professionals under pressure’. In this paper, we introduce a more positive way of understanding professionals and professional action in changing contexts. We see professionals such as teachers as ‘active agents’ who can develop and regain control over their own situation. Professionals can deliver quality, in spite of bureaucratic burdens and managerial intrusions. We call this ability professional capability: ‘the ability to proactively deal with work-related expectations, tasks and burdens in dynamic stakeholder environments’. This paper combines research on public administration, organizational sociology and occupational psychology, to generate a more productive understanding of proactive coping of professionals in public domains. We define and operationalize professional capacity, we explore sources and effects, and we develop hypotheses for further research.


Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf is als hoogleraar publiek management verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Nina van Loon MSc
Nina van Loon MSc was als promovenda verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht en is thans werkzaam bij Aarhus University, Denemarken.

Madelon Heerema MSc
Madelon Heerema MSc is als researcher verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Marit Weggemans MSc
Marit Weggemans MSc was als student-assistent verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Vroeger voor vandaag

Heden-verledenvergelijkingen voor praktisch gebruik

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden Past-present comparisons, methodology, Valorisation, History, Policy
Auteurs Dr. Anita Boele, Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn en Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we explore how and under what circumstances present-past comparisons can be used to find solutions to current social issues. We argue that meaningful comparisons can not only be made between countries or groups within countries, rather, comparisons between current and past societies too can enrich our thinking about pressing social problems. We search for the conditions under which such comparisons are possible without undermining the professional skills, epistemological and methodological insights of the various disciplines. Learning from the past calls for an in-depth study of present problems and the historical (role) model alike, with historians and social and political scientists cooperating in teams. We propose a five-step-method: (1) diagnosing the social issue, (2) tracing comparable historical practices that might offer solutions, (3) distilling these practices from their historical contexts, (4) massaging the ‘historical’ practices into the diagnosed present-day context through an imaginative exercise, and (5) implementing these solutions into everyday life through forms of experiment.


Dr. Anita Boele
Dr. Anita Boele is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Utrecht, departement Geschiedenis en Kunstgeschiedenis.

Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn
Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn is als bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Geschiedenis van Zeeland in de Wereld’ (Hurgronje-leerstoel) van de Universiteit Utrecht verbonden aan het Arts & Humanities Department van University College Roosevelt (Middelburg).

Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen is onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau
Artikel

Pas op! Over beheerst risico’s beheersen in het governancetijdperk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden risk management, governance, inspection, organization, hybridization
Auteurs Dr. Mark de Bruijne, Dr. Bauke Steenhuisen en Dr. Haiko van der Voort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Risks taken by some organizations may have considerable impact on society. In this contribution the assessment and management of risk are perceived to take place in a multi-actor setting. Within an organization operators, risk managers, and top managers interact about risk assessments and risk mitigation strategies. Public regulators and inspectorates increasingly focus on risk management systems instead of the operational activities or organizational outputs. Are organizations systematically assessing their risks? This contribution identifies two contrasting perspectives on risk assessment and risk mitigation in literature: risk management and risk governance. An empirical study in three sectors reveals evidence of both perspectives in practice. Companies adopt hybrid approaches, which are essential for the quality of risk assessment and mitigation. Indeed, adopting just one perspective seems dangerous. We conclude that public regulators and inspectorates might provide incentives to focus on just one perspective and suggest two heuristics for public inspectorates that respect hybrid approaches of risk assessment and mitigation.


Dr. Mark de Bruijne
Dr. M.L.C. de Bruijne is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

Dr. Bauke Steenhuisen
Dr. M.L.C. de Bruijne is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

    De Handreiking Gezonde Gemeente, een landelijk instrument voor verbetering van integraal gemeentelijk gezondheidsbeleid, wordt volgens de Gezondheidsinspectie onvoldoende gebruikt. Deze studie onderzoekt mogelijkheden voor verbeterde implementatie van de handreiking in de GGD-organisatie.
    Diverse GGD-disciplines, gemeenteambtenaren en externe respondenten zijn geïnterviewd over ervaringen en opvattingen aangaande de handreiking.
    Naast een positieve inhoudelijke waardering is er een sterke roep om concrete vertaling naar het ‘hoe’ van het gebruik. De directe voordelen van het instrument voor betrokken professionals en managers binnen en buiten de GGD-en zijn onvoldoende geëxploreerd.
    Als GGD-en het als taak zien om het gebruik van de handreiking door professionals, gemeenten en partners te stimuleren, dan zullen zij eerst de voordelen ervan moeten expliciteren. Bereidheid bij GGD-managers om professionals te sturen en faciliteren op het gebruik van instrumenten lijkt hiervoor een belangrijke randvoorwaarde.


Theo J.M. Kuunders
Theo J.M. Kuunders is onderzoeker en science practitioner bij Tranzo, Wetenschappelijk Centrum voor Zorg en Welzijn, Tilburg Universiteit. Hij is beleidsmedewerker voor een Gemeentelijke Gezondheidsdienst. Zijn onderzoek is gericht op de implementatie van landelijke richtlijnen voor gezondheidsbevordering op lokaal niveau.

Ien A.M. van de Goor
Ien A.M. van de Goor is hoogleraar Public Health aan de Tilburg Universiteit (Tranzo), is senior onderzoeker en programmaleider voor het programma ‘Effectiviteit van individuele preventie’. Zij initieert en begeleidt onderzoeksprojecten in de zorg en welzijn met bijzondere expertise in de verslavingszorg.

Theo G.W.M. Paulussen
Theo G.W.M. Paulussen (PhD) is gezondheidswetenschapper met expertise op het gebied van implementatievraagstukken bij innovaties in gezondheidsbevordering en onderwijs. Hij is verbonden aan TNO Innovation for Life, Expertise Group Life Style in Leiden.

Marja J.H. van Bon-Martens
Marja J.H. van Bon-Martens (PhD) is epidemioloog, hoofd van de Unit Epidemiologie en Nationale Monitor Geestelijke Gezondheid bij het Trimbos-instituut voor Geestelijke Gezondheid en Verslaving en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan Tranzo, Wetenschappelijk Centrum voor Zorg en Welzijn, Tilburg Universiteit.

Hans A.M. van Oers
Hans A.M. van Oers is epidemioloog en hoogleraar Public Health aan de Tilburg Universiteit (Tranzo) met expertise op volksgezondheid en beleidsvorming. Als Chief Science Officer van System Assessment for Policy Support verbonden aan het Nederlandse Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu.

    Modern government has high expectations of active citizen participation. Sociologists however, expect that this emphasis on citizen participation leads to new inequalities between city neighbourhoods. In ‘better’ neighbourhoods relatively more inhabitants are higher educated and indigenous, categories that are traditionally more active in society. In vulnerable neighbourhoods on the other hand many of the inhabitants are non-indigenous, lower educated and unemployed, who – as is shown in research – participate less. Citizen initiatives therefore would prosper in neighbourhoods with resilient and competent citizens and a powerful social fabric, while inhabitants of the vulnerable neighbourhoods would participate less, although there is more need for active citizen participation, because of their problems. This study analyses active citizen participation in two neighbourhoods in the Dutch city of Rotterdam, ‘Schiemond’ and ‘Lloydkwartier’, a typical backward neighbourhood versus a typical neighbourhood for young urban professionals (‘yuppen’). In contrast with the expectations the inhabitants of Schiemond do not appear to participate less than the inhabitants of Lloydkwartier. Concerning matters of neighbourhood safety even more respondents participate in Schiemond than in Lloydkwartier. Possible reasons are: (a) that lower educated people do participate more often in informal neighbourhood initiatives; (b) that because of the average longer residency in Schiemond there is a greater amount of public familiarity in this neighbourhood; or (c) that because of the bigger problems in Schiemond there is a greater necessity for inhabitants to become active themselves.


Dr. Erik Snel
Dr. E. Snel is universitair docent bij de vakgroep sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Kim Hoogmoed MSc
K. Hoogmoed MSc is in 2013 afgestudeerd in de sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Ze is momenteel medewerker van het examenbureau van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Arend Odé
Dr. A. Odé is manager onderzoek en advies bij Regioplan Beleidsonderzoek in Amsterdam. Hij is in 1996 gepromoveerd aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam bij het Tinbergen Instituut.
Artikel

De democratische vertegenwoordiging van cliënten en patiënten bij de decentralisaties

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden representative claim, democratic decision making, Decentralization, social and health policies, Municipalities
Auteurs Dr. Hester Van de Bovenkamp en Dr. Hans Vollaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Citizen participation is firmly on the agenda of many Western policy makers. Numerous opportunities for individuals to participate in public decision-making have been created. However, few citizens use these opportunities. Those who do are often the highly educated, white, middle and upper classes that also tend to dominate other democratic spaces. Opportunities to become active can increase inequalities in terms of whose voices are heard in public decision-making. This fundamentally challenges the central democratic value of equality. Nevertheless, others can represent the interests of those who remain silent. Using the concept of representative claim this paper explores a variety of forms of representation (electoral, formal non-electoral and informal self-appointed) in the domain of social policy which is currently decentralized in the Netherlands. We conclude that especially informal self-appointed representatives such as medical professionals, churches and patient organizations can potentially play an important role in representing groups who often remain unheard in the public debate. They can therefore play an important role in ensuring the democratic quality of the decentralization process.


Dr. Hester Van de Bovenkamp
Dr. Hester van de Bovenkamp is universitair docent bij het Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Hans Vollaard
Dr. Hans Vollaard is universitair docent Nederlandse en Europese politiek bij het Instituut Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Burgercoöperaties. Speler of speelbal in de nieuwe verhoudingen tussen overheid, markt en samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden citizen cooperatives, self-organization, social innovation
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos, Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands citizens increasingly unite in cooperatives to realize common facilities and services in their neighborhood themselves. Apparently neither markets nor governments succeed in providing all the public goods and services that citizens strive for. Although these forms of self-organization are still young and their success is far from sure, they are seen as sources of social innovation and new ways of organizing that inspire many. Their example is followed widely: cooperatives seem to be rapidly emerging almost everywhere. Yet not much systemic knowledge is available on their nature, drivers, and impacts, nor on the conditions under which they flourish. In this special issue the state of the art regarding these cooperatives is examined in the areas of energy, care, broadband connections and housing. The various contributions show that the main challenge that cooperatives have to deal with is finding the balance between the ambition to preserve their identity as grass root organizations and the need for professionalization. Also they have to learn to build and maintain relationships with other organizations and actors in their environment on which they are dependent: governments, private parties and professionals.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. (Meike) Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr. J. Edelenbos is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is vooral gespecialiseerd op het vlak van participatie, zelforganisatie, vertrouwen en verbindend leiderschap in de sectoren gebiedsontwikkeling, water en energie.

Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan
Prof. dr. J.F.M. Koppenjan is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar governance van netwerken in de publieke sector en naar innovatieve vormen van publiek-private samenwerking.

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink was lange tijd verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente waar zij in de voorhoede onderzoek deed naar sociale wijkteams en burgerinitiatieven. Sinds kort is zij op deze terreinen actief als zelfstandig onderzoeker.
Artikel

Bestuurskunde voorbij het maakbaarheidsdenken?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden social engineering, greedy governance, modest public governance, practical rationality
Auteurs Robert van Putten MSc MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public Administration has been confronted with an emerging body of literature on the subject of social engineering and the limitedness of governing society. At the same time, governance is considered to be more greedy. The aim of this article is to consider the implications of the boundaries of social engineering for Public Administration. This article reflects on these implications as follows. Firstly, this article gives an analysis of the relation between governance, policy and feasibility. Secondly, different definitions of feasibility are developed and related to Public Administration. These elements lead to the conclusion that Public Administration is part of the culture of perfecting. Thirdly, after rejecting fatalism, a new perspective for Public Administration can be found in thinking based on practical rationality.


Robert van Putten MSc MA
R.J. van Putten MSc MA is filosoof en bestuurskundige. Hij is werkzaam als promovendus en docent aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

De opkomst van wooncoöperaties in Nederland?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden housing, cooperatives, success factors
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst en Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is a growing interest for cooperatives in housing. Recently a new housing law was signed that stimulates the rise and creation of citizen cooperatives in this sector. It is argued that in this way people, especially in the low- and middle-income category, get more opportunities to influence their own living situation. Some housing cooperatives have existed for years, but recently we have seen the rise of dozens of cooperatives. The knowledge network Platform31 has initiated an experimental program to facilitate the implementation of cooperatives in housing in the Netherlands. An important condition is that the cooperatives need to develop a strong business case. Cooperation with established housing corporations in the sector is also of vital importance. Moreover, a helping hand from municipalities is needed and some local governments have already developed policies and undertaken actions. Yet there are still bottlenecks in policy and law that needs to be solved. A paradigm shift is needed to make cooperatives in housing feasible.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. (Meike) Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr. J. Edelenbos is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is vooral gespecialiseerd op het vlak van participatie, zelforganisatie, vertrouwen en verbindend leiderschap in de sectoren gebiedsontwikkeling, water en energie.
Artikel

De koers van zorgcoöperaties

Samenwerken zonder te verworden tot paradepaard of werkpaard van de participatiesamenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden healthcare cooperatives, raise and development, relationship with government
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Healthcare cooperatives are not only attractive to citizens, but they also seen by managers as a source of inspiration and as a means to provide care efficiently. This raises the question of how health cooperatives evolve and which relationship with governments is appropriate for them. The aim of this article is examine the state of the art regarding the rise and development of health cooperatives. This development depends on the degree to which health cooperatives are able to overcome cultural, legal and financial obstacles. Health cooperatives seems to be more promising and stable if they succeed in determining their own course, show that they can realize their aims themselves and while learning to work together with others.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.
Artikel

De therapeutische werking van slachtofferdeelname aan het strafproces

Een kritische beschouwing vanuit een psychotraumaperspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden crime, Victims, procedural rights, Psychotrauma, Therapeutic
Auteurs Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Under the influence of international law, procedural rights for crime victims have been enormously expanded in the Netherlands in the last decades. Legislators often assume that such rights may have a therapeutic impact on those who use them. This paper discusses the course and nature of psychological problems which may arise in the aftermath of crime victimization to nuance this assumption. The author argues that participation in criminal justice procedures is most likely to have a positive impact on crime victims’ emotional well-being during the first weeks post victimization. Positive experiences with the criminal justice system during this phase may prevent some victims from developing significant mental health problems, because the course of this period determines whether one returns to pre-victimization levels of psychological functioning or not. Victims who still suffer psychologically from the effects of the crime afterwards will only benefit from professional mental health interventions. The author substantiates his argumentation with findings from a recent systematic literature review.


Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De netwerkende burgemeester: beweging tussen binnen en buiten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mayor, mayoral roles, networks, network society, leadership
Auteurs Dr. Martijn van der Steen en Ilsa de Jong MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Worldwide, cities are becoming increasingly important in global networks. The rise of cities and urban regions is widely described in academic literature. Cities are becoming essential players in networks on three scales: on an international scale as a hub in global networks, on a regional scale in partnerships as a consequence of the necessity of upscaling and on a local scale, in cooperation with citizens. This article addresses what this rise of the city, operating in complex networks on different scales, means for the position and tasks of the mayor, as a representative of the city. The article describes the modern challenges for the mayoral function and role in an emerging network society and addresses the growing importance of strong personal and transactional leadership while operating in networks both inside and outside the municipality.


Dr. Martijn van der Steen
Dr. M.A. van der Steen is co-decaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) in Den Haag.

Ilsa de Jong MSc
I. de Jong, MSc is als onderzoeker/leermanager verbonden aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).
Artikel

Slotartikel: Het oplossend vermogen van living labs

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden living lab, local administration, citizen participation, governance of wicked problems
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren, Dr. Philip Marcel Karré en Iris Vanhommerig MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this closing article we summarize the results of the individual articles of this themed issue and draw common lessons. With regard to cities as living labs, we conclude that three challenges need more attention: (1) unclear or contradictory goals and expectations, (2) organizational confusion, and (3) the lack of institutional links. Based on these, we offer a number of recommendations for research and practice in public administration.


Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is universitair hoofddocent en hoofd van de sectie Policy, Organisation, Law and Gaming bij de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de master Urban Management verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Iris Vanhommerig MSc
I. Vanhommerig, MSc is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, vertaler en programmeur.
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