Zoekresultaat: 32 artikelen

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    ‘The Netherlands is a country of commissions. Some are useful: they draw up an analysis that clarifies, declares success or denounces failure’, as the author wrote in his PhD-thesis ‘Looking with strange eyes’ in 2014. This essay also deals with commissions. In the three decentralization operations in the Netherlands, a so-called social affairs advisory council has made its appearance in the Dutch municipalities. Advisory committees or councils play an important role in our political system. For a long time discussions have been held about the position of these advisory bodies and their added value for policy and stakeholders. This fits in with municipalities that are in full development with concepts such as self-management, co-creation and vital communities. Advisory councils want to know if their work matters. There may be growing disappointment about the effects of their advice. That feeling of disappointment is understandable. In 1979 Carol Weiss was rather negative at the time about the degree of utilization of research. In 1983 Arno Korsten put this into perspective: ‘The view that there is underutilization on a large scale requires revision. An important reason is the fact that applying research results is often not immediately and easily visible, neither for researchers involved nor for policy makers.’ Research is something other than advice, but the insights are a source of inspiration for the use of advice. An advisory council wants to increase the effectiveness of its advice. For that reason, in this essay an approach is developed that provides insight into the factors that determine the way in which and the extent to which the advice is used in political decision-making. With this insight, an advisory council for the social domain can strengthen the influence of its advice, as is expected.


Dr. Jean Schutgens
Dr. J.M.L.R. Schutgens is bestuurskundige en bestuurlijk vrijwilliger van het provinciaal Huis voor de Zorg in Limburg. Hij was gemeentesecretaris van Landgraaf in de periode 1992-2008.

    Since 2018, the Department of Public Administration of the Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences (BMS) of the University of Twente, in close cooperation with the municipality Zwolle, the Province of Overijssel and BMC advice, have been organizing the yearly Van Poelje lecture (named after administrative scientist and founder of Dutch Public Administration Gerrit van Poelje). The first lecture took place on 29 January 2018 in the ‘Grote Kerk’ in Zwolle. The subject of the lecture was the secret of successful regions: which policy works? Otto Raspe of the Dutch Planning Agency for the Environment delivered the keynote speech. Presentations from the administrative field were given by Henk Jan Meijer (mayor of the municipality Zwolle) and Staf Depla (alderman of the municipality Eindhoven) who respectively addressed the cooperation in the regions Zwolle and South-East Brabant. Bert van Delden responded from the point of view of the Home Office (he deputized for his minister, Kajsa Ollongren). After a short debate, the afternoon was closed by Marcel Boogers (senior advisor at BMC and professor at the University of Twente) with a scientific reflection on the subject of the lecture. The main message of the keynote speaker Otto Raspe was that an urban region is successful if it is able to use its agglomeration advantages. This is possible by seeking connections between clusters and the knowledge infrastructure, and between human capital and a pleasant living and social climate.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Lokale netwerken als instrument voor centraal beleid?

De relativiteit van metagovernance

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden metagovernance, Local networks
Auteurs Filip De Rynck, Caroline Temmerman en Joris Voets
Samenvatting

    Collaboration between public actors and social partners is becoming increasingly important as an administrative solution for complex societal challenges in health care, spatial development, mobility management or water management. In this article we focus on the relationship between the central Flemish government and local networks that are set up by this government. In the scientific literature much attention is paid to the concept of metagovernance as analytical perspective to analyze the relationship between the government and networks. The concept offers the government a toolbox with roles and instruments from which it can choose to support and stimulate networks in order to achieve the desired network results. However, our research shows that such an approach is not sufficient to capture the relationship between the central government and local mandated networks in Flanders. We argue for a broader interpretation of the concept of metagovernance, in which the dynamics of local networks are viewed as the outcome of power relations between actors that are represented at both local and central level and that are intertwined with each other. Only in this way will we we understand why certain choices are made about local mandated networks, why local networks show a lack of dynamism and why local actors in local networks also do not want local networks to become more dynamic and effective. We do notice that the pressure on these arrangements is increasing, partly due to new actors who are not involved in these arrangements.


Filip De Rynck

Caroline Temmerman

Joris Voets
Artikel

Verantwoordelijkheid en voorzorg bij ‘de overgewichtepidemie’

Onzekerheid en transparantie bij preventief leefstijlbeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden prevention, precaution, lifestyle policy, obesogenic society, obesity epidemic
Auteurs Dr. Roel Pieterman
Samenvatting

    Since the start of the 21st century, most nations have followed the lead of the World Health Organization and developed specific policies to tackle the ‘global obesity epidemic’. The medical reasoning is that non-contagious diseases are the most important causes of mortality and morbidity, especially in prosperous nations. As these diseases are conceptualized as ‘caused’ by ‘unhealthy lifestyle choices’, there is dire need for preventive lifestyle policies that help people make ‘the healthy choice’. Seen from this perspective the distribution of responsibilities between governments and their citizens is made in accordance to the ‘intervention ladder’, which has been developed from a stewardship model.
    Regarding the ‘obesity epidemic’, this contribution tests the basic medical claims behind this science policy complex. We find that the knowledge base for these claims is highly uncertain and that interventions lack efficacy. Furthermore, research points to increased levels of stigmatization of ‘fat people’, leading more discrimination. All this changes the status of the policies from preventive (i.e. proportionate) to precautionary (i.e. disproportionate). Further analysis of the preventive medical and policy paradigms shows both are by default biased towards precaution. Combined with the notion that citizens of democratic societies are entitled to trustworthy and transparent information, this contribution concludes that a reorientation of both paradigms is called for.


Dr. Roel Pieterman
Artikel

De transformatie van kennis voor klimaatadaptatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden wicked problems, climate change adaptation, science-policy interface, knowledge production, mainstreaming
Auteurs Dr. Daan Boezeman
Samenvatting

    Scientific knowledge plays a pivotal yet problematic role in identifying, assessing and evaluating climate impacts, and hence in their governance. This raises questions of how knowledge for adaptation policy is made. This article studies the production of authoritative and meaningful knowledge claims in the Delta Committee, regional water management and urban warming. It is argued that the conventional supply-and-demand conceptualisation with its notion of ‘knowledge transfer’ has fundamental flaws. This study shows how the wicked issue of climate change is tamed and made tractable in climate adaptation. In these processes knowledge of climate change transforms. This article presents a conceptual apparatus to study transformation. Transformation has a Janus face. While transformation brings climate change in conversation with localised meaning to create concrete adaptation responses, it also closes down and becomes blind to particular climate risks. Transformations are affected by the goals and institutions of policy fields. To overcome problems of blindness and cognitive path dependencies, more institutional change is necessary than the current piggyback approach of mainstreaming and knowledge co-creation entails.


Dr. Daan Boezeman

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.
    According to many commentators, the system of science is in a crisis: it is characterized by perverse incentives, it is contested and misused, and it has lost its authority. In this essay, I suggest that the answer to this crisis lies in a broadening of the notion of scientific integritiy from the conduct of individual researchers to the wider context of the science-policy-society interface. Specifically, I argue for the need to foster what I call here ‘relations of integrity’. In these relations, science reflects on the role it plays and takes into account the context in which knowledge is produced and used. It has to maintain independence, while fully recognizing that value free knowledge does not exist and that multiple forms of independence are possible, and it needs to be accountable for the decisions it makes and for the consequences of those decisions.


Prof. dr. Esther Turnhout
Prof. dr. Esther Turnhout is werkzaam bij de Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen Universiteit.
Artikel

Doorbraakinnovaties en ‘omgekeerde’ technologiebeoordeling: het geval van deeleconomie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden sharing, regulation, Airbnb, technology assessment, right to challenge
Auteurs Koen Frenken
Samenvatting

    This article shows how the municipality of Amsterdam (The Netherlands) has coped with the popularity of home sharing platform Airbnb. In collaboration with Airbnb, the municipality of Amsterdam was the first to come up with regulations for home sharing. However, enforcement of these rules proved difficult without access to user data of the Airbnb platform. In addition, a scientific (statistical) assessment of the effects of homesharing is also difficult without open data. As a result, the legitimacy of the platform has weakened in the eyes of some stakeholders. The article ends with some general reflections how government can cope with sharing economy platform. In particular, it is argued that the right-to-challenge principle may prove hard to apply to sharing platforms.


Koen Frenken
Artikel

Van project naar opgave

Samenwerking als motor van de planning van infrastructuur en ruimte

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden planning, cooperation, challenge-oriented approach, infrastructure and spatial development
Auteurs Wim Leendertse, Jos Arts, Tim Busscher e.a.
Samenvatting

    Infrastructure and adjacent areas represent extensive social value. However, infrastructure and areas are still often developed sectoral and independent. In the Netherlands, national spatial policies strive for combining infrastructure and area as one integrated approach as this is expected to result in more spatial quality. Taking this perspective, this article discusses trendy concepts in current Dutch planning, such as: adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches (‘opgave-gericht werken’ which focuses less on realising a project but more on the current and future issues and challenges in an area). This article argues that these concepts are closely related. Adaptive planning defines the rules of the game and the playing field, within which cooperation may develop. Cooperation is a means for creating spatial quality in interaction within this playing field. After all, generated quality can be considered as a contribution to the specific objectives and interest of the various partners. A challenge-oriented approach is the process for generating spatial quality from synergies in combined infrastructure and spatial development. This article aims to explore the relationships between adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches and to provide starting points for further research and discussion.


Wim Leendertse

Jos Arts

Tim Busscher

Frits Verhees
Artikel

Gedragsbestuurskunde

Combineren van inzichten uit de bestuurskunde en de psychologie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden public administration, psychology, interdisciplinary
Auteurs Dr. Sebastian Jilke, Dr. Asmus Leth Olsen, Dr. Lars Tummers e.a.
Samenvatting

    In this article we show that theories and methods from psychology are valuable for public administration scholars and practitioners. We advocate the development of an interdisciplinary approach entitled ‘Behavioral Public Administration’. It is not the intention that Behavioral Public Administration replaces traditional public administration research. It is an addition. We start with an analysis of the background of Behavioral Public Administration research via a historical overview of the work of Herbert Simon among others. After that, we demonstrate that Behavioral Public Administration can be valuable (a) to test public administration theories and refine these; (b) to encourage methodological sophistication of public administration research; and (c) to improve the interaction between science and practice. We hope that this article contributes to a fruitful conversation that leads to a scientific and practical research area where public administration scholars and psychologists work together and learn from each other.


Dr. Sebastian Jilke

Dr. Asmus Leth Olsen

Dr. Lars Tummers

Dr. Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen
Artikel

Meer dan een nudge

Gedragsexperts bij de Nederlandse overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden nudging, behavioral insights, behavior experts, practices, choice architecture
Auteurs Joram Feitsma Msc
Samenvatting

    Policymakers are increasingly taking notice of behavioural scientific insights to improve their policies. New occupational practices, such as ‘Behavioral Insights Teams’, are emerging within government. This article explores this emergence, based on an ethnographic study on the practices of pioneering behaviour experts in Dutch central government. It argues that the work of these behavior experts is richer and more complex than standard role models, which tend to portray policymakers as direct and standalone choice architects, assume. Three key practices of behavior experts are identified: (1) choice architecture, in various forms; (2) behaviour analysis; and (3) capacity building.


Joram Feitsma Msc
Artikel

Systematisch leren van evalueren

Waarden, effectiviteit, onafhankelijkheid en kwaliteit als pijlers voor de brug tussen wetenschap en politiek

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Policy, Evaluation, Accountability, Learning, Values
Auteurs Prof. Dr. André Knottnerus, Dr. Peter de Goede en Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Samenvatting

    Policy evaluation has two main functions: it should lead to policy oriented learning and facilitate accountability. Rendering account is considered an important democratic duty but is not very popular with politicians and, hence, public officials. Learning is popular, but in practice it is often difficult to organize or, indeed, witness.
    This contribution addresses the question how, in both functions, policy evaluation could be better utilized. As a starting point we the tension between scientific and political rationality and the barriers associated with these different worlds to the development of knowledge.
    As indispensable for sound and productive knowledge management in government the article outlines the importance of societal values, policy effectiveness as a research angle, and the independence of researchers at major evaluations. In addition, relevant research questions, high methodological quality, responsiveness, good timing, and clear and accessible reporting are indispensable. It is argued that these are by no means abstract notions but can be brought into real day-to-day practice.
    The conclusion is that a knowledge agenda for policy evaluation that is based on the search for effective policy interventions and societal values can help to bridge politics and science.


Prof. Dr. André Knottnerus

Dr. Peter de Goede

Dr. Peter van der Knaap

    Een lerende overheid heeft behoefte aan beleidsevaluaties die niet alleen van betekenis zijn voor het onderwerp waarop deze primair gericht zijn, maar ook bijdragen aan bredere, systematische opbouw van kennis en ervaring. Het interdepartementaal verbinden van expertise verruimt daarbij het zicht op factoren die het leren bevorderen of belemmeren.
    Een centrale vraag is of de door het beleid beoogde publieke belangen inderdaad bevorderd worden. Beleidsevaluatie moet dan niet alleen gericht zijn op effectiviteit en doelmatigheid ten aanzien van relatief gemakkelijk meetbare indicatoren, maar ook op lastig te kwantificeren essentiële waarden zoals subjectief welzijn, rechtvaardigheid en maatschappelijke aanvaardbaarheid. Het verdient aanbeveling kostbare evaluatie-energie te concentreren op belangrijke kwesties waarover vooraf discussie of onzekerheid bestaat.
    Uit een oogpunt van doelmatige beleidsvoorbereiding, en omdat de uitwerking van wetgeving en beleid ex post niet altijd eenvoudig is vast te stellen, is veel aandacht nodig voor ex ante evaluatie. Van onderzoek naar werkingsmechanismen van beleidsmaatregelen wordt in dit verband terecht veel verwacht.
    Er is sprake van een paradoxaal spanningsveld tussen verwetenschappelijking en politisering van beleid. Daarom is stevig verankerde, onafhankelijke en onpartijdige beleidsevaluatie onmisbaar. Hoge methodologische kwaliteit biedt extra houvast om deze functie geloofwaardig te kunnen vervullen.
    In het streven naar systematische opbouw van kennis en ervaring naast dossier-specifieke doelbereiking kan het helpen als evaluaties zowel een specifiek als een breder geldend algemeen deel bevatten. Belangrijk is ook te sturen op een evenwichtige evaluatieportfolio per beleidsterrein, met aandacht voor ex ante en ex post methoden, uiteenlopende waarden, en verschillende informatiebronnen. Naast best practices moet daarbij ook minder geslaagd beleid in beeld worden gebracht. Voor de bruikbaarheid van evaluaties voor de praktijk is goede vertegenwoordiging van het bottom-up perspectief noodzakelijk.
    Evaluatie van beleid vereist gedegen inbedding binnen de nationale kennisinfrastructuur, effectieve samenwerking met kennisinstellingen en het up-to-date houden van het evalueren zelf. Dat is cruciaal voor het evaluatievermogen van de lerende overheid.


André Knottnerus
André Knottnerus is voorzitter van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid en hoogleraar Huisartsgeneeskunde aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Big data klaar voor gebruik?

De coördinatie van de dataketen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden chain, big data process, coordination, transfer, data quality
Auteurs Prof.dr.ir. Marijn Janssen en dr. Haiko van der Voort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the sequence of creating, processing and use of data several actors are involved. They have different knowledge, skills, motives and interests. In this contribution big data is framed as a coordination effort in a chain. This perspective emphasizes the importance of transfers between actors. It emphasizes their difficulties too. Do actors mean the same? Do actors understand the same? Do actors want the same? To understand the value of data, the entire process from data creation to use need to be considered. This process may entirely take place within an organization. More often parts of the process are outside the organization. The challenge for governments that use big data for their decisions, is managing the quality of data and the chain that process them.


Prof.dr.ir. Marijn Janssen
Prof.dr.ir. M.F.W.H.A. Janssen is hoogleraar aan de Technische Universiteit Delft

dr. Haiko van der Voort
dr. H.G. (Haiko) van der Voort is universitair docent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft
Artikel

Kenniscocreatie rond vernieuwing gebiedsontwikkeling is zinnig

NWO-programma Urban Regions in the Delta hanteerde navolgenswaardige aanpak

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden knowledge co-creation, area development, transdisciplinarity, boundary work
Auteurs Drs. Ymkje de Boer en Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The research programme Urban Regions in the Delta (URD) wielded an approach worthy of emulation. Create ‘vital’ project consortia, crosslink the research project with on-going planning and policy making processes, give senior scientists a major role and engage expert process managers. These are four key success factors for knowledge co-creation in the field of area development, according to the programme (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research; URD, 2010-2014 http://urd.verdus.nl). Within URD scientists and practitioners were cooperating from the very beginning. The scientific insight and innovations generated are considered not very visible in traditional scientific publications, but the knowledge that was developed provides considerable added value to society.


Drs. Ymkje de Boer
Drs. Y. de Boer is zelfstandig adviseur in kenniscommunicatie en -overdracht, veelal werkzaam voor NWO-programma’s en het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden. Zij was als communicatieadviseur verbonden aan Urban Regions in the Delta. In 2013 was ze medeauteur van het boek ‘Kenniscocreatie’, naar productieve samenwerking tussen wetenschappers en beleidsmakers.

Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
Ir. J. Klinkenberg (Platform31) is als netwerkmanager sinds 2010 werkzaam voor het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden, en daarbinnen ook netwerkmanager van Urban Regions in the Delta. Hij richt zich op het opzetten en uitvoeren van praktijkgerichte onderzoeksprogramma’s en -projecten in het ruimtelijk domein, gebaseerd op ervaringen in diverse FES-programma’s.
Artikel

Van vrolijke botsing naar fundamenteel inzicht; dubbelinterview Kees van Paridon en Jeroen Slot

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden local governance, intermediaries, boundary work, knowledge practice, interpretative policy analysis
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp, Prof. dr. John Grin en Drs. Robert Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this interview Jeroen Slot (head of Research & Statistics, Municipality of Amsterdam) and Kees van Paridon (former chief science officer, municipality of Rotterdam) share their ideas and reflect on their extensive experience with linking scientific knowledge and local policy making. They discuss the divergence between established institutions and emergent knowledge needs and the problematic entwinement of scientific knowledge and policy development. Conditions are proposed for the design of intermediaries between the academic and governmental sectors.


Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

De rollen van de praktijkonderzoeker: getuige-deskundige, sociaal ingenieur en verhalenverteller

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden social policy, knowledge utilisation, expert witness, social engineer, storyteller
Auteurs Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows the relevance of Burawoy’s analytical categories on the division of scientific labour to analyse the interactions between science and practice. It argues that social scientists need to combine the roles of expert witness, social engineer and storyteller in order to develop a productive relationship with policy makers. It also emphasises the relevance of a permanent dialogue between social scientists and policy makers. However, the analysis disagrees with Burawoy’s view that knowledge is based on a consensus between scientists and their publics (consensual knowledge). Burawoy underestimates the risk of a politicisation of science inherent to a close relationship with various ‘publics’. The arguments presented in this article are based on the reception of a research project on labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe. This was a hybrid research project in which different actors participated: the Erasmus University, nine Dutch municipalities, the national government and a Dutch knowledge center on urban issues.


Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
Prof. dr. G.B.M. Engbersen is hoogleraar Algemene Sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Over de werking en waardering van kennispraktijken

Of hoe een vraagstuk het onderzoek krijgt dat het verdient

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, Integration & Implementation Sciences, practice approach, knowledge intermediary, knowledge transfer
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr John Grin, Prof. dr John Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When scientific values like objectivity, validity and reliability are inadequate for designing research that enables society’s capacity for dealing with unstructured problems, which values or criteria should we use for designing adequate knowledge practices? Based on the articles in this special issue we answer this question by analysing the methods researchers have used for selecting stakeholders, knowledges, synthesis, context and outcome in new knowledge practices. Although a common language for comparison and documentation is lacking, the analysis provides recommendations for better designing interaction between scientific and other practices. The most important message however is that we need a designated platform for exchanging and evaluating experiences and discussing methods and the outcomes they yield.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Grin
Prof. dr J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

    This article is about local referenda in the Netherlands. Based on extensive empirical research the authors make clear how the local referendum in the Dutch democracy has developed not only in time and practice, but also how we can interpret the referendum theoretically. They show how in scientific literature, but also in practice, they are still looking for the meaning of the local referendum for Dutch local democracy. The authors also show that the practice of Dutch local referenda is searching, varied and in continuous development. Since 1906 193 local referenda are organized in the Netherlands. By far most referenda took place after the nineties of the last century. Local referenda are a local democratic ‘domain’, that will be explored in the Netherlands in the coming years. Last year a lot of attention has been given to the (local) referendum in the domain of legislation. The process of legislation has not been finished yet. The authors believe this offers an unique opportunity to share the available knowledge and experience about referenda and debate the adequate filling in and anchoring of the (local) referendum. This is a task for scientists, administrators and politicians alike.


Koen van der Krieken Msc
K.H.J. van der Krieken MSc MA is promovendus aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Laurens de Graaf
Dr. L.J. de Graaf is werkzaam als universitair docent aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Burgercoöperaties. Speler of speelbal in de nieuwe verhoudingen tussen overheid, markt en samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden citizen cooperatives, self-organization, social innovation
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos, Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands citizens increasingly unite in cooperatives to realize common facilities and services in their neighborhood themselves. Apparently neither markets nor governments succeed in providing all the public goods and services that citizens strive for. Although these forms of self-organization are still young and their success is far from sure, they are seen as sources of social innovation and new ways of organizing that inspire many. Their example is followed widely: cooperatives seem to be rapidly emerging almost everywhere. Yet not much systemic knowledge is available on their nature, drivers, and impacts, nor on the conditions under which they flourish. In this special issue the state of the art regarding these cooperatives is examined in the areas of energy, care, broadband connections and housing. The various contributions show that the main challenge that cooperatives have to deal with is finding the balance between the ambition to preserve their identity as grass root organizations and the need for professionalization. Also they have to learn to build and maintain relationships with other organizations and actors in their environment on which they are dependent: governments, private parties and professionals.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. (Meike) Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr. J. Edelenbos is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is vooral gespecialiseerd op het vlak van participatie, zelforganisatie, vertrouwen en verbindend leiderschap in de sectoren gebiedsontwikkeling, water en energie.

Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan
Prof. dr. J.F.M. Koppenjan is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar governance van netwerken in de publieke sector en naar innovatieve vormen van publiek-private samenwerking.

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink was lange tijd verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente waar zij in de voorhoede onderzoek deed naar sociale wijkteams en burgerinitiatieven. Sinds kort is zij op deze terreinen actief als zelfstandig onderzoeker.
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