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Artikel

Interbestuurlijke verhoudingen in de bed-bad-broodcasus

Een lokaal perspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden policy freedom, multilevel governance, principal agent theory, stewardship theory, management style
Auteurs Niek Bakker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the relationship between central government and municipalities and to what extent this relationship has an impact on local decision-making. The commonly used characterization of this relationship as a principal-agent relationship offers many leads but has some shortcomings. That is why this is compared with the stewardship theory, assuming a more equal and constructive cooperation. Both theories have been incorporated into a broader model on management styles, which creates a more nuanced description of the cooperation in public administration. The article focuses on the case of Rotterdam in 2015, at a time of political turmoil in the Netherlands about the shelter of people without residence permit. The analysis is carried out using a measuring instrument for policy freedom, as policy freedom is a good determinant for which management style is used. The research is conducted from a local perspective, with emphasis on the position of councilors. The national government sometimes profiles itself as a principal to them, but in practice council members resist and turn the relationship around, hereby holding the government accountable for its role and responsibility.


Niek Bakker
Niek Bakker, MSc, is docent maatschappijleer aan het Calvijn College in Goes.
Vrij artikel

Access_open Bestuurlijke geloofwaardigheid in het primair onderwijs

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden credibility, educational governance, educational law, schoolboards, school leaders, governing capacity
Auteurs Marlies Honingh, Martijn Nolen en Margriet van der Sluis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both in a legal and in a practical sense, the tasks of executives in school boards are difficult to delineate. Consequently, credibility of boards and their members has become topical. What makes an executive board credible? How do executives become and remain credible? In this article we address these questions and present the results of our qualitative analysis of the way in which executives in primary education give meaning and substance to their efforts. Based on the empirical results, it appears that executives of the board are well aware of the need to be perceived credible. It also appears that they take this into account in their daily behavior and interactions.


Marlies Honingh
Dr. M.E. Honingh is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan het Institute for Management Research van de Radboud Universiteit.

Martijn Nolen
Mr. dr. M.F. Nolen is hoofd juridische zaken aan Tilburg University.

Margriet van der Sluis
Dr. M.E. van der Sluis is universitair docent aan de TIAS School for Business and Society.
Thema-artikel

De nieuwe Omgevingswet en versnelling van woningbouw: over veranderingen, mogelijkheden en (onjuiste) verwachtingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden planning law, Acceleration, residential development, the Netherlands, Time
Auteurs Fred Hobma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Legislation is seen both as a problem and a solution for the lengthy process of spatial decision-making. The new Environment and Planning Act aims to speed up and improve decision-making on spatial projects. That sounds promising as an answer to the housing shortage. Can we indeed expect the Act to speed up housing projects? Will legal problems such as the protracted nitrogen crisis and appeals by opponents of new construction be prevented from now on? To answer these questions, this contribution first examines the (im)possibilities of using the instrument of legislation to tackle (spatial) problems. The subsequent analysis of accelerating measures in the Environment and Planning Act shows that a great deal of time is actually spent on activities that are not affected by legislative measures. High expectations of acceleration should therefore be tempered.


Fred Hobma
Mr. dr. F.A.M. Hobma is universitair hoofddocent omgevingsrecht aan de TU Delft.
Thema-artikel

Participeren, juridiseren of politiseren?

De effectiviteit en legitimiteit van verschillende routes voor de strijd om de ruimte

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden public participation, legalizing, politicizing, effective and legitimate decision-making, spatial claims
Auteurs Wouter Jan Verheul, Feie Herkes en Stavros Zouridis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The effectiveness and legitimacy of action strategies in the realm of spatial decision making Increasing spatial claims require careful decision-making. The question is where, from an institutional point of view, decision-making can best take place. Traditionally, balancing interests takes place in the political arena. Our legal system also guarantees legally anchored interests. In addition, we have expected for decades that participation processes stimulate participation, creativity and co-creation of citizens and entrepreneurs. Moreover, the arrival of the new Environment Act in the Netherlands gives participation a more compelling character: for private initiators, such as project developers, the organization of participation is even a hard requirement in a number of cases. Under the new Environment Act, policymakers, administrators, citizens and companies must constantly make a choice between participating, legalizing or politicizing in decision-making processes. This article analyses this choice from the perspectives of effectiveness and legitimacy. Is decision-making through participation more effective, or are parties better off in the courtroom, or the local council for effective and legitimate decisions? Theoretically, this question is interesting because the answer teaches us about effective and legitimate governance. For the practice of environmental decision-making, we consider when the participatory, legal or political route can best be followed to create both effective and legitimate decisions.


Wouter Jan Verheul
Dr. W.J. Verheul is senior onderzoeker gebiedsontwikkeling en universitair docent urban development management aan de TU Delft en daarnaast zelfstandig bestuurskundig adviseur.

Feie Herkes
F.J. Herkes MSc is promovendus aan Tilburg University en is tevens verbonden aan het kennisprogramma Bindend Besturen in Brabant.

Stavros Zouridis
Prof. dr. mr. S. Zouridis is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan Tilburg University en is tevens verbonden aan het kennisprogramma Bindend Besturen in Brabant.
Thema-artikel

Access_open Institutionele ruimte voor wonen: de woning­crisis en achterliggende systeemkwesties op de agenda

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Housing crisis, Issue attention cycle, Institutional transitions, Spatial planning, Policy instruments
Auteurs Wouter Jan Verheul en Fred Hobma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The housing crisis is a social, political and policy issue that has not been as topical in recent decades as it is today. Over the past 25 years, the housing crisis has grown from an orphaned dossier to a problem that even has people taking to the streets. Starting from the issue attention cycle, after the alarm phase we are now in the contemplation phase of this cycle. Although the diagnosis of the problem is shared in this phase and agreement begins to emerge about the solutions, we also see the beginning of reflections on the effectiveness of the intended policy instruments and doubts about the feasibility of the objectives. Nowadays, the question is regularly asked whether major institutional changes should not be made to tackle the housing crisis. This article uses the current contemplation phase to address important institutional issues. The conclusion is that without thinking about institutional transitions, no major breakthroughs can be expected in the housing crisis and related spatial issues.


Wouter Jan Verheul
Dr. W.J. Verheul is senior onderzoeker gebiedsontwikkeling en universitair docent urban development management aan de TU Delft en zelfstandig bestuurskundig adviseur.

Fred Hobma
Mr. dr. F.A.M. Hobma is universitair hoofddocent omgevingsrecht en mastercoördinator Management in the Built Environment aan de TU Delft.
Thema-artikel

De woningcrisis in Nederland vanuit een bestuurlijk perspectief: achtergronden en oplossingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden the Netherlands, housing policy, governance of the housing market, building production, spatial policy
Auteurs Peter Boelhouwer en Harry van der Heijden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Partly as a result of major problems on the housing market and in particular the large housing shortage, there is now a lot of attention for housing in both the press and politics. After many years of focus on more market forces and decentralization, the national government recently seems prepared to take more responsibility. In this contribution we try to interpret this turnaround by successively considering the main problems in the housing market, the development of government policy and possible solutions to the problems that have arisen. The emphasis is on the role of the national government. We conclude that, in view of the many spatial claims and the major investment tasks, it is important that the national government takes control and makes clear choices, which can then be worked out at regional and local level. By subsequently closely monitoring the developments and intervening if necessary, the central government can make adjustments on the intended housing policies.


Peter Boelhouwer
Prof. dr. P.J. Boelhouwer is hoogleraar huisvestingssystemenaan de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Harry van der Heijden
Dr. H.M.H. van der Heijden is universitair hoofddocent aan de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
Vrij artikel

De drie deconcentraties in het sociaal domein

Verbeter verhoudingen tussen Rijk en gemeenten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden decentralization, deconcentration, municipalities, public finances, public policy
Auteurs Nils Nijdam
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2015, the three decentralizations in the social domain took place, a transfer of tasks and resources from the national government to municipalities in the Netherlands. Since then, the Dutch municipalities have been responsible for tasks related to work, care and youth. How the municipalities have tackled these tasks? What is the situation in the social domain seven years later? And what is the relationship between municipalities and national government?
    It appears that municipalities are struggling with their new tasks, mainly because of the insufficient financial resources and the limited freedom of choice. With regard to the characterization of the transfer of tasks, it is better to speak of the three deconcentrations, instead of the three decentralizations. Municipalities have received new tasks, but experience little policy freedom to tackle those tasks. In order to achieve the goals associated with the transfer to municipalities, it is necessary to increase the scope for municipalities to make their own choices. In this way, national government and municipalities can work on more equal relations.


Nils Nijdam
Dr. mr. N. Nijdam heeft van 2014 tot 2020 gewerkt in het sociaal domein van de gemeente Den Haag en is in oktober 2020 gepromoveerd op een onderzoek naar gemeentelijke sturing op de drie decentralisaties in het sociaal domein van 2015. Tegenwoordig is hij als onderzoeker en specialist bestuurlijke en financiële verhoudingen en sturingsvraagstukken verbonden aan de Algemene Rekenkamer en doceert hij aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde en Overheidsmanagement van de Haagse Hogeschool.
Thema-artikel

De versnelling van de woningbouwproductie: de rol van grondbeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Land policy for housebuilding, Delays in the building of new homes, Private developers’ monopoly powers, Interventions
Auteurs Erwin van der Krabben
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What causes the delays in the building of sufficient new homes in the Netherlands? And why do housebuilding projects so often struggle with financial feasibility? The land market typically can be described as an imperfect market, while the performance of the land and housebuilding market are closely connected. This connection seems to cause, at least partially, delays in the building of new homes. To be able to build new houses, ownership of land is crucial. However, land does not always come available in time. Landownership also influences competition in the housebuilding market. Based on a review of scientific literature, policy documents and empirical research results, this paper discusses the performance of the land and housebuilding market and its possible impact on housing production. Additionally, the paper reviews recent proposals that have been suggested in the context of the on-going Dutch housing market debate that may improve the functioning of these markets. What might be the effects of these interventions on housebuilding production? The paper concludes with a couple of dilemmas governments face with regard to the functioning of the land and housebuilding market.


Erwin van der Krabben
Prof. dr. E. van der Krabben is hoogleraar Gebiedsontwikkeling aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Faculteit Managementwetenschappen.
Artikel

Access_open Niet alleen lokaal

Verkenning van verschillen tussen coproductie-initiatieven op de lokale, regionale en nationale bestuurslagen

Tijdschrift Beleidsonderzoek Online, april 2022
Auteurs Hessel Bos en Carola van Eijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Coproductie is niet meer weg te denken uit de Nederlandse bestuurspraktijk. Hierbij ligt de focus vooral op de lokale bestuurslaag, waar coproductie makkelijker te implementeren zou zijn. Toch bestaan er wel degelijk coproductie-initiatieven op regionaal en nationaal niveau. De lokale, regionale en nationale overheid vervullen echter staatsrechtelijk en institutioneel gezien andere functies en voeren andere taken uit. Daarnaast verschilt de (gepercipieerde) afstand tussen burger en overheid tussen de bestuurslagen, evenals het abstractieniveau van de onderwerpen die op de betreffende bestuurslaag worden behandeld. Bestaand onderzoek richt zich echter nauwelijks op de vraag of coproductie hiermee wel op dezelfde wijze wordt vormgegeven op de verschillende bestuurslagen. Dit exploratieve onderzoek verkent deze verschillen door het bestuderen van zes coproductie-initiatieven op het gebied van duurzaamheid en ruimtelijke ordening en pleit voor meer onderzoek naar coproductie op regionaal en nationaal niveau.


Hessel Bos
Hessel Bos heeft in 2020 de master Public Management and Leadership met honours afgerond aan de Universiteit Leiden. Tijdens zijn studie heeft hij een jaar stage gelopen in de Eerste Kamer bij de GroenLinksfractie. Een belangrijk onderwerp waarvoor hij zijn ondersteuning heeft verleend, is het Invoeringsbesluit van de Omgevingswet, waarin ook het participatieproces is vastgelegd. Tijdens zijn studie werkte hij bij het Interstedelijk Studenten Overleg als beleidsmedewerker medezeggenschap. Inspraak en (mede)zeggenschap zijn belangrijke interesses voor hem. Momenteel is hij werkzaam als docent maatschappijleer en maatschappijwetenschappen op het Zwijsen College.

Carola van Eijk
Carola van Eijk is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden. In haar onderzoek richt zij zich op de coproductie van publieke diensten en andere vormen van burgerparticipatie waarbij een directe interactie ontstaat tussen burgers en de overheid. Ze bestudeert onder andere de motivatie van burgers om deel te nemen, de conflicterende belangen waarmee overheidsprofessionals te maken krijgen in coproductieprocessen en de uitdagingen rondom het organiseren van coproductie in kwetsbare buurten.

    Het evalueren van maatschappelijke relevantie is niet altijd vanzelfsprekend voor financiers of onderzoekers. Dit lijkt vaak te abstract of verheven. Met name onderzoekers zijn gewend om de effectiviteit van een interventie op een bepaald doel of een bepaalde doelgroep te meten, maar breiden hun bevindingen niet uit naar hoe dit relevant kan zijn voor het veld. Aan de hand van een praktijkvoorbeeld, het ZonMw-onderzoeksprogramma Suïcidepreventie, wordt besproken hoe de maatschappelijke relevantie is geëvalueerd en welke uitdagingen dit met zich mee brengt. Zo is er geen eenduidige objectieve manier om maatschappelijke relevantie te evalueren. Ook waren de onderzoeksmethoden van de projecten binnen het onderzoeksprogramma erg verschillend. De aanbevelingen vanuit dit project kunnen toekomstige onderzoekers helpen om de maatschappelijke relevantie van hun onderzoek te evalueren. Verdere ontwikkeling en implementatie van gestandaardiseerde methoden of tools die de complexiteit binnen en tussen projecten vastleggen en maatschappelijke relevantie kunnen beoordelen, zijn nodig.


Vera Ramaker
Vera Ramaker is werkzaam als junior wetenschappelijk projectmedewerker bij het Trimbos-instituut, programma Mentale Gezondheid en Preventie.

Mandy Gijzen
Mandy Gijzen is werkzaam als promovenda bij het Trimbos-instituut, programma Mentale Gezondheid en Preventie, GGZ Oost Brabant en Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Stephanie Leone
Stephanie Leone is werkzaam als senior wetenschappelijk projectmedewerker bij het Trimbos-instituut, programma Mentale Gezondheid en Preventie.

Derek de Beurs
Derek de Beurs is werkzaam als programmahoofd Epidemiologie bij het Trimbos-instituut.

Laura Shields-Zeeman
Laura Shields-Zeeman is werkzaam als programmahoofd Mentale Gezondheid en Preventie bij het Trimbos-instituut.
Artikel

Access_open Lokale beleidsvrijheid: geven en nemen?

Over de relatie tussen formele beleidsvrijheid, ambtelijke capaciteit, schaal en politieke verandering

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 1 2022
Auteurs Jolijn De Roover, Jan Wynen, Wouter Van Dooren e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Local policy freedom is often equated with the formal policy freedom of municipalities and thus with the formal boundaries that determine the local playing field. In this article, we question this approach. It is not clear to what extent formal policy freedom is a good measure for the ‘real’ policy freedom of municipalities, and thus for the policy freedom that municipalities use in policy implementation. Does more formal policy freedom necessarily lead to more used policy freedom? Moreover, not every municipality uses formal policy freedom in the same way. To indicate variance in policy discretion used, reference is often made to official capacity, scale and political changes. However, it is unclear to what extent these variables have an impact on local policy freedom. The authors investigate the link between formal and used policy freedom, official capacity, scale and political change on the basis of Flemish policy reform. Based on an analysis of financial data, they conclude that more formal policy freedom can be an incentive for more used policy freedom, but also that the explanatory power of administrative capacity, scale and political change is limited. In both research and policy, we need more attention for the value of social interaction, soft skills and networking.


Jolijn De Roover
Dr. J. De Roover is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Antwerpen en freelance docent ‘Good Governance’ aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Jan Wynen
Prof. dr. J. Wynen is onderzoekshoogleraar aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de relatie tussen organisaties en veranderende omgevingen.

Wouter Van Dooren
Prof. dr. W. Van Dooren is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Antwerpen en daarnaast voorzitter van de Vlaamse Vereniging voor Bestuur en Beleid.

Jan Boon
Dr. J. Boon is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Antwerpen bij het departement Politieke wetenschappen.

    The increasing datafication of society brings both opportunities and ethical dilemmas for public organisations. The aim of this research (in Dutch municipalities) is to gain insight into how ethical leadership can support professionals in a public organisation with ethical dilemmas about data use. Based on literature on data and ethical leadership, the authors have developed a conceptual model that indicates how an ethical leader can provide intrinsic and extrinsic support. The model was tested on the basis of 16 vignette interviews with municipal public professionals who work on providing insight into and combating subversion with data. Their findings show that ethical leaders can intrinsically provide support by being trustworthy and independent, leading by example, communicating about ethics and data use, and empowering others. In addition, ethical leaders can provide extrinsic support with ethical tools, such as ethical codes on data use, an ethics committee and training.


Pauline Zwanikken
P.N.M. Zwanikken MSc is werkzaam bij The Green Land adviesbureau open data, open overheid. Zij deed een master Publiek Management aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Erna Ruijer
Dr. E. Ruijer is werkzaam als universitair docent aan de Universiteit Utrecht bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO).
Artikel

Regionalisering in de ouderenzorg

Een beleidssociologisch perspectief op grootschalige verandering

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden decentered approach, health policy, Regionalization, regional networks, elderly care
Auteurs Jitse Schuurmans, Oemar van der Woerd, Roland Bal e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regionalization is foregrounded among policymakers as a solution to the complex problems elderly care is facing, such as a pertinent staff shortage, a greying population and a lack of suitable accommodation. In this article, following a decentered approach, we analyze how field parties like nursing homes and policymakers in interaction give shape to regional collaborations within a market-oriented institutional healthcare context. Our findings show the emerging frictions, due to layered institutional arrangements and the proliferation of policy initiatives and partnerships. We find different responses of institutional actors to these frictions; actors holding off closer regional cooperation, actors creating urgency and commitment to organize care regionally, creating interstices in rules and regulations and building regional networks and care infrastructures. We argue that a focus on the iterative processes through which actors on different layers of the healthcare system give shape to policies adds a valuable perspective to the study of policy changes. We conclude that ‘layered work’ – mobilizing and working with and between different organizational and policy layers simultaneously – is required to develop appropriate (layered) ways to deal with complex problems.


Jitse Schuurmans
Dr. Jitse Schuurmans is Assistant Professor Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Oemar van der Woerd
Oemar van der Woerd, MSc is promovendus Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Roland Bal
Prof. dr. Roland Bal is Professor of Health Care Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Iris Wallenburg
Dr. Iris Wallenburg is Associate Professor Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De veranderende rol van provincies bij de ­uitvoering van hun beleid voor maatschappelijke betrokkenheid bij natuur

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden nature policy, governance strategies, Province, social engagement, Grants
Auteurs Tineke de Boer, Didi van Doren, Dana Kamphorst e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Promoting societal engagement with nature is an important policy ambition of Dutch nature policy. This article provides an overview of how the provinces together with stakeholders have shaped their policy to increase the societal engagement of citizens with nature in recent years. The goals and governance modes embedded in the policy programs were analyzed, and results and experiences of the various involved parties with the policy were reviewed. Based on a national review and in dept study of three cases, this article describes different regional approaches for increasing societal engagement. In addition it discusses the recent developments within this policy field.
    The analysis shows that provinces pursue different goals with societal engagement. It is both a policy goal in itself – provinces would like to increase the number of citizens involved – as well as a means of achieving a broader range of other goals (welfare, health, quality of life, shared responsibility, funding, support for nature policy). Provinces use different governance modes; they act as responsive and increasingly networking government. They use various policy instruments; financial support for initiatives and intermediaries, network building and communication. Furthermore, the analysis shows that past experiences have shaped provinces’ governance mode and that these are adapted accordingly. A shift is noted from leaving the initiative with communities to more direct facilitation by the government. Also governing based on performance, linked to new public management, is on the rise, as there is increasing demand for accountability of provincial expenditure.


Tineke de Boer
Tineke de Boer is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.

Didi van Doren
Dr. Didi van Doren is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving, Sector Natuur en landelijk gebied.

Dana Kamphorst
Dr. ir. Dana Kamphorst is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.

Irene Bouwma
Dr. ir. Irene Bouwma is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.
Artikel

Lessen uit het Amsterdamse experiment met de bijstand

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Experiment, Social assistance, Activation, Social participation, Amsterdam
Auteurs Paul de Beer en Sandra Bos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the period 2018-2021 the municipality of Amsterdam conducted an experiment with beneficiaries of social assistance. Benefit recipients could voluntarily participate in the experiment. They were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions, viz. ‘extra attention’ (in which they received more frequent counseling and support), ‘self-direction’ (which offered the participants the freedom to make their own choices), and the ‘comparison group’ (the control group which received the customary treatment). Under all three conditions, participants who worked part-time could earn up to €200 a month on top of their social assistance benefit. A little over 800 participants (of the 5,000 in total) were followed closely by researchers of the Amsterdam University of Applied Science (HvA) and the University of Amsterdam (UvA). Although the participants who got ‘extra attention’ did not significantly flow out more frequently from the social assistance system than participants in the other two conditions, they did more often have a part-time job at the end of the experiment. There were no significant differences between the conditions with respect to participation in other non-paid activities, such as voluntary work and informal care. In-depth interviews with a selection of the participants showed, among other outcomes, that they considered the financial uncertainty as a main hindrance for doing (more) part-time work.


Paul de Beer
Prof. dr. Paul de Beer is verbonden aan HSI-AIAS, gelieerd aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Sandra Bos
Dr. Sandra Bos is verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Inleiding themanummer: experimenteren met re-integratie

Werk voor iedereen: illusie of reëel perspectief?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2022
Auteurs Fabian Dekker en Paul de Beer
Auteursinformatie

Fabian Dekker
Dr. Fabian Dekker is verbonden aan onderzoeksbureau SEOR, gelieerd aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Paul de Beer
Prof. dr. Paul de Beer is verbonden aan HSI-AIAS, gelieerd aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Technologie voor mensen met afstand tot de arbeidsmarkt

Toepassingen van een mensgerichte aanpak

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden human-centered design, inclusive technology, impaired workers, cognitive support, Augmented Reality
Auteurs Michiel de Looze, Kim Kranenborg en Ellen Wilschut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    New ict and robots in the workplace may raise productivity but can have negative effects on people. A human-centered approach and human-centered technology may prevent negative outcomes. In the present article, this is outlined for the diverse and vulnerable group of ‘people with distance to the labour market’.
    These people face difficulties in getting a job and holding a job for a long period of time. For getting a job, they may need support in getting motivated and acquiring the necessary skills. For holding a job, support may be needed for adequate task performance, for staying healthy and vital, for personal development and for being able to switch from one job to another.
    Various technologies may provide one or more of these types of support. In particular, cognitive support technology has a great potential to make difficult work easier and therefore more accessible to more people. In three case descriptions we illustrate the application of a human-centered approach and the potential of operator support technology for cognitively impaired people.
    The case description shows the surplus value of the human centered approach, analyzing first the barriers and needs of the people involved, before iteratively testing and developing the technology with an active involvement of end-users. The described cases as well as other small-scale pilots contribute to our insight in the potential of operator support technology in increasing the accessibility of jobs for cognitively impaired people. The quantification of effects on work participation requires application of this type of technology on a much larger scale.


Michiel de Looze
Dr. Michiel de Looze is onderzoeker bij TNO.

Kim Kranenborg
Drs. Kim Kranenborg is onderzoeker bij TNO.

Ellen Wilschut
Dr. Ellen Wilschut is onderzoeker bij TNO.
Artikel

Skills als basis voor een nieuwe (re-)integratiepraktijk

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Return to work, Skills, sustainable careers, lifelong learning, Employability
Auteurs Jos Sanders, Jouke Post, Joost van Genabeek e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Substantial and continuous shifts in skills demands urge us to rethink education, labour market and reintegration policies and practices. In this article, we argue for a more skills based approach to (re)integration. This skills based (re)integration practice is based more on up-to-date, complete and validated skills sets of candidates, than on diplomas and other, more or less, outdated and incomplete proxies to one’s current skills. Such a new reintegration practice seems feasible if the actual and complete skills set of an individual becomes the starting point for both matching, guidance and (up/re)skilling efforts. Intersectoral mobility, alternative career pathways and suitable training and development routes can be designed on a more fine-grained skills basis, with occupations considered more as dynamic sets of tasks requiring specific skills. This new (re)integration practice presupposes a common skills language, which is being developed in the Netherlands, Competent NL. Sectoral and intersectoral experiments with skills instruments using this language, such as skills passports, are conducted to optimize their quality and effectiveness. Since first experiments with skills instruments seem promising, we argue that more room for experiment is required. So that integration in the labor market can be sustained and reintegration practices can be prevented.


Jos Sanders
Dr. Jos Sanders is lector Leren tijdens de beroepsloopbaan bij HAN University of Applied Sciences en senior onderzoeker bij TNO bij de afdeling Sustainable Productivity & Employability.

Jouke Post
Drs. Jouke Post is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Academie Mens en Arbeid (AMA) en het lectoraat Strategische HRM van de hogeschool Saxion.

Joost van Genabeek
Dr. Joost van Genabeek is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Work, Health & Technology van TNO.

Hafid Ballafkih
Dr. Hafid Ballafkih is hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Arbeid en Human Capital in Transitie van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Experimenteren met basisbanen in Groningen en Rotterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden basic jobs, active labour market policy, structural unemployment, job guarantee
Auteurs Kees Mosselman, Fabian Dekker en Elisa de Vleeschouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the experiences of Dutch municipalities with the so called ‘basic job’. Basic jobs are primarily meant for individuals lacking realistic prospects on the mainstream labour market. These jobs should provide good work on a permanent basis. In both Groningen and Rotterdam, the basic job is used to improve the labour market perspectives of long-term job seekers. These are still relatively small interventions, which show that the basic job contributes to an improvement in the participants’ chances of work, their health and well-being. At the same time, it’s a costly experiment, in which the municipalities are net contributors and scalability only seems possible through the introduction of a national room for experimentation with accompanying monitor research and by adopting a broader perspective on economic growth. Only then, a more definitive judgment can be made about the viability of the basic job.


Kees Mosselman
Drs. Kees Mosselman is verbonden aan de Hanzehogeschool Groningen, lectoraat Arbeidsparticipatie.

Fabian Dekker
Dr. Fabian Dekker is verbonden aan het onderzoeksbureau SEOR, gelieerd aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Elisa de Vleeschouwer
Elisa de Vleeschouwer, MSc, is verbonden aan het onderzoeksbureau SEOR, gelieerd aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    This article describes and explains the development of the regional construct for the coordination of medical assistance in accidents and disasters, the emergency medical services in the region (GHOR), in the Netherlands in the period 1996 to 2020. The authors distinguish four stages of organisational development, which they analyse from a multi-actor perspective consisting of three elements: the impact of disasters and (negative) evaluations, the institutional context and the bureaucratic battle surrounding the GHOR. The GHOR was a solution for a perceived insufficiently coordinated functioning of all parties involved in medical assistance. The GHOR was positioned in a complex way. This made it predictable that the multidisciplinary GHOR process would gradually be integrated within the ‘nearby’ regular mono-disciplinary acute care process and the structures for it. This article gives policymakers involved in disaster and crisis management more insight into the history and development of the GHOR over the last two decades. This insight is important now that the added value of the GHOR has come under discussion, partly due to the doubts of the Evaluation Committee for the Security Regions Act, and decisions about its future have to be taken. For administrative scientists, this case study shows that public administration’s ability to foresee and break through known organisational development patterns is still inadequate.


Bernadette Holtkamp
Mr. B.J. Holtkamp BN is hoofddocent/onderzoeker Safety & Security Management aan de Saxion Hogeschool in Enschede.

Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. I. Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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