Zoekresultaat: 13 artikelen

x
Symposium

Brusselse jongeren tussen hoop en angst

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs Charlotte Landsheere en Dimokritos Kavadias
Auteursinformatie

Charlotte Landsheere
Charlotte Landsheere is een 22-jarige Brusselaar. Ze behaalde net haar master in de Politieke Wetenschappen (VUB, 2017) met een onderzoek over sociale cohesie bij Brusselse jongeren. In haar vrije tijd werkt ze rond youth empowerment en actief burgerschap via verscheidene jongerenorganisaties.

Dimokritos Kavadias
Dimokritos Kavadias is verbonden aan de vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen aan de VUB, waar hij sedert 2009 onderzoeksvaardigheden doceert. Hij is sinds 2015 directeur van het Brussels Informatie, Documentatie- en Onderzoekscentrum BRIO aan de VUB. Zijn huidige onderzoeksactiviteiten focussen op onderwijsbeleid, burgerschapseducatie, politieke socialisatie en Brusselse thema’s.
Artikel

Een duwtje om over na te denken

De belofte van nudging voor de terugtredende overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden nudge, choice architecture, libertarian paternalism, autonomy, decision-making
Auteurs Jasper Zuure MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Nudging is currently high on the political agenda. The idea behind nudging is that the government can gently push citizens in the ‘good’ direction by anticipating their predictable irrational behaviour. In the Dutch discussion nudging often is seen as an instrument to influence citizens more. Therefore critics fear paternalism, manipulation and technocracy. However, we could also see nudging as a replacement of more coercive instruments. Then nudges might even offer chances for a state that is withdrawing under the condition that citizens have both the opportunity and the capability to make alternative choices in practice than the choices to which nudges aim. Therefore nudges by the government should not avoid reflective and conscious thinking processes, but rather stimulate deliberation and make citizens more aware of their decisions.


Jasper Zuure MSc
J. Zuure, MSc is sociaal psycholoog en adviseur bij de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling (RMO). Tevens schrijft hij een proefschrift in de politieke filosofie over massapsychologie en politieke theorieën.
Artikel

Taptoe: de echte helden van de terugtocht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, citizen initiatives
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper draws some lessons, expected and unexpected, from the different contributions in this special issue on the retreating state. The special issue has shown that the retreat of the retreat of the state is a paradoxical and unequivocal development. The retreat of the state is also accompanied by active forms of central management and policy initiatives. Wider developments in the economy and international politics demonstrate that the state is not, as has often been suggested, obsolete. Disregarding this, however, many citizens are actively involved in shaping a new form of participative society.


Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Het organiseren van de terugtocht: voorbereidende beschietingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, framing
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans en Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The state has been expanding throughout the twentieth century but now seems to be in retreat. This special issue addresses the question how central governments can organize their retreats. It is a theme with a double-sided focus. On the one hand, we will offer an empirical and theoretical state of the art of the ‘state of the state’. On the other hand, this special issue will thematise how a retreat of the state can be organized in a proper way. The special issue consists of eight different articles; some more theoretical and normative and others clearly empirical. Together the articles provide a colourful overview of the state of the Dutch state in the early 21st Century.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Terugtrekken of opzij stappen?

Beleidsadviezen over minder overheid en meer samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden retreating government, state, society, scientific councils, policy advice
Auteurs Dr. Harmen Binnema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various advisory councils for the government advocate a retreat of government. This can take the form of less government, i.e. abandoning certain public tasks, or a more modest government. This retreat of government is said to be necessary to give space to initiatives from society – which are now hampered by policy makers – and because of the failure of both the state and the market to perform public tasks adequately. Yet, it remains to be seen how realistic this call for the retreat of government is. In addition, it is unclear whether this process is already taking place (descriptive) or whether it concerns a desired situation to be achieved in the future (prescriptive). What does a facilitating government actually look like? The advisory rapports discussed in this paper share a thorough line of argumentation analysis which is plausible at first sight. At the same time, they miss out in the practical application for policy makers, they seem to be overly optimistic in their assessment of the role of citizens. Moreover, all advisory councils shy away from making fundamental choices about which tasks governments should discontinue and hand over to societal initiatives.


Dr. Harmen Binnema
Dr. H.A. Binnema is universitair docent/programmacoördinator bestuur en beleid aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Opkrabbelen na de verrassingsaanval

Hoe de culturele sector afkickt van subsidieverslaving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden cultural sector, subsidies, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators, budget cuts
Auteurs Drs. Daan van Lent
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2012 the Dutch government decided to implement severe budget cuts for the cultural sector, more than in almost any other European country. Not only for austerity reasons but also due to ideological motives 200 million in subsidies to the cultural sector were cut by the central government. Also local government cut their cultural budgets, but only for economic reasons. After an outrage among artists and cultural institutions they started to adapt. But cultural entrepreneurship proved difficult in an era of economic crisis. Sponsorship and donations were difficult to get. Visitors saved on their expenses for visits to theatres. Nevertheless just a small number of cultural institutions stopped their activities. Most cut their staff and are only working with freelancers. The consequences of cuts are mostly felt by individual artists. With the institutions they are trying to find new ways for reaching audiences. But it is too early to tell if they will survive. The government is developing new indicators for judging the performances of the cultural institutions. That has the danger of a cultural utilitarianism, without a vision on other values for society that the cultural sector could provide.


Drs. Daan van Lent
Drs. D. van Lent studeerde juridisch politieke wetenschappen aan de Rijksuniversiteit Leiden en international journalism aan de City University in Londen en werkt als journalist voor NRC Handelsblad.
Artikel

De mythe van de terugtrekkende overheid: een verhaal over Europese idealen en erotische tekorten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden discourse, liberalism, neoliberalism, radicalism, policy programs
Auteurs Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper it is argued that the discourse on the retreating government is a story about mobilizing executive power deemed necessary for enforcing a neoliberal worldview. The intellectual discourse about the retreating government, the argument goes, develops as a radical and neoliberal critique of the Keynesian planning and organization of the enlightenment – an organization that is above all expressed in the postwar welfare state. The Dutch policy discourse, by contrast, is of a practical nature: it is about the organization of the government retreat. In the reconstruction of the policy discourse, as it is manifest in leading policy documents of the Dutch central government, it is observed that this discourse has emancipated from the intellectual discourse. The policy discourse of the retreating government has developed into a financial management discourse, free from European ideals.


Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
Dr. M.R.R. Ossewaarde is universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Veelvormige veelfrontenoorlog

Empirische analyse van terugtocht, optocht, stilstand of hervorming van de Nederlandse staat

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many authors have claimed that the role of the Dutch government, and other governments, is changing. The overarching consensus is that states are now retreating after decades of expansion. This paper investigates, on the basis of a secondary analysis of existing data, whether, where and how the Dutch state can be said to be retreating. This leads to mixed findings: four different analyses of the ‘state of the state’. The first tale, focusing on macro financial indicators, suggests ‘stability’. The second tale, focusing on net changes in expenses, depicts further expansion, particularly in the domain of health care. The third tale, focusing on policy intentions, sees a retreat indeed. And the fourth tale would suggest that it is merely about a reorganization of the state itself.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Strikt functioneel: over de militaire ervaring met het organiseren van de terugtocht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Dutch military, international peacekeeping, military withdrawal, (post)modern warfare
Auteurs Dr. Yvonne Kleistra en Dr. Christ Klep
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The military is generally considered to act as a professional when it comes to retreating forces from military battleground or international conflict areas. At the same time recent national experiences with the withdrawal of national troops from international peacekeeping operations are filled with disappointments and crises. In this article the authors question the idea that these disappointments and crises are simply due to problems of reduced military competence or military morale. They argue that the military is still the alleged expert who knows how to perform military retreats and other military actions. At the same time they show that network-like decision-making structures that are inherent to the deployment of troops in international peacekeeping missions, have become a major obstacle for the military to act in its own right. The lessons that government can learn from the military experience are firstly, that decisions for national public cutbacks should be accompanied by a more in-depth (re)consideration of public (key) tasks than up to now was considered appropriate, and secondly, that more trust should be shown in the skills, knowledge and motivation of professionals to delineate and constrain the boundaries of their own fields of expertise.


Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is universitair docent internationale betrekkingen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Christ Klep
Dr. C.P.M. Klep is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Informatica van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Discussie

Wordt het europeanisering, detachering, mobilisering of doe-het-zelven?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen, Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez en Monique Kremer
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is professor Financiële Geografie aan de faculteit Mens en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, e.r.engelen@uva.nl.

Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez
Rodrigo Fernandez is postdoc onderzoeker aan het departement Aard en Omgevingswetenschappen van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, R.Fernandez@uva.nl.

Monique Kremer
Monique Kremer is wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid, Kremer@wrr.nl.
Artikel

Verantwoordelijke vrijheid: responsabilisering van burgers op voorwaarden van de staat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden governance, responsibilisation, political discourse, politics, public administration
Auteurs Rik Peeters en Gerard Drosterij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Behind many notions of ‘governance’, there lies the image of a ‘modest’ or ‘retreating’ state. The assumption is that local and national authorities can only perform effectively if in cooperation with other public and private actors. Generally, it is said, governments increasingly lack the legitimacy for top-down interventions and hence the need of including participative citizen involvement in policy making and implementation. In recent years this democratic image has been disputed in scientific debates because of its lack of attention for new forms of interventionism by the state in societal processes, e.g. crime, youth care, immigration and integration. In this article, we aim to contribute to this other understanding of modern governance by analysing Dutch political discourse between 2001 and 2010 on (implicit) notions of the role and responsibility of the state. We show how the idea of ‘responsibilisation’ of citizens is turned into an argument for more instead of less state involvement in societal processes and citizens’ lives. By emphasizing ‘shared responsibilities’ between government and society, a tricky picture of parity is sketched of this relation. Dutch government presents itself as ‘an ally’ of citizens in fighting pressing social problems, but in the meantime an ideal of ‘responsible behaviour’ is constructed, namely, citizen behaviour in concordance with government’s policy ambitions. Within this political discourse, the socio-liberal idea of ‘responsibility’ turns into ‘responsibilisation on government’s terms’ and ‘irresponsible’ behaviour becomes a legitimate focal point for deep state interventions through techniques of governance.


Rik Peeters
Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Correspondentiegegevens: drs. R. Peeters, Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Lange Voorhout 17, 2514 EB Den Haag, peeters@nsob.nl.

Gerard Drosterij
Gerard Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.

    This paper investigates the causal relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and the popularity of the political party 'Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV)' during the municipal elections in The Hague on March 3rd 2010. The party, founded and led by Geert Wilders, also operates on the national level and can be characterized as anti-immigration and anti-establishment. During the municipal elections, it received support in different types of neighbourhoods, such as white working class areas from the early and mid 20th century, postwar housing estates, and brand new suburban neighbourhood on the city's periphery. Our analyses point to several neighbourhood characteristics which prove decisive in explaining PVV support. These characteristics are: the presence of older autochthonous Dutch (55 years and older), the presence of autochthonous families with children, a balanced mix between native Dutch and non-Western immigrant residents, and few high income households. These findings support the theoretical explanation of anxiety and insecurity among lower middle classes in an age of globalisation, crises and state retreat. In addition, they also point to dissatisfaction among older and less-mobile residents of rapidly changing inner-city neighbourhoods, who are become more socially isolated as their local social networks are diminishing. The paper concludes with a reflection on current urban policies which are unable to tackle dissatisfaction.


Wouter van Gent
Wouter van Gent is onderzoeker aan de afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. W.P.C. van Gent Universiteit van Amsterdam Afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130 1018 VZ Amsterdam w.p.c.vangent@uva.nl

Sako Musterd
Sako Musterd is hoogleraar sociale geografie aan de afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies, Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    The hollow state is a metaphor for the process in which the position of the nation-state is weakened, as authority is transferred to the EU level or regional level (horizontal shift) and to the private domain (vertical). We argue that the analysis of this process should not focus narrowly on formal rules and sovereignty, but that the most fruitful approach is a thorough empirical assessment of the changes taking place in various aspects of the nation-state. Moreover, the scope should be broadened to include the transformation of political decision making: from government to governance. In particular, we discuss the consequences for the functioning of political parties. We conclude that member states indeed lose policy autonomy to EU integration, and have to share authority with several other actors. Yet, because of its ability to adapt to external challenges, the state remains a relevant and important entity.


Harmen Binnema
Doctoraal onderzoeker aan de Afdeling Politicologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Noël P. Vergunst
Postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Afdeling Politicologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.