Zoekresultaat: 16 artikelen

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Thema-artikel ‘Uitgesproken Bestuurskunde’

Management van stedelijke ontwikkeling

Beleid, sturing en institutionele veranderingen voor duurzame steden

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden sustainable urban development, governance, institutional innovation, socio-technical-ecological system
Auteurs Ellen van Bueren
Samenvatting

    With her chair in urban development management, Ellen van Bueren investigates policy, governance and management issues. Cities, as economic and cultural centres in our society, are major consumers of resources. They not only contribute to problems such as climate change, but also experience the risks and consequences thereof. Technological solutions to these problems are difficult to implement. They require larger-scale system changes, or encounter resistance. Making cities sustainable not only requires technical solutions, but also institutional innovation. A socio-technical-ecological system approach to cities shows the coherence and complexity of issues. Issues play on multiple scales, are cross-sectoral, and require an interaction of citizens, companies, and governments. Moreover, the playing field between these groups of actors is changing rapidly, technological empowerment in particular has made the citizen a much more equal player alongside the government and business. Existing instruments and approaches are not sufficient to approach sustainability issues. To identify and address these issues, cooperation between science and society is necessary. Multi- and transdisciplinary learning environments enable researchers and students to identify issues, to answer questions and to try out solutions together with stakeholders. Such environments are indispensable for the development of sustainable cities.


Ellen van Bueren
Thema-artikel ‘Uitgesproken Bestuurskunde’

Bestuurswetenschap in de kennissamenleving

Een pleidooi voor een transdisciplinaire en veelvormige wetenschapsbenadering

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden research program, knowledge society, transdisciplinarity, plural approach, technology
Auteurs Prof. dr. Albert Meijer
Samenvatting

    This article presents the research program into governance in a knowledge society of professor Albert Meijer and colleagues at Utrecht University. The knowledge society is a society in which (1) citizens are higher educated that ever before and their level of education largely determines their societal position, (2) knowledge plays a key role in administrative and policy processes and is increasingly contested and (3) technology plays a key role in every facet of societal life. Research into governance of and in the knowledge society requires a transdisciplinary and plural approach to scientific work. Transdisciplinarity entails combining insights from science with various forms of contextual and practical knowledge. A plural approach to scientific works means that we should not only do explanatory empirical work but also theoretical, normative and prescriptive research. The overall ambition of this research program is to contribute to a democratic debate about the governance of the future.


Prof. dr. Albert Meijer

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    Governance is a human activity and is therefore unquestionably about relationships. Relationships between public and private parties. Relationships in existing steering-oriented structures (the political administrator as guardian, magistrate) and also relationships in new forms of cooperation that are often focused on good relationships (government participation). Public-private partnerships are inevitably accompanied by conflicting interests that place different demands on interactions. One-size-fits-all does not fit there, but customization is required, with constant alignment with what is – and what is not (yet). And so the ability to make contact requires much more attention, and from there to explore and grasp perspectives. How do you work on the tensions that you find on your way? It is there that the method of communication influences how the process of cooperation and steering proceeds. This is not a matter of whether-or, but and-and. Both perspectives are characterized by a different relationship with those involved and a different way of contact and interaction. This article focuses on contact from a collaborative perspective. The classical administrative side already has a rich history, while the cooperation side is often still an unknown and unexplored territory. The central question is: how can you, as a director and public professional, deliver tailor-made solutions and therefore adapt to complex tasks? The authors look at complex situations from a communicative perspective and they introduce ‘appreciative communication’ as the art of aligning with what really moves people, as a frame of view of the inconvenience caused by the differences present. They highlight a number of generic tensions that can arise in cooperation situations. A case study into the approach to regional innovation in the field of mobility serves as an illustration.


Dr. Els van der Pool
Dr. E.M.C. van der Pool is lector Human Communication Development bij de Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen (HAN).

Dr. Guido Rijnja
Dr. G.W. Rijnja is adviseur communicatiebeleid bij de Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst, Ministerie van Algemene Zaken.

    Civil servants at the Dutch authorities increasingly make use of behavioural insights in the policy process. These insights are primarily put on the agenda at the level of the national government in the Netherlands. However, they also seem to be particularly useful at the local level. After all, behaviour-conscious policy focuses on behavioural change through the redesign of the direct environments of citizens, and local authorities have a clear view and control over these environments. In the light of this potential, this article explores the current rise and institutionalization of behavioural expertise in local government. The work practices of local behavioural experts are examined on the basis of three dimensions of local government: positioning, practices and politics. The findings show that local behavioural experts are still in an experimental and start-up phase, but at the same time are already working with a wealth of behavioural assignments. In doing so, they deal tactically with scarce resources, resistance and abrasive institutional logics. The article shows that behavioural insights and designs are also promising in local government, that a local administrative landscape of behavioural expertise is already being developed; and that making meters in the field of behavioural expertise calls for several forms of coordination.


Joram Feitsma MSc
J.N.P. Feitsma MSc is promovendus bij het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Hij studeerde bestuurs- en organisatiewetenschap en filosofie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en de Washington University in Saint Louis.
Artikel

Onbetaalbare huizen en onderbenutte gebieden

De institutionele leegte van woningbouw en gebiedstransformatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden institutional void, urban transformation, urban governance, housing policy, policy instruments
Auteurs Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul
Samenvatting

    In the Netherlands, as in many other countries, housing supply fails to meet the rapidly increasing housing demand in already densely urbanised areas, contributing to rising housing prices and possibly gentrification. The state and local governments aim to satisfy this demand by densifying urban areas and by transforming urban brownfields and vacant office parks into residential areas, thus containing urban sprawl. However, the private actors needed to redevelop these areas operate according to a different institutional logic and discourse: the market. According to this market logic, urban transform is too expensive, even when partly subsidized, and, to some extent, sprawl is unavoidable to satisfy housing demand. The two different logics fail to deliver the housing needed. Building discourse coalitions is suggested as a possible way out of this deadlocked debate, while government actors might also aim to influence the housing market with novel, market oriented policy instruments.


Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul
Artikel

Samen werken aan innovatieve oplossingen in de Brainport-regio

In gesprek met Imke Carsouw, algemeen directeur van Brainport Development

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2017
Auteurs Martijn Groenleer

Martijn Groenleer
Artikel

Van project naar opgave

Samenwerking als motor van de planning van infrastructuur en ruimte

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden planning, cooperation, challenge-oriented approach, infrastructure and spatial development
Auteurs Wim Leendertse, Jos Arts, Tim Busscher e.a.
Samenvatting

    Infrastructure and adjacent areas represent extensive social value. However, infrastructure and areas are still often developed sectoral and independent. In the Netherlands, national spatial policies strive for combining infrastructure and area as one integrated approach as this is expected to result in more spatial quality. Taking this perspective, this article discusses trendy concepts in current Dutch planning, such as: adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches (‘opgave-gericht werken’ which focuses less on realising a project but more on the current and future issues and challenges in an area). This article argues that these concepts are closely related. Adaptive planning defines the rules of the game and the playing field, within which cooperation may develop. Cooperation is a means for creating spatial quality in interaction within this playing field. After all, generated quality can be considered as a contribution to the specific objectives and interest of the various partners. A challenge-oriented approach is the process for generating spatial quality from synergies in combined infrastructure and spatial development. This article aims to explore the relationships between adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches and to provide starting points for further research and discussion.


Wim Leendertse

Jos Arts

Tim Busscher

Frits Verhees
Artikel

Van kaas naar big data

Data science Alkmaar, het living lab van Noord-Holland Noord

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden big data, innovation, data-driven societies, data science, smart cities
Auteurs Dr. Ir. Martijn van Otterlo en Prof. dr. Frans Feldberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Big data can be seen as vital fuel for the innovation of diverse processes in both companies and in government policies and practices. In this short article we describe local efforts in the region around the Dutch city of Alkmaar in which the (local) government, (local) companies and a nearby university (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam) work together on data-related challenges in a typical triple-helix structure. The municipality of Alkmaar gathers activities in a physical location to stimulate interaction and cooperation among (potential) partners, and it engages in the formation of new governance structures to increase both the intensity and the regional spread of the activities around data. All this raises many new and interesting issues and challenges for public administration researchers and practitioners.


Dr. Ir. Martijn van Otterlo
Dr. ir. M. van Otterlo is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam

Prof. dr. Frans Feldberg
Prof. dr. J.F.M. Feldberg is hoogleraar aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Grenzen verleggen in een dialoog over watermonitoring: beperkingen en kansen voor een transitie naar een bio-based economie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Boundary work, Monitoring water quality, Sustainability Transitions, Bio based economy, Dialogue
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze en Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A transition to a bio based economy requires social and technological innovations. Transition management theory holds that these innovations take place in niches that can bring about structural change in society, politics and the economy in a stepwise manner. However, these innovations are always subjected to systemic barriers, such as regulations and institutional structures, that need to be overcome. This was also the case in a consortium of government, industry and eco-toxicologists that collaboratively developed innovative water monitoring tools. In this contribution the authors investigate how systemic barriers can be made productive in a science-society dialogue by creating reflexivity and learning. They conducted a frame analysis of interviews and policy documents to unravel systemic barriers to innovation – in the form of discursive boundary work: the routinized demarcations of practices. Second, they experimented with a science-society dialogue to reflect on these routinized demarcations and develop alternatives to overcome these boundaries. The research demonstrates that reflective conversations occurred and that participants developed a boundary concept of ‘living water’ that enhanced their innovative collaboration and technology.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
Dr. T.J. Schuitmaker is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Intermezzo I: City labs in Rotterdam

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden local administration, living lab, Rotterdam, coproduction
Auteurs Drs. Gerard Nijboer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution, Gerard Nijboer of Rotterdam municipality describes several living labs in his hometown.


Drs. Gerard Nijboer
Drs. G. Nijboer is procesmanager innovatie bij de gemeente Rotterdam.
Artikel

Slotartikel: Het oplossend vermogen van living labs

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden living lab, local administration, citizen participation, governance of wicked problems
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren, Dr. Philip Marcel Karré en Iris Vanhommerig MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this closing article we summarize the results of the individual articles of this themed issue and draw common lessons. With regard to cities as living labs, we conclude that three challenges need more attention: (1) unclear or contradictory goals and expectations, (2) organizational confusion, and (3) the lack of institutional links. Based on these, we offer a number of recommendations for research and practice in public administration.


Prof. dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is universitair hoofddocent en hoofd van de sectie Policy, Organisation, Law and Gaming bij de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de master Urban Management verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Iris Vanhommerig MSc
I. Vanhommerig, MSc is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, vertaler en programmeur.
Artikel

De stad als lab voor sociale verandering

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden living lab, local administration, citizen participation, governance of wicked problems
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré, Iris Vanhommerig MSc. en Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The city is hot: solutions to the world’s everyday problems are increasingly sought at the local level. Local administrations are handed more responsibilities through decentralizations and much is expected of the pragmatic skills of mayors. A great deal of hope is directed at the self-organizing abilities of cities, which can be seen as laboratories for social change and improvement. In this themed issue we will critically review these high expectations of cities and the local level. Can cities live up to these expectations, and at what point does ‘hope’ become ‘hype’? This introductory article mainly focuses on the concept of living labs, which are presented as an accessible, innovative and pragmatic way to address social issues in neighbourhoods.


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de master Urban Management verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Iris Vanhommerig MSc.
I. Vanhommerig MSc. is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, docent, vertaler en programmeur. Voor meer informatie zie www.bestuurskundig.nl.

Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is professor of Urban Development Management bij de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

    Willem van Winden has done research about and has worked in several living labs at home and abroad. In this contribution he summarizes several practical lessons based on these experiences.


Dr. Willem van Winden
Dr. W. van Winden is stadseconoom en als lector Amsterdamse kenniseconomie verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam, waar hij betrokken is bij het opzetten van een aantal living labs. Naast zijn lectoraat is Van Winden directeur van adviesbureau Urban IQ, is hij verbonden aan het European Institute for Comparative Urban Research (Euricur), en is hij werkzaam als adviseur voor URBACT, een Europees instituut gericht op het bevorderen van kennisuitwisseling tussen steden.
Artikel

De stille ideologie in het techniekdebat

Hoe de informatierevolutie in de politieke luwte ons mens-zijn verandert

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden information revolution, NBIC-convergence, biopolitics, belief in technological progress, silent ideology
Auteurs Rinie van Est
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The information revolution, and in particular the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive technology, creates a new societal arena: biopolitics. This so-called NBIC-convergence strengthens the promise that live, including our bodies (e.g. genes), brains (e.g. attention) and social environment (e.g. social contacts and consumer behaviour), can be brought into the domain of technological manipulability. NBIC-convergence, therefore, raises many social and ethical issues. The dominant naïve belief in progress through technology often stands in the way of a timely and adequate governance of these issues. The current situation in which the information revolution is mainly developing on the political sidelines, can lead to thorny societal and political problems in the mid and long-term.


Rinie van Est
Dr. ir. R. van Est is onderzoekcoördinator en trendcatcher bij de afdeling Technology Assessment van het Rathenau Instituut. Hij is natuurkundige en politicoloog en houdt zich bezig met de politiek van opkomende technologieën zoals nanotechnologie, robotica, synthetische biologie en persuasieve technologie.
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