Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen

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Artikel

Een duwtje om over na te denken

De belofte van nudging voor de terugtredende overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden nudge, choice architecture, libertarian paternalism, autonomy, decision-making
Auteurs Jasper Zuure MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Nudging is currently high on the political agenda. The idea behind nudging is that the government can gently push citizens in the ‘good’ direction by anticipating their predictable irrational behaviour. In the Dutch discussion nudging often is seen as an instrument to influence citizens more. Therefore critics fear paternalism, manipulation and technocracy. However, we could also see nudging as a replacement of more coercive instruments. Then nudges might even offer chances for a state that is withdrawing under the condition that citizens have both the opportunity and the capability to make alternative choices in practice than the choices to which nudges aim. Therefore nudges by the government should not avoid reflective and conscious thinking processes, but rather stimulate deliberation and make citizens more aware of their decisions.


Jasper Zuure MSc
J. Zuure, MSc is sociaal psycholoog en adviseur bij de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling (RMO). Tevens schrijft hij een proefschrift in de politieke filosofie over massapsychologie en politieke theorieën.
Artikel

Taptoe: de echte helden van de terugtocht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, citizen initiatives
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper draws some lessons, expected and unexpected, from the different contributions in this special issue on the retreating state. The special issue has shown that the retreat of the retreat of the state is a paradoxical and unequivocal development. The retreat of the state is also accompanied by active forms of central management and policy initiatives. Wider developments in the economy and international politics demonstrate that the state is not, as has often been suggested, obsolete. Disregarding this, however, many citizens are actively involved in shaping a new form of participative society.


Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Terugtrekken of opzij stappen?

Beleidsadviezen over minder overheid en meer samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden retreating government, state, society, scientific councils, policy advice
Auteurs Dr. Harmen Binnema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various advisory councils for the government advocate a retreat of government. This can take the form of less government, i.e. abandoning certain public tasks, or a more modest government. This retreat of government is said to be necessary to give space to initiatives from society – which are now hampered by policy makers – and because of the failure of both the state and the market to perform public tasks adequately. Yet, it remains to be seen how realistic this call for the retreat of government is. In addition, it is unclear whether this process is already taking place (descriptive) or whether it concerns a desired situation to be achieved in the future (prescriptive). What does a facilitating government actually look like? The advisory rapports discussed in this paper share a thorough line of argumentation analysis which is plausible at first sight. At the same time, they miss out in the practical application for policy makers, they seem to be overly optimistic in their assessment of the role of citizens. Moreover, all advisory councils shy away from making fundamental choices about which tasks governments should discontinue and hand over to societal initiatives.


Dr. Harmen Binnema
Dr. H.A. Binnema is universitair docent/programmacoördinator bestuur en beleid aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Strikt functioneel: over de militaire ervaring met het organiseren van de terugtocht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Dutch military, international peacekeeping, military withdrawal, (post)modern warfare
Auteurs Dr. Yvonne Kleistra en Dr. Christ Klep
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The military is generally considered to act as a professional when it comes to retreating forces from military battleground or international conflict areas. At the same time recent national experiences with the withdrawal of national troops from international peacekeeping operations are filled with disappointments and crises. In this article the authors question the idea that these disappointments and crises are simply due to problems of reduced military competence or military morale. They argue that the military is still the alleged expert who knows how to perform military retreats and other military actions. At the same time they show that network-like decision-making structures that are inherent to the deployment of troops in international peacekeeping missions, have become a major obstacle for the military to act in its own right. The lessons that government can learn from the military experience are firstly, that decisions for national public cutbacks should be accompanied by a more in-depth (re)consideration of public (key) tasks than up to now was considered appropriate, and secondly, that more trust should be shown in the skills, knowledge and motivation of professionals to delineate and constrain the boundaries of their own fields of expertise.


Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is universitair docent internationale betrekkingen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Christ Klep
Dr. C.P.M. Klep is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    The Dutch government aims at a participatory society, for example by striving for a larger amount of self-responsibility in providing social care, since the introduction of the Societal Support Law (in Dutch called ‘Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning’ or in short Wmo). Does public opinion in the Netherlands reflect this change of mentality? This article investigates (a) how far public opinion on responsibility for social care for the elderly has changed between 2003 and 2010, (b) which factors explain why some people put most responsibility on the government and others on the family and (c) which factors explain intra-individual changes of attitude. This research has used survey data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (2003, 2006/07, 2010). A shift in public opinion appears to have taken place in line with government policy: less responsibility for the government and more for the family. However, a majority of the Dutch population still puts most responsibility on the government. Attitudes appear to be connected with normative motives rather than with utilitarian motives. Intra-individual changes in attitudes in the direction of less government responsibility are mainly explained by normative factors and not by factors related to self-interest.


Mevr. dr. Ellen Verbakel
Mevr. dr. C.M.C. Verbakel is universitair docent bij de opleiding Sociologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

    De verwachtingen over de sociale wijkteams zijn hooggespannen. Menig gemeente ziet het inzetten van de teams als dé nieuwe oplossing in de aanpak van sociale problematiek en de uitdagingen waarvoor zij komen te staan met de transities en bezuinigingen. Tientallen gemeenten hebben in een kort tijdsbestek dergelijke teams ingesteld en nog meer zullen volgen. Maar wat beogen de diverse gemeenten nu precies met de wijkteams? Waar moet hun meerwaarde uit bestaan in de dienstverlening naar (kwetsbare) burgers? Geven gemeenten via de wijkteams invulling en kleur aan de decentralisatie van zorg- en welzijnstaken?


Silke van Arum
Silke van Arum is werkzaam bij Movisie als senior onderzoeker Effectiviteit.

Vasco Lub
Vasco Lub is oprichter van het Bureau voor Sociale Argumentatie. Hij richt zich op grootstedelijke vraagstukken en lokaal sociaal beleid.
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