Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Artikel

Zijn eco-steden ook slim? En zijn slimme steden ook eco?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden eco-city, knowledge city, smart city, Terminologische verschillen en overeenkomsten
Auteurs Dr. Martin de Jong, Dr. Simon Joss, Daan Schraven MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the last couple of decades, metropolitan areas around the world have been engaged in a multitude of initiatives aimed at upgrading urban infrastructure and services, in an effort to create better environmental, social and economic conditions and to enhance cities’ attractiveness and competitiveness. Reflecting these developments, many new categories of ‘cities’ have entered the policy discourse: ‘sustainable cities’; ‘green cities’; ‘digital cities’; ‘intelligent cities’; ‘smart cities’; ‘information cities’; ‘knowledge cities’; ‘resilient cities’; ‘eco-cities’; ‘low carbon cities’; ‘liveable cities’; and even combinations, such as ‘low carbon eco-cities’ and ‘ubiquitous eco-cities’. Each of these terms apparently seeks to capture and conceptualize key aspects of ongoing urban sustainability efforts. Closer examination, however, reveals that the terms are often used interchangeably by policy makers, planners and developers alike. In this article we examine the reflection of the wider policy debate in academic discourse. By subjecting the twelve most frequently encountered categories mentioned above to bibliometric analysis, we aim to identify the distinct conceptual perspectives harbored by each of them.


Dr. Martin de Jong
Dr. W.M. de Jong is universitair hoofddocent beleidskunde aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft en als toegevoegd hoogleraar verbonden aan Fudan University, Shanghai.

Dr. Simon Joss
Dr. S. Joss is directeur van de International Eco-Cities Initiative en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de University of Westminster in Londen.

Daan Schraven MSc
D. Schraven, MSc is onderzoeker bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Changjie Zhan
C. Zhan is promovendus bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Prof. dr. Margot Weijnen
Prof. dr. M.P.C. Weijnen is hoogleraar proces- en energienetwerken aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.
Artikel

De stad als lab voor sociale verandering

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden living lab, local administration, citizen participation, governance of wicked problems
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré, Iris Vanhommerig MSc. en Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The city is hot: solutions to the world’s everyday problems are increasingly sought at the local level. Local administrations are handed more responsibilities through decentralizations and much is expected of the pragmatic skills of mayors. A great deal of hope is directed at the self-organizing abilities of cities, which can be seen as laboratories for social change and improvement. In this themed issue we will critically review these high expectations of cities and the local level. Can cities live up to these expectations, and at what point does ‘hope’ become ‘hype’? This introductory article mainly focuses on the concept of living labs, which are presented as an accessible, innovative and pragmatic way to address social issues in neighbourhoods.


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de master Urban Management verbonden aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Iris Vanhommerig MSc.
I. Vanhommerig MSc. is freelance bestuurskundig onderzoeker, docent, vertaler en programmeur. Voor meer informatie zie www.bestuurskundig.nl.

Prof. Dr. Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is professor of Urban Development Management bij de Faculteit Bouwkunde van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
Artikel

Ondertussen in de lokale politiek

De ontwikkeling van lokale politieke partijen, de Leefbaar-beweging en Pim Fortuyn

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden local politics, local parties, liveable
Auteurs Julien van Ostaaijen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When people think of Pim Fortuyn, most of them mainly remember his national campaign and (electoral) debates. However, Fortuyn also had an impact in local politics. With the local party Liveable Rotterdam (Leefbaar Rotterdam) he won the 2002 Rotterdam municipal elections with almost 35 procent of the votes and was involved in coalition talks with the Liberal Party and the Christian Democratic Party. Without Fortuyn, who was murdered in 2002, Liveable Rotterdam was able to implement several parts of its electoral programme (Van Ostaaijen 2010, 2011). But Fortuyn’s anti-establishment attitude was not unprecedented at the local level. Many local parties, meaning parties not affiliated to a national party, already portrayed styles of anti-establishment, especially the so-called ‘Liveable’ (Leefbaar) parties. In this article, the development of those parties, mainly since 2002, is described and discussed. The electoral results of these parties are, where possible, linked or hypothesised to the rise of Fortuyn.


Julien van Ostaaijen
Julien van Ostaaijen is als onderzoeker en docent werkzaam aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, verbonden aan de Tilburg University (TiU). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. J. van Ostaaijen, Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, http://rechten.uvt.nl/ostaaijen. j.j.c.vanostaaijen@uvt.nl.
Article

Tussen establishment en extremisme: populistische partijen in Nederland en Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Extremism, populism, political parties, democracy
Auteurs Paul Lucardie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Populist parties are often associated with extremism. However, the term ‘extremism’ is usually ill-defined and value-laden. Conceptual analysis will help to define populism as well as extremism in a more precise and value-neutral sense. Empirical analysis of the programmes of six Dutch and three Flemish parties suggests that populism does not entail extremism, even if it can be combined with it. The Centre Party and Centre Democrats as well as the Socialist Party and the Flemish Bloc may have displayed extremist as well as populist tendencies at some point. Yet the (more or less) populist parties Liveable Netherlands (Leefbaar Nederland), the List Pim Fortuyn, the Freedom Party, the movement Proud of the Netherlands (Trots op Nederland) and the List Dedecker should not be considered extremist.


Paul Lucardie
Paul Lucardie (1946) is onderzoeker bij het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Hij doet onderzoek naar politieke partijen en ideologieën in Nederland (in mindere mate ook in Duitsland en Canada).
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