Zoekresultaat: 1140 artikelen

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Thema-artikel

Functionele politisering en politieke fragmentatie

Ontwikkelingen in de ambtelijke top in de periode 2007-2021

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden polarization, functional politicization, senior civil servants, bureaucratic powers, civil service scrutiny
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg en Alexandre Belloir
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Functional politicization – political activities and capacities taken on by bureaucrats within their administrative function – has received increased academic attention over recent years. Regardless, the factors and determinants behind this phenomenon remain a point of uncertainty and debate. Within this study, we explore whether increased political polarization and fragmentation in the Dutch political landscape from 2007 to 2019 and functional politicization are related. To do so, we analyze data from surveys conducted in 2007, 2013 and 2019 and semi-structured interviews conducted in 2019 to establish which skills – political-strategic insight, substantive expertise (Fachwissen), or procedural knowledge (Dienstwissen) – are perceived by senior civil servants to be the most prevalent in exercising their profession. The data depicts the prevalence of political astuteness in the profession and highlights three causal dimensions: institutional, organizational, and interpersonal dynamics. It however fails to highlight a cross-time evolution, which is hypothesized to be due to a ceiling effect of this competence having constantly been perceived as the most prevalent. The latter adds a theoretical dimension to the notion of functional politicisation, as it aligns with other academic findings that suggest senior civil servants are now subject to heightened pressures due to being increasingly monitored and in the (public) spotlight.


Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg is hoogleraar Global and Local Governance aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en bijzonder hoogleraar Transities in de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Alexandre Belloir
Alexandre Belloir is promovendus bij het Departement Global and Local Governance van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Thema-artikel

Vernieuwing van vakmanschap

Een kritische analyse van de professionaliseringsactiviteiten van de Algemene Bestuursdienst (ABD)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Algemene Bestuursdienst (ABD), Senior Civil Servants, Public Managers, Craftwork, Professionalisation, Institutionalisation
Auteurs Mirko Noordegraaf en Erik-Jan van Dorp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper we study the institutional impact of the Dutch senior executive service (Dutch: Algemene Bestuursdienst, hereafter: ABD) on the craft of senior civil servants in Dutch government. Our study rests upon a thorough evaluation conducted in 2020. For this study, we interviewed 51 (former) cabinet ministers, members of parliament, senior civil servants, HR experts and ‘outsiders’. We structure our paper in three parts. First, we discuss the founding principles and motives for the institutional renewal that became the ABD. Second, we discuss the ABD’s practice. Third, we signal and interpret the outcomes of the ABD so far. This results in five critical observations. We conclude the ABD has become an institutional fact. Nonetheless, the ABD could have done more to transcend the focus on individual appointments and development of collective craftmanship, and to visibly shape and protect such craftmanship.


Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar publiek management aan de Universiteit Utrecht (UU), en vice-decaan maatschappelijke impact, en tevens voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde (VB).

Erik-Jan van Dorp
G.H. van Dorp, MSc is als universitair docent werkzaam bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht (UU).
Vrij artikel

Je bent wat je teweegbrengt

Denken over impact van de Nederlandse bestuurskunde

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden public administration, Dutch context, impact, societal challenges, visibility
Auteurs Warda Belabas en Paul ’t Hart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we reflect on the scientific, the administrative governmental and societal impact of Dutch public administration. We argue that this discipline has put itself strongly on the map in the last half century. Additionally, the discipline has, in line with the ethos of its founding fathers, developed itself closely in dialogue with administrative practices. This has led to many different forms of impact in the administrative-professional field. However, there is much to gain when it comes to societal impact, and in particular the visibility of public administration in the broader public debate about the many societal challenges that modern societies face.


Warda Belabas
Dr. W. Belabas is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit in Rotterdam. Zij onderzoekt beleids- en governance-vraagstukken rondom migratie, integratie en identiteit.

Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Utrecht en co-decaan van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Hij leidde van 2016-2022 een ERC onderzoeksprogramma over succesvol bestuur.
Vrij artikel

Access_open De wethouder en de wereld

Hoe de bouw van datacenters de noodzaak van een krachtige, hybride overheid laat zien

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden hybrid government, data centres, privatisation, globalisation, digital transformation, spatial planning law
Auteurs Cees-Jan Pen en Bart Wernaart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recently, the construction of large datacentres has led to intense societal debate in the Netherlands. Political decision making preceding the building of these centres is usually done at a decentralized governance level. However, at that level, it appears to be challenging to balance the relevant interest with integrity, and the living environment of citizens is easily overlooked. At the core of this debate lies a systemic challenge that comes with the changing role of the local government. Driven by privatization, globalization, digital transformation and citizen emancipation, the identity of governments transforms. Consequentially, governments are not only legislators and policy makers, but also – and increasingly – business partner, shareholder and client. Local politicians struggle with combining and switching between these roles. The case of datacentres is the embodiment of these challenges, and it takes a powerful, hybrid government to address these challenges in a meaningful manner and adopt a more active role for civilians in line with the new Dutch spatial planning law. Above all, it is necessary to focus on acting as a professional and stable partner. This is not only in the interest of citizens, but also in the interest of the related private organizations.


Cees-Jan Pen
Dr. C.J. Pen is lector de Ondernemende Regio aan de hogeschool Economie en Communicatie van Fontys Hogescholen.

Bart Wernaart
Mr. dr. B.F.W. Wernaart is Lector Moral Design Strategy aan de hogeschool Economie en Communicatie van Fontys Hogescholen.
Thema-artikel

Access_open Inleiding op het themanummer ‘Professionalisering van ambtelijke managers. Perspectieven op vaardigheden, vakmanschap en leiderschap’

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Public managers, Professionalization, Skills, Craft, Leadership
Auteurs Erik-Jan van Dorp, Jasmijn van Harten, Mirko Noordegraaf e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this special issue, we set the scene: we explain what we do in this special issue, and why. All authors analyze the 'improvement' of public managers, of their work, behavior, craft, profession. This is paradoxical: professional public managers are seen as highly important, but it is highly unclear what it means to be and act as professional public managers. We sketch four perspectives on the professionalization of public managers. They will be elaborated in the various papers: a 1) bureaucratic, 2) political, 3) strategic human resource, and 4) societal perspective. They will have to be combined to get a fuller picture of 'effective' public managers.


Erik-Jan van Dorp
G.H. van Dorp, MSc is als universitair docent werkzaam bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht (UU).

Jasmijn van Harten
Dr. E.J. Jasmijn van Harten is als universitair docent werkzaam bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht (UU).

Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar publiek management aan de Universiteit Utrecht (UU), en vice-decaan maatschappelijke impact, en tevens voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde (VB).

Mark Frequin
Drs. M. Frequin is voormalig directeur-generaal bij meerdere departementen en thans buitengewoon adviseur voor publiek leiderschap bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK). en tevens voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Overheidsmanagement (VOM).

    When the corona virus was reported in the Netherlands in March 2020, it also had a major impact on public administration. At that time it was still completely unclear which consequences would be temporary and which would be permanent, but it was immediately clear that it presented unique study material. There was every reason to quickly start describing, analysing and interpreting the first consequences of the fight against corona for politics, administration and policy, with a focus on local authorities. That is why in April 2020, with the support of the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, the ‘Corona papers’ research programme was set up by the Thorbecke Chair (Geerten Boogaard), in which a number of renowned scientists took part. Platform31 (Rogier van der Wal) was also involved. It took care of the accompanying website and newsletters and organised the final conference. Five of these ‘Corona papers’ have been revised and updated for this special issue.


Geerten Boogaard
Prof. mr. dr. G. Boogaard is bijzonder hoogleraar Decentrale Overheden (Thor­becke Leerstoel) aan de Universiteit Leiden en redactielid van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Rogier van der Wal
Dr. R.L. van der Wal is senior-projectleider bij Platform31 en redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen. Per 1 april 2022 is hij benoemd tot lector Ethiek en Landbouw bij Aeres Hogeschool in Dronten.
Thema

Op de tast

Over complexiteit van contact in tijden van corona

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 2 2022
Auteurs Els van der Pool en Guido Rijnja
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As soon as uncertainty rears its head, mistrust increases and people seek interpretation and clarity. Both reactions strongly appeal to the ability of public organisations to make contact precisely then, at the critical moments. That’s no mean feat. What makes establishing and perpetuating contact in a unique context such as the corona crisis so complex? That question is central to this contribution. The authors set up their consideration from the philosophy of appreciative communication. The complexity lies in several things, first of all, the necessary customisation. Management is communication and communication is people’s work and that makes it custom work. In a crisis, you cannot simply fall back on protocols, existing policies, etc. The situation requires constant reassessment, coordination and making choices. In addition, you have to make those choices in an ever-changing context that is characterised by factors such as the initial invisibility of the problem, the unprecedented scale, the uncertain course, the indivisibility of the government, and the unease with the government. In combination with a number of faltering communicative levers, various tensions arise that complicate the contact and thus the administrative task. The authors identify seven contact keys from the philosophy of appreciative communication that can be helpful in practice and conclude with a review of these ideas based on the communicative tasks identified by the Dutch Safety Board in its first evaluation. What takes place in a crisis is not an isolated communicative task that can be outsourced, but reveals a quality that is the guiding principle in everyone’s – managerial – actions.


Els van der Pool
Dr. E.M.C. van der Pool is lector Human Communication Development bij de HAN University of Applied Sciences.

Guido Rijnja
Dr. G.W. Rijnja is adviseur communicatiebeleid Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst bij het Ministerie van Algemene Zaken.

    This article examines the rally round the flag in the Netherlands during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring of 2020, i.e. the rise in trust in political authorities in response to the external threat. The authors use unique panel data to do this, the first of which took place in the days before the announcement of the first national lockdown (mid-March 2020), and the second shortly after the announcement of the reopening of schools (late April/early May 2020). This allows them to isolate the rally in time. Their research shows that the government in particular has gained confidence. Confidence in other political institutions rose to a lesser extent; confidence in the police and the judiciary did not increase. We can best understand the rise in confidence as a decline in cynicism: during the first wave, politicians were less often portrayed as incompetent, which proved to be a motivator for increasing confidence. Fear of contamination was an important motivation for increasing confidence. Under the influence of the external threat, people placed their hopes on political authorities. Both mechanisms may explain that confidence rose particularly sharply among voters of radical right parties, although radical right voters remained the least trusting voters.


Tom van der Meer
Prof. dr. T.W.G. van der Meer is hoogleraar politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en codirecteur van het Nationaal Kiezersonderzoek.

Eefje Steenvoorden
Dr. E.H. Steenvoorden is universitair docent bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Ebe Ouattara
E.M.S. Ouattara MSc is werkzaam als promovendus bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    The corona crisis has shaken up the tasks, roles and relationships in the Municipal Executive (B&W) in the Netherlands. The question is what this has meant for the role and for the position of aldermen: the relationship between aldermen themselves, their relationship with the mayor, the municipal council, the civil service and society. A digital survey was used to investigate whether and how the crisis measures have changed the role and the position of aldermen. In addition, questions were asked about policy changes as a result of the corona crisis. The survey was completed by 145 aldermen, bringing the response rate to 10%. The corona crisis had a major impact on the role and position of aldermen. Their contacts with civil servants have become more intensive across the board, their boards have become more collegial and their mayors have taken on a more guiding and coordinating role. Contacts with the municipal councils are less intensive as a result of the corona crisis, which does not apply to their own groups. Relations with companies and institutions have been strengthened; those with citizens have remained unchanged.


Marcel Boogers
Prof. dr. M.J.G.J.A. Boogers is hoogleraar Innovatie en Regionaal Bestuur aan de Universiteit Twente, onderzoeker bij Necker van Naem en hoofdredacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Access_open Van ‘alternatieve’ relaties naar de openstelling van het huwelijk voor mensen van hetzelfde geslacht

De politieke geschiedenis van de Nederlandse relatiewetgeving

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Gay and lesbian history, Legal individualisation, Marriage equality, Registered partnership, Relationship law
Auteurs Joke Swiebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The history of the opening-up of marriage in the Netherlands is mostly portrayed as a fight started by the Gay Krant in the 1980ies resulting in a clear victory in 2001, the ‘purple’ government of Social Democrats and Liberals being pictured as the heroes. This one-dimensional and triumphalist narrative needs correction. Already in the 1970ies the COC initiated a discussion on law reform for non-marital relationships, but rejected marriage as the model to be followed. In the 1980ies both the gay movement and the feminist movement demanded legal individualisation. This avenue was closed off by the review of the social security system in 1987. A clear defeat. The role of the ‘purple’ coalition also needs revision. It was a more traditional cabinet of Social Democrats and Christian Democrats that in 1994 tabled the first proposal, be it not for marriage but for registered partnerships for couples of the same sex. Consensual politics found its limits in the demand for marriage equality. But also the ‘purple’ cabinet had to be forced by parliament to table this new legislation. The acceptance of marriage equality by the Christian Democrats – a decade later – fits in with integration of same sex relationships in a society where heterosexuality still is the dominant organizing principle.


Joke Swiebel
Drs. Joke Swiebel studeerde politicologie. Zij werkte negen jaar aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en 22 jaar als beleidsambtenaar voor de rijksoverheid. Daarna (1999-2004) was zij lid van het Europees Parlement voor de PvdA. Website: https://jokeswiebel.nl/.
Artikel

Samenzicht kweken in beleidsteams via visualiserend vergaderen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden policy teams, Visualizing, Meetings, Consensus, Governance
Auteurs Edward van Aarle, Hubert Korzilius, Lyan Kroondijk e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During meetings, policy teams run the risk of producing false consensus and personal conflicts. Asserting one’s own viewpoint often reduces hearing those of others. Changing this requires developing recognition of the perspective of other team members, without depreciating one’s own. We aimed to study the effect of visualizing team members’ views of a problematic situation and their proposed policy approaches. We explored the feasibility of a network diagram visualization method, by assessing team members attitude towards it, expectations about the policy progress and its influence on their mental representation of the policy problem at hand. A field trial was conducted in two policy teams in two non-profit organizations: one healthcare and one financial. In both cases, we compared the newly developed visualization method with meeting as usual. Open and semi-structured interviews were used to collect team members’ views. The qualitative and quantitative analyses showed enhanced mental representations by means of visualization and positive ratings of both the method and its expected effect on consequent policy quality. In conclusion, the results warrant substantive investment into further large-scale research as to sample size, time window, and into its generalizability towards collaborative governance.


Edward van Aarle
Dr. Edward van Aarle was senior docent (Uitgebreide Kwalificatie Onderwijs) methodologie van de hulpverlening, mastertheses en ondernemingsraadlid aan het Onderwijsinstituut Pedagogische Wetenschappen en Onderwijskunde van de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Hij werkt nu landelijk als onderzoeks- en beleidsadviseur jeugdzorg-onderwijs.

Hubert Korzilius
Dr. Hubert Korzilius is universitair hoofddocent onderzoeksmethodologie aan het Institute for Management Research van de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen.

Lyan Kroondijk
Lyan Kroondijk, MSc was masterstudent thesisprojecten SKOOP aan het Onderwijsinstituut Pedagogische Wetenschappen en Onderwijskunde van de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Ze werkt nu in dienst van BMC voor de gemeente Gennep als consulent sociaal domein.

Quirine Munnich
Quirine Munnich, MSc was masterstudent thesisprojecten SKOOP aan het Onderwijsinstituut Pedagogische Wetenschappen en Onderwijskunde van de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Ze is nu in Almelo werkzaam als gemeenteraadslid en als adviseur bij Vindsubsidies.

Hubertien Stultiens
Hubertien Stultiens, MSc was junior docent (Basiskwalificatie Onderwijs) methodologie van de hulpverlening en mastertheses aan het Onderwijsinstituut Pedagogische Wetenschappen en Onderwijskunde van de Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen. Ze is nu lijsttrekker voor de gemeenteraadsverkiezingen in Tiel en werkt als gedragswetenschapper bij Pluryn, Nijmegen.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Duco Bannik
Dr. Duco Bannink is universitair hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit en redactiesecretaris ad interim van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Mark van Ostaijen
Dr. Mark van Ostaijen is als assistant-professor verbonden aan het departement Bestuurskunde en Sociologie (DPAS/ ESSB) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij werkt als managing director van het LDE Centre Governance of Migration and Diversity en is redactielid bij Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Access_open Financiële surveillance en de rol van de Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) in Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Financial surveillance, Financial Intelligence Unit, encircling secrecy, Privacy, Proportionality
Auteurs Pieter Lagerwaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2019, the Financial Intelligence Unit of the Netherlands (FIU-the Netherlands) celebrated its 25th anniversary. This article uses the occasion to reflect on the pivotal role of the FIU in financial surveillance and to describe its core practices of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating financial intelligence. What makes an FIU particularly interesting is that it operates at various intersections: not only on the nexus of finance and security, but also between private and public actors, by transforming unusual transaction information into suspicious financial intelligence. Given this pivotal position of the FIU, it is surprising that little is known about its core activities. Because its practices are often secret and its data are classified as state secrets, its daily operations and operational processes remain obscure. By drawing on interviews, public reports, and an online training programme this article aims to encircle the secrecy, zoom in on the case-study of FIU-the Netherlands and offer a fine-grained analysis of each of the three core FIU activities. Such a case-study is important not only for the study of finance and security as well as financial surveillance, but also for policy makers and the broader public who merit an understanding of how their financial behaviour is being surveilled.


Pieter Lagerwaard
Pieter Lagerwaard is promovendus aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam (politicologie).
Artikel

Klokkenluiden in de wetenschap

In het hol van de leeuw

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden whistleblowing, research integrity, research misconduct, retaliation, stress
Auteurs Steven De Peuter en Gert Storms
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research integrity has received increased attention, in the literature as well as in policy. A host of initiatives is supporting its promotion. However, misconduct will not cease to exist and needs to be reported, by whistleblowers. It takes a lot of courage to blow the whistle as it can have an enormous impact on the whistleblower’s career and personal well-being – and that of colleagues and researchers associated with the perpetrator. Therefore, it is important to be cognisant of the stressful process that accompanies the act of whistleblowing, to provide clear and accessible procedures to report misconduct, and to support whistleblowers throughout the process. Furthermore, it is essential that appropriate whistleblower protection measures are in place and enforced. Based on the current review of the literature, we provide some recommendations for policy and argue that an obligation to report scientific misconduct would currently do more harm than good.


Steven De Peuter
Dr. Steven De Peuter is postdoctoraal onderzoeker wetenschappelijke integriteit aan KU Leuven.

Gert Storms
Prof. Dr. Gert Storms is gewoon hoogleraar aan de faculteit Psychologie en Pedagogische Wetenschappen van KU Leuven.
Artikel

Interbestuurlijke verhoudingen in de bed-bad-broodcasus

Een lokaal perspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden policy freedom, multilevel governance, principal agent theory, stewardship theory, management style
Auteurs Niek Bakker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the relationship between central government and municipalities and to what extent this relationship has an impact on local decision-making. The commonly used characterization of this relationship as a principal-agent relationship offers many leads but has some shortcomings. That is why this is compared with the stewardship theory, assuming a more equal and constructive cooperation. Both theories have been incorporated into a broader model on management styles, which creates a more nuanced description of the cooperation in public administration. The article focuses on the case of Rotterdam in 2015, at a time of political turmoil in the Netherlands about the shelter of people without residence permit. The analysis is carried out using a measuring instrument for policy freedom, as policy freedom is a good determinant for which management style is used. The research is conducted from a local perspective, with emphasis on the position of councilors. The national government sometimes profiles itself as a principal to them, but in practice council members resist and turn the relationship around, hereby holding the government accountable for its role and responsibility.


Niek Bakker
Niek Bakker, MSc, is docent maatschappijleer aan het Calvijn College in Goes.
Research Note

Mapping Cabinet Conflicts and Conflict Features

Refined Definitions, Coding Instructions and Results From Belgium (1995-2018)

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden cabinet conflict, coalition politics, Belgium
Auteurs Maxime Vandenberghe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This research note presents new definitions, measurements and data of cabinet conflicts and conflict features. Particular attention is given to the ethno-territorial nature of conflicts. This approach can easily be applied to various sources, periods, policy levels and countries. As an example, this note describes a novel dataset that provides the most fine-grained picture of Belgian cabinet conflicts to date (N = 1,090; 1995-2018).


Maxime Vandenberghe
Maxime Vandenberghe is a PhD candidate (FWO Vlaanderen) at the Department of Political Science at Ghent University. His main research interests are (Belgian) federalism, ethno-territorial politics and party politics.
Research Note

Did the COVID-19 Pandemic Reduce Attention to Environmental Issues?

A Panel Study Among Parents in Belgium, 2019-2020

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden issue competition, COVID-19 pandemic, panel study, environmental concern, Belgium
Auteurs Sari Verachtert, Dieter Stiers en Marc Hooghe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Theories on issue competition assume that there is only a limited number of issues that a person prioritises simultaneously. In this research note, we test this mechanism by using a panel study that was conducted among Belgian parents in 2019 and 2020. Between the two observations of the study, the country suffered a severe health crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We investigate whether this crisis reduced the priority of environmental issues among respondents. Our results show that there was indeed a significant decline of some indicators for environmental concern, but not for others. Furthermore, we show that a higher priority for the health-related and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a steeper decline in environmental concern.


Sari Verachtert
Sari Verachtert is a PhD student at the Centre for Political Science at the University of Leuven. Her research focuses mainly on attitudes and behaviours towards sustainable development.

Dieter Stiers
Dieter Stiers is post-doctoral researcher of FWO Vlaanderen at the Centre for Political Science Research at KU Leuven. His research focuses on elections and voting behaviour.

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is a Full Professor of Political Science at the University of Leuven. He has written mostly about political participation and political trust.
Article

Access_open Is Euroscepticism Contagious?

How Mainstream Parties React to Eurosceptic Challengers in Belgian Parliaments

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Euroscepticism, parliaments, party competition, Belgium, federalism
Auteurs Jordy Weyns en Peter Bursens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Euroscepticism has long been absent among Belgian political parties. However, since the start of the century, some Eurosceptic challengers have risen. This article examines the effect of Eurosceptic competition on the salience other parties give to the EU and on the positions these parties take in parliament. Using a sample of plenary debates in the federal and regional parliaments, we track each party’s evolution from 2000 until 2019. Our findings both contradict and qualify existing theories and findings on Eurosceptic competition. When facing Eurosceptic challengers, all parties raise salience fairly equally, but government and peripheral parties adopted (soft) Euroscepticism more often than other parties.


Jordy Weyns
Jordy Weyns is a doctoral student at the European University Institute in Florence.

Peter Bursens
Peter Bursens is professor of political science at Universiteit Antwerpen, at the research group Politics and Public Governance and the GOVTRUST Centre of Excellence.
Article

Fit for Office? The Perception of Female and Male Politicians by Dutch Voters

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden political underrepresentation, gender stereotypes, role incongruity, candidate evaluation, experimental vignette study
Auteurs Rozemarijn E. van Dijk en Joop van Holsteyn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The underrepresentation of women in politics is a worldwide phenomenon and the Netherlands fit the pattern: about 39% of the Dutch MPs are female. Based on social role incongruity theory, it is expected that female politicians are evaluated more negatively than male politicians since women do not fit the dominant male politician role. However, most research is conducted in the United States, that is, a candidate-centred system where individual characteristics play an important role. This article focuses on the party-centred parliamentary context in which we examine (1) whether gender stereotypes are present among citizens and (2) to what extent these stereotypes influence the evaluation of politicians. We do this by conducting an experimental vignette survey design. We find that at the mass level there is no difference between the evaluation of male and female politicians, although gender stereotypes are present.


Rozemarijn E. van Dijk
Rozemarijn E. van Dijk is a PhD student at the department of political science at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Joop van Holsteyn
Joop J.M. van Holsteyn is Professor in Political Behaviour and Research Methods at Leiden University, the Netherlands.
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